Annual Review of Pteridological Research - 2002

Literature Citations All Citations

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2. Afolayan, A. J., D. S. Grierson, L. Kambizi, I. Madamombe & P. J. Masika. 2002. In vitro antifungal activity of some South African medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany 68: 72-76. [Cheilanthes viridis, Polystichum pungens]

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4. Aguraiuja, R. 2002. Detailed study of the protected ferns of Estonia for defense of natural populations. Fern Gazette 16: 427. [Abstract]

5. Aguraiuja, R. & K. R. Wood. 2002. The critically endangered endemic fern genus Diellia Brack. in Hawaii: Its population structure and distribution. Fern Gazette 16: 330-334.

6. Ahluwalia, A. S., A. Pabby & S. Dua. 2002. Azolla: A green gold mine with diversified applications. Indian Fern Journal 19: 1-9.

7. Ainge, G. D., S. D. Lorimer, P. J. Gerard & L. D. Ruf. 2002. Insecticidal activity of huperzine A from the New Zealand clubmoss, Lycopodium varium. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry 50: 491-494 (

8. Al Shehri, A. M. 2002. Pteridophytes of Tanumah mountains, Aseer region, south-west Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf J. Scientific Res. 20: 68-73. [Ceterach, Adiantum, Asplenium, Cheilanthes]

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10. Alonso-Amelot, M. E. & M. Avendano. 2002. Human carcinogenesis and bracken fern: A review of the evidence. Current Medicinal Chemistry 9: 675-686. [Pteridium]

11. Ambrozic-Dolinsek, J., M. Camloh, B. Bohanec & J. Zel. 2002. Apospory in leaf culture of staghorn fern (Platycerium bifurcatum). Plant Cell Reports 20: 791-796.

12. Amoroso, C. B. 2002. Spore culture of Lycopodium clavatum L. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

13. Anonymous. 2002. Bibliography of Indian pteridology. Indian Fern J. 19: 113-115.

14. Antony, R., E. S. S. Kumar & A. E. S. Khan. 2002. Selaginella camusii, a new species of Selaginellaceae from India. Nordic Journal of Botany 22: 337-340.

15. Appert, O. 2002. First record of a representative of the Dipteridaceae (Dictyophyllum, Filicales) from Madagascar (Upper Jurassic). Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 262: 137-159.

16. Aragon, E. E., B. Castillo & A. Garza. 2002. Rodents in the diet of two nocturnal birds of prey (Bubo virginianus and Tyto alba) in northeast Durango, Mexico. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (86). Agosto 2002: 29-50. [Spanish]

17. Archangelsky, S. & A. Archangelsky. 2002. Cretaceous statistical palynology in the Austral Basin, Continental Platform, Argentina. I. Six wells of the Magallanes Area. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 4: 25-34. [Spanish]

18. Archer, R. C. 2002. A report of the emergence of fern species in the United States during the spring of 2001. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 10-27.

19. Archer-Evans, S. N., G. B. Clark, S. C. Stout & S. J. Roux. 2002. Biochemical and molecular characterization of two different annexins in the fern Ceratopteris during early development. Pp. 179-180 ( In Plant Biology. American Society of Plant Biologists, New York.

20. Avudaithai, S., S. Sankaran & V. Veerabadran. 2002. Effect of herbicide mixtures on nutrient uptake by transplanted rice (Oryza sativa) and associated weeds. Advances in Plant Sciences 15: 195-200. [Marsilea quadrifoliata]

21. Bacigalova, K., W. Mulenko & H. Prillinger. 2002. A Taphrina on Dryopteris carthusiana in Slovakia. Mycotaxon 84. October-December 2002: 387-390.

22. Bagniewska, A. & E. Zenkteler. 2002. In vitro storage of rhizome shoot tips of Polypodium vulgare L. using ABA treatment before dehydration-encapsulation technique. Acta Bot. Cracov. Ser. Bot. 41: 75-83.

23. Bagniewska, A. & E. Zenkteler. 2002. Ultrastructural changes in cells of rhizomes of Polypodium vulgare L. after subsequent dehydration. Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters 7: 253 Suppl.

24. Bagniewska-Zadworna, A. & E. Zenkteler. 2002. In vitro storage of Polypodium vulgare L. rhizome shoot tips using ABA treatment before dehydration: Encapsulation technique. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 44: 231-236.

25. Bailey, S. W. 2002. Distribution of a calcicole fern on granitic substrate in New Hampshire: Implications for nutrient cycling studies. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 314-315. [Abstract; Dryopteris fragrans]

26. Bajpai, A. K. & H. K. Goswami. 2002. Human genome may share some genes with plant gene pool. Bionature 22: 63-65. [Isoetes pantii]

27. Bakker, P. 2002. Landed estates and country seats: Interweaving of nature and culture. Levende Natuur 103: 179-181. [Cystopteris filix-fragilis]

28. Ballesteros, D., A. M. Ibars & E. Estrelles. 2002. Soil spore bank of Phyllitis sagittata (DC.) Guinea & Heywood. Fern Gazette 16: 428. [Abstract]

29. Banerjee, S. 2002. Botanists! Just think for a while. Current Science (Bangalore) 83: 1060.

30. Banerji, J. 2002. Mutualism/symbiosis from the early Cretaceous (intertrappeans) of Rajmahal Basin, Jharkhand, India. Current Science (Bangalore) 83: 1073-1074.

31. Barale, G., M. Barbacka & M. Philippe. 2002. Early Cretaceous flora of Hungary and its palaeoecological significance. Acta Palaeobotanica 42: 13-27.

32. Barale, G. & M. Ouaja. 2002. Plant biodiversity from Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous Age localities of Merbah El Asfer (southern Tunisia). Cretaceous Research 23: 707-737. [French]

33. Barbacka, M. & E. Wcislo-Luraniec. 2002. Ginkgoites acosmia Harris from the Polish Rhaetian. Acta Palaeobotanica 42: 7-11.

34. Barcelona, J. F. 2002. Philippine pteridophyte collections as a resource for conservation planning. Fern Gazette 16: 307-312.

35. Barcelona, J. F. & T. Hollowell. 2002. The distribution of threatened pteridophytes endemic to the Philippines. Fern Gazette 16: 429. [Abstract]

36. Barlow, P. W. 2002. The root cap: Cell dynamics, cell differentiation and cap function. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 21: 261-286. [Azolla filiculoides]

37. Barrington, D. S., Y. Yatabe & S. Wu. 2002. New insights into the phylogeny of Asian Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae) from expanded rbcL data. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

38. Barros, I. C. L. & P. G. Windisch. 2002. Pteridophytes of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil: Rare and endangered species. Fern Gazette 16: 430. [Abstract]

39. Beck, R. 2002. Record of a rare fern hybrid in South Tyrol, Italy: Asplenium xbavaricum D. E. Mey nssp. protoadulterinum (Lovis & Reichst.) Munoz Garm. (Pteridophyta: Aspleniaceae). Gredleriana 2: 227-232. [German]

40. Beerling, D. J. 2002. Low atmospheric CO2 levels during the Permo-Carboniferous glaciation inferred from fossil lycopsids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 12567-12571 (

41. Beerling, D. J., B. H. Lomax, D. L. Royer, G. R. Upchurch & L. R. Kump. 2002. An atmospheric pCO2 reconstruction across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary from leaf megafossils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 7836-7840 (

42. Belaya, G. A. & V. L. Morozov. 2002. Factors of giantism of herbaceous plant communities. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 30-39.

43. Benaroya, R. O. & E. Tel-Or. 2002. Phytic acid in Azolla and its role in metal binding. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal 38: 66A.

44. Bennert, H. W. 2002. Artenschutzmabnahmen bei gefahrdeten Farnpflanzen (Pteridophyta) in Deutschland. Schriftenr. Vegetationskunde 36: 183-190. [German]

45. Bera, S. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2001. Circinate vernation in fern leaves; a fossil report from Upper Jurassic of Rajmahal hills of Bihar. J. Natl. Bot. Soc. 53: 69-70.

46. Bercu, R. 2002. Structural organization of the root in some autochtonous ferns. Sumarstvo Forestry (LIV), Belgrade 1-2: 17-21.

47. Bergstrom, D. M., J. Whinam & L. Belbin. 2002. A classification of subantarctic Heard Island vegetation. Arctic Antarctic & Alpine Research 34: 169-177.

48. Berlina, N. G., V. A. Kostina, I. B. Kucherov & V. V. Chepinoga. 2002. New additions to the flora of lapland biosphere reserve (Murmansk Province). Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 57-59. [Athyrium sinense, Huperzia arctica]

49. Berry, C. M. & M. Fairon-Demaret. 2002. The architecture of Pseudosporochnus nodosus Leclercq et Banks: A Middle Devonian Cladoxylopsid from Belgium. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 699-713 (

50. Bidin, A. A., H. H. Khatijah & C. T. Koh. 2002. The fern allies Lycopodiaceae P. Beauv. ex Mirbel in Malaysia: variation in surface structure of the spores. Folia Malaysiana 3: 49-66.

51. Bir, S. S. 2002. Obituary: Professor Rolla Milton Tryon Jr. (1916-2001). Indian Fern J. 19: 126-128.

52. Bir, S. S. 2002. In memoriam: Dr. Triloki Nath Khoshoo (1927-2002). Indian Fern J. 19: 129-131.

53. Bir, S. S. 2002. Himalaya, the cradle of species rich and genetically variable pteridophytic flora in danger of losing its floristic significance. National Seminar on Pteridophytes The Vanishing Plants Panjab University, Chandgarh, India. November 25-26, 2002: 1-3. [Abstract]

54. Birch, C. P. D. 2001(2002). The influence of position on genet growth: A simulation of a population of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn) genets under grazing. Evolutionary Ecology 15: 463-483 (

55. Birks, H. H. 2002. The recent extinction of Azolla nilotica in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Acta Palaeobotanica 42: 203-213.

56. Bitar, A. L. & I. Bianchini Jr.. 2002. Mineralisation assays of some organic resources of aquatic systems. Brazilian Journal of Biology 62: 557-564. [Salvinia]

57. Bjureke, K., M. Eriksen & S. S. Dhillion. 2002. Arbuscular mycorrhiza: Hidden symbiosis in meadow plants. Blyttia 60: 37-44. [Norwegian]

58. Blasi, C., L. Filesi, A. Stanisci, R. Frondoni, R. Di Pietro & M. L. Carranza. 2002. Excursion to the Circeo National Park. Fitosociologia (Pavia) 39: 91-96. [Asplenium marinum]

59. Blass, U. & U. Kienzle. 2002. Changes in botanical biodiversity in the Reinacherheide nature reserve, Switzerland. Mitteilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaften Beider Basel 6: 63-86. [German]

60. Blythe, E. K., J. L. Mayfield, B. C. Wilson, E. L. Vinson IV & J. L. Sibley. 2002. Comparison of three controlled-release nitrogen fertilizers in greenhouse crop production. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25: 1049-1061 ( [Nephrolepis exaltata]

61. Bock, M. D. & K. C. J. Van Rees. 2002. Mechanical site preparation impacts on soil properties and vegetation communities in the Northwest Territories. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 1381-1392. [Equisetum scirpoides, E. sylvaticum]

62. Bondada, B. R., L. Q. Ma & S. Tu. 2002. Frond absorption of foliar-applied arsenic by arsenic-hyperaccumulating brake fern (Pteris vittata L.). p. 152 ( In Plant Biology. American Society of Plant Biologists, New York. [Abstract]

63. Bondada, B. R., L. Q. Ma, R. S. Underhill, R. Duran & M. Davidson. 2002. Spatial distribution of arsenic species in brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. p. 152 ( In Plant Biology. American Society of Plant Biologists, New York. [Abstract]

64. Bonde, S. D. & K. P. N. Kumaran. 2002. The oldest macrofossil record of the mangrove fern Acrostichum L. from the Late Cretaceous Deccan Intertrappean beds of India. Cretaceous Research 23: 149-152 (

65. Bonde, S. D. & K. P. N. Kumaran. 2002. A permineralized species of mangrove fern Acrostichum L. from Deccan Intertrappean beds of India. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 120: 285-299 (

66. Bonin, P. & L. Chesnoy. 1998-1999(2002). Osmunda regalis and Blechnum spicant in the Forest of Montmorency (Val d'Oise, France). Cahiers des Naturalistes 54: 61-71.

67. Boonkerd, T. & P. Ratchata. 2002. Pteridophyte flora of Khun Korn Waterfall Forest Park, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the SIAM Society 50: 195-210. [Selaginella ciliaris, Dicranopteris linearis var. montana]

68. Borgo, M., S. M. Silva & M. P. Petean. 2002. Vascular epiphytes in a subtropical semideciduous forest remnant at Fenix, Parana, Brazil. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 24: 121-130. [Portuguese]

69. Borstlap, A. C. 2002. Early diversification of plant aquaporins. Trends in Plant Science 7: 529-530. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

70. Boudrie, M., R. Deschatres, G. Dutartre & J. Lambinon. 2002. Dryopteridaceae. In D. Jeanmonod & A. Schlussel (Eds.) Notes et contributions a la flore de Corse, XVIII. Candollea 56: 329-333. [French]

71. Boyce, C. K. & A. H. Knoll. 2002. Evolution of developmental potential and the multiple independent origins of leaves in Paleozoic vascular plants. Paleobiology 28: 70-100 (

72. Bragazza, L. & R. Gerdol. 2002. Are nutrient availability and acidity-alkalinity gradients related in Sphagnum-dominated peatlands- Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 473-482. [Equisetum limosum]

73. Brahmachari, G. & D. Chatterjee. 2002. Triterpenes from Adiantum lunulatum. Fitoterapia 73: 363-368 (

74. Bremer, P. 2002. Increase of Pilularia globulifera L. (Pillwort) in the Province of Overijssel, the Netherlands. Gorteria 28: 81-88. [Dutch]

75. Brieva, A., A. Guerrero & J. P. Pivel. 2002. Immunomodulatory properties of a hydrophilic extract of Polypodium leucotomos. Inflammopharmacology 9: 361-371.

76. Brighigna, L., A. Bennici, C. Tani & G. Tani. 2002. Structural and ultrastructural characterization of Selaginella lepidophylla, a desiccation-tolerant plant, during the rehydration process. Flora (Jena) 197: 81-91.

77. Broglio Loriga, C., A. Fugagnoli, J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, E. Kustatscher, R. Posenato & M. Wachtler. 2002. The Anisian macroflora from the Northern Dolomites (Kuhwiesenkopf/Monte Pra della Vacca, Braies); a first report. Riv. Ital. Di Paleont. e Strat. 108: 381-390.

78. Broman, A. & I. Ekdahl. 2002. Oreopteris limbosperma (Bellardi ex all.) Holub on the Hallandsasen horst, S. Sweden.: New and refound occurrences. Botaniska Notiser 135: 25-31. [Swedish]

79. Broudiscou, L. P., Y. Papon & A. F. Broudiscou. 2002. Effects of dry plant extracts on feed degradation and the production of rumen microbial biomass in a dual outflow fermenter. Animal Feed Science & Technology 101: 183-189 ( [Equisetum arvense]

80. Brownsey, P. J. 2002. Feeding the Victorian fern craze. New Zealand Heritage 87: 38-39.

81. Brozova, J. 2002. Exploitation of the mycoparasitic fungus Pythium oligandrum in plant protection. Plant Protection Science 38: 29-35. [Nephrolepis]

82. Bruce-Grey Plant Committee. 2002. The ferns of Grey & Bruce. Stan Brown Printers Limited, Owens Sound, Canada. 119 pp.

83. Bruch, A. A. & V. Mosbrugger. 2002. Palaeoclimate versus vegetation reconstruction: Palynological investigations on the Oligocene sequence of the Sava Basin, Slovenia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 122: 117-141.

84. Brullo, S. & R. Guarino. 2002. The class Parietarietea judaicae Oberd. 1977 in Italy. Fitosociologia (Pavia) 39: 5-27. [Italian, Asplenium trichomanes]

85. Brum, F. R. & A. M. Randi. 2002. High irradiance and temperature inhibit the germination of spores of the fern Rumohra adiantiformis (Forst.) Ching (Dryopteridaceae). Revista Brasileira de Botanica 25: 391-396.

86. Bryson, G. M. & A. V. Barker. 2002. Sodium accumulation in soils and plants along Massachusetts roadsides. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis 33: 67-78.

87. Bujnoch, W. 2002. Farnfunde im ehemaligen Regierungsbezirk Trier - 18. Nachtrag. Dendrocopos 29: 65-67. [German]

88. Burrows, J. E. & S. M. Burrows. 2002. Pteridophyta. A new fern record for the Flora of southern Africa region. 32: 195-196. [Asplenium unilaterale]

89. Burrows, J. E. & J. Golding. 2002. Fern conservation in south tropical Africa. Fern Gazette 16: 313-318.

90. Byrami, M., J. Ogden, M. Horrocks, Y. Deng, P. A. Shane & J. Palmer. 2002. A palynological study of Polynesian and European effects on vegetation in Coromandel, New Zealand, showing the variability between four records from a single swamp. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 32: 507-531.

91. Cai, C., S. Chitaley & Y. Dou. 2002. Studies on some permineralized lycopsid remains from the Upper Devonian of North Xinjiang, NW China. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 262: 119-136.

92. Callaway, R. M., K. O. Reinhart, G. W. Moore, D. J. Moore & S. C. Pennings. 2002. Epiphyte host preferences and host traits: Mechanisms for species-specific interactions. Oecologia, Berlin 132: 221-230. [Polypodium polypodioides]

93. Callisto, M., F. A. R. Barbosa & P. Moreno. 2002. The influence of Eucalyptus plantations on the macrofauna associated with Salvinia auriculata in Southeast Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 62: 63-68.

94. Caluff, M. G. 2002. A note on the Cuban tree fern hybrid Cyathea xcalolepis (Cyatheaceae) and on its parentage. Willdenowia 32: 311-318.

95. Camus, J. M. 2002. Protected areas and the fern flora of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Fern Gazette 16: 431.

96. Carranco, M. E., R. M. Castillo, A. Escamilla, M. Martinez, F. Perez-Gil & E. Stephan. 2002. Chemical composition, leaf protein extraction and amino acid profile of seven aquatic plants. Cuban Journal of Agricultural Science 36: 237-248. [Azolla mexicana]

97. Celka, Z. & M. Kasprowicz. 2002. New localities of Botrychium matricariifolium and B. multifidum (Ophioglossaceae) in the Wielkopolska region. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Series Polonica 9: 75-79.

98. Chaerle, P. & R. Viane. 2002. Is the widespread Asplenium aethopicum (Burm. F.) Bech. worth preserving- Fern Gazette 16: 432. [Abstract]

99. Chandra, C. & M. Shrivastava. 2002. Diversity in the vasculature of the rhizome in some members of the Lindsaeoid ferns. Indian Fern Journal 19: 29-38.

100. Chandra, S. & M. Srivastava, ed. Pteridology in the New Millenium. 2002, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht. 520 pp.

101. Chen, G. X., J. G. Chen, S. X. Yi, S. B. Liu & H. M. Li. 2002. The investigation and study on resources of medicinal ferns in Wulingshan region, China. Jishou Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 23: 51-54 (

102. Chen, J., W. W. Zheng, G. Z. Xu, T. Y. Song & L. F. Tang. 2002. The genetic diversity and homology of Anabaena azollae and its host plant (Azolla) based on RAPD analysis. Yichuan 24: 45-49 (

103. Chen, L. Z., Z. J. Li & H. T. Zhou. 2002. Study on molecular taxonomy of 5 species of Cyatheaceae in Fujian. Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Science) 41: 481-486. [Alsophila spinulosa, Gymnosphaera hancockii, G. metteniana, G. niumulinensis, G. podophylla]

104. Chen, Z. & Y. Cai. 2002. Organic acids and amino acids in Brake fern, an arsenic hyperaccumulator. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 223: ANYL 19. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

105. Chiang, T. Y., Y. C. Chiang, C. H. Chou, Y. P. Cheng & W. L. Chiou. 2002. Phylogeography and conservation of Archangiopteris somai Hayata and A. itoi Shieh based on nucleotide variation of the atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer of chloroplast DNA. Fern Gazette 16: 335-340.

106. Chinnery, L. E. 2002. Biogeography, human geography and ferns in the Eastern Caribbean. Fern Gazette 16: 301-306.

107. Chiou, W. L., D. R. Farrar & T. A. Ranker. 2002. The mating systems of some epiphytic Polypodiaceae. American Fern Journal 92: 65-79. [Campyloneurum angustifolium, C. phyllitidis, Microgramma heterophylla, Phlebodium aureum, Phymatosorus scolopendria, Polypodium pellucidum]

108. Christianson, M. L. 2002. Root formation in ferns: an evo-devo exploration. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

109. Chuey, C. F. 2002. Pteridophyte distribution by township in Venango County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia (61): 131-136.

110. Clemons, L. 2002. A further record of Dicranoptycha fuscescens (Schummel) (Dip.: Limoniidae) in north Kent. Entomologist's Record & Journal of Variation 114: 171. [Pteridium aquilinum]

111. Clifford, H. T. 2002. A new Devonian fern, Fanningopteris wyattii, from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48: 71-77.

112. Cohen, M. F., T. Meziane, M. Tsuchiya & H. Yamasaki. 2002. Feeding deterrence of Azolla in relation to deoxyanthocyanin and fatty acid composition. Aquatic Botany 74: 181-187 (

113. Cohen, M. F., Y. Sakihama, Y. C. Takagi, T. Ichiba & H. Yamasaki. 2002. Synergistic effect of deoxyanthocyanins from symbiotic fern Azolla spp. on hrmA gene induction in the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 15: 875-882.

114. Cohen, M. F., J. Williams & H. Yamasaki. 2002. Biodegradation of diesel fuel by an Azolla-derived bacterial consortium. Journal of Environmental Science & Health Part A-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering A37: 1593-1606 ( [Azolla pinnata, Salvinia molesta]

115. Cohen-Shoel, N., Z. Barkay, D. Ilzycer, I. Gilath & E. Tel-Or. 2002. Biofiltration of toxic elements by Azolla biomass. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 135: 93-104 (

116. Cohen-Shoel, N., D. Ilzycer, I. Gilath & E. Tel-Or. 2002. The involvement of pectin in Sr2+ biosorption by Azolla. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 135: 195-205 (

117. Colli, A. M. T. & S. C. de Andrade Perez. 2002. The action of white light in the determination of pre-induction phase of spores of Cheilanthes concolor. Revista Logos 25-27. [Portuguese]

118. Colli, A. M. T., S. C. de Andrade Perez & J. Gaultieri. 2002. Effect of Ga3, thioureia and coumarin on germination of Thelypteris longifolia spores. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitao Nova Serie 13: 33-43. [Portuguese]

119. Collinson, M. E. 2002. The ecology of Cainozoic ferns. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 51-68 (

120. Collinson, M. E. & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2002. Ecology of ferns through time (IOPC-VI). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: vii-viii (

121. Cooke, R. J. 2002. Plant conservation in Great Britain: The legislative and policy framework. Fern Gazette 16: 341-343.

122. Cranfill, R. & M. Kato. 2002. Phylogenetics, biogeography, and classification of the woodwardioid ferns (Blechnaceae). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 25-48 pp.

123. Criodain, C. O. 2002. Short communication: Incorporation of biodiversity conservation into the work of Duchas: The Heritage Service. Biology & Environment-Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 102B: 189-192. [Gymnocarpium robertianum]

124. Croft, J. & P. Bostock. 2002. Documenting the conservation status of Australian ferns and fern allies. Fern Gazette 16: 467. [Abstract]

125. Cullina, W. 2002. Tales of the lady in red. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 68-70. [Athyrium filix-femina]

126. Cullina, W. 2002. Fern propagation. New England Wild Flower 6: 24.

127. Curtis, P. D., E. D. Rowland & G. L. Good. 2002. Developing a plant-based vole repellent: Screening of ten candidate species. Crop Protection 21: 299-306 ( [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

128. Cusick, A. W. 2002. A binomial for the hybrid Polypodium of eastern North America. American Fern Journal 92: 240-241.

129. Czaja, A. D., J. W. Schopf, M. C. Storrie-Lombardi & G. Cody. 2002. Multi-spectrum analysis of geochemical alteration through natural and artificial fossilization. Astrobiology 2: 622-623. [Dennstaedtia cicutaria, Dennstaedtiopsis aerenchymata]

130. Czaja, A. D., J. W. Schopf, M. C. Storrie-Lombardi, A. B. Kudryavtsev & R. Bhartia. 2002. Laser raman spectroscopic analysis of biochemical changes caused by fossilization. Origins of Life & Evolution of the Biosphere 32: 512.

131. Dai, S. J., Q. X. Wang, W. M. Bao & K. H. Shing. 2002. Spore morphology on pteridophytes from China: 3. Thelypteridaceae. 1. Cyclosorus Link. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 334-344.

132. Darbyshire, S. J. 2002. Ephemeral occurrence of the mosquito fern, Azolla caroliniana, at Ottawa, Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 116: 441-445.

133. Dastagir, G. & H. I. Ul. 2002. Phytosociology of Mai Dhani Hill near Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir II. Winter vegetation. Pakistan Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research 45: 277-283. [Hypodematium]

134. Dawar, S. & P. K. Singh. 2002. Comparison of soil- and nutrient-based medium for maintenance of Azolla cultures. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25: 2719-2729.

135. Dawra, R. K., N. P. Kurade & O. P. Sharma. 2002. Carcinogenicity of the fern Pteridium aquilinum collected from enzootic bovine haematuria-free hilly area in India. Current Science (Bangalore) 83: 1005-1009.

136. de Jong, M. D., G. W. Bourdot, J. Powell & J. Goudriaan. 2002. A model of the escape of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum ascospores from pasture. Ecological Modelling 150: 83-105 ( [Lycopodium clavatum]

137. de la Cretaz, A. L. & M. J. Kelty. 2002. Development of tree regeneration in fern-dominated forest understories after reduction of deer browsing. Restoration Ecology 10: 416-426 ( [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

138. de La Sota, E. R. 2002. Keep the places where evolution is working! Fern Gazette 16: 454. [Abstract]

139. Demske, D., B. Mohr & H. Oberhaensli. 2002. Late Pliocene vegetation and climate of the Lake Baikal region, southern East Siberia, reconstructed from palynological data. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 184: 107-129 (

140. Deng, S. 2002. Ecology of the Early Cretaceous ferns of Northeast China. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 93-112 (

141. Deng, X. L. & C. X. Huang. 2002. Analyses on the flora and studies on the function of medicinal pteridophytes in Junggangshan nature reserve. Bull. of Bot. Research 22: 91-97. [Chinese]

142. Deng, Y. F., N. C. Liang & T. Liang. 2002. Analysis of the diterpenoids in the extract of Pteris semipinnata L by HPLC-APCI-MS. Yaoxue Xuebao 37: 444-446.

143. Denley, K. K., C. T. Bryson & R. A. Stewart. 2002. Vascular flora of Yalobusha County, Mississippi. Castanea 67: 402-415. [Deparia petersenii]

144. Dennison, C., A. T. Lawler & T. Kohzuma. 2002. Unusual properties of plastocyanin from the fern Dryopteris crassirhizoma. Biochemistry 41: 552-560 (

145. di Pasquo, M. 2002. The Crassispora kosankei-Cystoptychus azcuyi palynozone of the Upper Carboniferous Tupambi Formation, Tarija Basin, northern Argentina. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 118: 47-76 (

146. Dilustro, J. J., B. S. Collins, L. K. Duncan & R. R. Sharitz. 2002. Soil texture, land-use intensity, and vegetation of Fort Benning upland forest sites. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 129: 289-297. [Pteridium aquilinum]

147. DiMichele, W. A. & D. Chaney. 2002. Early Permian (Leonardian) vegetation of the Clear Fork and Pease River groups, north-central Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22: 49A.

148. DiMichele, W. A. & T. L. Phillips. 2002. The ecology of Paleozoic ferns. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 143-159 (

149. Dines, T. D. & I. R. Bonner. 2002. A new hybrid horsetail, Equisetum arvense x Equisetum telmateia (Equisetum xrobertsii) in Britain. Watsonia 24: 145-157.

150. Dixit, R. D. 2001. A census of rare and endangered pteridophytes of the eastern Himalaya and conservation strategies. Pp. 605-611. In P. C. Pande & S. S. Samant (Eds.). Plant Diversity of the Himalaya. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital.

151. Dixit, R. D. & R. Kumar. 2002. Pteridophytes of Uttaranchal: a check list. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. 159 pp.

152. Dong, S. Y., S. G. Lu & X. C. Zhang. 2002. Classification of the genus Ctenitopsis from Yunnan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 24: 439-444.

153. Dooley, M. A. & L. J. Swatzell. 2002. Porosity and specific retention of Emminence-Potosi Dolomite Limestone from Cheilanthes feei habitat in southeast Missouri. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

154. Doweld, A. B. 2002. Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum (Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophytorum)). GEOS, Moscow. 12-16, iv-xii, 36-42 (Ferns) pp.

155. Duchoslav, M. 2002. Flora and vegetation of stony walls in East Bohemia (Czech Republic). Preslia (Prague) 74: 1-25. [Asplenium ruta-muraria, Cystopteris fragilis]

156. Dumas, Y. 2002. An overview of bracken. Revue Forestiere Francaise (Nancy) 54: 357-374. [Pteridium aquilinum]

157. Dunkel, F. G. 2002. Current records of Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R. Br. and Polycnemum arvense L. in Alto Adige, Italy: Discovery of lost or doubtful species. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 72: 7-12. [German]

158. Dunn, M. T., G. W. Rothwell & G. Mapes. 2002. Additional observations on Rhynchosperma quinnii (Medullosaceae): A permineralized ovule from the Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) Fayetteville Formation of Arkansas. American Journal of Botany 89: 1799-1808.

159. Dyer, A. 2002. Ferns in art: the Lidderdale fern hunt. Pteridologist 4: 9-11.

160. Dyer, A. F., E. Sheffield & A. C. Wardlaw. 2002. Fern flora worldwide: threats and responses: proceedings of the International Symposium at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK 23-26 July 2001 (British Pteridological Society). London: British Pteridological Society 16: 254-481.

161. Eastwood, A., J. C. Vogel, M. Gibby & Q. C. B. Cronk. 2002. Relationships and genetic diversity of endemic Elaphoglossum species from St Helena: Implications for conservation. Fern Gazette 16: 411-412.

162. Eatough Jones, M. & T. D. Paine. 2002. Changes in insect herbivore communities along an ozone and nitrogen deposition gradient in the San Bernardino Mountains. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 345. [Abstract; Pteridium]

163. Ebihara, A., K. Iwatsuki, S. Kurita & M. Ito. 2002. Systematic position of Hymenophyllum rolandi-principis Rosenst. or a monotypic genus Rosenstockia Copel. (Hymenophyllaceae) endemic to New Caledonia. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 53: 35-49.

164. Ebihara, A., S. Matsumoto, T. Iwashina, K. Sugimura & K. Iwatsuki. 2002. Hymenophyllaceae (Pteridophytes) of Vanuatu. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 21: 61-72.

165. Ellwood, M. D. F., D. T. Jones & W. A. Foster. 2002. Canopy ferns in lowland dipterocarp forest support a prolific abundance of ants, termites, and other invertebrates. Biotropica 34: 575-583. [Asplenium nidus]

166. Enstone, D. E., C. A. Peterson & F. Ma. 2002. Root endodermis and exodermis: Structure, function, and responses to the environment. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 21: [Selaginella]

167. Estrelles, E. & A. M. Ibars. 2002. Marsilea quadrifolia L. in the natural park of the Delta del Ebro (Tarragona, Spain): Recovery and conservation. Fern Gazette 16: 433. [Abstract]

168. Evans, P. A., I. M. Evans & G. P. Rothero. 2002. Flora of Assynt: flowering plants and ferns. Evans, P A, Evans, I M, Rothero, G P, United Kingdon. 284 pp.

169. Everitt, J. H., C. Yang, R. J. Helton, L. H. Hartmann & M. R. Davis. 2002. Remote sensing of giant salvinia in Texas waterways. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 40: 11-16. [Salvinia molesta]

170. Fabian, B. P. & B. S. Fabian. 2002. Saxicola rubetra returned to Marbeck river after restoration scheme. Behavior studies at the roosting site. Vogelkundliche Hefte Edertal 28: 47-50. [German, Equisetum arvense]

171. Fairchild, J. F., A. L. Allert, J. S. Riddle & D. R. Gladwin. 2002. Efficacy of glyphosate and five surfactants for controlling giant salvinia. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 40: 53-58. [Salvinia molesta]

172. Falcon-Lang, H. J. & D. J. Cantrill. 2002. Terrestrial paleoecology of the Cretaceous (early Aptian) Cerro Negro Formation, South Shetlands Islands, Antarctica: A record of polar vegetation in a volcanic arc environment. Palaios 17: 491-506.

173. Farnsworth, E. 2002. New England Wild Flower Society celebrates the year of the fern. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 64-66.

174. Farnsworth, E. 2002. Fern evolution and history. New England Wild Flower 6: 2-3.

175. Farrar, D. R. 2002. Warren H. Wagner, Jr. (1920-2000). Amer. Fern. J. 92: 39-49.

176. Farrar, D. R. & M. C. Stensvold. 2002. Allopolyploid speciation in Botrychium--Charlie was right! (and so were we). In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

177. Fernandez-Cardenete, J. R. & J. M. Tierno de Figueroa. 2002. First records of Osmylus fulvicephalus (Scopoli, 1763) in southern Iberian Peninsula (Planipennia, Osmylidae). Boletin de la Asociacion Espanola de Entomologia 26: 199-200. [Spanish; Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris filix-mas]

178. Fernando, B. 2002. Ferns of Sri Lanka. Fern Society of Sri Lanka, Katuneriya, Sri Lanka. 28 pp.

179. Figueiredo, E. 2002. Institute for Tropical Scientific Research. Studies, Essays and Documents. Pteridophytes of Sao Tome and Principe, 162. Instituto de Investigacao Cientifica Tropical, Lisbon. 209 pp. [Portuguese]

180. Filliat, P., A. Foquin & G. Lallement. 2002. Effects of chronic administration of huperzine A on memory in guinea pigs. Drug & Chemical Toxicology an International Journal for Rapid Communication 25: 9-24. [Huperzia serrata]

181. Flechtmann, C. H. W. 2002. Esalquia centennaria, a new genus and new species of Eriophyidae (Acari) from ferns in Brazil. International Journal of Acarology 28: 41-44. [Thelypteris]

182. Forni, C., A. Cascone, M. Fiori & L. Migliore. 2002. Sulphadimethoxine and Azolla filiculoides Lam.: A model for drug remediation. Water Research 36: 3398-3403 (

183. Forsyth, D. M., D. A. Coomes, G. Nugent & G. M. J. Hall. 2002. Diet and diet preferences of introduced ungulates (Order: Artiodactyla) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 29: 323-343.

184. Fotedar, R. L. 2002. Structure and development of sieve cells in Dicranopteris linearis. Indian Fern Journal 19: 89-93.

185. Franca, T. d. N., C. H. Tokarnia & P. V. Peixoto. 2002. Diseases caused by the radiomimetic principle of Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). A review. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 22: 85-96.

186. Francesconi, K., P. Visoottiviseth, W. Sridokchan & W. Goessler. 2002. Arsenic species in an arsenic hyperaccumulating fern, Pityrogramma calomelanos: A potential phytoremediator of arsenic-contaminated soils. Science of the Total Environment 284: 27-35 (

187. Freckleton, R. P. & A. R. Watkinson. 2002. Are weed population dynamics chaotic- Journal of Applied Ecology 39: 699-707 ( [Equisetum arvense]

188. Freitas, R. N., G. Brasileiro-Filho, M. E. Silva & S. D. J. Pena. 2002. Bracken fern-induced malignant tumors in rats: Absence of mutations in p53, H-ras and K-ras and no microsatellite instability. Mutation Research 499: 189-196 ( [Pteridium aquilinum subs. arachnoideum]

189. Fu, F. F., T. Akagi & S. Yabuki. 2002. Origin of silica particles found in the cortex of Matteuccia roots. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 1265-1271.

190. Fujihara, M., Y. Hada & G. Toyohara. 2002. Changes in the stand structure of a pine forest after rapid growth of Quercus serrata Thunb. Forest Ecology & Management 170: 55-65 ( [Gleichenia japonica]

191. Galtier, J. & O. Bethoux. 2002. Morphology and growth habit of Dicksonites pluckenetii from the Upper Carboniferous of Graissessac (France). Geobios 35: 525-535.

192. Gamperle, E. & J. J. Schneller. 2002. Phenotypic and isozyme variation in Cystopteris fragilis (Pteridophyta) along an altitudinal gradient in Switzerland. Flora (Jena) 197: 203-213.

193. Ganem, M. A., M. A. Morbelli, G. E. Guidice, I. G. Michelena & M. R. Pineiro. 2001. Las esporas del grupo Asplenium squamosum en America. Polen (Espana) 11: 51-58. [Spanish]

194. Garg, A. K., J. K. Kim, T. G. Owens, A. P. Ranwala, Y. D. Choi, L. V. Kochian & R. J. Wu. 2002. Trehalose accumulation in rice plants confers high tolerance levels to different abiotic stresses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 15898-15903. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

195. Garve, E. & M. Hullen. 2002. Flora and vegetation in the Harz National Park, Germany (Excursion D). Tuexenia 22: 127-150. [German; Diphasiastrum]

196. Gastony, G. J., D. S. Barrington & D. S. Conant. 2002. Rolla Milton Tryon, Jr. (1916-2001). American Fern Journal 92: 1-9.

197. Gautier, L. & S. M. Goodman. 2002. History of the biological exploration of the Manongarivo Massif, Madagascar. Boissiera 59: 13-20. [French]

198. Gava, A., D. da S. Neves, D. Gava, S. T. de Moura, A. L. Schild & F. Riet-Correa. 2002. Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) poisoning in cattle in Southern Brazil. Veterinary & Human Toxicology 44: 362-365.

199. Gibby, M. & A. F. Dyer. 2002. Ex situ conservation of globally-endangered species. Fern Gazette 16: 369-370.

200. Giudice, G. E., M. A. Morbelli & M. R. Pineiro. 2002. Palynological study in Aspleniaceae from northwest Argentina. Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botanica 37: 217-229.

201. Given, D. R. 2002. Needs, methods and means. Fern Gazette 16: 269-277.

202. Goel, A. K. 2002. Botanic Gardens: Potential source for conservation of plant diversity. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 67-74. [Psilotum nudum]

203. Gogoi, R. & M. K. Das. 2002. Ethnobotanical studies of some ferns used by the Garo tribals of Meghalaya. Advances in Plant Sciences 15: 401-405.

204. Gomez, B., F. Thevenard, M. Fantin & L. Giusberti. 2002. Late Cretaceous plants from the Bonarelli Level of the Venetian Alps, northeastern Italy. Cretaceous Research 23: 671-685.

205. Gomez, D. & C. Reynel. 2002. Floristic diversity and composition of riparian forests in Yanachaga, Departamento de Pasco, Peru (2500 mosl). Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 142. [Abstract; Cyathea]

206. Gorecka-Nowak, A. 2002. Palynological record of palaeoclimatic changes in Late Carboniferous: An example from the Intrasudetic Basin (SW Poland). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 118: 101-114 (

207. Gottlieb, J. E. 2002. Lycopodium lagopus - the "one-cone club-moss" - new in West Virginia. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 28-30.

208. Gottlieb, J. E. 2002. Lycopodium lagopus new in West Virginia. American Fern Journal 92: 241-242.

209. Greimler, J., S. P. Lopez, T. F. Stuessy & T. Dirnbock. 2002. The vegetation of Robinson Crusoe Island (Isla Masatierra), Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile. Pacific Science 56: 263-284.

210. Grund, S. P. & J. C. Parks. 2002. Conservation status of pteridophytes in the 49 continental United States: A preliminary report. Fern Gazette 16: 290-294.

211. Guala, G. F., F. J. Burton, G. R. Proctor & S. P. Clifford. 2002. Additions to the Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin 57: 235-237. [Pityrogramma calomelanos, Pteris vittata]

212. Guiles, C. W. 2002. A fern foundation. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 46-47, 56-57. [Osmunda claytoniana]

213. Guillon, J. M. & C. Raquin. 2002. Environmental sex determination in the genus Equisetum: Sugars induce male sex expression in cultured gametophytes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 825-830 (

214. Gundale, M. J. 2002. Influence of exotic earthworms on the soil organic horizon and the rare fern Botrychium mormo. Conservation Biology 16: 1555-1561.

215. Guo, C. Y. & D. Y. Liu. 2002. Studies on the pteridophyte flora of Qiyun mountainous region in Anhui Province. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 22: 1115-1121.

216. Guo, Q. F., M. Kato & R. E. Ricklefs. 2002. Life history, diversity and distribution: a study of Japanese pteridophytes. Ecography 26: 129-138.

217. Gurbuz, I., O. Ustun, E. Yesilada, E. Sezik & N. Akyurek. 2002. In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 83: 241-244. [Equisetum palustre]

218. Gureyeva, I. I. 2002. Taxonomy of ferns, problem of species and fern speciation. Pp. 145-164. In V. N. Stegny (Ed.). Evolutionary biology, Volume 2. Tomsk State University, Tomsk. [Russian]

219. Gureyeva, I. I. 2002. Rare fern species of Russia and reasons for their rarity. Fern Gazette 16: 319-323.

220. Gureyeva, I. I. 2002. Peculiarities of morphology of fern sporophytes in the first stages of ontogenesis. p. 41. In Proceedings of II International Conference on Plant Anatomy and Morphology, Saint Petersburg, 14-18 October 2002. [Abstract; Russian]

221. Gureyeva, I. I. 2002. Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr., Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw., B. lanceolatum (S. G. Gmel.) Angstr., Ophioglossum vulgatum L., Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh., C. sudetica A. Br. Et Milde, Gymnocarpium jessojense (Koidz.) Koidz., Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott, D. cristata (L.) F. Gray. Pp. 210-227. In A. S. Revushkin (Ed.). Red Book of the Tomsk Region. Tomsk State University Publishers, Tomsk. [Russian]

222. Gurung, V. L. 2002. Propagation and cultivation of some of the Nepalese ornamental ferns in the Garden. Indian Fern Journal 19: 34-39.

223. Gusewell, S., W. Koerselman & J. T. A. Verhoeven. 2002. Time-dependent effects of fertilization on plant biomass in floating fens. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 705-718. [Equisetum fluviatile]

224. Hagemann, W. 2002. Shoot development in ferns: the example of Dryopteris filix-mas, a new holistic approach. Pp. 1-28. In P. C. Trivedi (Ed.). Advances in Pteridology. Pointer Publishers, Jaipur, India.

225. Haines, A. 2002. Fern Allies. New England Wild Flower 6: 28-30.

226. Haines, A. 2002. A new combination in Lycopodiella (Lycopodiaceae). Rhodora 104: 296-298.

227. Hamilton, A. C. 2002. Is fern conservation in the tropics possible- Fern Gazette 16: 413-416.

228. Hanson, L. & I. J. Leitch. 2002. DNA amounts for five pteridophyte species fill phylogenetic gaps in C-value data. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 169-173 (

229. Harper, D. M., M. M. Harper, M. A. Virani, A. Smart, R. B. Childress, R. Adatia, I. Henderson & B. Chege. 2002. Population fluctuations and their causes in the African Fish Eagle, (Haliaeetus vocifer (Daudin)) at Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488: 171-180. [Salvinia]

230. Harris, D. & A. Rosser. 2002. Trade and conservation of tree ferns. Fern Gazette 16: 434. [Abstract; Dicksonia antarctica]

231. Hattori, T., K. Tamura, H. Ishida & N. Minamiyama. 2002. A vegetational study on a lucidophyllous forest in the upper reaches of the Shiratori River in the Kirishima mountain system, Miyazaki prefecture. Humans & Nature 13: 7-20. [Selaginella involvens, Lepisorus onoei, Asplenium wilfordii, Davallia mariesii, Lemmaphyllum microphyllum]

232. Haufler, C. H. 2002. Homospory 2002: An odyssey of progress in pteridophyte genetics and evolutionary biology. Bioscience 52: 1081-1093.

233. Haufler, C. H. 2002. 'Werthwhile' passions: Exploring the plants and research themes that fascinated Dr. Charles R. Werth. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

234. Hauk, W. D. & H. M. Hawke. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Botrychium s.s. (Ophioglossaceae) based on rbcL and trnL-F cpDNA sequences. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

235. He, H. 2002. Some new records of the ferns of Chongqing, southwestern China. Journal of Chongqing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 19: 63-67. [Chinese]

236. He, Q., R. L. You, H. K. Sodmergen & W. M. Bao. 2002. Preprophase band loses its function as a cytokinetic apparatus in mitosis of neck canal mother cell. Protoplasma 220: 105-109. [Dryopteris crassirhizoma]

237. He, Z. C., Q. Cai, H. T. Liu, J. Q. Li & H. W. Huang. 2002. Chromosome number of Isoetes sinensis Palmer, a rare and endangered Pteridophyta plant. J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 20: 241-242.

238. Heafner, K. D. 2002. Noteworthy Collections: Isoetes virginica Pfeiffer in North Carolina. Castanea 67: 212.

239. Heenan, P. B., P. J. de Lange, E. K. Cameron & P. D. Champion. 2002. Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: Additional records 1999-2000. New Zealand Journal of Botany 40: 155-174.

240. Hegde, S. & L. D'souza. 2002. 2iP: An effective cytokinin for the tissue culture of ferns. Fern Gazette 16: 435. [Abstract; Acrostichum aureum, Drynaria quercifolia, Nephrolepis auriculata]

241. Hegde, S., A. L. Dhanraj, C. Suneetha & L. D'souza. 2002. An efficient protocol for extraction and PCR amplification of tree-fern DNA from herbarium samples. Fern Gazette 16: 436. [Abstract]

242. Hemp, A. 2002. Ecology of the pteridophytes on the southern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro: I. Altitudinal distribution. Plant Ecology 159: 211-239 (

243. Henriquez, J. M. 2002. Analysis of vascular flora on glacier valleys in the Magellan region, Chile. Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia Serie Ciencias Naturales 30: 25-40. [Spanish]

244. Henry-Silva, G. G. & A. F. M. Camargo. 2002. Nutritive value of free-floating aquatic macrophytes (Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes and Salvinia molesta), used in aquaculture waste treatment. Acta Scientiarum Universidade Estadual de Maringa 24: 519-526. [Portuguese]

245. Henschel, K., R. Kofuji, M. Hasebe, H. Saedler, T. Muenster & G. Theissen. 2002. Two ancient classes of MIKC-type MADS-box genes are present in the moss Physcomitrella patens. Molecular Biology & Evolution 19: 801-814 ( [Lycopodium annotinum]

246. Herbst, R. & S. Gnaedinger. 2002. Kurtziana Frenguelli (Pteridospermae- incertae sedis) and Alicurana nov. gen. (Cycadopsida) from the Triassic and Early Jurassic of Argentina and Chile. Ameghiniana 39: 331-341. [Spanish]

247. Herman, A. B. 2002. Late Early-Late Cretaceous floras of the North Pacific Region: Florogenesis and early angiosperm invasion. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 122: 1-11.

248. Herrero, A., C. Prada & S. Pajaron. 2002. Gametophyte morphology and gametangial ontogeny of Asplenium foreziense and related taxa (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 139: 87-98 (

249. Hertel, H. 2002. Obituary on Dr. Dr. Gerhard Benl (1910-2001). Sendtnera 8: 195-204. [German]

250. Hildebrand, T. J., C. H. Haufler, J. P. Therrien, C. Walters & P. Hammond. 2002. A new hybrid Polypodium provides insights concerning the systematics of P. scouleri and its sympatric congeners. American Fern Journal 92: 214-228.

251. Hilger, H. H., M. Weigend & W. Frey. 2002. The gametophyte-sporophyte junction in Isoetes boliviensis Weber (Isoetales, Lycopodiophyta). Phyton 42: 149-157.

252. Hill, M. P. & I. G. Oberholzer. 2002. Laboratory host range testing of the flea beetle, Pseudolampsis guttata (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a potential natural enemy for red water fern, Azolla filiculoides Lamarck (Pteridophyta: Azollaceae) in South Africa. Coleopterists Bulletin 56: 79-83.

253. Hillesheim-Kimmel, U. 2002. Vicia dumetorum between Alsbach and Auerbach, Bergstrasse region, Germany. Hessische Floristische Briefe 51: 57-61. [Polystichum setiferum]

254. Hilton, J., S. J. Wang, W. Q. Zhu, B. Tian, J. Galtier & A. H. Wei. 2002. Callospermarion ovules from the Early Permian of northern China: Palaeofloristic and palaeogeographic significance of callistophytalean seed-ferns in the Cathaysian flora. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 120: 301-314 (

255. Hilton-Taylor, C. 2002. The IUCN/SSC species information service: a global species. Fern Gazette 16: 469. [Abstract]

256. Hilton-Taylor, C. & C. Hilton-Taylor. 2002. The IUCN/SSC Red List Programme: an overview. Fern Gazette 16: 462. [Abstract]

257. Hirasawa, Y., H. Morita & J. Kobayashi. 2002. Lyconesidines A-C, new alkaloids from Lycopodium chinense. Tetrahedron 58: 5483-5488 (

258. Ho, Y. S., C. T. Huang & H. W. Huang. 2002. Equilibrium sorption isotherm for metal ions on tree fern. Process Biochemistry 37: 1421-1430 (

259. Hoagland, B. W. 2002. A classification and analysis of emergent wetland vegetation in western Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 82: 5-14. [Marsilea vestita]

260. Hoekstra, F. A. 2002. Pollen and spores: Desiccation tolerance in pollen and the spores of lower plants and fungi. Pp. 185-205. In M. Black & H. W. Pritchard (Eds.). Desiccation and survival in plants: Drying without dying. CABI Publishing, New York.

261. Hoff, M., J. J. de Granville, S. Lochon, B. Bordenave & V. Hequet. 2002. A protected plant species list for French Guiana. Acta Botanica Gallica 149: 339-354. [French]

262. Holloway, D. M. & M. Lantin. 2002. Maintaining apical dominance in the fern gametophyte. Annals of Botany (London) 89: 409-417 (

263. Hoque, M., R. Somvanshi, G. R. Singh & I. V. Mogha. 2002. Ultrasonographic evaluation of urinary bladder in normal, fern fed and enzootic bovine haematuria-affected cattle. Journal of Veterinary Medicine - Series A 49: 403-407. [Dryopteris juxtaposita, Polystichum squarrosum, Pteridium aquilinum]

264. Horn, K. 2002. Herbarbelege seltener und gefahrdeter Farnpflanzen (Pteridophyta) aus Bayern im Herbarium de Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nurnberg. 1. Teil: Lycopodiaceae, Isoetaceae, Equisetaceae, Ophioglossaceae. Natur u. Mensch, Jahresmitt. Naturhist. Ges. Nurnberg 2000/2001: 23-28. [German with English Abstract; Diphasiastrum alpinum, D. complanatum, D. tristachyum, D. zeilleri, Huperzia selago, Lycopodiella inundata, Lycopodium annotinum, L. clavatum, Isoetes lacustris, Equisetum xlittorale, E. ramisissimum, E. variegatum, Botrychium lunaria, B. matricariifolium, B. multifidum, Ophioglossum vulgatum]

265. Horn, K. & H. W. Bennert. 2002. Diphasiastrum oellgaardii Stoor & al. (Lycopodiaceae, Pteridophyta), a flat-branched clubmoss species new for the flora of Austria. Phyton 42: 125-148. [German]

266. Horrocks, J. R. 2002. Dryopteris remota, Scaly Buckler Fern. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 8.

267. Horrocks, J. R. 2002. Polystichum tsussimense - Tsus-sima holly fern, Korean rock fern. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 44-45, 55.

268. Horrocks, J. R. 2002. Dryopteris intermedia - Evergreen wood fern. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 63, 67.

269. Horrocks, J. R. 2002. Asplenium trichomanes - Maidenhair spleenwort. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 92-93.

270. Horrocks, M., S. L. Nichol & P. A. Shane. 2002. A 6000-year palaeoenvironmental record from Harataonga, Great Barrier Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 40: 123-135. [Cyathea, Pteridium]

271. Hotchkiss, S., P. M. Vitousek, R. Ku & S. Luo. 2002. History of Sphagnum palustre in Hawaiian montane forests: Disturbance, invasion, community and ecosystem change. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 161. [Abstract; Asplenium florentinum]

272. Hou, G. C. 2002. Developmental and molecular genetic studies of roots in the fern Ceratopteris richardii. Idaho State University, Pocatello. 86 pp. [Dissertation]

273. Hou, G. C. & J. P. Hill. 2002. Heteroblastic root development in Ceratopteris richardii (Parkeriaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 341-351.

274. Hrsak, V. 2002. Taxonomic and chorologic revision of the Polypodium vulgare complex in Herbarium Croaticum and the Ivo and Marija Horvat Herbarium. Acta Botanica Croatica 61: 45-49.

275. Hsieh, C. F. 2002. Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of the Taiwan flora. Taiwania 47: 298-310.

276. Hsu, C. C., F. W. Horng & C. M. Kuo. 2002. Epiphyte biomass and nutrient capital of a moist subtropical forest in north-eastern Taiwan. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 659-670 ( [Pyrrosia lingua]

277. Hueber, F. M. & J. Galtier. 2002. Symplocopteris wyattii n. gen. et n. sp.: A zygopterid fern with a false trunk from the Tournaisian (Lower Carboniferous) of Queensland, Australia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 241-273 (

278. Humphries, C. 2002. Measures of biodiversity. Fern Gazette 16: 468. [Abstract]

279. Hunt, G. R. & R. D. Gray. 2002. Species-wide manufacture of stick-type tools by New Caledonian Crows. Emu 102: 349-353.

280. Hunt, M. A., N. J. Davidson, G. L. Unwin & D. C. Close. 2002. Ecophysiology of the Soft Tree Fern, Dicksonia antarctica Labill. Austral Ecology 27: 360-368 (

281. Igarashi, Y., T. Iida, R. Yoshida & T. Furumai. 2002. Pteridic acids A and B, novel plant growth promoters with auxin-like activity from Streptomyces hygroscopicus TP-A0451. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 55: 764-767 ( [Pteridium aquilinum]

282. Imperato, F. 2002. 3,8-Di-C-arabinosylluteolin, a new flavonoid from Pteris vittata. American Fern Journal 92: 244-246.

283. Ingram, T. J. 2002. Compositions comprising Equisetum and Symphytum and methods for the treatment of symptoms associated with mycoplasma infection. ( In Official Gazette of the United States Patent & Trademark Office Patents. [e-file] 1260(2).

284. Ishikawa, H., Y. Watano, K. Kano, M. Ito & S. Kurita. 2002. Development of primer sets for PCR amplification of the PgiC gene in ferns. Journal of Plant Research 115: 65-70. [Arachniodes standishii]

285. Ito, H., M. Koreishi, Z. X. Jin & T. Yoshida. 2002. Phenolic compounds from Dryopteris fragrans. Natural Medicines 56: 273.

286. Iwata, T., S. Tokutomi & H. Kandori. 2002. Photoreaction of the cysteine S-H group in the LOV2 domain of Adiantum phytochrome3. Journal of the American Chemical Society 124: 11840-11841.

287. Jarvel, L. & R. Pallett. 2002. Weed composition in relation to site in re-established pine compartments on the Mpumalanga escarpment, South Africa. Southern African Forestry Journal 196: 15-20. [Pteridium]

288. Jayakumar, M., M. Eyini, K. Lingakumar & G. Kulandaivelu. 2002. Effects of enhanced ultraviolet-B (280-320 nm) radiation on growth and photosynthetic activities in aquatic fern Azolla microphylla Kaulf. Photosynthetica (Prague) 40: 85-89.

289. Jermy, A. C. & T. A. Ranker. 2002. Epilogue: The way forward. Fern Gazette 16: 417-424.

290. Jerome, C. 2002. Une station nouvelle de Diphasiastrum issleri (Rouy) Holub dans le massif vosgien. Monde Pl. 97: 10. [French]

291. Jiang, D. X. & Y. D. Wang. 2002. Middle Jurassic sporo-pollen assemblage from the Yan'an Formation of Dongsheng, Nei Monggol, China. Acta Botanica Sinica 44: 230-238.

292. Johansen, B., L. B. Pedersen, M. Skipper & S. Frederiksen. 2002. MADS-box gene evolution: Structure and transcription patterns. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 23: 458-480 (

293. Johns, R. J. 2002. The biodiversity and conservation of the ferns and fern allies of New Guinea. Fern Gazette 16: 463. [Abstract]

294. Johnson-Groh, C. L. & J. M. Lee. 2002. Phenology and demography of two species of Botrychium (Ophioglossaceae). American Journal of Botany 89: 1624-1633 (

295. Johnson-Groh, C. L., C. Riedel, L. Schoessler & K. Skogen. 2002. Belowground distribution and abundance of Botrychium gametophytes and juvenile sporophytes. American Fern Journal 92: 80-92.

296. Joseph, L. H., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 2002. Scanning electron microscopic studies on the spores of Dryopteridaceae from the Western Ghats: South India. Phytomorphology 52: 145-154.

297. Josephrajkumar, A. & B. Subrahmanyam. 2002. DNA synthesis in the imaginal wing discs of the American bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). Journal of Biosciences (Bangalore) 27: 113-120 ( [Cheilanthes farinosa]

298. Kagawa, T. & M. Wada. 2002. Blue light-induced chloroplast relocation. Plant & Cell Physiology 43: 367-371 ( [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

299. Kar, P. P., S. Mishra & D. P. Singh. 2002. Azolla sporulation in response to application of some selected auxins and their combination with gibberellic acid. Biology & Fertility of Soils 35: 314-319.

300. Kar, P. P. & D. P. Singh. 2002. Effect of some metabolic inhibitors and growth hormones on the sporulation and growth of Azolla microphylla. Experimental Agriculture 38: 433-444 (

301. Kar, R., P. S. Ranhotra, A. Bhattacharyya & B. Sekar. 2002. Vegetation vis-a-vis climate and glacial fluctuations of the Gangotri Glacier since the last 2000 years. Current Science (Bangalore) 82: 347-351.

302. Karlsson, T. 2002. Additions and corrections to the checklist of Swedish vascular plants. I. Pteridophyta-Fumariaceae. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 96: 75-93. [Swedish]

303. Karst, J. D. 2002. Ecological separation among fern species in an old-growth forest. McGill University, Montreal. 82 pp. [Thesis]

304. Karuppusamy, S., N. Karmegam & K. M. Rajasekaran. 2001(2002). Enumeration, ecology and ethnobotany of ferns of Sirumalai Hills, South India. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 25: 631-634.

305. Kato, M. 2002. First record of herbivory on Lycopodiaceae (Lycopodiales) by a dipteran (Pallopteridae) leaf/stem-miner. Canadian Entomologist 134: 699-701. [Huperzia serratum]

306. Kawahata, H., R. Maeda & H. Ohshima. 2002. Fluctuations in terrestrial-marine environments in the western equatorial Pacific during the Late Pleistocene. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 57: 71-81 (

307. Kazakova, M. V. & A. V. Shcherbakov. 2002. Floristic records in Ryazan province. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 49-53. [Polystichum braunii]

308. Kelloff, C. L., J. E. Skog, L. Adamkewicz & C. R. Werth. 2002. Differentiation of eastern North American Athyrium filix-femina taxa: Evidence from allozymes and spores. American Fern Journal 92: 185-213.

309. Kersten, R. A. & S. M. Silva. 2002. Floristic composition and structure of the vascular epiphyte component of a subtropical ombrophilous alluvial forest of Barigui river, Parana, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 25: 259-267. [Portuguese; Microgramma squamulosa, Pleopeltis angusta, Polypodium hirsutissimum]

310. Kessler, M. 2002. Range size and its ecological correlates among the pteridophytes of Carrasco National Park, Bolivia. Global Ecology & Biogeography Letters 11: 89-102 (

311. Kessler, M. 2002. The elevational gradient of Andean plant endemism: varying influences of taxon-specific traits and topography at different taxonomic levels. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1159-1166.

312. Khade, S. W. & B. F. Rodrigues. 2002. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with some pteridophytes from western ghat region of Goa. Tropical Ecology 43: 251-256. [Adiantum lunulatum, Pityrogramma calomelanos]

313. Khan, M. J., H. Steingass & W. Drochner. 2002. Evaluation of some aquatic plants from Bangladesh through mineral composition, in vitro gas production and in situ degradation measurements. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 15: 537-542. [Azolla pinnata]

314. Khan, M. L., K. Upadhyaya, L. B. Singha & A. Devi. 2002. A plea for conservation of threatened tree fern (Cyathea gigantea). Current Science (Bangalore) 82: 375-376.

315. Kholia, B. S. & N. Punetha. 2002. Diplazium subsinuatum (Wall. ex Hook. et Grev.) Tag. in central Himalaya. Phytotaxonomy 2: 163.

316. Khrapko, O. V. 2002. Pteridoflora of the Russian Far East: Introduction centers of the Russian Far East: research outcomes. Pp. 191-199. In Proceedings of the First Session of the Russian Far Eastern Botanical Gardens Regional Association of Russia. Dalnauka, Vladivostok.

317. Khrapko, O. V. 2002. The peculiarities of gametophyte development in two ferns species of the Russian Far East: Introduction Centers of the Russian Far East: Research Outcomes:. Pp. 199-202. In Proceedings of the First Session of the Russian Far Eastern Botanical Gardens Regional Association of Russia. Dalnauka, Vladivostok.

318. Khullar, S. P. 2001. Diversity of the fern wealth of the west Himalaya. Pp. 153-176. In P. C. Pande & S. S. Samant (Eds.). Plant Diversity of the Himalaya. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital.

319. Kieling-Rubio, M. A. & P. G. Windisch. 2002. The genus Dennstaedtia Moore (Dennstaedtiaceae, Pteridophyta) in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Pesquisas Botanica 52: 185-194. [Portuguese]

320. Killingbeck, K. T., S. L. Hammen-Winn, P. G. Vecchio & M. E. Goguen. 2002. Nutrient resorption efficiency and proficiency in fronds and trophopods of a winter-deciduous fern, Dennstaedtia punctilobula. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 99-105.

321. Kingston, N. & S. Waldren. 2002. A conservation assessment of the pteridophyte flora of the Pitcairn Islands. Fern Gazette 16: 404-410.

322. Kizlinski, M. L., D. A. Orwig, R. C. Cobb & D. R. Foster. 2002. Direct and indirect ecosystem consequences of an invasive pest on forests dominated by eastern hemlock. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1489-1503. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

323. Klaveness, D. 2002. Azolla: A water plant astray. Blyttia 60: 156-159. [Norwegian]

324. Klavins, S. D., T. N. Taylor & E. L. Taylor. 2002. Earliest record of matoniaceous ferns from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

325. Klink, V. P. & S. M. Wolniak. 2002. Control of proliferation and differentiation in Marsilea. Molecular Biology of the Cell 13: 383a. [Abstract]

326. Knepper, D. A., D. M. Johnson & L. J. Musselman. 2002. Marsilea mutica in Virginia. American Fern Journal 92: 243-244.

327. Knihinicki, D. K. & J. Boczek. 2002. New eriophyoid mites (Acari: Eriophyoidea) from Australia. International Journal of Acarology 28: 241-249. [Lygodium microphyllum, L. reticulatum]

328. Koellensperger, G., J. Nurmi, S. Hann, G. Stingeder, W. J. Fitz & W. W. Wenzel. 2002. CE-ICP-SFMS and HPIC-ICP-SFMS for arsenic speciation in soil solution and soil water extracts. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 17: 1042-1047 ( [Pteris vittata]

329. Korall, P. & P. Kenrick. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Selaginellaceae based on rbcL sequences. American Journal of Botany 89: 506-517 (

330. Kotyk, M. E., J. F. Basinger, P. G. Gensel & T. A. De Freitas. 2002. Morphologically complex plant macrofossils from the Late Silurian of Arctic Canada. American Journal of Botany 89: 1004-1013 (

331. Kozanecka, T., J. Chojnicki & W. Kwasowski. 2002. Content of heavy metals in plant from pollution-free regions. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 11: 395-399 ( [Dryopteris filix-mas]

332. Kozhevnikova, A. D. & V. R. Filin. 2002. Distribution and local abundance of Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. (Ophioglossaceae) in European Russia. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 48-54.

333. Kozlowski, G. 2002. Nos fougeres/ Unsere Farne (Ferns of Western Switzerland, distribution and threats). Natural Museum of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland. 162 pp. [French and German]

334. Kozlowski, G., U. Landergott, R. Holderegger & J. J. Schneller. 2002. The importance of recent population history for understanding genetic diversity in natural populations of endangered Dryopteris cristata. Fern Gazette 16: 465. [Abstract]

335. Krachler, M., K. Falk & H. Emons. 2002. HPLC-HG-AAS and HPLC-ICP-MS for speciation of arsenic and antimony in biomonitoring. American Laboratory (Shelton) 34: 10; 12; 14 (

336. Kravchenko, A. V. 2002. New data on the flora of Islands Solovetskie (Arkhangelsk Province). Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 59-61. [Lycopodiella inundata]

337. Kravchenko, I. K. 2002. Methane oxidation in boreal peat soils treated with various nitrogen compounds. Plant & Soil 242: 157-162 ( [Equisetum fluviatile]

338. Krings, M., T. N. Taylor & D. W. Kellogg. 2002. Touch-sensitive glandular trichomes: A mode of defence against herbivorous arthropods in the Carboniferous. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4: 779-786 ( [Blanzyopteris praedentata]

339. Kucherov, I. B., Z. G. Ulle, A. G. Bezgodov & A. N. Sennikov. 2002. Floristic findings in the upper reaches of Pechora River (Pechora-Ilych Reserve). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 87: 98-112. [Athyrium sinense]

340. Kuijpers, A. F. A. & A. Aptroot. 2002. A revision of Mycosphaerella section Longispora (Ascomycetes). Nova Hedwigia 75: 451-468. [Pteridium]

341. Kulshreshtha, S. N., J. T. Romo & H. Peng. 2002. Economic analysis of mechanically disturbing rangeland to reduce clubmoss in Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 82: 739-746. [Selaginella densa]

342. Kuo, C. M. 2002. Nomenclature changes for some pteridophytes of Taiwan. Taiwania 47: 170-174.

343. Kurup, K. M., K. P. Rajesh & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 2001(2002). Adiantum tenerum Sw. (Adiantaceae, Pteridophyta), a little known maidenhair fern from South India. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 25: 716-718.

344. Kvacek, Z. 2002. (1568) Proposal to conserve the name Doliostrobus Marion (1888) (fossil Pinopsida) against Doliostrobus Marion (1884) (fossil Lycopsida). Taxon 51: 820-821.

345. Labandeira, C. C. & T. L. Phillips. 2002. Stem borings and petiole galls from Pennsylvanian tree ferns of Illinois, USA: Implications for the origin of the borer and galler functional-feeding-groups and holometabolous insects. Palaeontographica Abteilung a Palaeozoologie-Stratigraphie 264: 1-84.

346. Laktionov, A. P. 2002. New floristic records from Astrakhan' region and NW Kazakhstan. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 60-61. [Cystopteris fragilis]

347. Lal, C., J. C. Ghildiyal & D. K. Maheshwari. 2002. Survey of aquatic vegetation in and around Delhi. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 547-549. [Salvinia molesta]

348. Lamont, E. E. & S. M. Young. 2002. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey Range-2001. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 129: 363-371. [Schizaea pusilla]

349. Lansdown, R. V. & T. J. Pankhurst. 2002. Ecological profiles to set targets for plant conservation. Fern Gazette 16: 437.

350. Laursen, G. A., H. H. Burdsall & R. D. Seppelt. 2002. Resupinate fungi (Basidiomycetes, Aphyllophorales) of Macquarie Island, Australia. Hikobia 13: 745-750. [Polystichum vestitum]

351. Lawesson, J. E. & P. Wind. 2002. Oak dune forests in Denmark and their ecology. Forest Ecology & Management 164: 1-14 ( [Dryopteris dilatata]

352. LeBlond, R. J. & A. S. Weakley. 2002. Schizaea pusilla in North Carolina. Rhodora 104: 86-91.

353. Lechno-Yossef, S. 2002. Identification and characterization of bacteria associated with the water fern Azolla sp. Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. 132 pp. [Dissertation]

354. Lee, I., C. Young, M. H. Jung, H. W. Lee & J. Y. Yang. 2002. Synthesis of huperzine intermediates via Mn(III)-mediated radical cyclization. Tetrahedron Letters 43: 2407-2409 ( [Huperzia serrata]

355. Lee, J. K., A. H. Eom & S. S. Lee. 2002. Multiple symbiotic associations found in the roots of Botrychium ternatum. Mycobiology 30: 146-153.

356. Lee, S. 2002. New record of Macromyzus woodwardiae (Sternorhyncha, Aphididae) on Cyrtomium falcatum from Korea. Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology 18: 127-133.

357. Lee, T. W., K. L. Chau & S. H. Wu. 2002. New records and clarification of some names of pteridophyta in Hong Kong (II). Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 10: 39-45.

358. Lee, T. W., K. L. Chau & S. H. Wu. 2002. New records and clarification of some names of Pteridophyta in Hong Kong (III). Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 10: 133-138. [Lomagramma matthewii, Pleocnemia conjugata, P. hamata, P. kwangsiensis, P. winitii]

359. Lehmann, A., J. R. Leathwick & J. M. Overton. 2002. Assessing New Zealand fern diversity from spatial predictions of species assemblages. Biodiversity & Conservation 11: 2217-2238.

360. Lehmann, A., J. M. Overton & J. R. Leathwick. 2002. GRASP: Generalized regression analysis and spatial prediction. Ecological Modelling 157: 189-207. [Cyathea dealbata]

361. Leitch, I. J. & M. D. Bennett. 2002. New insights into patterns of nuclear genome size evolution in plants. Current Genomics 3: 551-562. [Lycopodium, Selaginella]

362. Lellinger, D. B. 2002. Bibliography of Warren Herbert Wagner. Amer. Fern J. 92: 50-64.

363. Lellinger, D. B. 2002. Additions to the fern flora of Saba, Netherlands Antilles. American Fern Journal 92: 93-96.

364. Lellinger, D. B. 2002. A modern multilingual glossary for taxonomic pteridology. Pteridologia 3: 1-263.

365. Leon, B. 2002. Los helechos y lost ambientes xericos. Quepo 16: 84-87. [Spanish]

366. Leon, B. & H. Beltran. 2002. A new Microgramma subgenus Solanopteris (Polypodiaceae) from Peru and a new combination in the subgenus. Novon 12: 481-485.

367. Leyval, C., E. J. Joner, C. del Val & K. Haselwandter. 2002. Potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for bioremediation. Pp. 175-186. In S. Gianinazzi, H. Schueepp, J. M. Barea & K. Haselwandter (Eds.). Mycorrhizal technology in agriculture: From genes to bioproducts. Birkhaeuser, Boston. [Pteridium aquilinum]

368. Li, W. & H. Ma. 2002. Gametophyte development. Current Biology 12: R718-R721.

369. Li, X. G., S. F. Wu & G. Y. Song. 2002. New records for Hunan Province pteridophyte floras. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 22: 133-135.

370. Li, Y., C. P. Darley, V. Ongaro, A. Fleming, O. Schipper, S. L. Baldauf & S. J. McQueen-Mason. 2002. Plant expansins are a complex multigene family with an ancient evolutionary origin. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 128: 854-864 ( [Marsilea quadrifolia, Regnellidium diphyllum]

371. Liberato, M. C. 2002. Contribution to the knowledge of the vascular flora existing in Macau-I. Garcia de Orta Serie de Botanica 16: 81-92. [Portuguese]

372. Lin, C. Y., J. S. Sun, S. Y. Sheu, F. H. Lin, Y. J. Wang & L. T. Chen. 2002. The effect of Chinese medicine on bone cell activities. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 30: 271-285. [Drynaria fortunei]

373. Lin, S. J., M. Kato & K. Iwatsuki. 2002. Morphological and cytological variations of Japanese Dryopteris varia group (Dryopteridaceae). Pp. 217-231. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the New Millennium. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

374. Lin, S. J., H. R. Zhuang, K. Iwatsuki & H. S. Lu. 2002. Cytotaxonomic study of ferns from China II. Species of Fujian. Journal of Japanese Botany 77: 129-138. [Japanese]

375. Lindsay, S. 2002. Conservation of ferns on Mauritius: A small island with big problems. Fern Gazette 16: 470.

376. Liu, B. D., X. N. Wang & H. Gao. 2002. An investigation of the spore maturation period of pteridophytes in Heilongjiang province of China. Bull. of Bot. Res. 22(4): 422-427. [Chinese]

377. Liu, X., Y. Wang, Q. F. Wang & Y. H. Guo. 2002. Chromosome numbers of the Chinese Isoetes and their taxonomical significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 351-356.

378. Logan, B. A. & A. Uesugi. 2002. Seasonal changes in the response of photosynthesis and energy dissipation to lightflecks in Mitchella repens and Dryopteris intermedia. p. 147 ( In Plant Biology. American Society of Plant Biologists, New York.

379. Lombi, E., F. J. Zhao, M. Fuhrmann, L. Q. Ma & S. P. McGrath. 2002. Arsenic distribution and speciation in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist 156: 195-203.

380. Lopez-smith, R. & K. S. Renzaglia. 2002. Comparisons between pre-released and swimming sperm cells of Lygodium japonicum. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

381. Lorscheitter, M. L., A. R. Ashraf, P. G. Windisch & V. Mosbrugger. 2002. Pteridophyte spores of Rio Grande do Sul flora, Brazil. Part IV. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 263: 1-159.

382. Lowe, C. & M. Baumflek. 2002. Natural history, fern facts, and fern biology 101. New England Wild Flower 6: 4-7.

383. Lu, S. G. & T. Y. A. Yang. 2002. Pteridophytes on Lanyu: Orchid Island. Collection & Research (Taichung) 15: 63-76.

384. Luan, X., H. Wang & Y. Y. Wen. 2002. Studies on the chemical constituents of Woodwardia japonica. Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 10: 361-365.

385. Lubienski, M. 2002. Supplements to the distribution of Polypodium taxa (Polypodiaceae, Pteridophyta), in North Rhine-Westphalia, especially in the mountains of southern Westphalia. Floristische Rundbriefe 35: 19-26. [German]

386. Lucas, M. J. 2002. Rustyback fern, Ceterach officinarum Willd., in Huddersfield. Bull. York. Nat. Union 38: 25.

387. Luebke, N. T., W. C. Taylor & M. A. Polasek. 2002. An octoploid species of Isoetes from Tennessee. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

388. Lugo, D., Y. Cai, M. J. Lynn, K. Downum & P. Blackwelder. 2002. Arsenic localization and distribution in Brake fern using laser ablation-ICP/MS and environmental SEM. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 223: ANYL 17. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

389. Lusby, P., S. Lindsay & A. F. Dyer. 2002. Principles, practice and problems of conserving the rare British fern Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R. Br. Fern Gazette 16: 350-355.

390. Maejima, K., E. Uheda, S. Kitoh & N. Shiomi. 2002. Differences in growth rate, nitrogen fixation and numbers of cyanobionts and heterocysts among three Azolla pinnata var. pinnata strains. Environmental & Experimental Botany 47: 143-147 (

391. Maejima, K., E. Uheda, N. Shiomi & S. Kitoh. 2002. Relationship between nitrogen fixation and numbers of cyanobionts and heterocysts in fifteen Azolla strains. Soil Science & Plant Nutrition 48: 447-449.

392. Malmivaara, M., I. Lofstrom & I. Vanha-Majamaa. 2002. Anthropogenic effects on understorey vegetation in Myrtillus type urban forests in southern Finland. Silva Fennica 36: 367-381. [Pteridium aquilinum]

393. Manju, K. G. & K. Dhevendaran. 2002. Influence of Azolla spp. incorporated feeds on the growth, conversion efficiency and gut flora of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics 17: 221-230.

394. Mapongmetsem, P. M. 2002. The colonizing flora of Canarium schweinfurthii in the grassfields of Cameroon. Phytoparasitica 30: 119-127 ( [Davalliaceae, Microsorum punctatum]

395. Marrs, R. H. 2002. Manipulating the chemical environment of the soil. Pp. 155-183. In M. R. Perrow & A. J. Davy (Eds.). Handbook of ecological restoration. Principles of restoration (Volume 1); Restoration in practice (Volume 2). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Pteridium aquilinum]

396. Martinez, M. & J. Etienne. 2002. Two remarkable new species of Agromyzidae from French Antilles (Diptera). Revue Francaise D'Entomologie 24: 143-150. [French; Cyathea arborea, C. grandifolia]

397. Masuyama, S., Y. Yatabe, N. Murakami & Y. Watano. 2002. Cryptic species in the fern Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. (Parkeriaceae). I. Molecular analyses and crossing tests. Journal of Plant Research 115: 87-97.

398. Matsuda, H., M. Yamazaki, S. Naruto, Y. Asanuma & M. Kubo. 2002. Anti-androgenic and hair growth promoting activities of Lygodii Spora (spore of Lygodium japonicum) I. Active constituents inhibiting testosterone 5alpha-reductase. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 25: 622-626.

399. Matsumoto, S., T. Iwashina, K. Sugimura & N. Tanaka. 2002. A list of pteridophyte herbarium specimens (without Hymnophyllaceae) from Vanuatu. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 21: 37-60.

400. Mattiasson, G. 2002. Vascular plants in Natura 2000 in the province of Scania (Skane), Sweden. Botaniska Notiser 135: 1-36. [Swedish; Botrychium simplex]

401. Mattrick, C. 2002. Fern conservation in New England. New England Wild Flower 6: 31-35.

402. Mauro, J. B. N., J. R. D. Guimaraes, H. Hintelmann, C. J. Watras, E. A. Haack & S. A. Coelho-Souza. 2002. Mercury methylation in macrophytes, periphyton, and water: Comparative studies with stable and radio-mercury additions. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 374: 983-989. [Ceratophyllum demersum, Salvinia rotundifolia]

403. Mautino, L. R. & L. M. Anzotegui. 2002. Palynology of the Chiquimil Formation (Upper Miocene), at Rio Vallecito, Catamarca province, Argentina. Part 2. Pollen. Ameghiniana 39: 257-270. [Spanish]

404. Maya, S. 2002. A study on the nutritional composition of selected freshwater plants of Kerala (India). Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 562-565. [Ceratopteris thalictroides, Salvinia molesta]

405. Maya, S., V. S. Menon & G. S. Nair. 2002. Economic importance of river vegetation of Kerala: A case study. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 649-656.

406. McCabe, T. L., W. D. Patterson & J. DeBenedictis. 2002. Pseudobryomima fallax (Hampson) and P. muscosa (Hampson) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) leaf-mining noctuids on ferns. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 104: 505-509. [Pellaea andromedifolia, Polypodium californicum]

407. McClain, W. E. & J. E. Ebinger. 2002. A comparison of the vegetation of three limestone glades in Calhoun County, Illinois. Southeastern Naturalist 1: 179-188 (

408. McDonald, T., K. Wale & V. Bear. 2002. Restoring Blue Gum High Forest: Lessons from Sheldon Forest. Ecological Management & Restoration 3: 15-27.

409. McGill, D. W. & B. B. Brenneman. 2002. Six-year development of regenerating natural hardwood stands with herbaceous weed control. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 19: 14-21.

410. McHaffie, H., C. Legg & C. Sydes. 2002. A morphometric analysis of Scottish Athyrium distentifolium: A contribution to the BAP. Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 111-119.

411. McManus, H. A., L. Boucher, E. L. Taylor & T. N. Taylor. 2002. Hapsidoxylon terpsichorum gen. et sp. nov., a stem with unusual anatomy from the Triassic of Antarctica. American Journal of Botany 89: 1958-1966.

412. McManus, H. A., E. L. Taylor, T. N. Taylor & J. W. Collinson. 2002. A petrified Glossopteris flora from Collinson Ridge, central Transantarctic Mountains: Late Permian or Early Triassic- Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 120: 233-246 (

413. Meharg, A. A. 2002. Arsenic and old plants. New Phytologist 156: 1-4.

414. Meharg, A. A. & J. Hartley-Whitaker. 2002. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in arsenic resistant and nonresistant plant species. New Phytologist 154: 29-43 (

415. Mehltreter, K. 2002. The study of phenology of tropical ferns. Fiddlehead Forum 29: 44-45.

416. Mehltreter, K. 2002. Lygodium und ander Kletterfarne. Palmengarten 66: 20-23. [German]

417. Mehltreter, K. 2002. Tropische und subtropische Farnpflanzen arider Standorte. Palmengarten 66: 114-118. [German]

418. Mehltreter, K. & M. Palacios-Rios. 2002. The Flora Pteridologica Latinoamericana database and its use for assessing pteridophyte diversity and biogeography. Fern Gazette 16: 398-403.

419. Mehltreter, K., P. Rojas & M. Palacios-rios. 2002. Herbivory and ant-colonization of the mangrove fern Acrostichum danaeifolium. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

420. Mehltreter, K. & J. Tolome. 2002. Herbivory on three tropical fern species of a Mexican cloud forest. Pp. 375-381. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millenium. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

421. Melo, L. C. N. & A. Salino. 2002. Pteridophyta of two forest areas of the Rio Doce basin in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Lundiana 3: 129-139. [Portuguese]

422. Mendoza, A., B. Perez-Garcia & R. Riba. 2002. Comparative research of gametophytes of Olfersia alata and O. cervina (Dryopteridaceae). American Fern Journal 92: 229-238.

423. Menegaux, J. & N. [. Ilbert. 2002. Observations of Orthoptera on the Ger plateau (Hautes-Pyrenees, France) (Orthopteroidea, Orthoptera). Entomologiste (Paris) 58: 243-247. [French; Pteridium aquilinum]

424. Mengascini, A. M. 2002. Caracteres diagnosticos y taxonomia de 5 especies del genero Archangiopteris C. Chr. & Giesenh. (Marattiaceae). Revista del Museo de La Plata, Bot. 15: 1-22. [Spanish]

425. Merryweather, J. 2002. British male ferns. Pteridologist 4: 12-15. [Dryopteris]

426. Meter, E. B., T. J. Edwards, M. A. Rennie & J. E. Granger. 2002. A checklist of the plants of Mahwaqa Mountain, KwaZulu-Natal. Bothalia 32: 101-115.

427. Metzgar, J. S. & J. J. Doyle. 2002. The Appalachian Asplenium complex revisited . . . again. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

428. Michalska-Hejduk, D. & D. Kopec. 2002. Lemno minoris-Salvinietum natantis and Hydrocharitetum morsus-ranae with Salvinia natans in old river-beds of the river San (Poland) and proposals of their protection. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Series Polonica 9: 319-328. [Polish]

429. Miettinen, J., E. Gronlund, H. Simola & P. Huttunen. 2002. Palaeolimnology of Lake Pieni-Kuuppalanlampi (Kurkijoki, Karelian Republic, Russia): Isolation history, lake ecosystem development and long-term agricultural impact. Journal of Paleolimnology 27: 29-44 ( [Isoetes]

430. Mihail, J. D., J. N. Bruhn, T. R. Meyer & F. W. Bell. 2002. Pine needle rust effect on Pinus banskiana in response to interspecific plant competition and telial host density. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 1372-1380. [Pteridium aquilinum]

431. Min, L., Z. Chi, G. Zhu, P. Yao & P. Niu. 2002. Analysis of the palaeoenvironment of Quaternary stromatolites at Dongmulian, Yangyuan County of Hebei Province. Dizhi Xuebao 76: 446-453.

432. Mishra, R. C., P. C. Panda & P. Das. 2001(2002). A taxonomic study of the ferns and fern allies of Gandhamardan hills, Orissa. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 25: 577-590.

433. Mitchell, N. J. 2002. Nest-site selection in a terrestrially breeding frog with protracted development. Australian Journal of Zoology 50: 225-235. [Lycopodiella diffusa, Lycopodium scariosum]

434. Mittal, M., R. Sharma & M. S. Paul. 2002. Antifungal properties of some fern from north-west Himalayas. Geobios (Jodhpur) 29: 244-246.

435. Mondal, A. K. & S. Mondal (Nee Parui). 2002. Biochemical studies on the effects of physiological stress on the sporocarps of Marsilea minuta Linn. Phytomorphology 52: 129-136.

436. Moon, M. O., C. S. Kim, Y. J. Kang, C. H. Kim & B. Y. Sun. 2002. Unrecorded fern species from Korean flora: Thelypteris interrupta (Thelypteridaceae) and Dryopteris subexaltata (Dryopteridaceae). Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 32: 481-489.

437. Moore, S. J., T. H. Hsieh, Y. M. Huang & W. L. Chiou. 2002. Diplazium maonense Ching, a poorly known species of the Athyriaceae (Pteridophyta) in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 17: 113-118.

438. Moran, R. C. 2002. Pteridophytes and gymnosperms in R. P. Wunderlin and B. F. Hansen (eds) Flora of Florida, volume 1. Brittonia 54: 57-60.

439. Moran, R. C. 2002. Tropical diversity. Fiddlehead Forum 29: 14-15.

440. Moran, R. C., S. Klimas & M. Carlsen. 2002. Comparison of epiphytic ferns on tree ferns versus angiosperm trunks in Costa. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

441. Moran, R. C. & J. E. Abstract; Jr. 2002. The occurrence and morphology of Adiantum xvariopinnatum (Pteridaceae). Brittonia 54: 57-60.

442. Morbelli, M. A., J. R. Rowley & D. Claugher. 2001. Spore wall structure in Selaginella (Lycophyta) species growing in Argentina. Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botanica 36: 315-368.

443. Moreira, I., E. S. Martins, M. A. Diniz & M. C. Duarte. 2002. The weed flora of Bolanha cultures in Guinea Bissau. Pp. 1-144. In I. Moreira, E. S. Martins, M. A. Diniz & M. C. Duarte (Eds.). Flora infestante das culturas da Bolanha da Guine-Bissau. Instituto de Investigacao Cientifica Tropical, Rua da Junqueira, Lisbon. [Portuguese; Marsilea minuta]

444. Morel, E. M. & L. Povilauskas. 2002. Addenda to the Triassic flora of the Potrerillos formation at Cacheuta hill, Mendoza province, Argentina. Ameghiniana 39: 501-503. [Spanish]

445. Morita, H. & J. Kobayashi. 2002. A biomimetic transformation of serratinine into serratezomine A through a modified Polonovski reaction. Journal of Organic Chemistry 67: 5378-5381 ( [Lycopodium serratum var. serratum]

446. Morrow, A. C. & R. R. Dute. 2002. Crystals associated with the intertracheid pit membrane of the woody fern Botrychium multifidum. American Fern Journal 92: 10-19.

447. Mound, L. A. 2002. Octothrips lygodii sp. n. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) damaging weedy Lygodium ferns in south-eastern Asia, with notes on other Thripidae reported from ferns. Australian Journal of Entomology 41: 216-220 ( [Lygodium microphyllum]

448. Muenster, T., W. Faigl, H. Saedler & G. Theissen. 2002. Evolutionary aspects of MADS-box genes in the eusporangiate fern Ophioglossum. Plant Biology (Stuttgart) 4: 474-483.

449. Mukhopadhyay, R. 2002. Morpho-anatomical observations on some Indian members of Selaginella P. Beauv. Pp. 234-247. In P. C. Trivedi (Ed.). Advances in Pteridology. Pointer Publishers, Jaipur, India.

450. Muller, S. 2002. Diversity of management practices required to ensure conservation of rare and locally threatened plant species in grasslands: A case study at a regional scale (Lorraine, France). Biodiversity & Conservation 11: 1173-1184 ( [Botrychium matricariifolium, Ophioglossum vulgatum]

451. Musselman, L. J. 2002. The only quillwort (Isoetes olympica A. Braun) in Syria is threatened with extirpation. Fern Gazette 16: 324-329.

452. Musselman, L. J. 2002(2003). Ornamentation of Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) microspores. Botanical Review 68: 474-487.

453. Musselman, L. J. & J. P. Roux. 2002. Isoetes toximontana (Isoetaceae), a new quillwort with green megaspores from the Northern Cape of South Africa. Novon 12: 504-507.

454. Mynssen, C. M., L. S. Sylvestre & R. H. P. Andreata. 2002. Pteridophytes of the hillside bushes of the Rio de Janerio Botanical Gardens. Pesquisas Botanica 52: 47-87.

455. Mynssen, C. M. & P. G. Windisch. 2002. Cheilanthes incisa Kunze ex Mett, a rare species from the Atlantic rain forest of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Bradea 8: 335-336. [Portuguese]

456. Nagalingum, N. S., A. N. Drinnan, R. Lupia & S. McLoughlin. 2002. Fern spore diversity and abundance in Australia during the Cretaceous. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 69-92 (

457. Nakaike, T. 2002. Index to distribution maps of pteridophytes in Asia. 2nd ed. J. Nippon Fernist Club 3(suppl.1): 1-151.

458. Nakaike, T. & A. Yamamoto. 2002. Enumeration of the latin names of pteridophytes published by Dr. Gen'ichi Koidzumi. J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 50: 63-68.

459. Nakane, T., Y. Maeda, H. Ebihara, Y. Arai, K. Masuda, A. Takano, H. Ageta, K. Shiojima, S. Q. Cai & O. B. Abdel-Halim. 2002. Fern constituents: Triterpenoids from Adiantum capillus-veneris. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 50: 1273-1275 (;

460. Nakato, N. 2002. Chromosome numbers of Thelypteris torresiana (Gaudich.) Alston and T. viridifrons Tagawa (Thelypteridaceae). Journal of Japanese Botany 77: 143-149.

461. Nakato, N. & M. Kato. 2002. Intraspecific polyploids and hybridization of Plagiogyria adnata and P. yakushimensis (Plagiogyriaceae). Apg Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 53: 153-160.

462. Nakato, N., N. Sahashi & M. Kato. 2002. Cytotaxonomic studies of Thelypteris angustifrons complex (Thelypteridaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 53: 63-76.

463. Nath, A. & M. K. Bhattacharya. 2002. Some new records and little known species of pteridophytes from Barak Valley, Assam, India. Indian Fern Journal 19: 97-106. [Asplenium falcatum, A. pellucidum, Egenolfia sinensis, E. vivipara, Lygodium polystachyum, Vandenboschia auriculata]

464. Naugolnykh, S. V. 2002. A new species of Todites (Pteridophyta) with in situ spores from the Upper Permian of Pechora Cis-Urals (Russia). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47: 469-478 (

465. Naugolnykh, S. V. 2002. Paracalamitina striata: A newly reconstructed equisetophyte from the Permian of Angaraland. Journal of Paleontology 76: 377-385.

466. Notov, A. A., N. V. Shubinskaya, D. M. Pletnyov & U. N. Spirina. 2002. New floristic records from Tver' province. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 45-47. [Cystopteris sudetica]

467. Novelino, R. d. F. 2002. New species of the fern genus Elaphoglossum Schott ex J. Smith (Pteridophyta) from Brazil. Bradea 8: 277-284.

468. Nowak, J., S. Sroka & B. Matysiak. 2002. Effects of light level, CO2 enrichment, and concentration of nutrient solution on growth, leaf nutrient content, and chlorophyll fluorescence of Boston fern microcuttings. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25: 2161-2171 ( [Nephrolepis exaltata]

469. Nugent, G., J. Whitford, J. Innes & K. Prime. 2002. Rapid recovery of kohekohe (Dysoxylum spectabile) following possum control. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 26: 73-79. [Cyathea medullaris]

470. Nwosu, M. O. 2002. Ethnobotanical studies on some pteridophytes of southern Nigeria. Economic Botany 56: 255-259.

471. Nyakale, M. & L. Scott. 2002. Interpretation of late Holocene pollen in channel fills in the eastern Free State, South Africa, in terms of local conditions and sediment reworking. South African Journal of Botany 68: 464-468.

472. Obermayer, R., I. J. Leitch, L. Hanson & M. D. Bennett. 2002. Nuclear DNA C-values in 30 species double the familial representation in pteridophytes. Annals of Botany (London) 90: 209-217 (

473. Odland, A. & R. del Moral. 2002. Thirteen years of wetland vegetation succession following a permanent drawdown, Myrkdalen Lake, Norway. Plant Ecology 162: 185-198 ( [Equisetum fluviatile]

474. Ogura, H. & T. Nakaike. 2002. Woodsia nikkoensis H. Ogura & Nakaike, a new fern species from Nikko, Central Japan. Journal of Japanese Botany 77: 296-298.

475. Ojala, A., P. Kankaala & T. Tulonen. 2002. Growth response of Equisetum fluviatile to elevated CO2 and temperature. Environmental & Experimental Botany 47: 157-171 (

476. Olguin, E. J., E. Hernandez & I. Ramos. 2002. The effect of both different light conditions and the pH value on the capacity of Salvinia minima Baker for removing cadmium, lead and chromium. Acta Biotechnologica 22: 121-131.

477. Olsen, P. E., D. V. Kent, H. D. Sues, C. Koeberl, H. Huber, A. Montanari, E. C. Rainforth, S. J. Fowell, M. J. Szajna & B. W. Hartline. 2002. Ascent of dinosaurs linked to an iridium anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Science (Washington D C) 296: 1305-1307 (

478. Olsen, S. 2002. The best of the west, excerpts from a lecture for the British Pteridological Society at Coventry, July 1999. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 12: 94-99.

479. Pabby, A., A. S. Ahluwalia & S. Dua. 2002. Response of Azolla pinnata and A. microphylla to different temperature regimes. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 7: 140-145.

480. Pacheco, L. 2002. Trichomanes ribae (Hymenophyllaceae), a new filmy fern from Costa Rica and Panama. American Fern Journal 92: 294-295.

481. Page, C. N. 2002. The role of natural disturbance regimes in pteridophyte conservation management. Fern Gazette 16: 284-289.

482. Page, C. N. 2002. Ecological strategies in fern evolution: A neopteridological overview. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 1-33 (

483. Pajaron, S., C. Prada, E. Pangua & A. Herrero. 2002. Asplenium majoricum (Litard) on the Spanish mainland: Vanishing or extending- Fern Gazette 16: 438. [Abstract]

484. Pajevic, S., M. Vuckovic, Z. Stankovic, B. Krstic, Z. Kevresan & S. Radulovic. 2002. The content of some macronutrients and heavy metals in aquatic macrophytes of three ecosystems connected to the Danube in Yugoslavia. Algological Studies 141: 73-83. [Salvinia natans]

485. Pakeman, R. J., R. H. Thwaites, M. G. Le Duc & R. H. Marrs. 2002. The effects of cutting and herbicide treatment on Pteridium aquilinum encroachment. Applied Vegetation Science 5: 203-212.

486. Palacios-Rios, M. 2002. The tree ferns of Mexico: Their use and conservation status. Fern Gazette 16: 439. [Abstract]

487. Palacios-Rios, M. 2002. Conservation status of the ferns of Veracruz, Mexico. Fern Gazette 16: 440. [Abstract]

488. Palacios-Rios, M. & K. Mehltreter. 2002. The endangered pteridophytes of Mexico. Fern Gazette 16: 441. [Abstract]

489. Palmer, D. D. 2002. Hawaii's ferns and fern allies. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 325 pp.

490. Palmer, D. D. 2002. Taxonomic notes on Hawaiian pteridophytes. American Fern Journal 92: 97-104.

491. Palsson, J. 2002. Briza media L. (Poaceae) a new species in the Icelandic flora. Natturufraedingurinn 71: 30-33. [Equisetum palustre]

492. Pande, H. C. & P. C. Pande. 2002. An illustrated fern flora of the Kumaon Himalaya. Volume 2. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. 267 pp.

493. Pande, P. C. & H. C. Pande. 2002. An updated catalogue of ferns and ferns allies of Garhwal Himalaya. Indian J. Forest. 25: 486-498.

494. Papu, O. H. 2002. New Maastrichtian microflora from Calmu-Co, southern Mendoza Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana 39: 415-426. [Spanish]

495. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2002. Anticandidal activity of some pteridophytic plant extracts. A Microbial World 4: 109-112.

496. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2002. Antifungal efficacy of various pteridophytic plant parts extracts: A study in vitro. Advances in Plant Sciences 15: 35-38. [Adiantum lunulatum, Equisetum ramosissimum, Marsilea minuta]

497. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2002. Screening of some ferns for their antimicrobial activity against Salmonella typhi. Advances in Plant Sciences 15: 365-367.

498. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2002. Antibacterial efficacy of some pteridophytic plant parts: a study in vitro. Ecobios 1: 7-9.

499. Parris, B. S. 2002. New species and new combinations in African Grammitidaceae (Filicales). Kew Bulletin 57: 423-434. [Lellingeria paucipinnata, L. rupestris and Terpsichore kirkii]

500. Parthasarathy, R., R. Kadirvel & V. Kathaperumal. 2002. Azolla as a partial replacement for fish meal in broiler rations. Indian Veterinary Journal 79: 144-146.

501. Patra, B. & S. Bera. 2002. Record of scale insect infestation on Christella spp. from West Bengal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society (Calcutta) 55: 21-24.

502. Paul, A. M. 2002. The Natural History Museum's botanical collections: A conservation resource; the rare and endangered plants database project. Fern Gazette 16: 442-443. [Abstract]

503. Pavlyutkin, B. I. 2002. A new species of the genus Corylus (Betulaceae) from the upper Miocene of the southern Primorie Region, Russian Far East. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 4: 90-96. [Phyllitis]

504. Paz, E. A. & M. J. Bassagoda. 2002. Revision of the Marsileaceae in Uruguay and first record of Pilularia americana A. Braun. Comunicaciones Botanicas de Los Museos Nacionales de Historia Natural y Antropologia 6: 1-8. [Spanish; Marsilea ancylopoda, Regnellidium diphyllum]

505. Peck, J. H. 2002. Nephrolepis exaltata (Dryopteridaceae) new to Arkansas. Sida Contributions to Botany 20: 833-835.

506. Pena-Chocarro, M., B. Jimenez, G. Marin & S. Knapp. 2002. Fern diversity in the Mbaracayu Forest, Paraguay. Fern Gazette 16: 444. [Abstract]

507. Pence, V. C. 2002. Cryopreservation and in vitro methods for ex situ conservation of pteridophytes. Fern Gazette 16: 362-368.

508. Perez-Garcia, B., A. Mendoza & R. Riba. 2002. Pteridofitas, Familia Salviniaceae. Pp. 9-17. In Flora de Mexico No. 6. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de Mexico, A. C., Mexico City. [Spanish]

509. Peroni, A., C. Peroni & G. Peroni. 2002. Flora pteridologica della Macaronesia. Part II: Isole Azzorre. Pagine Botaniche 27: 22-40. [Italian]

510. Peroni, A. & G. Peroni. 2002. Riconferma di Marsilea strigosa Willd. In Sardegna (Marsileaceae: Pteridophyta). Pagine Botaniche 27: 41-45.

511. Peterson, J., G. Hope, M. Prentice & W. Hantoro. 2002. Mountain environments in New Guinea and the last glacial maximum 'warm seas/cold mountains' enigma in the West Pacific Warm Pool region. Pp. 173-187. In P. Kershaw, B. David, N. J. Tapper, D. Penny & J. Brown (Eds.). Advances in Geoecology. Bridging Wallace's line: The environmental and cultural history and dynamics of the SE-Asian-Australian region. Catena Verlag, Reiskirchen, Germany. [Cyathea]

512. Phillips, A. 2002. Protected areas, and IUCN's World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA): How can they help in the conservation of ferns- Fern Gazette 16: 278-283.

513. Piekos-Mirkowa, H. & A. Delimat. 2002. Occurrence of Woodsia alpina (Athyriaceae) in the Tatra Mts. Polish Botanical Journal 47: 41-44.

514. Pimentel Montanher, A. B., G. Pizzolatti Moacir & I. M. Costa Brighente. 2002. An application of the brine shrimp bioassay for general screening of Brazilian medicinal plants. Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense 21: 175-178. [Cyathea phalerata]

515. Pineiro, M. R., C. C. Macluf & M. A. Morbelli. 2001. Analisis palinologico de las especies de Pellaea Link en Argentina. Polen (Espana) 11: 59-66. [Spanish]

516. Pinter, I., F. Bakker, J. Barrett, C. Cox, M. Gibby, S. Henderson, M. Morgan-Richards, F. Rumsey, S. J. Russell, S. Trewick, H. Schneider & J. C. Vogel. 2002. Phylogenetic and biosystematic relationships in four highly disjunct polyploid complexes in the subgenera Ceterach and Phyllitis in Asplenium (Aspleniaceae). Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2: 299-311.

517. Pitcairn, C. E. R., U. M. Skiba, M. A. Sutton, D. Fowler, R. Munro & V. Kennedy. 2002. Defining the spatial impacts of poultry farm ammonia emissions on species composition of adjacent woodland groundflora using Ellenberg Nitrogen Index, nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions and foliar nitrogen as marker variables. Environmental Pollution 119: 9-21 ( [Dryopteris dilatata]

518. Pokorny, M. L., R. L. Sheley, R. E. Engel & T. J. Svejcar. 2002. Plant functional group diversity as a mechanism for invasion resistance. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 237. [Abstract]

519. Polhemus, D. 2002. The first record of Sophonia rufofascia (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in Tahiti. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 35: 153. [Dicranopteris linearis]

520. Poluyanov, A. V. 2002. A record of Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth in the Kursk province. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 55.

521. Ponce, M., K. Mehltreter & E. R. de la Sota. 2002. Biogeographical analysis of the pteridophyte diversity of continental Argentina and Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 75: 703-717. [Spanish]

522. Popova, O. A. 2002. New and rare plants for the flora of Chita Region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 87: 131-133. [Selaginella borealis]

523. Porter, M. E. & M. J. C. Kearsley. 2002. Near-shore vegetation responses to two flow regimes on the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, National Park. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 238. [Abstract; Equisetum]

524. Prada, C. 2002. Pteridophytes of the Iberian herbaria. OPTIMA Newsletter 36: 19-21.

525. Prado, J. 2002. Adiantum giganteum (Pteridaceae: Pteridophyta), a new maidenhair fern from Amazonia, Brazil. Fern Gaz 16: 209-212.

526. Prado, J. & C. E. de Mattos Bicudo. 2002. Theses as media for effective publication: New data for an old problem. Taxon 51: 525-527.

527. Prado, J. & D. B. Lellinger. 2002. Adiantum argutum, an unrecognized species of the A. latifolium group. American Fern Journal 92: 23-29.

528. Prado, J. & A. R. Smith. 2002. Novelties in Pteridaceae from South America. American Fern Journal 92: 105-111. [Adiantum squamulosum, Cheilanthes bradei, C. venusta, Notholaena venusta, Pteris boliviensis, P. krameri]

529. Pramanik, R., A. K. Mondal & S. Mondal. 2002. Comparative study of the amino acid composition of four species of Selaginella P. de Beauv. Phytomorphology 52: 337-345.

530. Pramparo, M. B. & V. Wolfgang. 2002. New palynomorph assemblages from La Amarga Formation, Banados de Caichigue Member, southern Neuquen Basin, Argentina. Ameghiniana 39: 395-404. [Spanish]

531. Prasad, B. & B. S. Pundeer. 2002. Palynological events and zones in Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary sediments of Krishna-Godavari and Cauvery basins, India. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 262: 39-70.

532. Prasanna, R., V. Kumar, S. Kumar, A. K. Yadav, U. Tripathi, A. K. Singh, M. C. Jain, P. Gupta, P. K. Singh & N. Sethunathan. 2002. Methane production in rice soil is inhibited by cyanobacteria. Microbiological Research 157: 1-6. [Azolla microphylla]

533. Pruchner, D., S. Beckert, H. Muhle & V. Knoop. 2002. Divergent intron conservation in the mitochondrial nad2 gene: Signatures for the three bryophyte classes (mosses, liverworts, and hornworts) and the lycophytes. Journal of Molecular Evolution 55: 265-271 ( [Isoetes durieui, Lycopodium annotinum]

534. Pryer, K. M. & H. Schneider. 2002. A phylogeny for extant heterosporous ferns. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract; Marsileaceae, Salviniaceae]

535. Psenicka, J. & J. Bek. 2001(2002). Oligocarpia lindsaeoides (Ettingshausen) Stur. and its spores from the Westphalian of Central Bohemia (Czech Republic). Sbornik Narodniho Muzea V Praze Rada B Prirodni Vedy 57: 57-68.

536. Pullaiah, T. 2002. Biodivesity in India, Volume I. Publ. Regency Publications, New Delhi. 375 pp.

537. Punetha, N. & J. N. Pant. 2002. Leaf demographic studies on central Himalayan Cyathea spinulosa Wall. ex Hook. Pp. 104-109. In P. C. Trivedi (Ed.). Advances in Pteridology. Pointer Publishers, Jaipur, India.

538. Qing-Feng, W., L. Xing, W. C. Taylor & H. Zhao-Rong. 2002. Isoetes yunguiensis (Isoetaceae), a new basic diploid quillwort from China. Novon 12: 587-591.

539. Quintanilla, L. G. & J. Amigo. 2002. Culcita macrocarpa C. Presl (Dicksoniaceaae, Pteridophyta) en la cuenca del Xubia (NO de la Peninsula Iberica). Nova Acta Cientifica Compostelana (Biologia) 11: 267-268. [Spanish]

540. Quintanilla, L. G., J. Amigo, E. Pangua & S. Pajaron. 2002. Effect of storage method on spore viability in five globally threatened fern species. Annals of Botany (London) 90: 461-467 ( [Culcita macrocarpa, D.ryopteris aemula, D. corleyi, D. guanchica, Woodwardia radicans]

541. Quintanilla, L. G., E. Pangua, S. Pajaron & J. Amigo. 2002. Effect of storage method on spore germination in five threatened ferns. Fern Gazette 16: 445. [Abstract; Culcita macrocarpa, Dryopteris aemula, D. corleyi, D. guanchica, Woodwardia radicans]

542. Racusen, R. H. 2002. Early development in fern gametophytes: Interpreting the transition to prothallial architecture in terms of coordinated photosynthate production and osmotic ion uptake. Annals of Botany (London) 89: 227-240 ( [Onoclea sensibilis]

543. Rajendran, V., A. Saxena, B. P. Doctor & A. P. Kozikowski. 2002. Synthesis of more potent analogues of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, huperzine B. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 12: 1521-1523 ( [Huperzia serrata]

544. Rajkumar, S. D. 2002. Range extension of two species of Pteris Linn to western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian Fern Journal 19: 111-112.

545. Rajkumar, S. D. 2002. Microsorum linguaeforme (Mett.) Copel. A new record to Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 111-113.

546. Rajkumar, S. D. & V. S. Manickam. 2002. Rediscovery of a rare and little known fern Elaphoglossum commutatum (Mett. ex Kuhn) v.A.v.R. in India. Indian J. Forest. 25: 185-186.

547. Rakotondrainibe, F. 2002. Elaphoglossum avaratraense Rakotondr. (Lomariopsidaceae), a new species for Madagascar. Boissiera 59: 77-80. [French]

548. Rakotondrainibe, F. 2002. Annotated checklist to the pteridophytes of the Reserve Speciale de Manongarivo, Madagascar. Boissiera 59: 81-104. [French]

549. Randi, A. M. 2002. Influencia de luz na germinacao de pteridofitas. Pp. 199-201. In E. L. Araujo, A. N. Moura, E. V. S. B. Sampaio, L. M. S. Gestinari & J. M. T. Carneiro (Eds.). Biodiversidade, conservacao e uso sustentavel de flora do Brasil. Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Sociedade Botanica do Brasil, Pernambuco, Brasil. [Portuguese]

550. Ranganathan, T. V. & P. R. Kulkarni. 2002. A simple method for the analysis of trehalose using HPTLC. Food Chemistry 77: 263-265 ( [Selaginella lepidophylla]

551. Ranker, T. A. & H. A. Houston. 2002. Is gametophyte sexuality in the laboratory a good predictor of sexuality in nature- American Fern Journal 92: 112-118. [Sadleria cyatheoides, S. pallida]

552. Rasmussen, U. & C. Johansen. 2002. Diversity and specificity in cyanobacterial symbioses. Biology & Environment-Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 102B: 53-56.

553. Rathke, F. S. & C. S. C. Bencke. 2002. Floristic survey of pteridophytes from the Cinturao Verde of Santa Cruz do Sol, RS, Brazil. Caderno Pesquisa Ser. Bot. (Sta Cruz do Sul) 13: 25-36.

554. Rayachhetry, M. B., T. R. Center, T. D. Center, P. Tipping, P. D. Pratt & T. K. Van. 2002. First report of the pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani on Salvinia molesta and S. minima in Florida. Plant Disease 86: 813.

555. Redman, D. E. 2002. Noteworthy Collections: Delaware, Maryland. Castanea 67: 430-431. [Dryopteris celsa, Lycopodium xhabereri (L. digitatum x L. tristachyum)]

556. Regalado, L. & C. Sanchez. 2002. Spore morphology as a taxonomic tool in the delimitation of three Asplenium L. species complexes (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta) in Cuba. Grana 41: 107-113.

557. Reguero, M. A., S. A. Marenssi & S. N. Santillana. 2002. Antarctic Peninsula and South America (Patagonia) Paleogene terrestrial faunas and environments: Biogeographic relationships. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 179: 189-210 (

558. Reid, J. D., G. M. Plunkett & G. A. Peters. 2002. Systematics of the genus Azolla (Azollaceae). In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

559. Rensing, S. A., S. Rombauts, Y. Van de Peer & R. Reski. 2002. Moss transcriptome and beyond. Trends in Plant Science 7: 535-538. [Ceratopteris richardii]

560. Renzaglia, K. S., S. B. Dengate, S. J. Schmitt & J. G. Duckett. 2002. Novel features of Equisetum arvense spermatozoids: Insights into pteridophyte evolution. New Phytologist 154: 159-174 (

561. Reshetnikova, N. M. & S. V. Kuptsov. 2002. 100-Years dynamics of vascular plant flora in Glubokoe Lake, Moscow district. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 45-56. [Equisetum fluviatile]

562. Revilla, M. C., A. Andrade-Cetto, S. Islas & H. Wiedenfeld. 2002. Hypoglycemic effect of Equisetum myriochaetum aerial parts on type 2 diabetic patients. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81: 117-120 (

563. Riba, R., B. Perez-Garcia & A. Mendoza. 2002. Pteridofitas, Familia Plagiogyriaceae. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de Mexico, A. C., Mexico City. 1-7 pp. [Spanish]

564. Rice, L. M. & D. A. Agard. 2002. Centriole duplication: Centrin in on answers- Current Biology 12: R618-R619 ( [Marsilea vestita]

565. Ristau, T. E. & S. B. Horsley. 2002. Impact of chemical control of native invasive plants on understory diversity in northern hardwood forests. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 248. [Abstract; Dennstaedtia punctilobula, Thelypteris noveboracensis]

566. Roberts, R. H. 2002. An atlas of flowering plants and ferns of Anglesey. R.H. Roberts, United Kingdom. 151 pp.

567. Robertson, F. W. 2002. Reproductive behavior of cloned gametophytes of Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. American Fern Journal 92: 270-287.

568. Rodriguez, M. A., M. I. Romero, J. Amigo, L. G. Quintanilla & R. Diaz. 2002. Ecological characterisation of Culcita macrocarpa C. Presl. and environmental threats in Galicia, NW Spain. Fern Gazette 16: 446-447. [Abstract]

569. Roelofs, J. G. M. 2002. Soft-water macrophytes and ecosystems: Why are they so vulnerable to environmental changes- Introduction. Aquatic Botany 73: 285-286 ( [Isoetes]

570. Roessler, R. & J. Galtier. 2002. First Grammatopteris tree ferns from the Southern Hemisphere: New insights in the evolution of the Osmundaceae from the Permian of Brazil. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 121: 205-230.

571. Roessler, R. & J. Galtier. 2002. Dernbachia brasiliensis gen. nov. et sp. nov.: A new small tree fern from the Permian of NE Brazil. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 122: 239-263.

572. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 2002. New species, new combinations and new distributions in neotropical species of Elaphoglossum (Lomariopsidaceae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 50: 969-1006.

573. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. & J. D. Tejero-Diez. 2002. A new species of Dennstaedtia (Filicales: Dennstaedtiaceae) for Mexico. Revista de Biologia Tropical 50: 1007-1012. [Spanish; Dennstaedtia gracilis]

574. Rolleri, C. 2002. Caracteres diagnosticos y taxonomia del genero Angiopteris Hoffm. (Marattiaceae) I. Los cracteres. Revista del Museo de La Plata, Bot. 15: 23-49 ( [Spanish]

575. Romine, J. D. & L. J. Swatzell. 2002. Characterization of cytoskeletal proteins in the negatively phototropic gametophyte of Schizaea pusilla. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

576. Rooney, T. P. & D. A. Rogers. 2002. The modified Floristic Quality Index. Natural Areas Journal 22: 340-344. [Dryopteris intermedia, Pteridium aquilinum]

577. Rothwell, G. W., E. L. Taylor & T. N. Taylor. 2002. Ashicaulis woolfei n. sp.: Additional evidence for the antiquity of osmundaceous ferns from the Triassic of Antarctica. American Journal of Botany 89: 352-361 (

578. Rouleau, I., M. Crete & J. P. Ouellet. 2002. Contrasting the summer ecology of white-tailed deer inhabiting a forested and an agricultural landscape. Ecoscience 9: 459-469.

579. Roux, J. P. 2002. First report of the genus Pilularia from continental Africa. Bothalia 32: 82-83.

580. Roux, J. P. 2002. A new species of Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae: Pteropsida) from East Africa. Kew Bulletin 57: 735-739.

581. Rowley, J. R., M. A. Morbelli & G. El-Ghazaly. 2002. Microspore wall structure in Selaginella kraussiana (Lycophyta). Taiwania 47: 115-128.

582. Rozentsvet, O. A., V. R. Filin, S. V. Saksonov & V. V. Meshcheryakov. 2002. Seasonal changes in polar lipids in fronds of the ferns Dryopteris filix-mas and Matteuccia struthiopteris. Biochemistry (Moscow) 67: 1006-1011.

583. Rumsey, F. J., M. Gibby & J. C. Vogel. 2002. The UK biodiversity action plan (BAP) process in action: The Killarney fern, Trichomanes speciosum Willd: A case study. Fern Gazette 16: 344-349.

584. Rumsey, F. J., J. C. Vogel, A. C. Jermy, A. M. Paul, S. J. Russell, K. A. Simpson, J. A. Barrett, A. Lockton & M. Gibby. 2002. Conserving the fen buckler fern (Dryopteris cristata L.) in the British Isles. Fern Gazette 16: 449. [Abstract]

585. Rumsey, F. J., J. C. Vogel, S. J. Russell, J. A. Barrett & M. Gibby. 2002. A review of progress towards the conservation of the Killarney Fern (Trichomanes speciosum Willd.) in the British Isles. Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 37-47.

586. Rumsey, F. J., J. C. Vogel, S. J. Russell, J. A. Barrett & M. Gibby. 2002. Conserving a tropical fern in Europe. Fern Gazette 16: 448. [Abstract; Grammitis marginella]

587. Runk, K. 2002. Initial survey of the Dryopteris carthusiana complex in Estonia. Fern Gazette 16: 450. [Abstract]

588. Ruokolainen, K., H. Tuomisto, J. Vormisto & N. Pitman. 2002. Two biases in estimating range sizes of Amazonian plant species. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 935-942.

589. Rydin, C. & N. Wikstrom. 2002. Phylogeny of Isoetes (Lycopsida): Resolving basal relationships using rbcL sequences. Taxon 51: 83-89.

590. Sabater, B., M. Martin, C. Schmitz-Linneweber & R. M. Maier. 2002. Is clustering of plastid RNA editing sites a consequence of transitory loss of gene function- Implications for past environmental and evolutionary events in plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution & Systematics 5: 81-89.

591. Sadovnikov, G. N. 2002. Permian Acrostichides from Siberia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 1: 99-105.

592. Sajjadi, F. & G. Playford. 2002. Systematic and stratigraphic palynology of Late Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous strata of the Eromanga Basin, Queensland, Australia: Part Two. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 261: 99-165.

593. Sakamaki, Y. & Y. Ino. 2002. Influence of shade timing on an Equisetum arvense L. population. Ecological Research 17: 673-686.

594. Salino, A. 2002. New species and combinations in Thelypteris subg. Goniopteris (Thelypteridaceae). Brittonia 54: 331-339.

595. Salino, A. & J. Semir. 2002. Thelypteridaceae (Polypodiophyta) of the State of Sao Paulo: Macrothelypteris and Thelypteris subgenera Cyclosorus and Steiropteris. Lundiana 3: 9-27. [Portuguese]

596. Salmina, L. 2002. Lake-shore vegetation in western Latvia. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences Section B Natural Exact & Applied Sciences 56: 69-77. [Equisetum fluviatile]

597. Samson, P. R. 2002. The early immature stages of Hypochrysops elgneri barnardi Waterhouse and H. hippuris nebulosis Sands (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Australian Entomologist 29: 103-106. [Pyrrosia lanceolata]

598. Sanchez, C. 2002. A new filmy fern from the Dominican Republic. American Fern Journal 92: 20-22. [Hymenophyllum integrivalvatum]

599. Sanchez Velazquez, T. 2002. Pteridogeographic analysis of Gran Canaria and its connection with the rest of the archipelago and Madeira. Fern Gazette 16: 451. [Abstract]

600. Sanchez Velazquez, T. 2002. Conservation status of the rare and threatened pteridophytes of the Canary Islands. Fern Gazette 16: 452. [Abstract]

601. Sant, S. 2002. A propos d'une station surprenante d'Asplenium fontanum (L.) Bernh. dans le massif de gros d'Annot (Alpes-de-Moule-Provence, France). Bulletin de le Societe Entrevalaise de Mycologique et Botanique Appliquie 39: 24-25. [French]

602. Sant, S. 2002 (2001). Corrections a apporter a l'article "Nouveoules sur la chrologie du genre Pteris L. (Pteridaceae) dans la departement des Alpes-Maritimes (France)". Biocosme Mesogeen 19: 143-145.

603. Sant, S. & P. D'Onofrio. 2003(2002). Contribution to the knowledge of Alpes-Maritimes and Var departments Pteridophyta (France). Biocosme Mesogeen 19: 139-160. [French; Asplenium balearicum, A. xhelii, Cheilanthes maderensis, Phyllitis sagitatta]

604. Schafer, H. 2002. Distribution and status of the pteridophytes of Faial Island, Azores (Portugal). Fern Gaz. 16: 213-237.

605. Schiller, A. 2002. Studies of sperm chemotaxis and viability of Ceratopteris ferns. AAAS Annual Meeting & Science Innovation Exposition 168: A78.

606. Schiraldi, C., I. Di Lernia & M. De Rosa. 2002. Trehalose production: Exploiting novel approaches. Trends in Biotechnology 20: 420-425. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

607. Schmidt, O. 2002. A revision of the genus Chaetolopha Warren (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae) with a description of Parachaetolopha, gen. nov. Invertebrate Systematics 16: 703-733. [fern herbivory]

608. Schneckenburger, S. 2002. Systematics of the pteridophytes. Prog. Bot. 64: 323-346.

609. Schneider, H. & K. M. Pryer. 2002. Structure and function of spores in the aquatic heterosporous fern family Marsileaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 485-505 (

610. Schneider, H., K. M. Pryer, R. Cranfill, A. R. Smith & P. G. Wolf. 2002. Evolution of vascular plant body plans: a phylogenetic perspective. Pp. 330-364. In Q. C. B. Cronk, R. M. Bateman & J. A. Hawkings (Eds.). Developmental genetics and plant evolution. Taylor & Francis, London.

611. Schneider, H., A. R. Smith, R. Cranfill, C. H. Haufler, T. A. Ranker & T. Hildebrand. 2002. Gymnogrammitis dareiformis is a polygrammoid fern (Polypodiaceae): Resolving an apparent conflict between morphological and molecular data. Plant Systematics & Evolution 234: 121-136.

612. Schneider, H., J. C. Vogel, M. Gibby, S. J. Russell, C. Cox, S. Henderson, F. Bakker & F. Rumsey. 2002. Reticulation in Asplenium - new insights from phylogeny. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

613. Schneller, J. J. 2002. The Athyrium filix-femina complex: a fascinating group to study evolutionary processes. Facts and prospects. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

614. Schneller, J. J., H. Gerber & A. Zuppiger. 2002. Spore dispersal mechanisms in Selaginella. A fascinating case of bioballistics. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

615. Schoen, D. J., J. S. Brownstein & P. A. White. 2002. Mutation load in natural populations of the sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis exposed to soil mutagens. Ecological Applications 12: 124-137.

616. Schuettpelz, E., H. Schneider & K. M. Pryer. 2002. The phylogenetic history of Pterozonium (Pteridaceae) revisited: from groundplan divergence to maximum parsimony. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

617. Schulz, K. E., T. Marriage, S. Albrecht, J. Zasada, E. Nauertz, D. Buckley & T. Crow. 2002. Species composition of summer herb communities under Acer saccharum regeneration thickets. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 422. [Abstract; Lycopodium]

618. Schuyler, A. E. & T. Gordon. 2002. Rare plants in the Middle Branch of the Forked River watershed, Lacey Township, Ocean County, New Jersey. Bartonia 61: 117-121. [Schizaea pusilla]

619. Schweitzer, H. J. & P. Giesen. 2002. Important new Middle Devonian plant finds around Wuppertal in the Bergisches Land region, W Germany. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 262: 91-117. [German]

620. Schwenninger, J. L. & Y. Krippel. 2002. Population survey and conservation of Tunbridge filmy-fern in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Fern Gazette 16: 453. [Abstract; Hymenophyllum tunbrigense]

621. Selvi, F. 2002. Contribution to the floristic knowledge of the Maremma Grossetana. New records of rare, vulnerable or poorly known plants in Tuscany. Informatore Botanico Italiano 34: 119-124. [Italian; Huperzia selago]

622. Sempere-Ortells, J. M., A. Campos, I. Velasco, F. Marco, A. Ramirez-Bosca, J. Diaz & J. Pardo. 2002. Anapsos (Polypodium leucotomos) modulates lymphoid cells and the expression of adhesion molecules. Pharmacological Research 46: 185-190 (

623. Sengupta, S., A. K. Das & S. N. Ghosh. 2002. Biocidal activity of some plant extracts. Journal of Hill Research 15: 99-101. [Microsorum punctatum, Nephrolepis tuberosa, Spheromeris chinensis]

624. Sessions, L. & D. Kelly. 2002. Predator-mediated apparent competition between an introduced grass, Agrostis capillaris, and a native fern, Botrychium australe (Ophioglossaceae), in New Zealand. Oikos 96: 102-109.

625. Seth, M. K., A. Kumari, A. Bhandari & S. P. Khullar. 2002. Common pteridophytes of Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), N. W. Himalaya III: Polypodiaceae, Loxogrammaceae, Cryptogrammaceae, Sinopteridaceae and Osmundaceae. Indian Fern Journal 19: 10-33.

626. Seth, M. K., A. Kumari, A. Bhandari & S. P. Khullar. 2002. Common pteridophytes of Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), N.W. Himalaya-IV: Dryopteridaceae, Hypodematiaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Blechnaceae and Pteridaceae. Indian Fern Journal 19: 55-81.

627. Sharma, B. D. & D. R. Bohra. 2002. The ligule of Isoetes: A prophyllar structure. Phytomorphology 52: 17?22.

628. Sharma, B. D., D. R. Bohra & O. P. Suthar. 2002. Some interesting plant fossils from the Mesozoic rocks of the Rajmahal Hills India. Palaeobotanist 50: 207-212.

629. Sharma, G. D., S. Bhattacherjee, M. Sinha & A. K. Das. 2002. Status of plant bio-diversity of Cachar district & its conservation. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 94-101.

630. Sheffield, E. 2002. Effects of asulam on non-target pteridophytes. Fern Gazette 16: 377-382.

631. Shi, L. 2002. Studies on the spore morphology and taxonomic significance of Phymatosorus Pic. Serm. (Polypodiaceae) from China. Bull. of Bot. Research 22 (4): 428-432. [Chinese]

632. Shiels, A. B. 2002. Bird perches and soil amendments as revegetation techniques for landslides in Puerto Rico. University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas. 134 pp. [Thesis; Cyathea]

633. Shiels, A. B. & L. R. Walker. 2002. Picking the best soil amendment to accelerate landslide revegetation in Puerto Rico. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 87: 265. [Abstract; Cyathea]

634. Shinohara, W. & N. Murakami. 2002. Cytological and molecular studies on intraspecific differentiation within Deparia petersenii complex. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

635. Shiomi, N. & S. Kitoh. 2002. Screening of Azolla strain for tolerance to ammonium. Lakes Reservoirs Research & Management 7: 45-48 (

636. Shukla, P. K., G. K. Srivastava & S. K. Shukla. 2002. The quillworts (Isoetes) of India: Distribution, endemism and species radiation. Biodiversity & Conservation 11: 959-973 (

637. Silva, L. B., S. S. S. Santos, C. R. Azevedo, M. A. L. Cruz, T. M. Venancio, C. P. Cavalcante, A. F. Uchoa, S. Astolfi Filho, A. E. A. Oliveira, K. V. S. Fernandes & J. Xavier-Filho. 2002. The leaves of green plants as well as a cyanobacterium, a red alga, and fungi contain insulin-like antigens. Brazilian Journal of Medical & Biological Research 35: 297-303. [Lycopodophyta, Sphenopsida]

638. Siman, S. E. & E. Sheffield. 2002. Polypodium vulgare plants sporulate continuously in a non-seasonal glasshouse environment. American Fern Journal 92: 30-38.

639. Simon, S. L., J. C. Graham & S. D. Terp. 2002. Uptake of 40K and 137Cs in native plants of the Marshall Islands. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 59: 223-243 ( [Polypodium scolopendria]

640. Singh, S. 2002. Lygodium altum (C.B. Clarke) v.A.v.R.: A fern new to Orissa. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 537-539.

641. Skog, J. E. 2002. Preparing a grant proposal for NSF. Plant Sciene Bulletin 48: 6-8.

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643. Smarr, T. 2002. Landscaping with ferns. New England Wild Flower 6: 25-27.

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646. Smith, A. R. & R. Cranfill. 2002. Intrafamilial relationships of the thelypteroid ferns (Thelypteridaceae). American Fern Journal 92: 131-149.

647. Smith, A. R. & X. C. Zhang. 2002. Caobangia, a new genus and species of Polypodiaceae from Vietnam. Novon 12: 546-550.

648. Smith, R. & P. Ward. 2002. Pattern of vertebrate extinctions across an event bed at the Permian/Triassic boundary in the Karoo Basin of South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22: 109A.

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660. Srivastava, M., P. B. Khare & S. Chandra. 2002. Additions to the pteridophytic flora of the Corbett National Park. Indian Fern Journal 19: 107-110.

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663. Stewart, J. E. 2002. The distribution of non-indigenous invasive Old World climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum, in southern Florida: the relationship to abiotic and biotic variables. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. 52 pp. [Thesis]

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670. Streitz, H. & D. Bickler. 2002. Further records of noteworthy plant tribes in the Rheingau-Taunus district and in Wiesbaden, Germany. Hessische Floristische Briefe 51: 62-65. [Equisetum ramosissimum]

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672. Subramaniam, A. & P. Dwarakan. 2002. A catalogue of indigenous bulbous plants from Shevaroy Hills of Salem District, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 25-27. [Drynariaceae, Ophioglossaceae, Polypodiaceae]

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674. Sunitha, S., B. Rao & P. Ravi. 2002. Osmunda regalis L.: A new report to Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 26: 600-602.

675. Svensson, M. E. & P. Engstrom. 2002. Closely related MADS-box genes in club moss (Lycopodium) show broad expression patterns and are structurally similar to, but phylogenetically distinct from, typical seed plant MADS-box genes. New Phytologist 154: 439-450 ( [Lycopodium annotinum]

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677. Sylvestre, L. S. & P. G. Windisch. 2002. New combinations in Antigramma C. Presl (Aspleniaceae) and a synopsis of the species. Bradea 8: 331-335.

678. Sylvestre, L. S. & P. G. Windisch. 2002. Current conservation status of Asplenium species in Brazil. Fern Gazette 16: 455. [Abstract]

679. Takahashi, H., V. Y. Barkalov, S. Gage, S. Joneson, M. Ilushko & Y. N. Zhuravlev. 2002. A floristic study of the vascular plants of Raikoke, Kuril Islands. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 53: 17-33.

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681. Talbot, S. L. & S. S. Talbot. 2002. A new population of Aleutian shield fern (Polystichum aleuticum C. Christens.) on Adak Island, Alaska. American Fern Journal 92: 288-293.

682. Tan, C. H., B. D. Wang, S. H. Jiang & D. Y. Zhu. 2002. New lycopodium alkaloids from Huperzia serrata. Planta Medica 68: 188-190 (

683. Tanaka, T., T. Katoh & T. Satoh. 2002. Role of the rice seedlings and Kouyawarabi (Onoclea sensibilis L.) infested with Burkholderia plantarii as the source of bacterial seedling blight of rice. Japanese Journal of Phytopathology 68: 283-290.

684. Taylor, W. C. 2002. Isoetes xherb-wagneri, an interspecific hybrid of Isoetes bolanderi x Isoetes echinospora (Isoetaceae). American Fern Journal 92: 161-163.

685. Taylor, W. C., N. T. Luebke & S. B. Hoot. 2002. Phylogeny and allopolyploidy of South American Isoetes based on morphology, chromosome counts, and DNA sequences. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

686. Tchubar, E. A. 2002. Addition to flora of islands of the Far East Marine Reserve (Peter the Great Bay). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 87: 162-164. [Botrychium robustum, Dryopteris monticola]

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690. Tessier, J. T. 2002. Vernal ecophysiology of understory vegetation and soil microbes in a second-growth northern hardwood forest of the Catskill Mountains, New York. State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse. 173 pp. [Dissertation; Dryopteris intermedia]

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707. Trivett, M., G. W. Rothwell & R. A. Stockey. 2002. A permineralized schizaeaceous fern from the Late Eocene of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

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714. van der Kaars, S. & P. De Deckker. 2002. A Late Quaternary pollen record from deep-sea core Fr10/95, GC17 offshore Cape Range Peninsula, northwestern Western Australia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 120: 17-39 (

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717. Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert, J. H. A. 2002. Ecology of some Late Triassic to Early Cretaceous ferns in Eurasia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 113-124 (

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732. Verucchi, G., L. Calza, L. Attard & F. Chiodo. 2002. Acute hepatitis induced by traditional Chinese herbs used in the treatment of psoriasis. Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 17: 1342-1343. [Lycopodium serratum]

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735. Vieira, M. d. F. & J. U. Adis. 2002. Accepted food plants of Paulinia acuminata (De Geer, 1773) (Orthoptera: Pauliniidae) in the varzea of central Amazonia. Acta Amazonica 32: 333-338. [Portuguese; Azolla, Salvinia auriculata, S. minima]

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737. Vitalis, R., M. Riba, B. Colas, P. Grillas & I. Olivieri. 2002. Multilocus genetic structure at contrasted spatial scales of the endangered water fern Marsilea strigosa Willd. (Marsileaceae, Pteridophyta). American Journal of Botany 89: 1142-1155 (

738. Vlek, P. L. G., U. Eberhardt & M. M. Aung. 2002. The role of Azolla in lowering the pH of simulated floodwater. Journal of Applied Botany 76: 1-7 (

739. Vogel, J. C., H. Schneider, M. Gibby, I. Pinter, S. Trewick, M. Morgan-Richards, J. A. Barrett, S. Russell, S. Henderson & F. Rumsey. 2002. Polyploidy, phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia of the rockfern Asplenium ceterach: evidence from cpDNA and allozymes. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

740. Vogel, J. C., J. A. Barrett, M. Gibby, C. James, M. Morgans-Richards, F. J. Rumsey, S. J. Russell & S. Trewick. 2002. Taxon rarity and endemism versus glacial refugia and centres of genetic diversity: Where should we place conservation priorities for European pteridophytes- Fern Gazette 16: 464. [Abstract]

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742. Wagner, W. H. & J. R. Grant. 2002. Botrychium alaskense, a new moonwort from the interior of Alaska. American Fern Journal 92: 164-170.

743. Waldren, S., J. Martin, T. Curtis & D. Lynn. 2002. Experimental translocation of Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman in Ireland. Fern Gazette 16: 456-457. [Abstract]

744. Wan, C. B., X. Y. Qiao, H. Kong, Y. D. Jin, Y. W. Sun, P. J. Liu, J. G. Yang & Y. G. Ren. 2002. Early Cretaceous spore-pollen assemblages from Bei'an area, Heilongjiang Province. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 19: 83-90.

745. Wang, J., F. J. Zhao, A. A. Meharg, A. Raab, J. Feldmann & S. P. McGrath. 2002. Mechanisms of arsenic hyperaccumulation in Pteris vittata. Uptake kinetics, interactions with phosphate, and arsenic speciation. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 130: 1552-1561.

746. Wang, L. S., J. Zhou, X. M. Shao & X. C. Tang. 2002. Huperzine A attenuates cognitive deficits and brain injury in neonatal rats after hypoxia-ischemia. Brain Research 949: 162-170 ( [Huperzia serrata]

747. Wang, Q., S. G. Hao, D. M. Wang & D. L. Dilcher. 2002. An anatomically preserved arborescent lycopsid, Sublepidodendron songziense (Sublepidodendraceae), from the Late Devonian of Hubei, China. American Journal of Botany 89: 1468-1477 (

748. Wang, Q. F., X. Liu, W. C. Taylor & Z. R. He. 2002. Isoetes yunguiensis (Isoetaceae), a new basic diploid quillwort. Novon 12: 587-591.

749. Wang, S. J., B. L. Tian & G. R. Chen. 2002. Anatomically-preserved lepidodendralean plants from Permian coal balls of China: Sigillariopsis Scott. Acta Botanica Sinica 44: 104-112.

750. Wang, S. J., B. L. Tian & G. R. Chen. 2002. Anatomical structure of leaf cushion of Lepidodendron lepidophloides Yao. Acta Botanica Sinica 44: 362-366.

751. Wang, S. J., B. L. Tian & G. R. Chen. 2002. Anatomically preserved lepidodendralean plants from Permian coal balls of China: Leaves of Lepidophylloides Snigirevskaya. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 122: 63-76.

752. Wang, Y. D. 2002. Fern ecological implications from the Lower Jurassic in western Hubei, China. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 125-141 (

753. Wang, Y. D. & H. Xu. 2002. A new fossil plant from the earliest carboniferous of China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 475-483. [Helicophyton dichotomum]

754. Wardlaw, A. C. 2002. Horticultural approaches to the conservation of the ferns of the British Isles. Fern Gazette 16: 356-361.

755. Wardlaw, A. C. 2002. Conservation of tree ferns ex situ. Fern Gazette 16: 393-397.

756. Wardle, D. A., K. I. Bonner & G. M. Barker. 2002. Linkages between plant litter decomposition, litter quality, and vegetation responses to herbivores. Functional Ecology 16: 585-595 (

757. Watkins, J. E. Jr. & D. R. Farrar. 2002. A new name for an old fern from north Alabama. American Fern Journal 92: 171-178. [Stegnogramma, Thelypteris burksiorum, T. pilosa, T. pilosa var. alabamensis]

758. Watson, L. H. & M. J. Cameron. 2002. Forest tree and fern species as indicators of an unnatural fire event in a southern Cape mountain forest. South African Journal of Botany 68: 357-361. [Cyathea capensis]

759. Weisner, S. E. B. & J. A. Strand. 2002. Ecology and management of plants in aquatic ecosystems. Pp. 242-256. In M. R. Perrow & A. J. Davy (Eds.). Handbook of ecological restoration. Principles of restoration (Volume 1); Restoration in practice (Volume 2). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Salvinia molesta]

760. Weller, T. J. & C. J. Zabel. 2002. Variation in bat detections due to detector orientation in a forest. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30: 922-930. [Polystichum munitum]

761. Wellman, C. H. 2002. Morphology and wall ultrastructure in Devonian spores with bifurcate-tipped processes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 451-474. [Ancyrospora ancyrea, A. grandispinosa]

762. Wikstrom, N., P. Kenrick & J. C. Vogel. 2002. Schizaeaceae: A phylogenetic approach. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 119: 35-50 (

763. Wilkinson, T. 2002. In vitro techniques for the conservation of Hymenophyllum tunbrigense (L.) SM. Fern Gazette 16: 458. [Abstract]

764. Willemse, M. & A. van Lammeren. 2002. Fertilization, from attraction to embryo. Biologia (Bratislava) 57: 13-22.

765. Wilson, K. A. 2002. Continued pteridophyte invasion of Hawaii. American Fern Journal 92: 179-183.

766. Windisch, P. G. 2002. Fern conservation in Brazil. Fern Gazette 16: 295-300.

767. Wiser, S. K., D. R. Drake, L. E. Burrows & W. R. Sykes. 2002. The potential for long-term persistence of forest fragments on Tongatapu, a large island in western Polynesia. Journal of Biogeography 29: 767-787 (

768. Wittig, R. 2002. Ferns in a new role as a frequent constituent of railway flora in Central Europe. Flora (Jena) 197: 341-350. [Asplenium ceterach, A. ruta-muraria, A. scolopendriumris, A. trichomanes, Cystopteris fragilis, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. filix-mas, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Polypodium vulgare]

769. Wolter, B. H. K. & R. W. Fonda. 2002. Gradient analysis of vegetation on the north wall of the Columbia River Gorge, Washington. Northwest Science 76: 61-76. [Pteridium, Polystichum]

770. Woods, S. S. 2002. Responses of ferns to overstory disturbrance: effects of ice storm and timber harvest on four common fern species in hardwood forests of New York. State University of New York College of Environmental Sciences and Forestry, Syracuse. 65 pp.

771. Wu, S. F., X. G. Li & H. F. Zhao. 2002. Study on the pteridophyte of Wulingyuan from Hunan Province, China. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 22: 380-384.

772. Xiang, Y., H. Wang & Y. Y. Wen. 2002. Studies on the chemical constituents of Platycerium wallichii Hook. Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 10: 69-73.

773. Xiao, X. Q., H. Y. Zhang & X. C. Tang. 2002. Huperzine A attenuates amyloid beta-peptide fragment 25-35-induced apoptosis in rat cortical neurons via inhibiting reactive oxygen species formation and caspase-3 activation. Journal of Neuroscience Research 67: 30-36. [Huperzia serrata]

774. Yadav, B. L., M. K. Tripathi, K. L. Meena & P. Pareek. 2002. Asplenium dalhousiae Hook (Aspleniaceae) a new record for Rajasthan, India. Indian Fern Journal 19: 94-96.

775. Yamada, T. & M. Kato. 2002. Regnellites nagashimae gen. et sp. nov., the oldest macrofossil of Marsileaceae, from the Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous of western Japan. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 715-723 (

776. Yan, Y. H., H. F. Chen, X. F. Wu & G. Z. Xie. 2002. Flora and vegetation in limestone area in Shimentai Nature Reserve, Guangdong. Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 10: 348-355.

777. Yang, P., A. Alyokhin & R. Messing. 2002. Patterns of oviposition and parasitism of eggs of Kallitaxila granulata (Homoptera: Tropiduchidae), a newly invasive planthopper in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 35: 77-83. [Dicranopteris linearis]

778. Yarborough, S. C. & A. M. Powell. 2002. Ferns and fern allies of the Trans-Pecos and adjacent areas. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas. 116 pp.

779. Yatabe, Y., D. Darnaedi & N. Murakami. 2002. Allozyme analysis of cryptic species in the Asplenium nidus complex from West Java, Indonesia. Journal of Plant Research 115: 483-490.

780. Yatabe, Y. & N. Murakami. 2002. New method to efficiently recognize cryptic species in homosporous ferns- Case study in bird-nest fern, Asplenium nidus. In Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, 4-7 August. Abstracts. Botanical Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin ( [Abstract]

781. Yatabe, Y., J. E. Watkins Jr., D. R. Farrar & N. Murakami. 2002. Genetic variation in populations of the morphologically and ecologically variable fern Stegnogramma pozoi subsp. mollissima (Thelypteridaceae) in Japan. Journal of Plant Research 115: 29-38.

782. Yelenevsky, A. G., V. I. Radygina, E. Y. Bogdanova & O. A. Isaeva. 2002. On some rare plants of Saratov province. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 107: 57. [Botrychium lunaria]

783. Yesilyurt, J. C. 2002. Threats to the fern flora of Brazil illustrated by the genus Doryopteris J.Sm. Fern Gazette 16: 459. [Abstract]

784. Yi, S. R. & Y. Huang. 2002. The resources of the wild preferential conservation plants in Chongqing. Journal of Plant Resources & Environment 11: 62-64.

785. Yin, F. J. & Z. F. Zhang. 2002. Middle Jurassic sporo-pollen assemblages in northern Turpan Depression, Xinjiang, northwest China. Acta Botanica Sinica 44: 488-495.

786. Yokouchi, Y., M. Ikeda, Y. Inuzuka & T. Yukawa. 2002. Strong emission or methyl chloride from tropical plants. Nature (London) 416: 163-165 ( [Angiopteris boninensis, A. lygodifolia, A. palmiformis, A. pruinosa, Cibotium barometz, Cyathea lepifera, C. ogurae]

787. Yokoyama, H., M. Kiso & Y. Harazono. 2002. Effects of the shading ratio of greenhouse and soil moisture on the occurrence of Mottled Yellowing Syndrome on leather fern, and instructions for cultivation. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology 58: 195-206.

788. Yuan, S. Q., Y. M. Zhao & R. Feng. 2002. Structural identification of neohuperzinine. Yaoxue Xuebao 37: 946-949. [Huperzia serrata]

789. Zaborske, R. R., R. N. Hauver, M. H. McClellan & T. A. Hanley. 2002. Understory vegetation development following commercial thinning in southeast Alaska: Preliminary results from the second-growth management area demonstration project 546. Pp. 74-82. In General Technical Report, Pacific Northwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service.

790. Zaluski, T. & I. Paszek. 2002. A locality of Botrychium multifidum (Ophioglossaceae) in the Gorzno-Lidzbark Landscape Park. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Series Polonica 9: 385-387. [Polish]

791. Zamora, P. M. 2002. Geographical distribution and seasonality of Philippine cheilanthoid ferns. Asia Life Sciences 11: 109-125. [Cheilanthes agetae, C. anceps, C. belangeri, C. concolor, C. dilimanensis, C. dubia, C. javensis, C. mysurensis, C. tenuifolia, Doryopteris ludens]

792. Zaniewski, A. E., A. Lehmann & J. M. Overton. 2002. Predicting species spatial distributions using presence-only data: A case study of native New Zealand ferns. Ecological Modelling 157: 261-280.

793. Zenkteler, E. K. 2002. Ex situ breeding and reintroduction of Osmunda regalis L. in Poland. Fern Gazette 16: 371-376.

794. Zhang, S. Y. & S. Q. Zheng. 2002. Study on interspecific association of main shrub populations in Alsophila spinulosa community in Yongding County, Fujian. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 24: 17-22.

795. Zhang, W., Y. Cai, J. Su, K. Downum & L. Q. Ma. 2002. Total thiols, phosphorous and nitrogen in Brake fern. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 223: ENVR 155. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

796. Zhang, W., Y. Cai, C. Tu & L. Q. Ma. 2002. Arsenic speciation and distribution in an arsenic hyperaccumulating plant. Science of the Total Environment 300: 167-177. [Pteris vittata]

797. Zhang, X. C. 2002. (1531) Proposal to conserve the name Cheilanthes dalhousiae (Pteridaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 51: 381-382.

798. Zhang, X. C., J. S. Jia & G. M. Zhang. 2002. Survey and evaluation of the natural resources of Cibotium barometz (L.) Smith in China, with reference to the implementation of the cites convention. Fern Gazette 16: 383-387.

799. Zhao, F. J., S. J. Dunham & S. P. McGrath. 2002. Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species. New Phytologist 156: 27-31. [Asplenium nidus, Davallia canarensis, Polypodium aureum, Polystichum tsussimense, Pteris cretica, P. longifolia, P. umbrosa, P. vittata]

800. Zhao, H. & D. Wang. 2002. The species and distribution of the water vascular plants at the Han River Basin in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 22: 1445-1450.

801. Zhou, H. G., Y. L. Xie, H. Li, Q. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, Z. R. Wang & S. L. Zhou. 2002. Analysis of genetic diversity in Pteris vittata L. populations from Guangxi limestone areas. Guihaia 22: 67-70.

802. Zika, P. F., E. R. Alverson, W. H. Wagner & F. S. Wagner. 2002. Botrychium hesperium in the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon. American Fern Journal 92: 239-240.

803. Zotz, G. 2002. Vascular epiphytes in temperate forests. Bauhinia 16: 13-22. [Polypodium vulgare]