Annual Review of Pteridological Research - 2003

Literature Citations All Citations

1. Abramova, L. A., N. N. Rimskaya-Korsakova, D. V. Sukhova, S. V. Polevova, A. B. Shipunov, I. B. Kucherov, V. V. Chepinoga & E. O. Golovina. 2003. Floristic records from topozersky floristic region of Karelia (Karelia Keretina). Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 79-81. [Russian; Cystopteris montana, Dryopteris filix-mas, Isoetes lacustris, I. setacea]

2. Adendorff, R., M. K. Bamford & S. McLoughlin. 2003. Liknopetalon: a review of a rare Gondwanan, Permian pteridophyte. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 126: 83-101.

3. Afriastini, J. J. 2003. Adiantum. Pp. 50-55. In W. P. de Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

4. Afriastini, J. J. 2003. Marsilea crenata. Pp. 133-135. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Ed.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

5. Afriastini, J. J. 2003. Oleandra neriformis. Pp. 147-149. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

6. Aguilar, N. O. & W. P. De Winter. 2003. Microlepia speluncae. Pp. 135-136. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

7. Aguraiuja, R. & K. R. Wood. 2003. Diellia mannii (D. C. Eaton) Robins. (Aspleniaceae) rediscovered in Hawai'i. American Fern Journal 93: 154-156.

8. Allen, J. T., M. G. Robinson & J. Jacobi. 2003. Micropropagation of Fluffy Ruffle Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata). Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 225: PRES 35. [Abstract]

9. Allison, S. D. & P. M. Vitousek. 2003. Decomposition and nutrient dynamics in native and exotic Hawaiian understory plant litter. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 10. [Abstract]

10. Alonso-Lebrero, J. L., C. Dominguez-Jimenez, R. Tejedor, A. Brieva & J. P. Pivel. 2003. Photoprotective properties of a hydrophilic extract of the fern Polypodium leucotomos on human skin cells. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology 70: 31-37.

11. Alonso-Lebrero, J. L., J. C. Gil & J. P. Pivel. 2003. PLE impairs ultraviolet B-induced immunosuppression in a hypersensitivity assay. Inflammation Research 52: S 136. [Abstract; Polypodium leucotomos]

12. Altman, B., M. Boulay, S. Dowlan, D. Crannell, K. Russell, K. Beal & J. Dillon. 2003. Willow Flycatcher nesting ecology and habitat relationships in the Willamette Basin, Oregon. Studies in Avian Biology 26: 73-80. [Pteridium aquilinum]

13. Amoroso, C. B. & V. B. Amoroso. 2003. Plantlet production of the Philippine Giant Staghorn fern [Platycerium grande (Fee) C. Presl] through spore culture. Pp. 459-502. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

14. Amoroso, V. B. 2003. Huperzia phlegmaria. Pp. 113-115. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

15. Amoroso, V. B. & H. C. Hong. 2003. Ophioglossum reticulatum. Pp. 153-155. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

16. Anonymous. 2003. Exotic insects for pest control and pollination. International Pest Control 45: 98-100. [Azolla flliculoides]

17. Anten, N. P. R. & T. Hirose. 2003. Shoot structure, leaf physiology, and daily carbon gain of plant species in a tallgrass meadow. Ecology (Washington D C) 84: 955-968. [Pteridium aquilinum]

18. Antony, R., E. S. S. Kumar & A. E. S. Khan. 2003. Selaginella camusii, a new species of Selaginellaceae from India. Nordic J. Bot. 22: 337-339.

19. Antonyuk, V. O. & O. L. Dubitskuj. 2002. Carbohydrate specificity of lectins from genus Equisetum plants. Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal 74: 109-112. [Ukrainian]

20. Aragon, C. F. & E. Pangua. 2003. Gender determination and mating system in the auto-tetraploid fern Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm. Botanica Helvetica 113: 181-193.

21. Arai, Y., T. Hattori, N. Hamaguchi, K. Masuda, A. Takano & K. Shiojima. 2003. Fern constituents: Dryocrassy formate, sitostanyl formate and 12alpha-hydroxyfern-9(11)-ene from Cyathea podophylla. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 51: 1311-1313.

22. Archer, R. C. 2003. A report of the emergence of fern species in the United States during the spring of 2002. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 8-20.

23. Arora, A. & P. K. Singh. 2003. Comparison of biomass productivity and nitrogen fixing potential of Azolla spp. Biomass and Bioenergy 24: 175-178.

24. Arora, J. & N. K. Mehra. 2003. Species diversity of planktonic and epiphytic rotifers in the backwaters of the Delhi segment of the Yamuna River, with remarks on new records from India. Zoological Studies 42: 239-247. [Salvinia molesta]

25. Arshad, U., M. R. Sadeghi & S. Nezami. 2003. Effects of Azolla on the Anzali Lagoon. American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting 133: 307.

26. Artabe, A. E. & M. Brea. 2003. A new approach to Corystospermales based on Triassic permineralized stems from Argentina. Alcheringa 27: 209-229.

27. Artabe, A. E., E. M. Morel & L. A. Spalletti. 2003. Characterization of the phytogeographic Triassic provinces from extratropical Gondwana. Ameghiniana 40: 387-405.

28. Athayde, F. F. de P. & P. G. Windisch. 2003. O genero Pecluma M.G. Price (Polypodiaceae, Pteridophyta) no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Pesquisas 53: 65-77. [Portuguese]

29. Axsmith, B. J., R. Serbet, M. Krings, T. N. Taylor, E. L. Taylor & S. H. Mamay. 2003. The enigmatic Paleozoic plants Spermopteris and Phasmatocycas reconsidered. American Journal of Botany 90: 1585-1595.

30. Aziz, A., K. A. Zaman, S. Islam, M. Y. Miah, M. F. R. Siddiqui, M. A. Rouf & M. Khanam. 2003. Biogas and biofertilizer production from Azolla pinnata R. Brown. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 32: 85-87.

31. Bagniewska-Zadworna, A. & E. Zenkteler. 2003. Changes in carbohydrates contents in rhizomes explants of Polypodium vulgare in response to water stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 25: 46-47. [Abstract]

32. Baker, J. A., B. Entsch & D. B. McKay. 2003. The cyanobiont in an Azolla fern is neither Anabaena nor Nostoc. FEMS Microbiology Letters 229: 43-47.

33. Baker, M. S. & R. J. Hickey. 2003. Reiterative lamiina morphologies in Adiantopsis. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

34. Baker, M. S., S. W. Shaw, R. J. Hickey & J. E. Rawlins. 2003. Microlepidopteran soral mimics in the Caribbean. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

35. Banaticla, M. C. N. & I. E. Buot. 2003. Dominant Pteridophyte species of Mount Banahaw de Lucban, Luzon Island, Philippines. Flora Males. Bull. 13: 281-283.

36. Bandyopadhyay, T., T. Sen & U. Sen. 2003. Two new species of Cyathea from north-eastern India. Pp. 121-132. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

37. Banks, N. J., R. C. Wallace, H. A. Outred, J. R. Flenley & R. E. Rowland. 2003. Is the Taupo Ignimbrite an effective barrier to the downward translocation of palynomorphs? New Zealand Natural Sciences 28: 1-7. [Lycopodium]

38. Bao, W. M. & J. G. Cao. 2003. The reproductive development of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Higher Education Press, VCD Discs.

39. Bao, W. M., J. G. Cao & S. J. Dai. 2003. Ultrastructure of oogenesis in Osmunda cinnamomea var. asiatica. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 843-851.

40. Barbara, T. & G. J. Gastony. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics and systematics of Pellaea section Ormopteris (Pteridaceae subfamily Chelanthoideae). Pp. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

41. Barcelona, J. F. 2003. The taxonomy and ecology of the pteridophytes of Mt. Iraya and vicinity, Batan Island, Batanes province, northern Philippines. Pp. 297-323. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

42. Barcelona, J. F. 2003. The Plant World. P. 35. In E. Alba (Ed.). Teachers' Guide: Philippine National Herbarium Collections. (Contains 1 handbook, 1 CD- ROM interactive program, 15 large postcards with descriptions, questions and class activites on the back and 15 color acetates for elementary and high school teachers).

43. Barker, M. S. & W. D. Hauk. 2003. An evaluation of Sceptridium dissectum (Ophioglossaceae) with ISSR markers: Implications for Sceptridium systematics. American Fern Journal 93: 1-19.

44. Barone-Nugent, E. D., S. McLoughlin & A. N. Drinnan. 2003. New species of Rochipteris from the Upper Triassic of Australia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 273-287.

45. Barreda, V., C. Limarino, L. Fauque, A. Tripaldi & L. Net. 2003. First palynological record for the lower member of Cerro Morado Formation (Miocene), La Rioja Precordillera. Ameghiniana 40: 81-87.

46. Barrington, D. S. 2003. Polystichum lilianae sp. nov. (Dryopteridaceae) and its relationships to P. fournieri and P. turrialbae. Brittonia 55: 317-325.

47. Bassindale, A. R., K. F. Brandstadt, T. H. Lane & P. G. Taylor. 2003. Biocatalysis of siloxane bonds. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: POLY 237. [Abstract; Equisetum telmateia]

48. Bassindale, A. R., K. F. Brandstadt, T. H. Lane & P. G. Taylor. 2003. Enzyme-catalyzed siloxane bond formation. American Chemical Society 225: MTLS 28. [Abstract; Equisetum telmateia]

49. Bassindale, A. R., K. F. Brandstadt, T. H. Lane & P. G. Taylor. 2003. Enzyme-catalysed siloxane bond formation. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 96: 401-406. [Equisetum telmateia]

50. Battaglia, E. 2003. Centromere, kinetochore, kinochore, kinetosome, kinosome, kinetomere, kinomere, kinetocentre, kinocentre: history, etymology and interpretation. Caryologia 56: 1-21.

51. Bellingham, P. J. & C. N. Allan. 2003. Forest regeneration and the influences of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in cool temperate New Zealand rain forests. Forest Ecology and Management 175: 71-86. [Cyathea smithii, Dicksonia squarrosa]

52. Beniston, R. G. & M. S. Campo. 2003. Quercetin elevates p27Kip1 and arrests both primary and HPV16 E6/E7 transformed human keratinocytes in G1. Oncogene 22: 5504-5514. [Pteridium aquilinum]

53. Bennert, H. W., W. Sonneborn, W. Sonneborn & K. Horn. 2003. Bestandsdynamik, Oekologie und Soziologie von Botrychium simplex in der Senne (Nordrhein-Westfalen). Abh. Westf. Mus. Naturkde 65: 31-42. [German]

54. Bennett, J. P., C. R. Bomar & C. A. Harrington. 2003. Lichens promote flowering of Opuntia fragilis in west-central Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 150: 221-230. [Selaginella rupestris]

55. Bennett, M. D. & I. J. Leitch. 2003. Pteridophyte DNA c-values data base (Release 2.0, January 2003). http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/homepage.html.

56. Bera, S., B. Patra & N. Ghorai. 2003. Animal interaction with pteridophytes with emphasis on Indian records. Pp. 381-393. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

57. Berry, C. M., W. Yi & C. Y. Cai. 2003. A lycopsid with novel reproductive structures from the Upper Devonian of Jiangsu, China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 263-273.

58. Bey, A. 2003. Evapoclimatonomy modelling of four restoration stages following Krakatau's 1883 destruction. Ecological Modelling 169: 327-337.

59. Bhandari, J. B. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2003. Studies on the morpho-taxonomy of Indian vittarioid ferns. Pp. 203-213. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

60. Bhattarai, K. R. & O. R. Vetaas. 2003. Variation in plant species richness of different life forms along a subtropical elevation gradient in the Himalayas, east Nepal. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12: 327-340.

61. Bir, S. S. 2003. Fifty years of pteridology in India (1947-1997): Name changes and new taxa published from India in Pteridophytes. Indian Fern Journal 20: 105-178.

62. Bir, S. S. 2003. Supplement to fifty years of pteridology in India (1947-1997): Name changes and new taxa published from India in Pteridophytes. Indian Fern Journal 20: 179-185.

63. Blanchard, F., T. Lamothe & S. Loriot. 2003. Contribution a la repartition du gametophyte independant de Trichomanes speciosum Will. (Hymenophyllaceae, Pteridophyta) dans le Pays basque (Pyrenees-Atlantiques). Monde Pl. 98: 15-17. [French]

64. Bliznyuk, T. N. 2003. Species of vascular plants new to Norsky State Nature Reserve (Amur Region). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 128-130. [Russian; Lycopodium clavatum]

65. Bociag, K. 2003. The impact of audic organic matter on the diversity of underwater vegetation in soft water lakes. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Pobniae 72: 221-229. [Polish]

66. Bonafede, F., D. Dallai, C. Del Prete & L. Maffettone. 2002. Marsilea quadrifolia L. in Emilia Romagna province, Italy: Geographical distribution, ecology and integrated in and ex situ conservation issues. Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena 133: 183-211. [Italian]

67. Bondada, B. R. & L. Q. Ma. 2003. Tolerance of heavy metals in vascular plants: Arsenic hyperaccumulation by Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.). Pp. 395-418. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

68. Bonini, B. M., P. Van Dijck & J. M. Thevelein. 2003. Uncoupling of the glucose growth defect and the deregulation of glycolysis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae tps1 mutants expressing trehalose-6-phosphate-insensitive hexokinase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1606: 83-93. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

69. Boonkerd, T. 2003. Morphometric analysis of variation among three populations of Doryopteris ludens (Adiantaceae: Pteridophyta) in Thailand. Fern Gazette 17: 11-19.

70. Boonkerd, T. 2003. Huperzia carinata. Pp. 112-113. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

71. Boonkerd, T. 2003. Lycopodium complanatum. Pp. 126-128. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

72. Boonkerd, T. & W. P. De Winter. 2003. Loxogramme scolopendrina. Pp. 120-121. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

73. Booth, R. K. & S. T. Jackson. 2003. Influence of late Holocene moisture variability on forest dynamics in the western Great Lakes region. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 38. [Abstract; Pteridium]

74. Borgo, M. & S. M. Silva. 2003. Vascular epiphytes in subtropical ombrophilous forest fragments, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 26: 391-401.

75. Borzacchiello, G., V. Ambrosio, S. Roperto, F. Poggiali, E. Tsirimonakis, A. Venuti, M. S. Campo & F. Roperto. 2003. Bovine papillomavirus type 4 in oesophageal papillomas of cattle from the south of Italy. Journal of Comparative Pathology 128: 203-206. [Pteridium]

76. Boudrie, M. 2003. General survey of the Pteridophytes of the Paul-Isnard area (north-western French Guiana). Flora of the Guianas, Special workshop issue, Newsletter 14: 66-78.

77. Boudrie, M. 2003. Les pteridophytes de l'ile Robinson Crusoe (archipel Juan Fernandez, Chile). J. Bot. Soc. bot. France 24: 32-48. [French]

78. Boudrie, M., H. Rasbach, K. Rasbach & R. Viane. 2003. New cytological and nomenclatural data on the fern hybrids between Asplenium foreziense and A. trichomanes, A. ?guichardii Litard. and A. ?pagesii Litard. (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta). Acta Bot. Gallica 150: 195-211. [French]

79. Boyce, C. K., G. D. Cody, M. L. Fogel, R. M. Hazen, C. M. O. Alexander & A. H. Knoll. 2003. Chemical evidence for cell wall lignification and the evolution of tracheids in early Devonian plants. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 691-702.

80. Bremer, P. 2003. Some aspects of the fern flora (Filicopsida) of the Netherlands. Pp. 325-338. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

81. Bresciani, L. F. V., J. P. Priebe, R. A. Yunes, J. Dal Magro, F. Delle Monache, F. de Campos, M. M. de Souza & V. Cechinel-Filho. 2003. Pharmacological and phytochemical evaluation of Adiantum cuneatum growing in Brazil. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 58: 191-194.

82. Brockway, D. G. & C. E. Lewis. 2003. Influence of deer, cattle grazing and timber harvest on plant species diversity in a longleaf pine bluestem ecosystem. Forest Ecology and Management 175: 49-69. [Pteridium aquilinum]

83. Broughton, D. A. & J. H. McAdam. 2003. The current status and distribution of the Falkland Islands pteridophyte flora. Fern Gazette 17: 21-38.

84. Budke, J. M., R. J. Hickey & K. D. Heafner. 2003. Morphological characterization of North America's first octoploid Isoetes. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

85. Bures, P., L. Tichy, Y. F. Wang & J. Bartos. 2003. Occurrence of Polypodium ?mantoniae and new localities for P. interjectum in the Czech Republic confirmed using flow cytometry. Preslia (Prague) 75: 293-310.

86. Burton, R. M. 2003. Botanical records for 2002. London Naturalist 82: 253-260. [Dryopteris cycadina, D. erythrosora, D. ?deweveri]

87. Cabezudo, B., A. V. Perez Latorre, D. Navas, G. Caballero & O. Gavira. 2003. Contributions to the vascular flora of Andalusia, Spain (89-95). 94. New data on the Andalusian flora. 2. Acta Botanica Malacitana 28: 254-257. [Dryopteris submontana]

88. Cai, Y., W. H. Zhang, J. H. Su, M. Feng, L. Q. Ma & K. Downum. 2003. Arsenic uptake, hyperaccumulation, and detoxification in Chinese brake fern: An mechanistic approach. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: GEOC 42. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

89. Caluff, M. G. & G. Shelton. 2003. The musciform Selaginella species (Selaginellaceae) with broad lateral leaves in the West Indies. Willdenowia 33: 425-437.

90. Caluff, M. G. & S. G. Shelton. 2003. 2. Cyatheaceae. P. 63. In W. Greuter & R. R. Rankin (Eds.). Flora de la Republica de Cuba. Serie A. Fasciculo 8. Gantner Verlag, Ruggell. [Spanish]

91. Caluff, M. G. & S. G. Shelton. 2003. Alsophila minor (D.C.Eaton) R.M.Tryon (Cyatheaceae), dos especies bajo un mismo nombre. Moscosoa 13: 6-17. [Spanish]

92. Cambie, R. C. & L. R. Ferguson. 2003. Potential functional foods in the traditional Maori diet. Mutation Research 523-524: 109-117. [Asplenium bulbiferum]

93. Cao, J. G., W. M. Bao & S. J. Dai. 2003. Ultrastructure of the blepharoplast and the multilayered structure in spermatogenesis in Osmunda cinnamomea var. asiatica. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 832-842.

94. Cao, J. G., W. M. Bao & S. J. Dai. 2003. Study on the morphology and development of the archegonium and antheridium of the fern Osmunda cinnamomea. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 23: 42-45. [Chinese]

95. Cao, X. D., L. Q. Ma & A. Shiralipour. 2003. Effects of compost and phosphate amendments on arsenic mobility in soils and arsenic uptake by the hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata L. Environmental Pollution 126: 157-167.

96. Casco, S. L., A. S. G. Poi de Neiff, R. F. Benassi & J. J. Neiff. 2003. Growth of free-floating plants in different water conditions. Iheringia Serie Botanica 58: 181-193. [Salvinia biloba]

97. Castillo, U. F., A. L. Wilkins, D. R. Lauren, B. L. Smith & M. Alonso-Amelot. 2003. Pteroside A2: A new illudane-type sesquiterpene glucoside from Pteridium caudatum L. Maxon, and the spectrometric characterization of caudatodienone. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51: 2559-2564.

98. Cha-Cha, R., F. Fernandes & A. Romano. 2003. Preservation of Polystichum drepanum (Sw.) C. PresL, an endemic pteridophyte of Madeira island. Revista de Biologia (Lisbon) 21: 7-16. [Portuguese]

99. Chandra, S. 2003. Professor Bala Krishnan Nayer: A biographical sketch. Pp. 1-10. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

100. Chandra, S., M. Srivastava & R. Srivastava. 2003. Contribution to the gametophyte morphology of the fern genus Lomagramma J. Sm. in India. American Fern Journal 93: 25-31.

101. Chandra, S., M. Srivastava & R. Srivastava. 2003. Diversity in the vasculature of the rhizome in some members of Lindsaeoid ferns. Indian Fern Journal 20: 29-38.

102. Chang, E. J., W. J. Lee, S. H. Cho & S. W. Choi. 2003. Proliferative effects of flavan-3-ols and propelargonidins from rhizomes of Drynaria fortunei on MCF-7 and osteoblastic cells. Archives of Pharmacal Research (Seoul) 26: 620-630.

103. Chang, H. M., W. L. Chiou & J. C. Wang. 2003. Supplements to the pteridophytes in Taiwan (I): Dryopteris decipiens (Hook.) Kuntze (Dryopteridaceae). Taiwania 48: 197-202.

104. Charlebois, P. M. & K. M. Tepas. 2003. Potential aquatic plant invaders of Illinois: A case study of a rudimentary method allowing states to focus management activities. IAGLR Conference Program and Abstracts 46: 275. [Salvinia]

105. Chauhan, N., H. Padalia, S. Gupta, M. C. Porwal & P. S. Roy. 2003. Psilotum complanatum Sw., a rare epiphytic fern ally of Great Nicobar Island: Exploration and habitat monitoring. Current Science (Bangalore) 85: 193-197.

106. Chavez, D. 2003. Fiddlehead fern harvesting in southern California. Fiddlehead Forum 30: 28-29. [Pteridium aquilinum]

107. Cheksum Supiah Tawan & W. Somprasong. 2003. Schizaea dichotoma. Pp. 177-178. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

108. Chen, C. C., Y. L. Huang, P. Y. Yeh & J. C. Ou. 2003. Cyclized geranyl stilbenes from the rhizomes of Helminthostachys zeylanica. Planta Medica 69: 964-967.

109. Chen, G. R., S. J. Wang & B. L. Tian. 2003. Anatomical structures of "Lepidodendron" pulchrum Zhang in coal-balls from the Taiyuan formation (Lower Lower Permian) in Shandong Province, North China. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 15-22.

110. Chen, G. X., C. Q. Ao, W. B. Liao, J. Y. Zhu & C. Xiang. 2003. Comparative analysis on the pteridophyte floral relationships between Wulingshan region and its neighboring florae. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 23: 120-126.

111. Chen, J., G. Z. Xu, W. W. Zheng & L. F. Tang. 2003. RAPD analysis of Anabaena-free Azolla and its application in the study of interspecific relationships within section Azolla. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41: 509-519. [Chinese]

112. Chen, R. X. 2003. Arsenic speciation by high performance liquid chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectometry and capillary electrophoresis inductively coupled plasma mass spectometry. University of Florida, Gainesville. 163 pp. [Dissertation; Pteris vittata]

113. Chen, T. B., Z. C. Huang, Y. Y. Huang, H. Xie & X. U. Liao. 2003. Cellular distribution of arsenic and other elements in hyperaccumulator Pteris nervosa and their relations to arsenic accumulation. Chinese Science Bulletin 48: 1586-1591.

114. Chen, Y. J., Y. Song, J. Wang, J. H. Zou & Zhang, X. C. 2003. Studies on the pteridoflora of Matoushan Mountain of Zixi County, Jiangxi Province. Guihaia 23: 505-510. [Chinese]

115. Chiou, W. L., Y. M. Chiou, H. Lee & P. H. Lee. 2003. Mating systems of Cyatheaceae native to Taiwan. Pp. 483-487. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

116. Chiou, W. L., P. H. Lee & Y. M. Huang. 2003. The reproductive biology of gametophytes of homosporous ferns. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 18: 67-73.

117. Chuang, Y. Y. & H. Y. Liu. 2003. Leaf epidermal morphology and its systematic implications in Taiwan Pteridaceae. Taiwania 48: 60-71.

118. Chunari, S. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2003. Studies in the leaf epidermis and venation pattern of some species of Lindsaea Dryander ex Smith. Phytomorphology 53-4: 243-248.

119. Ciganda, C. & A. Laborde. 2003. Herbal infusions used for induced abortion. Journal of Toxicology Clinical Toxicology 41: 235-239. [Lycopodium saururus]

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124. Cleal, C. J. & P. M. Rees. 2003. The Middle Jurassic flora from Stonesfield, Oxfordshire, UK. Palaeontology (Oxford) 46: 739-801.

125. Cohen, M. F. & H. Yamasaki. 2003. Involvement of nitric oxide synthase in sucrose-enhanced hydrogen peroxide tolerance of Rhodococcus sp. strain APG1, a plant-colonizing bacterium. Nitric Oxide 9: 1-9. [Azolla pinnata]

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128. Colli, A. M. T., S. A. Souza & R. T. Silva. 2003. Pteridophytes from Porto Ferreira State Park (SP) Brazil. Revista do Instituto Florestal 15: 29-35. [Portuguese]

129. Colling, G. & Y. Krippel. 2003. Floristic notes. Observations made in Luxembourg (2000-2001). Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb. 103: 3023. [French]

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134. D'Rozario, A. & S. Bera. 2003. Studies of glandular structures in Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn with special reference to aphid infestation from Lachen Valley, north Sikkim. Phytomorphology 53: 37-42.

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143. Darnaedi, D. & T. N. Praptosuwiryo. 2003. Pityrogramma calomelanos. Pp. 155-157. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

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146. Darnaedi, D. & T. N. Praptosuwiryo. 2003. Stenochlaena palustris. Pp. 186-188. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

147. Darnaedi, D. & N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto. 2003. Selliguea feei. Pp. 184-186. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

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149. Das, S. 2003. Usefulness of pteridophytes in India with special reference to medicine and conservation. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 27: 7-16.

150. Davin, L. B., C. Z. Wang, G. L. Helms & N. G. Lewis. 2003. [C-13]-Specific labeling of 8-2' linked (-)-cis-blechnic, (-)-trans-blechnic and (-)-brainic acids in the fern Blechnum spicant. Phytochemistry 62: 501-511.

151. De La Sota, E. R. 2003. New combination in Pleopeltis (Polypodiaceae). Hickenia 3: 195-197. [Spanish]

152. de Lange, P. J. & B. G. Murray. 2003. Chromosome numbers of Norfolk Island endemic plants. Australian Journal of Botany 51: 211-215. [Pteris kingiana]

153. de Moraes, G. J., J. A. McMurtry & J. L. de Carvalho Mineiro. 2003. A new genus and species of phytoseiid mite (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Brazil. International Journal of Acarology 29: 47-54. [Salvinia]

154. de Paula Athayde Filho, F. & P. G. Windisch. 2003. The genus Pecluma M.G. Price (Polypodiaceae, Pteridophyta) in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Pesquisas Botanica 53: 65-77. [Portuguese]

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156. De Winter, W. P. 2003. Amphineuron terminans. Pp. 56-58. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

157. De Winter, W. P. 2003. Huperzia serrata. Pp. 115-118. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

158. De Winter, W. P. 2003. Lycopodium clavatum. Pp. 123-126. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

159. De Winter, W. P. 2003. Odontosoria chinensis. Pp. 145-147. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

160. De Winter, W. P. 2003. Rumohra adiantiformis. Pp. 174-177. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

161. De Winter, W. P. 2003. De Spoorwegpaardestaart (Equisetum moorei) in Nederland. Varen-varia 16: 5-11. [Netherlandish]

162. De Winter, W. P. & V. B. Amoroso. 2003. Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 268 pp.

163. De Winter, W. P. & B. Hariyadi. 2003. Hypolepis punctata. Pp. 118-119. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

164. De Winter, W. P. & P. C. M. Jansen. 2003. Angiopteris evecta. Pp. 58-96. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

165. De Winter, W. P. & P. C. M. Jansen. 2003. Selaginella. Pp. 178-184. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

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167. Delgado Vazquez, A. J. & L. F. Sanchez Tundidor. 2003. Contributions to the vascular flora of Andalusia, Spain (89-95). 92. New location of Psilotum nudum (L.) PB. Acta Botanica Malacitana 28: 252-253. [Spanish]

168. Deng, Y. F. 2003. A new name for Chinese Asplenium (Aspleniaceae). Guihaia 23: 424. [Chinese]

169. Derzhavina, N. M. 2003. Eco-morphological characteristics of Pyrrosia petiolosa (Christ et Baroni) Ching (Polypodiaceae) in the primary territory, in far-Eastern Russia. Pp. 363-372. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

170. Derzhavina, N. M. & L. A. Silantieva. 2003. Some anatomic and morphological peculiarities of Asplenium species (Aspleniaceae) in relation to their ecology. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 46-59. [Russian]

171. Des Marais, D. L., A. R. Smith, D. M. Britton & K. M. Pryer. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of extant horsetails, Equisetum, based on chloroplast DNA sequence data (rbcL and trnL-F). International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 737-751.

172. Diamond, H. L., H. R. Jones & L. J. Swatzell. 2003. Water balance in the gametophyte of Cheilanthes lanosa. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

173. Dobbs, R. C., H. E. Greeney & P. R. Martin. 2003. The nest, nesting behavior, and foraging ecology of the rusty-winged barbtail (Premnornis guttuligera). Wilson Bulletin 115: 367-373. [Cyathea]

174. Dong, S. Y., Z. C. Chen & X. C. Zhang. 2003. A survey of the pteridophytes of Hainan Island China. Living Forests 6: 36-37.

175. Dong, S. Y., X. C. Zhang & Z. C. Chen. 2003. Biodiversity and conservation of the pteridophytes from Diaoluo Mountain, Hainana Island. Biodiversity Science 11: 422-431.

176. Doweld, A. B. 2003. Re-classification of the Carboniferous genus Eusphenopteris (Lyginopteridaceae/Lagenostomataceae-Lyginopteridophyta). Botanicheskij Zhurnal 102-117.

177. Doweld, A. B. 2003. Schizoneurina, a new generic name of Rhodymeniophyta. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 88-89. [Russian]

178. Drever, C. R. & K. P. Lertzman. 2003. Effects of a wide gradient of retained tree structure on understory light in coastal Douglas-fir forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 137-146. [Polystichum munitum]

179. Driscoll, H. E., D. S. Barrington & A. V. Gilman. 2003. A reexamination of the apogamous tetraploid Phegopteris (Thelypteridaceae) from northeastern North America. Rhodora 105: 309-321.

180. Dubuisson, J. Y., S. Hennequin, E. J. P. Douzery, R. B. Cranfill, A. R. Smith & K. M. Pryer. 2003. rbcL phylogeny of the fern genus Trichomanes (Hymenophyllaceae), with special reference to neotropical taxa. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 753-761.

181. Dubuisson, J. Y., S. Hennequin, F. Rakotondrainibe & H. Schneider. 2003. Ecological diversity and adaptive tendencies in the tropical fern Trichomanes L. (Hymenophyllaceae) with special reference to climbing and epiphytic habits. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 142: 41-63.

182. Duckett, J. G. & R. Ligrone. 2003. The structure and development of haustorial placentas in leptosporangiate ferns provide a clear-cut distinction between euphyllophytes and lycophytes. Annals of Botany (London) 92: 513-521. [Athyrium, Azolla caroliniana, Ceratopteris thalictroides, Gleichenia, Pteridium aquilinum]

183. Dunn, M. T. 2003. Floristic survey and paleoecology of the Fayetteville Formation (Upper Mississippian) of northwester Arkansas, USA. Ohio University, Athens. 243 pp. [Dissertation]
184. Dunn, M. T., M. Krings, G. Mapes, G. W. Rothwell, R. H. Mapes & S. Keqin. 2003. Medullosa steinii sp. nov., a seed fern vine from the Upper Mississippian. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 124: 307-324.

185. Dunn, M. T., G. W. Rothwell & G. Mapes. 2003. On Paleozoic plants from marine strata: Trivena arkansana (Lyginopteridaceae) gen. et sp. nov., a lyginopterid from the Fayetteville Formation (middle Chesterian/Upper Mississippian) of Arkansas, USA. American Journal of Botany 90: 1239-1252.

186. Dute, R. R. 2003. The torus: Ontogeny, phylogeny, and function. IAWA Journal 24: 315-316. [Abstract; Botrychium dissectum]

187. Dyer, A. 2003. The five best fern species for cultivation in the British garden. Pteridologist 4: 36-40.

188. Ebihara, A., K. Iwatsuki, T. A. Ohsawa & M. Ito. 2003. Hymenophyllum paniense (Hymenophyllaceae), a new species of filmy fern from New Caledonia. Systematic Botany 28: 228-235.

189. Eble, C. F., B. S. Pierce & W. C. Grady. 2003. Palynology, petrography and geochemistry of the sewickley coal bed (Monongahela group, late pennsylvanian), northern Appalachian basin, USA. International Journal of Coal Geology 55: 187-204.

190. Edgington, J. A. 2003. Ferns of the metropolis: A status report. London Naturalist 82: 59-73.

191. Elless, M. P., C. Y. Poynton & M. J. Blaylock. 2003. Phytofiltration of arsenic from drinking water. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: GEOC 43. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

192. Ellis, W. N. & S. Koster. 2003. Phytolyriomyza terra incognita (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Entomologische Berichten (Amsterdam) 63: 21-23. [Netherlandish; Pteridium aquilinum]

193. Ellyson, W. J. T. & S. C. Sillett. 2003. Epiphyte communities on Sitka spruce in an old-growth redwood forest. Bryologist 106: 197-211. [Polypodium glycyrrhiza, P. scouleri]

194. Ennabili, A. & N. Gharnit. 2003. Checklist and diversity of wetland flora (Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Mediterranean Morocco. Lagascalia 23: 7-25.

195. Esteves, L. M. & A. F. Dyer. 2003. The vertical distributions of live and dead ferns spores in the soil of a semi-natural woodland in Southeast Scotland and their implications for spore movement in the formation of soil spore banks. Pp. 259-290. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

196. Falco, G., J. Gomez-Catalan, J. M. Llobet & J. L. Domingo. 2003. Contribution of medicinal plants to the daily intake of various toxic elements in Catalonia, Spain. Trace Elements and Electrolytes 20: 120-124. [Equisetum arvense]

197. Falcon-Lang, H. J. 2003. Late Carboniferous tropical dryland vegetation in an alluvial-plain setting, Joggins, Nova Scotia, Canada. Palaios 18: 197-211.

198. Farrar, D. R. 2003. Warren H. Wagner, Jr. 1920-2000. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 83: 1020.

199. Farrar, D. R. 2003. Gametophyte morphology and breeding systems in ferns. Pp. 445-452. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

200. Feder, J. 2003. The wild ferns and seed plants of the district Diepholz. Abhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 45: 371-413. [German]

201. Feldkirchner, D. C., C. Wang, S. T. Gower, E. L. Kruger & J. Ferris. 2003. Effects of nutrient and paper mill biosolids amendments on the growth and nutrient status of hardwood forests. Forest Ecology and Management 177: 95-116. [Pteridium aquilinum]

202. Fellerhoff, C., M. Voss & K. M. Wantzen. 2003. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures of decomposing tropical macrophytes. Aquatic Ecology 37: 361-375. [Salvinia auriculata]

203. Feng, M., Y. Cai & L. Q. Ma. 2003. Influences of arsenic species on arsenic uptake, speciation and thiol formation in Chinese brake fern. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 225: ENVR 198. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

204. Fernandes, I. 2003. Taxonomy of two representative Cyatheaceae in Oriental Northeastern Brazil. Pesquisas Botanica 53: 7-53. [Portuguese]

205. Fernandez, H. & M. A. Revilla. 2003. In vitro culture of ornamental ferns. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 73: 1-13. [Asplenium nidus, Dryopteris affinis, Nephrolepis, Osmunda regalis, Woodwardia virginica]

206. Fernandez, R. & R. Vail. 2003. New records for Platycerium andinum Baker in Peru. American Fern Journal 93: 160-163.

207. Fitz, W. J., W. W. Wenzel, H. Zhang, J. Nurmi, K. Stipek, Z. Fischerova, P. Schweiger, G. Koellensperger, L. Q. Ma & G. Stingeder. 2003. Rhizosphere characteristics of the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. and monitoring of phytoremoval efficiency. Environmental Science & Technology 37: 5008-5014.

208. Follett, P. A., P. Anderson-Wong, M. T. Johnson & V. P. Jones. 2003. Revegetation in dead Dicranopteris (Gleicheniaceae) fern patches associated with Hawaiian rain forests. Pacific Science 57: 347-357.

209. Frith, C. B. 2003. A nest of the greater bird of paradise Paradisaea apoda. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 123: 271-273. [Pyrrosia]

210. Fu, C. N. 2003. Kinetic property of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 25: 705-710. [Chinese]

211. Galtier, J., F. Frappa & N. Guillerme. 2003. Recent botanical discoveries in the Loire department, France. Bulletin Mensuel de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon 72: 235-246. [French; Equisetum telmateia]

212. Gangloff, R. & A. Fiorillo. 2003. The record of arctic dinosaurs from Northern Alaska, paleogeographic and paleoecologic implications. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23: 53A. [Abstract]

213. Garbari, F., A. Giovannini & D. Marchetti. 2003. Biosystematics, taxonomy and phytogeography of the pteridological flora of the Monte Pisano (NW Tuscany, Italy). Bocconea 16: 41-53.

214. Garcia Quintanilla, L. 2003. Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brownsey et Jermy (Thelypteridaceae), probablemente estinto en Galicia. An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 60: 219. [Spanish]

215. Garcia Quintanilla, L., J. Amigo, E. Pangua & S. Pajaron. 2003. Biogeographic analysis of the pteridophyte flora of the Capelada Range (La Coruna, Spain.). Lazaroa 23: 17-24. [Spanish]

216. Gebhardt, R. 2003. Antioxidative, antiproliferative and biochemical effects in HepG2 cells of a homeopathic remedy and its constituent plant tinctures tested separately or in combination. Arzneimittel-Forschung 53: 823-830. [Lycopodium clavatum]

217. Gee, C. T., C. A. Meyer & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2003. The first unequivocal spenophytes form the Late Jurassic of northwestern Switzerland (late Oxfordian Vellerat Formation) Palaeobotany and implications for facies interpretation. Courier Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg 241: 97-109.

218. Geiger, J. M. O. 2003. Origin and diversification of Hawaiian Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae). University of Colorado, Boulder. 127 pp. [Dissertation]

219. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: An annotated checklist (Strelitzia: Volume 14). National Botanical Institute, Brummeria, South Africa. 1231 pp.

220. Ghorbani, J., P. M. Das, A. B. Das, J. M. Hughes, H. A. McAllister, S. K. Pallai, R. J. Pakeman, R. H. Marrs & M. G. Le Duc. 2003. Effects of restoration treatments on the diaspore bank under dense Pteridium stands in the UK. Applied Vegetation Science 6: 189-198.

221. Gielwanowska, I., E. Szczuka, D. Tchorzewska & J. Bednara. 2003. Microtubular cytoskeleton and organelles during sporogenesis of the homosporous fern Ophioglossum vulgatum. Biologia (Bratislava) 58: 851-860.

222. Gilman, A. V. 2003. A new form of Osmunda cinnamomea. Fiddlehead Forum 30: 17-18.

223. Gilman, A. V. 2003. Diphasiastrum ?verecundum (Lycopodiaceae), nothosp. nov. Rhodora 105: 136-142.

224. Glasspool, I. J. 2003. A review of Permian Gondwana megaspores, with particular emphasis on material collected from coals of the Witbank Basin of South Africa and the Sydney Basin of Australia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 124: 227-296.

225. Glomski, L. A. M., L. S. Nelson & J. G. Skogerboe. 2003. Clearigate(R) treatments for control of giant salvinia. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 41: 127-129. [Salvinia molesta]

226. Gola, E. & J. Jernstedt. 2003. Detachment of Huperzia propagules: letting go and leaving home. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

227. Goolsby, J. A., A. D. Wright & R. W. Pemberton. 2003. Exploratory surveys in Australia and Asia for natural enemies of Old World climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum: Lygodiaceae. Biological Control 28: 33-46.

228. Gos, K. & K. Bociag. 2003. Supplement to the list of lobelian lakes in Poland. Badania Fizjograficsne nad Polska Zachodnra. Seria B 52: 151-158. [Polish]

229. Gottleib, J. 2003. Perplexing Pellaeas. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 42-45.

230. Granados, B., B. Perez-Garcia & A. Mendoza. 2003. Contribucion al conocimiento de la fase sexual de Odontosoria Schlechtendalii y O. scandens. Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 675-682.

231. Grebenyuk, A. V. 2003. Marsilea strigosa (Marsileaceae), a rare fern in the flora of Siberia. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 116-122. [Russian]

232. Green, S. 2003. A review of the potential for the use of bioherbicides to control forest weeds in the UK. Forestry (Oxford) 76: 285-298. [Pteridium aquilinum]
233. Greuter, W., J. McNeill, F. R. Barrie, H. M. Burdet, V. Demoulin, T. S. Filgueiras, D. H. Nicolson, P. C. Silva, J. E. Skog, P. Trehane, N. J. Turland & D. L. Hawksworth. 2000 (2003). Codigo Internacional de Nomenclatura Botanica (Codigo de St. Louis). Portuguese translation by C. E. M. Bicudo and J Prado. Instituto de Botanica, International Association for Plant Taxonomy & Sociedade Botanica de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo. 162 pp. [Portuguese]

234. Grewing, A., M. Krings, J. Galtier, H. Kerp, S. D. Klavins & T. N. Taylor. 2003. The oldest fossil endophytic alga and its unusual habitat. Symbiosis 34: 215-230.

235. Grote, S. 2003. Contribution to the town flora of Braunschweig (Lower Saxony, Germany). Braunschweiger Naturkundliche Schriften 6: 761-774. [German; Cystopteris fragilis]

236. Grzelak, A. & W. Janiszowska. 2003. Triterpenoids occurrence and their biosynthesis in cultures in vitro. Postepy Biologii Komorki 30: 229-241. [Polish; Pteridium aquilinum]

237. Guerra, J., M. J. Cano, A. V. Perez Latorre, R. M. Ros & B. Cabezudo. 2003. Bryo-pteridophytic flora in the lauroid forests (Rhododendron ponticum L.) of the Natural Park Los Alcornocales (Cadiz-Malaga, Spain). Acta Botanica Malacitana 28: 19-36. [Spanish]

238. Guillon, J. M. & D. Fievet. 2003. Environmental sex determination in response to light and biased sex ratios in Equisetum gametophytes. Journal of Ecology 91: 49-57.

239. Guo, Q., M. Kato & R. E. Ricklefs. 2003. Life history, diversity and distribution: A study of Japanese pteridophytes. Ecography 26: 129-138.

240. Gureyeva, I. I. 2003. Rare ferns of Russia. Pp. 303-304. In Botanical research in Asiatic Russia. Proceedings of the XI Congress: 18-22 August. Volume 3. Novosibirisk/Barani. [Abstract, Russian]

241. Gureyeva, I. I. 2003. Ecological and demographic studies of the forest ferns in South Siberia. Pp. 338-340. In Botanical research in Asiatic Russia. Proceedings of the XI Congress: 18-22 August. Volume 2. Russian Botanical Society, Novosibirsk/Barani. [Abstract, Russian]

242. Gureyeva, I. I. 2003. Demographic studies of homosporous fern populations in South Siberia. Pp. 339-362. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

243. Gustafson, S. & D. Wang. 2002. Effects of agricultural runoff on vegetation composition of a priority conservation wetland, Vermont, USA. Journal of Environmental Quality 31: 350-357. [Onoclea sensibilis, Osmunda regalis, Thelypteris palustris]

244. Haberle, S. G. 2003. Late quaternary vegetation dynamics and human impact on Alexander Selkirk Island, Chile. Journal of Biogeography 30: 239-255.

245. Haines, A. 2003. Lycopodiella ?gilmanii (Lycopodiaceae), a new hybrid bog clubmoss from northeastern North America. American Fern Journal 93: 196-202.

246. Haines, A. 2003. A record for Selaginella eclipes (Selaginellaceae) in Massachusetts. Rhodora 105: 189-191.

247. Hall, W. L., H. R. Zuuring, C. C. Hardy & R. H. Wakimoto. 2003. Applying logistic regression to determine regeneration risk to stand replacement fire on the Kootenai National Forest, Montana. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 18: 155-162. [Pteridium aquilinum]

248. Hameed, C. A., K. P. Rajesh & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 2003. Filmy ferns of South India. Penta Book Publishers & Distributors, Kerala, India. 260 pp.
249. Handel, W. C., L. R. Phillippe & J. E. Ebinger. 2003. Floristic assessment of sand prairies and sedge meadows, Lee county Illinois. Prairie Naturalist 35: 33-46. [Onoclea sensibilis, Thelypteris palustris]

250. Hansen, B. C. S., D. T. Rodbell, G. O. Seltzer, B. Leon, K. R. Young & M. Abbott. 2003. Late-glacial and Holocene vegetational history from two sites in the western Cordillera of southwestern Ecuador. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 194: 79-108.

251. Hanus, L. O., T. Rezanka & V. M. Dembitsky. 2003. A trinorsesterterpene glycoside from the North American fern Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 63: 869-875.

252. Harper, D. B., J. T. G. Hamilton, V. Ducrocq, J. T. Kennedy, A. Downey & R. M. Kalin. 2003. The distinctive isotopic signature of plant-derived chloromethane: Possible application in constraining the atmospheric chloromethane budget. Chemosphere 52: 433-436. [Angiopteris evecta, Cyathea smithii]

253. Harper, S. M., L. C. Neil & K. H. Gardner. 2003. Structural basis of a phototropin light switch. Science (Washington D C) 301: 1541-1544. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

254. Hartig, K. & E. Beck. 2003. The bracken fern (Pteridium arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Maxon) dilemma in the Andes of southern Ecuador. Ecotropica (Bonn) 9: 3-13.

255. Haufler, C. H., W. A. Grammer, E. Hennipman, T. A. Ranker, A. R. Smith & H. Schneider. 2003. Systematics of the ant-fern genus Lecanopteris (Polypodiaceae): Testing phylogenetic hypotheses with DNA sequences. Systematic Botany 28: 217-227.

256. Hauk, W. D. & M. S. Barker. 2003. Botrychium lanceolatum subsp. angustisegmentum in Ohio. American Fern Journal 93: 93-94.

257. Hauk, W. D., L. F. Kennedy & H. M. Hawke. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Botrychium s.s. (Ophioglossaceae) based on three plastid DNA sequence data sets. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

258. Hauk, W. D., C. R. Parks & M. W. Chase. 2003. Phylogenetic studies of Ophioglossaceae: Evidence from rbcL and trnL-F plastid DNA sequences and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 131-151.

259. Hawes, I., D. Sutherland & D. Hanelt. 2003. The use of pulse amplitude modulated fluorometry to determine fine-scale temporal and spatial variation of in situ photosynthetic activity within an Isoetes-dominated canopy. Aquatic Botany 77: 1-15.

260. Hawkes, C. V. & E. S. Menges. 2003. Effects of lichens on seedling emergence in a xeric Florida shrubland. Southeastern Naturalist 2: 223-234. [Selaginella arenicola]

261. He, C. W., N. C. Liang, L. E. Mo, J. H. Li & X. Zhang. 2003. Inhibitory effect of compound 6F isolated from Pteris semipinnata L. on the activity of protein kinase C in HL-60 cells. Zhongguo Yaolixue Yu Dulixue Zazhi 17: 81-86.

262. He, H. 2003. A checklist of pteridophytes from Chongqing, southwesern China. Journal of Chongqing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 20: 39-45.

263. He, H. 2003. A review of the taxonomy of the genus Arachniodes Bl. (Dryopteridaceae). Journal of Chongqing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 20: 42-47.

264. He, Q., R. L. You & K. N. Mwange. 2003. Changes of the microtubule arrays during mitosis in prothallus cells of Dryopteris crassirhizoma. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 193-199.

265. Heafner, K. D., R. J. Hickey & L. E. Waston. 2003. Taxonomic and systematic studies of the Isoetes melanopoda Gay & Durieu assemblage in eastern North America. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

266. Hegde, S. & L. D'souza. 2003. Influence of nutrition on in vitro germination and development of gametophytes of Drynaria quercifolia. Indian Fern Journal 20: 71-77.

267. Heng, T. C., M. X. Qiang, Z. Hui, J. S. Hao & Z. D. Yuan. 2003. Two novel hydroperoxylated Lycopodium alkaloids from Huperzia serrata. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 118-121.

268. Hennequin, S. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships within the fern genus Hymenophyllum s. l. (Hymenophyllaceae, Filicopsida): Contribution of morphology and cytology. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326: 599-611.

269. Hennequin, S., A. Ebihara, M. Ito, K. Iwatsuki & J. Y. Dubuisson. 2003. Molecular systematics of the fern genus Hymenophyllum s.l. (Hymenophyllaceae) based on chloroplastic coding and noncoding regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 283-301.

270. Hickey, R. J., M. S. Barker & M. Ponce. 2003. An Adiantopsis hybrid from northeastern Argentina and vicinity. American Fern Journal 93: 42-44.

271. Hickey, R. J. & J. M. Budke. 2003. The sella and its derivative in Isoetes. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

272. Hickey, R. J., C. Macluf & W. C. Taylor. 2003. A re-evaluation of Isoetes savatieri Franchet in Argentina and Chile. American Fern Journal 93: 126-136.

273. Hill, M. P. 2003. The impact and control of alien aquatic vegetation in South African aquatic ecosystems. African Journal of Aquatic Science 28: 19-24. [Salvinia, Azolla]

274. Hillesheim-Kimmel, U. 2003. The occurrence of Polystichum setiferum near Zwingenberg in 2003. Hessische Floristische Briefe 52: 91-92. [German]

275. Hilton, J., B. Geng & P. Kenrick. 2003. A novel late Devonian (Frasnian) woody Cladoxylopsid from China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 793-805.

276. Hirasawa, Y., H. Morita & J. Kobayashi. 2003. Senepodines B-E, new C22N2 alkaloids from Lycopodium chinense. Tetrahedron 59: 3567-3573.

277. Hirasawa, Y., H. Morita, M. Shiro & J. Kobayashi. 2003. Sieboldine A, a novel tetracyclic alkaloid from Lycopodium sieboldii, inhibiting acetylcholinesterase. Organic Letters 51: 3991-3993.

278. Hnatyszyn, O., V. Moscatelli, J. Garcia, R. Rondina, M. Costa, C. Arranz, A. Balaszczuk, G. Ferraro & J. D. Coussio. 2003. Argentinian plant extracts with relaxant effect on the smooth muscle of the corpus cavernosum of Guinea pig. Phytomedicine (Jena) 10: 669-674. [Huperzia saururus]

279. Ho, Y. S. 2003. Removal of metal ions from sodium arsenate solution using tree fern. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 81: 352-356.

280. Ho, Y. S. 2003. Removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by tree fern. Water Research 37: 2323-2330.

281. Hollis, C. J. 2003. The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary event in New Zealand: profiling mass extinction. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 46: 307-321.

282. Hollowell, T., L. J. Gillespie, V. A. Funk & C. L. Kelloff. 2003. Smithsonian Plant Collections, Guyana: 1989-1991, Lynn J. Gillespie. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 44: 1-104.

283. Holmes, W. B. K. 2003. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 3. Fern-like foliage. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 124: 53-108.

284. Holzhueter, G., K. Narayanan & T. Gerber. 2003. Structure of silica in Equisetum arvense. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 376: 512-517.

285. Honcharenko, V. I. 2003. New records of two plants in East Europe. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 81. [Russian; Phyllitis scolopendrium]

286. Horn, K. & D. Korneck. 2003. Die Einfache Mondraute (Botrychium simplex E. Hitchcock) in Tirol. Wulfenia 10: 145-169. [German]

287. Horn, K. & W. Welss. 2003. Additions to the bibliography for the pteridophyte flora of Macaronesia (1). Vieraea 31: 447-452. [Santa Cruz de Tenerife]

288. Horrocks, J. 2003. Cheilanthes lanosa. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 7.

289. Horrocks, J. 2003. Polystichum retroso-paleaceum. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 46-47.

290. Horrocks, J. 2003. Dryopteris clintoniana. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 64-65.

291. Horrocks, J. 2003. Dryopteris erythrosora. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 104-105.

292. Hovenkamp, P. H. 2003. Pyrrosia. Pp. 170-174. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15 (2); Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

293. Hovenkamp, P. H. & Y. U. Kalsom. 2003. Diplazium. Pp. 96-99. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15 (2); Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

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295. Huang, Y. M., C. Y. Kuo & W. L. Chiou. 2003. Morphology of gametophytes and young sporophytes of Cibotium Kaulf. native to Taiwan. Taiwan J. Forest Sci. 18: 163-170. [Chinese]

296. Huang, Y. M., S. L. Wong & W. L. Chiou. 2003. The collection and storage of pteridophyte spores. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 18: 75-79. [Chinese]

297. Hushmurodov, S., S. R. Kushnazarov & A. B. Holikulov. 2003. Study of accumulation of elements in some kinds of plants by methods of nuclear physics. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: ENVR 158. [Abstract; Equisetum]

298. Illig, H. 2003. On the current area distribution of Azolla filiculoides Lam. in Brandenburg, Germany. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg 136: 133-143. [German]

299. Imperato, F. 2003. Kaempferol and quercetin 3-O-(2'',3''-di-O-p-coumaroyl)-glucosides from Pteris vittata. American Fern Journal 93: 157-160.

300. Inacio, C. A. & P. F. Cannon. 2003. Echidnodella africana. IMI Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria 158: 1571-1580. [Dryopteris inaequalis]

301. Inacio, C. A. & P. F. Cannon. 2003. Rhagadolobium dicksoniifolium. IMI Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria 158: 1571-1580. [Dicksonia antarctica, D. squarrosa]

302. Inamura, T., S. Miyagawa, O. Singvilay, N. Sipaseauth & Y. Kono. 2003. Competition between weeds and wet season transplanted paddy rice for nitrogen use, growth and yield in the central and northern regions of Laos. Weed Biology and Management 3: 213-221. [Marsilea crenata]

303. Inawati, F. X. 2003. Blechnum. Pp. 69-74. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

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305. Irudayaraj, V., D. P. Raja & V. S. Manickam. 2003. Morpho-anatomical studies on aerating structures in Blechnum orientale L. (Blechnaceae : Pteridophyta). Phytomorphology 53-4: 221-228.

306. Ishikawa, H., M. Ito, Y. Watano & S. Kurita. 2003. Extensive electrophoretic variation in the apogamous fern species, Dryopteris nipponensis (Dryopteridaceae). APG Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 54: 59-68.

307. Ishikawa, H., M. Ito, Y. Watano & S. Kurita. 2003. Electrophoretic evidence for homoeologous chromosome pairing in the apogamous fern species Dryopteris nipponensis (Dryopteridaceae). Journal of Plant Research 116: 165-167.

308. Ishizaki, M., Y. Niimi & O. Hoshino. 2003. Formal total synthesis of (+-)-magellanine. Tetrahedron Letters 44: 6029-6031. [Lycopodium]

309. Ivanenko, Y. A. 2003. A new species of Diphasiastrum (Lycopodiaceae) from China and the Eastern India. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 128-134. [Russian]

310. Ivanova, D., D. Ivanov, A. R. Ashraf & V. Mosbrugger. 2003. Pteridophyte spores of Bulgaria - preliminary results. Bocconea 16: 975-984.

311. Ivanova, D. & H. Piekos-Mirkowa. 2003. Chromosome numbers of Polish ferns. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 45: 93-99.

312. Iwata, T., D. Nozaki, S. Tokutomi, T. Kagawa, M. Wada & H. Kandori. 2003. Light-induced structural changes in the LOV2 domain of Adiantum phytochrome3 studied by low-temperature FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopy. Biochemistry 42: 8183-8191.

313. Izumi, Y., K. Ono & H. Takano. 2003. Inhibition of plastid division by ampicillin in the pteridophyte Selaginella nipponica Fr. et Sav. Plant and Cell Physiology 44: 183-189.

314. Jacknowitz, A. I. & T. S. Tracy. 2003. Huperzine. Pp. 245-252. In M. J. Cupp & T. S. Tracy (Eds.). Dietary supplements: Toxicology and clinical pharmacology. Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ USA. [Huperzia serrata]

315. Jacquemart, A. L., D. Champluvier & J. De Sloover. 2003. A test of mowing and soil-removal restoration techniques in wet heaths of the High Ardenne, Belgium. Wetlands 23: 376-385. [Lycopodiella inundata]

316. Jagdale, G. B. & P. S. Grewal. 2003. Overwintering survival of Aphelenchoides fragariae and the effectiveness of a hot water drench. Journal of Nematology 35: 345. [Abstract; Matteuccia pensylvanica]

317. Jenkins, M. A. 2003. Impact of the balsam woolly adelgid (Adelges piceae Ratz.) on an Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. dominated stand near the summit of Mount LeConte, Tennessee. Castanea 68: 109-118. [Dryopteris campyloptera]

318. Jerome, C. 2003. Pteridophytes remarquables du Massif Vosgien: bilan des decouvertes en 2001 et 2002. Monde Pl. 98: 15-16. [French]

319. Jesudass, L. L., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 2003. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the family Pteridaceae of the Western Ghats-South India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 27: 922-924.

320. Jesudass, L. L., V. S. Manickam, V. Irudayaraj & S. Gopalakrishnan. 2003. Venation pattern of the genus Pteris (Pteridaceae) from the Western Ghats - South India. Phytomorphology 53: 29-36.

321. Jha, A. K., N. R. Suman & D. K. Rathorb. 2003. Medicinal pteridophytes of Bastar, Chhattisgarh. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 27: 993-996.

322. Jin, G. G., X. M. Luo, X. C. He, H. L. Jiang, H. Y. Zhang & D. L. Bai. 2003. Synthesis and docking studies of alkylene-linked dimers of (-)-huperzine A. Arzneimittel-Forschung 53: 753-757. [Huperzia serrata]

323. Jin, M. L. & X. Cheng. 2003. Distributional study of the genus Cyrtomium C. Presl (Dryopteridaceae). Pp. 133-141. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

324. Joksic, G., M. Stankovic & A. Novak. 2003. Antibacterial medicinal plants Equisetum herba and Ononidis radix modulate micronucleus formation in human lymphocytes in vitro. Journal of Environmental Pathology Toxicology and Oncology 22: 41-48.

325. Jones, K. A., M. B. Rayamajhi, P. D. Pratt & T. K. Van. 2003. First report of the pathogenicity of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on invasive ferns, Lygodium microphyllum and L. japonicum, in Florida. Plant Disease 87: 101.

326. Jonsell, L. 2003. Between dunes and marshes: Excursion to Jutland, August 7-10, 2003. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 97: 311-312. [Swedish; Asplenium scolopendrium]

327. Joseph, L. H., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 2003. Studies on the stomatal pattern of Dryopteridaceous ferns of the Western Ghats, South India. Advances in Plant Sciences 16: 123-129.

328. Joseph, L. H., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 2003. Phytochemical studies on the Dryopteridaceous ferns of the Western Ghats-South India. Indian Fern Journal 20: 97-104.

329. Joseph, T. S. & C. B. Gena. 2002. A comparative study on the reproductive biology of three Indian species of Marsilea. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99: 583-586. [Marsilea coromandeliana, M. kedarmalii, M. shashiblii]

330. Joseph, T. S. & C. B. Gena. 2002. A comparative eco-anatomical study on the rhizome of three Indian Marsileas. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99: 587-588. [Marsilea coromandeliana, M. kedarmalii, M. shashiblii]

331. Joshi, A. & R. C. Mehrotra. 2003. A thelypteridaceous fossil fern from the Lower Siwalik of the East Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India 61: 483-486.

332. Kabanov, P. 2003. The Upper Moscovian and basal Kasimovian (Pennsylvanian) of Central European Russia: Facies, subaerial exposures and depositional model. Facies 49: 243-270.

333. Kakhovskaja, I., A. Rudacova & R. Manteuffel. 2003. Legumin- and vicilin-like proteins from spores of the fern Matteuccia struthiopteris. Journal of Plant Physiology 160: 583-588.

334. Kale, M. V. & A. B. Upadhye. 2003. Study of soluble proteins in the dimorphic leaves of some homosporous ferns. Geobios (Jodhpur) 30: 180-182. [Bolbitis appendiculata, Drynaria quercifolia, Gymnopteris contaminans]

335. Kale, M. V. & A. B. Upadhye. 2003. Study of chlorophylls in the dimorphic leaves of some homosporous ferns. Indian Fern Journal 20: 67-70. [Bolbitis appendiculata, Ceratopteris thalictroides, Drynaria quercifolia, Gymnopteris contaminans]

336. Kale, M. V. & A. B. Upadhye. 2003. Study of some inorganic constituents in the dimorphic leaves of Bolbitis appendiculata (Willd.) K. Iwats, Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. and Drynaria quercifolia (L.) J. Smith. Indian Fern Journal 20: 90-93.

337. Kamel, F., A. S. Rowland, L. P. Park, W. K. Anger, D. D. Baird, B. C. Gladen, T. Moreno, L. Stallone & D. P. Sandler. 2003. Neurobehavioral performance and work experience in Florida farmworkers. Environmental Health Perspectives 1114: 1765-1772.

338. Kankaala, P., S. Makela, I. Bergstrom, E. Huitu, T. Kaki, A. Ojala, M. Rantakari, P. Kortelainen & L. Arvola. 2003. Midsummer spatial variation in methane efflux from stands of littoral vegetation in a boreal meso-eutrophic lake. Freshwater Biology 48: 1617-1629. [Equisetum fluviatile]

339. Kao, H. Y. & D. M. Yeh. 2003. Effects of ethylene and GA3 contents on the prothallial development of Adiantum tenerum 'Scutum Roseum' cultured in vitro. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 18: 25-32. [Chinese]

340. Kao, H. Y. & D. M. Yeh. 2003. Partial tissue culture system for the mass propagation of Adiantum tenerum 'Scutum Roseum' from spores. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 18: 33-42. [Chinese]

341. Karlson, D. & R. Imai. 2003. Conservation of the cold shock domain protein family in plants. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 131: 12-15. [Ceratopteris richardii]

342. Karubian, J., G. Castaneda, J. F. Freile, R. T. Salazar, T. Santander & T. B. Smith. 2003. Nesting biology of a female Long-wattled Umbrellabird Cephalopterus penduliger in north-western Ecuador. Bird Conservation International 13: 351-360. [Cyathea]

343. Kasyinova, L. N. & M. G. Azovsky. 2003. About a find of relict phytocenosises Selaginella sanguinolenta (L.) Spring on an island Olhon (Baikal). Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 52-54. [Russian]
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345. Kawai, H., T. Kanegae, S. Christensen, T. Kiyosue, Y. Sato, T. Imaizumi, A. Kadota & M. Wada. 2003. Responses of ferns to red light are mediated by an unconventional photoreceptor. Nature (London) 421: 287-290.

346. Kawakami, S. M., S. Kawakami, K. Kondo, J. Kato & M. Ito. 2003. Sporogenesis in haploid sporophytes of Osmunda japonica (Osmundaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 527-534.

347. Kazmierczak, A. 2003. Ethylene is a positive regulator for GA3-induced male sex in Anemia phyllitidis gametophytes. Plant Cell Reports 22: 295-302.

348. Kazmierczak, A. 2003. Induction of cell division and cell expansion at the beginning of gibberellin A3-induced precocious antheridia formation in Anemia phyllitidis gametophytes. Plant Science (Oxford) 165: 933-939.

349. Keller, H. W., P. G. Davison, C. H. Haufler & D. B. Lesmeister. 2003. Polypodium appalachianum: An unusual tree canopy epiphyte in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. American Fern Journal 93: 36-41.

350. Kennis, J. T. M., S. Crosson, M. Gauden, I. H. M. van Stokkum, K. Moffat & R. van Grondelle. 2003. Primary reactions of the LOV2 domain of phototropin, a plant blue-light photoreceptor. Biochemistry 42: 3385-3392. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

351. Kennis, J. T. M., S. Crosson, M. Gauden, I. H. M. van Stokkum, K. Moffat & R. van Grondelle. 2003. Ultrafast spectroscopy of the LOV2 domain of phototropin: The light-driven switch works both ways. Biophysical Journal 84: 272a. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

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353. Keto, A. K. & A. T. Tarvainen. 2003. Interactions between water level fluctuation and vertical extension of helophyte zones. IAGLR Conference Program and Abstracts 46: 52. [Abstract; Equisetum fluviatile]

354. Khare, P. B. & S. P. Shukla. 2003. In vitro shoot regeneration in stolon explant of an ornamental fern, Nephrolepis biserrata. Phytomorphology 53-4: 229-233.

355. Kharkevich, S. S. & N. N. Tzvelev. 2003. Vascular plants of the Russian Far East. Volume 1. Lycopodiophyta, Juncaeae, Poaceae (Gramineae). Science Publishers, 2003, Enfield, NH. 506 pp.

356. Kiew, R. & I. M. Turner. 2003. Are any plants endemic to Singapore? Gardens' Bulletin (Singapore) 55: 173-184. [Bolbitis ?singaporensis, Tectaria griffithii var. singaporeana]

357. Kinoshita, M., D. Nakamura, N. Fujiwara & H. Akita. 2003. Total synthesis of (-)-(8R, 10S)- and (+)-(8S, 10R)-8-hydroxypolypoda-13,17,21-triene based on enzymatic resolution. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic 22: 161-172. [Polypodiodes fomtosana]

358. Kissell, M. A., M. Fuhrmann & R. J. Reeder. 2003. Uptake of arsenic by Pteris cretica: In situ XANES study of living plants. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: GEOC 41. [Abstract]

359. Klekowski, E. J. 2003. Plant clonality, mutation, diplontic selection and mutational meltdown. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79: 61-67.

360. Klink, V. P. & S. M. Wolniak. 2003. Changes in the abundance and distribution of conserved centrosomal, cytoskeletal and ciliary proteins during spermiogenesis in Marsilea vestita. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 56: 57-73.

361. Ko, W.-H. 2003. Germination of fern spores in natural soils. American Fern Journal 93: 70-75.

362. Kofuji, R., N. Sumikawa, M. Yamasaki, K. Kondo, K. Ueda, M. Ito & M. Hasebe. 2003. Evoluation and divergence of MADS-box gene family based on genome wide expression analyses. Mol. Biol. Evol. 20: 1963-1977.

363. Kohzuma, T., M. Seki & T. Niizeki. 2003. Weak non-covalent interaction between a coordinated imidazole and an aromatic ring induces new insights into protein function in the Met16 pseudoazurin mutants. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 96: 169. [Abstract]

364. Korall, P., P. Kenrick & W. A. Taylor. 2003. Phylogeny of Selaginellaceae based on molecular and morphological data. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

365. Kovacs, G. M., I. Kottke & F. Oberwinkler. 2003. Light and electron microscopic study on the mycorrhizae of sporophytes of Botrychium virginianum: Arbuscular structure resembling fossil forms. Plant Biology (Stuttgart) 5: 574-580.

366. Krings, M. 2003. A pteridosperm stem with clusters of shoot-borne roots from the Namurian B (Upper Carboniferous) of Hagen-Vorhalle (Germany). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 289-301.

367. Krings, M., A. Grewing & T. N. Taylor. 2003. Mariopterid pteridosperms, scrambling and climbing vines of the Late Carboniferous swamp forest: A case study from the Namurian B of Hagen-Vorhalle (Germany). Botanische Jahrbuecher fuer Systematik Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 124: 427-448.

368. Krings, M., D. W. Kellogg, H. Kerp & T. N. Taylor. 2003. Trichomes of the seed fern Blanzyopteris praedentata: Implications for plant-insect interactions in the Late Carboniferous. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 133-149.

369. Krippel, Y. 2003. Area of distribution and status of Asplenium trichomanes L. subsp. pachyrachis (Christ) Lovis & Reichstein (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta) in Luxemburg. Bulletin de la Societe des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois 104: 3-12.

370. Kubota, H. & C. Takenaka. 2003. Arabis gemmifera is a hyperaccumulator of Cd and Zn. International Journal of Phytoremediation 5: 197-201. [Athyrium yokoscense]

371. Kukla, J., M. Kovacova & B. Schieber. 2003. Bioparameters of selected herb species in high Tatra Mts. spruce ecosystems. Polish Journal of Ecology 51: 369-376. [Dryopteris dilatata]

372. Kumar, M., M. Remesh & S. Sequiera. 2003. Medicinal pteridophytes of Kerala, south India. Indian Fern Journal 20: 1-28.

373. Kumar, S., S. H. Ong, S. Ranganath, T. C. Ong & F. T. Chew. 2003. Classification of airspora using Support Vector Machines (SVM). Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 111: S91. [Abstract; Asplenium nidus, Nephrolepis auriculata, Stenochlaena palustris]

374. Kumari, A. & R. B. Srivastava. 2003. Pteridophytic flora of northern part of Bihar (India) adjacent to Indo-Nepal border. Pp. 165-175. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

375. Kumari, A., I. Tiwari & R. B. Srivastava. 2003. Community structure and frequency of Helminthostachys zeylanica (L.) Hooker in a mixed population. Indian Fern Journal 20: 42-47.

376. Labiak, P. H. & J. Prado. 2003. Grammitidaceae (Pteridophyta) from Brazil with emphasis on the genera Ceradenia, Cochlidium and Grammitis. Hoehnea 30: 243-283. [Portuguese]

377. Lacourse, T., R. W. Mathewes & D. W. Fedje. 2003. Paleoecology of late-glacial terrestrial deposits with in situ conifers from the submerged continental shelf of western Canada. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 60: 180-188.

378. Lamb, E. G. & W. Megill. 2003. Shoreline fringe forest and adjacent peatlands of the southern central British Columbia coast. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117: 209-217. [Blechnum spicant]

379. Landergott, U., G. Kozlowski, J. J. Schneller & R. Holderegger. 2003. The importance of recent population history for understanding genetic diversity in threatened species, with special reference to Dryopteris cristata. Fern Gazette 17: 39-51.

380. Launert, E. 2003. Flora of Tropical East Africa: Marsileaceae. A.A.Balkema, Lisse. 16 pp.

381. Lautenschlager, R. A., J. H. Pedlar & C. M. Nielsen. 2003. Ice storm damage: Effects of competition and fertilization on near-ground vegetation. Forestry Chronicle 79: 54-62.

382. Lavalle, M. del C. 2003. Taxonomy of neotropical species of Marattia (Marattiaceae). Darwiniana 41: 61-86. [Spanish]

383. Laveine, J. P. & A. H. Hussin. 2003. The Carboniferous flora of eastern Peninsular Malaysia. Revue de Paleobiologie 22: 811-830.

384. Laveine, J. P., E. Ratanasthien & S. Sitirach. 2003. The Carboniferous flora of Northeastern Thailand. Revue de Paleobiologie 22: 761-797.

385. Lawalree, A. & G. E. Frisque. 2003. European Pteridophyta used as medicinal herbs until the 19th century, the "nine herbs balm" and the theory of signatures. Naturalistes Belges 84: 25-35. [French]

386. Lawson, T., K. Oxborough, J. I. L. Morison & N. R. Baker. 2003. The responses of guard and mesophyll cell photosynthesis to CO2, O2 light, and water stress in a range of species are similar. Journal of Experimental Botany 54: 1743-1752. [Polypodium vulgare]

387. Le Duc, M. G., R. J. Pakeman & R. H. Marrs. 2003. Changes in the rhizome system of bracken subjected to long-term experimental treatment. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 508-522. [Pteridium aquilinum]

388. Lee, S. M., M. K. Na, R. B. An, B. S. Min & H. K. Lee. 2003. Antioxidant activity of two phloroglucinol derivatives from Dryopteris crassirhizoma. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 26: 1354-1356.

389. Lehnert, M. 2003. Six new species of tree ferns from the Andes. American Fern Journal 93: 169-183.

390. Lellinger, D. B. 2003. Nomenclatural and taxonomic notes on the Pteridophytes of Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia, III. American Fern Journal 93: 146-151.
391. Leon, B., A. Cano & K. R. Young. 2002. Los helechos de las lomas costeras de Peru. Arnaldoa 9: 7-42. [Spanish]

392. Leon, B. & A. R. Smith. 2003. New species and new combinations of Grammitidaceae from Peru. American Fern Journal 93: 81-89.

393. LePage, B. A., B. Beauchamp, H. W. Pfefferkorn & J. Utting. 2003. Late Early Permian plant fossils from the Canadian High Arctic: A rare paleoenvironmental/climatic window in northwest Pangea. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 191: 345-372.

394. Li, B. G. 2003. Some new recorded ferns from Guangxi. Guihaia 23: 539-540. [Chinese]

395. Liao, W. B., J. H. Jin, B. S. Wang & Z. H. Wu. 2003. Biodiversities and their continental features of the fern floras in Hainan and Taiwan island, China. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 23: 1237-1245. [Chinese]

396. Lin, S. J., R. B. Jaman & K. Iwatsuki. 2003. Development of laminar expansion in Cephalomanes meifolium (Hymenophyllaceae). Journal of Japanese Botany 78: 38-41.

397. Lin, S. J., M. Kato & K. Iwatsuki. 2003. Morphological and cytological variations of Japanese Dryopteris varia group (Dryopteridaceae). Pp. 215-229. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

398. Lindh, B. C., A. N. Gray & T. A. Spies. 2003. Responses of herbs and shrubs to reduced root competition under canopies and in gaps: A trenching experiment in old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 2052-2057. [Polystichum munitum]

399. Lindsay, S. 2003. Antrophyum brassii (Vittariaceae), a new fern species from Papua New Guinea. Harvard Papers in Botany 8: 5-8.

400. Lindsay, S. 2003. Considerations for a revision of the fern family Vittariaceae for Flora Malesiana. Telopea 10: 99-112.

401. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2003. (1598) Proposal to conserve the name Davallia repens (L.f.) Kuhn (Davalliaceae) against D. repens (Bory) Desv. (Lindsaeaceae). Taxon 52: 630-631.

402. Lindsay, S., S. Suddee, D. J. Middleton & R. Pooma. 2003. Matoniaceae (Pteridophyta) - a new family record for Thailand. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 31: 47-52.

403. Little, D. P. & D. S. Barrington. 2003. Major evolutionary events in the origin and diversification of the fern genus Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae). American Journal of Botany 90: 508-514.

404. Liu, J. X., X. H. Sun, Y. Jin, L. Lu, X. X. Yu & X. C. Zhang. 2003. Spore morphology of eight species of Selaginellaceae from Yunnan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 25: 303-312.

405. Liu, S. B., J. Q. Li, Y. M. Wang, H. C. Wang & W. H. Song. 2003. Studies on the geographical distribution and floristic characteristics of the genus of Dryopteris Adanson from Hubei, China. J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 21: 103-108. [Chinese]

406. Liu, X., X. A. Pang & Q. F. Wang. 2003. Character and variation of chemical properties of the water in the natural habitats of three species of Isoetes in China. Zhiwu Shengtai Xuebao 27: 510-515. [Chinese]

407. Long, D. & M. Scott. 2003. Action for biodiversity priority species in Scotland. Botanical Journal of Scotland 55: 65-76. [Pilularia globulifera]

408. Lopez-Smith, R. & K. Renzaglia. 2003. The relationship between the sperm cell architecture and the female sex organ of two leptosporangiate ferns. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract; Ceratopteris, Lygodium]

409. Lott, M. A. & J. C. Volin. 2003. The growth and physiological ecology of two invasive non-indigenous fern species, Lygodium microphyllum and L. japonicum. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 211. [Abstract]

410. Lott, M. S., J. C. Volin, R. W. Pemberton & D. F. Austin. 2003. The reproductive biology of the invasive ferns Lygodium microphyllum and L. japonicum (Schizaeaceae): Implications for invasive potential. American Journal of Botany 90: 1144-1152.

411. Lu, J. M. & X. Cheng. 2003. Chromosome numbers of 10 species of Cyrtomium (Dryopteridaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 25: 663-670. [Chinese]

412. Lubienski, M. 2003. Equisetum ?mildeanum Rothm. (E. pratense Ehrh. ? E. sylvaticum L.), a hybrid horsetail new for Norway. Blyttia 61: 171-178. [Norwegian]

413. Lubke, R. A., D. Hoare, J. Victor & R. Ketelaar. 2003. The vegetation of the habitat of the Brenton blue butterfly, Orachrysops niobe (Trimen), in the Western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 99: 201-206. [Pteridium aquilinum]

414. Ludlow-Wiechers, B., L. Almeida-Lenero & Y. Sugiura. 2003. Holocene palynomorphs from the upper Lerma River basin, State of Mexico, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 72: 59-105. [Spanish]

415. Luebke, N. T. & J. M. Budke. 2003. Isoetes tennesseensis (Isoetaceae), an octoploid quillwort from Tennessee. American Fern Journal 93: 184-190.

416. Lusby, P., A. Dyer & S. Lindsay. 2003. The role of botanic gardens in species recovery: the Oblong Woodsia as a case study. Sibbaldia 1: 5-10. [Woodsia ilvensis]

417. Lyon, J. & W. E. Sharpe. 2003. Impacts of hay-scented fern on nutrition of northern red oak seedlings. Journal of Plant Nutrition 26: 487-502. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

418. Ma, C., Y. Zhou & A. R. Liu. 2003. Determination of chlorogenic acid and eriodictyol-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide in Pyrrosia by RP-HPLC. Yaoxue Xuebao 38: 286-289.

419. Ma, L. Y., S. C. Ma, F. Wei, R. C. Lin, P. P. H. But, S. H. S. Lee & S. F. Lee. 2003. Uncinoside A and B, two new antiviral chromone glycosides from Selaginella uncinata. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 51: 1264-1267.

420. MacHutchon, A. G. & D. W. Wellwood. 2003. Grizzly bear food habits in the northern Yukon, Canada. Ursus (Knoxville) 14: 225-235. [Equisetum arvense]

421. Macluf, C. C., M. A. Morbelli & G. E. Giudice. 2003. Morphology and ultrastructure of megaspores and microspores of Isoetes savatieri Franchet (Lycophyta). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 126: 197-209.

422. Maddox, L., M. G. Robinson & J. Jacobi. 2003. Micropropagation of southern maidenhair. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 225: PRES 36. [Abstract; Adiantum capillus-veneris]

423. Madeira, P. T., C. C. Jacono, P. Tipping, T. K. Van & T. D. Center. 2003. A genetic survey of Salvinia minima in the southern United States. Aquatic Botany 76: 127-139.
424. Madkaiker, S. M. 2003. New records of pteridophytes from Goa. Indian Fern Journal 20: 60-66.

425. Maeda, H., R. H. Mapes & G. Mapes. 2003. Taphonomic features of a Lower Permian beached cephalopod assemblage from central Texas. Palaios 18-5: 421-434.

426. Maejima, K., E. Uheda, N. Shiomi & S. Kitoh. 2003. Decrease in the numbers of cyanobionts and heterocysts and nitrogen-fixing activity in Azolla leaves upon transfer to low light intensity. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 49: 307-310.

427. Maiti, R. K., E. S. Arreola, R. B. O. Eric, M. R. H. Luise, H. C. Mariana, R. V. G. Veronica, F. A. M. Eduardo, V. C. Jorge, M. V. M. Cristina, M. C. Noelia & L. S. Amantina. 2003. Ethnobotanical study of 17 medicinal plants in Puebla city and Cholula, Mexico. Crop Research (Hisar) 25: 369-374. [Equisetum hyemale]

428. Maity, J. & B. C. Patra. 2003. Isolation and characterization of trypsin inhibitor from the water fern, Azolla pinnata R. Br. Journal of Food Biochemistry 27: 281-294.

429. Malovcova-Stanikova, M. 2003. Communities of the suballiance Caricenion rostratae in the Borska Nizina lowlands. Zbornik Slovenskeho Narodneho Muzea Prirodne Vedy 49: 40-51. [Equisetum]

430. Mander, L. N. 2003. Twenty years of gibberellin research. Natural Product Reports 20: 49-69. [Anemia phyllitidis]

431. Manickam, V. S., S. Harikrishnan, A. Benniamin & L. H. Joseph. 2003. Rediscovery of (Houtt.) Sledge, Dryopteridaceae: A rare species of the Western Ghats, South India. Indian Fern Journal 20: 94-96.

432. Manickam, V. S. & V. Irudayaraj. 2003. Pteridophyte flora of Nilgiris, South India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. 192 pp.

433. Manickam, V. S., V. Irudayaraj & M. Johnson. 2003. Incidence of apospory in Pteris confusa T.G. Walker. Phytomorphology 53: 73-77.

434. Manickam, V. S., S. Vallinayagam & M. Johnson. 2003. Micropropagation and conservation of rare and endangered ferns of the Southern Western Ghats through in vitro culture. Pp. 503-518. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

435. Manna, S. K., C. Bueso-Ramos, F. Alvarado & B. B. Aggarwal. 2003. Calagualine inhibits nuclear transcription factors-kappaB activated by various inflammatory and tumor promoting agents. Cancer Letters 190: 171-182. [Polypodium]

436. Mao, L., K. Wang & H. Bi. 2003. A palynological study for coastal mangrove swamps in northern Hainan Island, China: Relationship between surface pollen and mangrove vegetation. Quaternary Research (Tokyo) 42: 247-264.

437. Mapes, G., G. Rothwell & J. Hilston. 2003. Anatomy of the cheirolepidiaceous pollen cone Classostrobus; a new species from the Jurassic of England. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

438. Marcon, A. B., I. C. L. Barros & M. Guerra. 2003. Karyology of some pteridophytes species occurring in the northeast of Brazil. Acta Bot. Brasil. 17: 19-26.

439. Marcon, A. B., I. C. L. Barros & M. Guerra. 2003. A karyotype comparison between two closely related species of Acrostichum. American Fern Journal 93: 116-125.

440. Maria, G. L. & K. R. Sridhar. 2003. Endophytic fungal assemblage of two halophytes from west coast mangrove habitats, India. Czech Mycology 55-4: 241-251. [Acrostichum aureum]

441. Marshall, J. E. A. & A. R. Hemsley. 2003. A Mid Devonian seed-megaspore from East Greenland and the origin of the seed plants. Palaeontology 46: 647-670.

442. Martinelli, S. 2003. Identification: those terrible twins (Blechnum). Pteridologist 4: 54-57.

443. Mathewson, D. D., M. D. Hocking & T. E. Reimchen. 2003. Nitrogen uptake in riparian plant communities across a sharp ecological boundary of salmon density. BMC Ecology 3 [Blechnum spicant]

444. Matsumoto, M. & H. Nishida. 2003. Osmunda shimokawaensis sp. nov. and O. cinnamomea L. based on permineralized rhizomes from the Middle Miocene of Shimokawa, Hokkaido, Japan. Paleontological Research 7: 153-165.

445. Matsumoto, S. 2003. Species ecological study on reproductive systems and speciation of Cyrtomium falcatum complex (Dryopteridaceae) in Japanese archipelago. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 22: 1-141. [Japanese]

446. Matsumoto, S., T. Iwashina, J. Kitajima & S. Mitsuta. 2003. Evidence by flavonoid markers of four natural hybrids among Asplenium normale and related species (Aspleniaceae) in Japan. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 31: 51-58.

447. Matula, C. 2003. Lycopodium in northern hardwood forests: a sustainable nontimber forest product? Fiddlehead Forum 30: 35-38.

448. McConnachie, A. J., M. P. de Wit, M. P. Hill & M. J. Byrne. 2003. Economic evaluation of the successful biological control of Azolla filiculoides in South Africa. Biological Control 28: 25-32.

449. McCulloh, K. A. & J. S. Sperry. 2003. The application of Murray's law to Psilotum nudum, an analogue of an ancestral vascular plant. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 225. [Abstract]

450. McIntosh, D., C. King & K. Fitzsimmons. 2003. Tilapia for biological control of Giant Salvinia. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 41: 28-31. [Salvinia molesta]

451. Mearon, V., M. G. Robinson & J. Jacobi. 2003. Micropagation of Dryopteris marginalis. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 225: PRES 34. [abstract]

452. Meharg, A. A. 2003. Variation in arsenic accumulation: Hyperaccumulation in ferns and their allies. New Phytologist 157: 25-31.

453. Mehltreter, K. & M. Palacios-Rios. 2003. Phenological studies of Acrostichum danaeifolium (Pteridaceae, Pteridophyta) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19: 155-162.

454. Mehltreter, K., P. Rojas & M. Palacios-Rios. 2003. Moth larvae-damaged giant leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as host for secondary colonization by ants. American Fern Journal 93: 49-55.

455. Mehltreter, K. & J. Tolome. 2003. Herbivory on three tropical fern species of a Mexican cloud forest. Pp. 373-379. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.
456. Mendoza-Ruiz, A. & B. Perez-Garcia. 2003. Comparative analysis of the sexual phase of Phanerophlebia (Dryopteridaceae) in Mexico. Canadian Journal of Botany 81: 501-516.

457. Merryweather, J. 2003. Cystopteris diaphana found in Cornwall. Pteridologist 4: 34.

458. Metcalf, L. 2003. A photographic guide to ferns of New Zealand. New Holland, Auckland. 132 pp.

459. Middelkamp-Hup, M., M. Pathak, M. Mihm, D. Goukassian, C. Parrado, K. Swindells, F. Rius-Diaz, T. Fitzpatrick & S. Gonzalez. 2003. Polypodium leucotomos extract is an oral photoprotective agent against ultraviolet-induced damage to human skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 121: 1064. [Abstract]

460. Middelkamp-Hup, M., M. Pathak, C. Parrado, T. Garcia-Caballero, F. Rius-Diaz, T. Fitzpatrick & S. Gonzalez. 2003. Oral Polypodium leucotomos extract inhibits PUVA-induced phototoxicity of human skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 121: 1059. [Abstract]

461. Miguez, M. P., R. Garcia-Arroyo & F. Soler. 2003. Cattle lethal poisonings in Spain. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 26: 267-268. [Pteridium aquilinum]

462. Mingard, P. & J. L. Moret. 2003. Pteridophyte list for the canton de Vaud (Switzerland). Bulletin de la Societe Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 88: 365-379. [French]

463. Mirin, D. M. 2003. Plant community complexes in stream valleys. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 93-111. [Russian; Matteuccia]

464. Mohlenbrock, R. H. 2003. Fern relations. Natural History 112: 56-57.

465. Moore, S. J., H. M. Chang & J. C. Wang. 2003. Microtrichomanes digitatum (Sw.) Copel. (Hymenophyllaceae), a new record from Taiwan. Taiwania 48: 22-28.

466. Moran, R. C., S. Klimas & M. Carlsen. 2003. Low-trunk epiphytic ferns on tree ferns versus angiosperms in Costa Rica. Biotropica 35: 48-56.

467. Morbelli, M. A., J. R. Rowley & G. El-Ghazaly. 2003. Stages in development of Selaginella diffusa megaspores. Journal of Plant Research 116: 57-64.

468. Morbelli, M. A., J. R. Rowley & G. El-Ghazaly. 2003. Wall structure during stages in development of Selaginella pulcherrima and S. haematodes megaspores. Taiwania 48: 77-86.

469. Morita, H., Y. Hirasawa & J. Kobayashi. 2003. Himeradine A, a novel C27N3-type alkaloid from Lycopodium chinense. Journal of Organic Chemistry 68: 4563-4566.

470. Morris, K., P. C. Bailey, P. I. Boon & L. Hughes. 2003. Alternative stable states in the aquatic vegetation of shallow urban lakes. II. Catastrophic loss of aquatic plants consequent to nutrient enrichment. Marine and Freshwater Research 54: 201-215. [Azolla pinnata]

471. Moser, W. K. & C. K. Yu. 2003. Effects of overstory structure and fire regime upon diversity and abundance of selected understory species in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) forests in southeastern Georgia. Journal of Forest Science (Prague) 49: 395-402. [Pteridium aquilinum]

472. Mountford, E. P. & G. F. Peterken. 2003. Long-term change and implications for the management of wood-pastures: Experience over 40 years from Denny Wood, New Forest. Forestry (Oxford) 76: 19-43. [Pteridium aquilinum]

473. Muller, S., C. Jerome & K. Horn. 2003. Importance of secondary habitats and need for ecological management for the conservation of Diphasiastrum tristachyum (Lycopodiaceae, Pteridophyta) in the Vosges Mountains (France). Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 321-332.

474. Munoz, A. A., P. Chacon, F. Perez, E. S. Barnert & J. J. Armesto. 2003. Diversity and host tree preferences of vascular epiphytes and vines in a temperate rainforest in southern Chile. Australian Journal of Botany 51: 381-391.

475. Murdock, A. G. & A. R. Smith. 2003. Pteridophytes of Moorea, French Polynesia, with a new species, Tmesipteris gracilis (Psilotaceae). Pacific Science 57: 253-265.

476. Murillo, J. C. & M. T. Murillo. 2003. Pteridophyta of Colombia: 4. Novelties in Cyathea (Cyatheaceae). Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat. 27: 45-51. [Spanish]

477. Murillo, M. T. & A. R. Smith. 2003. Luisma, a new genus of Grammitidaceae (Pteridophyta) from Colombia. Novon 13: 313-317.

478. Murphy, K. J., G. Dickinson, S. M. Thomaz, L. M. Bini, K. Dick, K. Greaves, M. P. Kennedy, S. Livingstone, H. McFerran, J. M. Milne, J. Oldroyd & R. A. Wingfield. 2003. Aquatic plant communities and predictors of diversity in a sub-tropical river floodplain: The Upper Rio Parana, Brazil. Aquatic Botany 77: 257-276. [Salvinia]

479. Murphy, R. 2003. Cystopteris diaphana (Bory) Blasdell (C. viridula (Desv.) Desv.) new to Britain. BSBI News 93: 13.

480. Muss, J. D., D. V. Owen & J. C. Volin. 2003. Predicting the landscape spread of Lygodium microphyllum in South Florida. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 247. [Abstract]

481. Myster, R. W. 2003. Vegetation dynamics of a permanent pasture plot in Puerto Rico. Biotropica 35: 422-428.

482. Nakane, T., T. Matsuhisa, Y. Arai, K. Masuda, A. Takano & K. Shiojima. 2003. Study on aquatic fern: Terpenoids of Azolla japonica. Natural Medicines 57: 201.

483. Nakato, N. & K. Yamaoka. 2003. Chromosome number and habitat of Thelypteris flexilis (Thelypteridaceae), an endangered species from Japan. Journal of Japanese Botany 78: 191-197. [Japanese]

484. Nakato, T., G. Gastony & L. Rieseberg. 2003. Genetic map-based analysis of paleopolyploidy in homosporous ferns. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

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486. Nath, A. & G. G. Maiti. 2003. Ethnobotany of Barak Valley (Southern Assam) with special reference to folk medicine. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 27: 964-971.

487. Naugolnykh, S. V. 2003. Morphology and taxonomy of Sphenophyllum biarmicum Zalessky, 1937 from the Lower Permian of the Cis-Urals. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2: 99-108.

488. Newmark, W. D. & R. B. M. Senzota. 2003. Power to detect trends in ecological indicators in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 41: 294-298. [Asplenium holstii, A. nidus]

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490. Niwa, Y. & Y. Sasaki. 2003. Plant self-defense mechanisms against oxidative injury and protection of the forest by planting trees of triploids and tetraploids. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 55: 70-81. [Osmunda]

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493. Nogal-Ruiz, J. J., A. Gomez-Barrio, J. A. Escario & A. R. Martinez-Fernandez. 2003. Effect of Anapsos(R) in a murine model of experimental trichomoniasis. Parasite 10: 303-308. [Polypodium leucotomos]

494. Nondorf, S. L., M. A. Dooley, M. Palmieri & L. J. Swatzell. 2003. The effects of pH, temperature, light intensity, light quality, and moisture levels on spore germination in Cheilanthes feei of southeast Missouri. American Fern Journal 93: 56-69.

495. Novelo, A. 2003. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. Fasciculo 118. Familia Lilaeaceae. Instituto de Ecologia, Patzcuaro, Michoacan. 5 pp. [Spanish]

496. Nyakale, M. & L. Scott. 2003. Interpretation of late Holocene pollen in channel fills in the eastern Free State, South Africa, in terms of local conditions and sediment reworking. South African Journal of Botany 68: 464-468.

497. Ogden, J., Y. Deng, G. Boswijk & A. Sandiford. 2003. Vegetation changes since early Maori fires in Waipoua Forest, Northern New Zealand. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 753-767. [Pteridium esculentum]

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499. Olguin, E. J., D. Rodriguez, G. Sanchez, E. Hernandez & M. E. Ramirez. 2003. Productivity, protein content and nutrient removal from anaerobic effluents of coffee wastewater in Salvinia minima ponds, under subtropical conditions. Acta Biotechnologica 23: 259-270.

500. Olivares, A., V. del Toro, J. M. Arregui & A. M. Ibars. 2003. Ophioglossum lusitanicum L., novedad para la flora valenciana. Flora Montiberica 23: 18-19. [Spanish]

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504. Orhan, I., S. Terzioglu & B. Sener. 2003. alpha-Onocerin: An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor from Lycopodium clavatum. Planta Medica 69: 265-267.

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506. Oswald, W. W., L. B. Brubaker, F. S. Hu & D. G. Gavin. 2003. Pollen-vegetation calibration for tundra communities in the Arctic Foothills, northern Alaska. Journal of Ecology 91: 1022-1033.

507. Oswald, W. W., L. B. Brubaker, F. S. Hu & G. W. Kling. 2003. Holocene pollen records from the central Arctic Foothills, northern Alaska: Testing the role of substrate in the response of tundra to climate change. Journal of Ecology 91: 1034-1048.

508. Overbeck, G., K. Kiehl & C. Abs. 2003. Seedling recruitment of Succisella inflexa in fen meadows: Importance of seed and microsite availability. Applied Vegetation Science 6: 97-104. [Ophioglossum vulgatum]

509. Oyabu, T., T. Onodera, A. Sawada & K. Takenaka. 2003. Purification capability of potted plants for removing atmospheric formaldehyde. Electrochemistry 71: 463-467. [Nephrolepis exaltata]

510. Pabby, A., R. Prasanna, S. Nayak & P. K. Singh. 2003. Physiological characterization of the cultured and freshly isolated endosymbionts from different species of Azolla. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (Paris) 41: 73-79.

511. Pabby, A., R. Prasanna & P. K. Singh. 2003. Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis: From traditional agriculture to biotechnology. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2: 26-37.

512. Pacheco, L., S. Mendoza Mocino, D. Silva Puente & B. Granados. 2003. Estructuras mucilaginosas en helechos y plantas afines con enfasis en el genero Diplazium (Woodsiaceae). Contactos 48: 56-60. [Spanish]

513. Pacheco, L. & R. C. Moran. 2003. Lectotypification of several names currently placed in Diplazium (Woodsiaceae). American Fern Journal 93: 90-92.

514. Pacheco, L. & R. Riba. 2003. Gametophytes of nine species of Callipteris and their comparison with other genera of the family Woodsiaceae. Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 49-58.

515. Pagitz, K. & C. Lechner-Pagitz. 2003. Further notes on North Tyrolean plant species (II). Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 90: 113-120. [German; Dryopteris affinis ssp. affinis]

516. Palmer, D. D. 2003. Hawai'i's ferns and fern allies. University of Hawai'i Press, Honolulu. 324 pp.

517. Pande, H. C., P. Joshi & P. C. Pande. 2003. Re-report of Peranema cyatheoides D. Don (Pteridophyta-Peranemataceae) after 93 years (1910-2003) from Garhwal Hills. Indian J. Forest. 26: 330-332.

518. Pande, H. C. & P. C. Pande. 2003. An illustrated fern flora of the Kumaon Himalaya. Volume 1. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. 372 pp.

519. Pande, P. C. & H. C. Pande. 2003. Fern allies of Uttaranchal Checklist. Phytotaxonomy 3: 66-74.
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521. Pang, X. A., Q. F. Wang, G. W. Robert, H. Liu, X. L. Yang & X. Liu. 2003. A preliminary study of crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) in the endangered aquatic quillwort Isoetes sinensis Palmer in China. Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences 8: 455-458.

522. Pangua, E., L. G. Quintanilla, A. Sancho & S. Pajaron. 2003. A comparative study of the gametophytic generation in the Polystichum aculeatum group (Pteridophyta). International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 295-303.

523. Panigatti, M. C. & M. A. Maine. 2003. Influence of nitrogen species (NH4+ and NO3-) on the dynamics of P in water-sediment-Salvinia herzogii systems. Hydrobiologia 492: 151-157.

524. Panigrahi, G. 2003. Taxonomy and biogeography of Indian pteridophytes. Pp. 15-24. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

525. Panizo, G., A. Brieva, J. Alonso-Lebrero & J. J. Pivel. 2003. Polypodium leucotomos extract (Fernblock) inhibits photoisomerization and photodescomposition of trans-urocanic acid. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 121: 1079. [Abstract]

526. Panizo, G., A. Brieva, J. L. Alonso-Lebrero & J. P. Pivel. 2003. Polypodium leucotomos extract (Fernblock) antagonizes ultraviolet-induced free radicals hyper-production produced in presence of titanium dioxide. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 121: 1083. [Abstract]

527. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2003. Antibacterial effect of Cheilanthes albomarginata against gastroentritis. Advances in Plant Sciences 16: 47-51.

528. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2003. Antibacterial effects of Cheilanthes albomarginata Clarke against Salmonella arizonae. Geobios (Jodhpur) 30: 205-206.

529. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2003. Effect of some pteridophytic plant extracts on human pathogenic bacteria-Salmonella typhi. Indian Fern Journal 20: 39-41. [Adiantum incisum, Equisetum ramosissimum, Marsilea minuta]

530. Parihar, P., L. Daswani & A. Bohra. 2003. Toxic effect of plant extracts of Marsilea minuta L. on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Indian Fern Journal 20: 48-50.

531. Park, C. H. & M. Kato. 2003. Apomixis in the interspecific triploid hybrid fern Cornopteris christenseniana (Woodsiaceae). Journal of Plant Research 116: 93-103.

532. Park, H. K., Y. Lim, J. O. Hyun & H. Shin. 2003. Taxonomy of genus Equisetum L. (Equisetaceae) in Korea. Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 33: 17-46.

533. Parnikoza, I. Y. 2002. The discovery of Botrychium matricariifolium A. Br. ex Koch (Ophioglossaceae) in Middle Prydniprov'ia. Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 59: 728-730. [Ukrainian]

534. Parris, B. S. 2003. The distribution of Grammitidaceae (Filicales) inside and outside Malesia. Telopea 10: 451-466.

535. Partanen, S. A., J. M. Riihimaki & M. E. Visuri. 2003. Aquatic macrophyte changes in two large regulated boreal lakes in Finland during the past 50 years in relation to water level fluctuation. IAGLR Conference Program and Abstracts 46: 52. [Abstract; Equisetum fluviatile]

536. Passoni, L. & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2003. New taxa of fossil Carnian plants from Mount Pora (Bergamasc Alps, Northern Italy). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 321-346.

537. Pastene, E. R., M. Avello, M. Gonzalez, M. Vega, I. Peric & M. Montes. 2003. Antioxidant activity of selected Chilean medicinal plants on human low density lipoprotein oxidation. Biometals 16: 240. [Abstract; Cheilanthes glauca]

538. Patil, K. D., R. A. Buerki & P. N. Patil. 2003. Potentiation of acetylcholine action by huperzine-A and physostigmine on some vertebrate effectors, including human iris sphincter muscle. Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 19: 135-143. [Huperzia serrata]

539. Patova, E. N. & Z. G. Ulle. 2003. Finding of Isoetes lacustris (Isoetaceae) in the north-eastern European Russia. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 88: 118-120. [Russian]

540. Paz, E. A. & M J Bassagoda. 2003. Survey of the flora and plant communities of Cerro Verde, Rocha, Uruguay. Comunicaciones Botanicas de los Museos Nacionales de Historia Natural y Antropologia 67: 1-19. [Spanish]

541. Peavy, G. M., M. W. Jacobson, J. M. Hamilton, A. N. Sepp & J. Corey-Bloom. 2003. The effects of huperzine A on cognitive functioning and behavior in patients with Huntington's disease. Annals of Neurology 54: S42. [Huperzia serrata]

542. Peck, J. H. 2003. Arkansas flora: Additions, reinstatements, exclusions, and re-exclusions. SIDA Contributions to Botany 20: 1737-1757. [Azolla caroliniana, Cyrtomium falcatum]

543. Pedrini, P., F. Prosser & A. Bertolli. 2003. Esempio di applicazione di Rete Natura 2000: I piani di gestione dei SIC del Monte Baldo Trentino. Cenni preliminari. Report Centro Ecologia Alpina 31: 26-36.

544. Peixoto, P. V., T. d. N. Franca, C. S. L. Barros & C. H. Tokarnia. 2003. Histopathological aspects of Bovine Enzootic Hematuria in Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 23: 65-81. [Pteridium aquilinum]

545. Pemberton, R. W. 2003. The common staghorn fern, Platycerium bifurcatum, naturalizes in southern Florida. American Fern Journal 93: 203-206.

546. Pemberton, R. W. 2003. Northward range extension in Florida of the invasive fern Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). SIDA Contributions to Botany 20: 1759-1761.

547. Peng, Y. L., Y. Q. Hu & H. Sun. 2003. Allozyme analysis of Davidia involucrata var. vilmoriniana and its biogeography significance. Acta Bot. Yunnanica 25: 55-62. [Chinese]

548. Perez Farrera, M. A., B. Perez-Garcia, R. Riba & M. E. Lopez-Molina. 2003. New records for the pteridoflora of Chiapas, Mexico. American Fern Journal 93: 152-163.

549. Perez Farrera, M. A., R. Riba & M. E. Lopez-Molina. 2003. Addition to flora mesoamericana: A new record of Thelypteris (Thelypteridaceae) for Chiapas, Mexico. SIDA Contributions to Botany 20: 1311-1315.

550. Peroni, A., C. Peroni & G. Peroni. 2003. Reconfirmation of Asplenium nemionitis L. In Sao Vicente (Cabo Verde Islands, Western Africa). Botanica Complutensis 23: 27-29.

551. Peroni, A., C. Peroni & G. Peroni. 2003. Flora pteridologica della Macaronesia. Part IV: Isole di Capo Verde. Pagine Botaniche 28: 10-22. [Italian]

552. Peroni, A., C. Peroni & G. Peroni. 2003. Distribuzione delle pteridofite sui vari arcipelaghi della Macaronesia. Pagine Botaniche 28: 23-25. [Italian]

553. Peroni, A., C. Peroni & G. Peroni. 2003. A new and interesting record of Ceterach lolegnamense Gibby et Lovis (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta) in Madeira. Pagine Botaniche 28: 26-27.

554. Peroni, A. & G. Peroni. 2003. Due nuove stazioni italiane di Cystopteris dickieana R. Sim (Athyriaceae, Pteridophyta). Natura Bresciana 33: 223-225. [Italian]

555. Perrie, L. R. 2003. Polystichum in Otago. Bot. Soc. Otago Newsl. 40: 7-9. [New Zealand]

556. Perrie, L. R., P. J. Brownsey, P. J. Lockhart, E. A. Brown & M. F. Large. 2003. Biogeography of temperate Australasian Polystichum ferns as inferred from chloroplast sequence and AFLP. Journal of Biogeography 30: 1729-1736.

557. Perrie, L. R., P. J. Brownsey, P. J. Lockhart & M. F. Large. 2003. Evidence for an allopolyploid complex in New Zealand Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 41: 189-215.

558. Perrie, L. R., P. J. Brownsey, P. J. Lockhart & M. F. Large. 2003. Morphological and genetic diversity in the New Zealand fern Polystichum vestitum (Dryopteridaceae), with special reference to the Chatham Islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 41: 581-602.

559. Peruzzi, L., G. Cesca & D. Puntillo. 2003. Isoetes (Isoetaceae), Ophioglossum and Botrychium (Ophioglossaceae) in Calabria (S Italy): More karyological and taxonomical data. Caryologia 56: 359-363.

560. Philips, N., T. Keller, J. Smith & S. Gonzalez. 2003. Regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) by anti transforming growth factor-B antibodies, lutein and Polypodium leucotomos in dermal fibroblasts. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 2: 928. [Abstract]

561. Philips, N., J. Smith, T. Keller & S. Gonzalez. 2003. Predominant effects of Polypodium leucotomos on membrane integrity, ipid peroxidation, and expression of elastin and matrixmetalloproteinase-1 in ultraviolet radiation exposed fibroblasts, and keratinocytes. Journal of Dermatological Science 32: 1-9.

562. Pieterse, A. H., M. Kettunen, S. Diouf, I. Ndao, K. Sarr, A. Tarvainen, S. Kloff & S. Hellsten. 2003. Effective biological control of Salvinia molesta in the Senegal River by means of the weevil Cyrtobagous salviniae. Ambio 32: 458-462.

563. Pirani, J. R., R. De Mello-Silva & A. M. Giulietti. 2003. Flora of Grao-Mogol, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Boletim de Botanica da Universidade de Sao Paulo 21: 1-24. [Portuguese]

564. Ponomarenko, E. & S. Ponomarenko. 2003. Beavers as a trigger of peat bog development. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 269-270. [Abstract; Osmunda cinnamomea]

565. Pour, M. 2003. Gibberellins, antheridiogens and incrustoporins: A personal account of syntheses of small, highly functionalized molecules. Chemicke Listy 97: 1061-1069. [Czech; Anemia phyllitidis, Lygodium japonicum]

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567. Prada, C. & E. Pangua. 2003. Bibliographia botanica Iberica 2000-2003. Pteridophyta. Botanica Complutensis 27: 257-263.
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570. Prado, J. 2003. Corrections and additional information on ferns from the semi-arid region of Brazil. American Fern Journal 93: 153-154.

571. Prado, J. 2003. Revisoes e monografias como base para analise da diversidade, o quanto conhecemos sobre nossa flora. Pp. 278-279. In M. A. G. Jarim et al. (Eds.). Desafios da botanica brasileira no novo milenio: inventario, sistematizacao e conservacao da diversidade vegetal 54 Congr. Nacion. Bot. & 3a Reuniao Bot. Univ. Amazonia, Unama. Recife: Sociedade Botanica do Brazil, Amazonia. [Portuguese]

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573. Prado, J. & P. H. Labiak. 2003. The flora of Grao-Mogol, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Pteridophyta. Boletim de Botanica da Universidade de Sao Paulo 21: 25-47. [Portuguese]

574. Prakongvongs, C. 2003. Ceratopteris thalictroides. Pp. 75-77. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

575. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. 2003. Cibotium barometz. Pp. 79-82. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

576. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. 2003. Dicranopteris linearis. Pp. 93-96. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

577. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. 2003. Drynaria. Pp. 100-105. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

578. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. 2003. Helminthostachys zeylanica. Pp. 108-110. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

579. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. 2003. Lygodium. Pp. 128-133. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

580. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. & P. C. M. Jansen. 2003. Davallia. Pp. 89-93. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

581. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. & P. C. M. Jansen. 2003. Pteridium aquilinum. Pp. 161-166. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

582. Prasanna, R., U. Tripathi, T. K. Dominic, A. K. Singh, A. K. Yadav & P. K. Singh. 2003. An improvized technique for measurement of nitrogen fixation by blue green algae and Azolla using moist soil cores from rice fields. Experimental Agriculture 39: 145-150.

583. Proctor, M. C. F. 2003. Comparative ecophysiological measurements on the light responses, water relations and desiccation tolerance of the filmy ferns Hymenophyllum wilsonii Hook. and H. tunbrigense (L.) Smith. Annals of Botany (London) 91: 717-727.

584. Prosser, F. & A. Sarzo. 2002. Flora e vegetasione dei fossi nel settore trentino del fondovalle dell'Adige (Trentino-Italia settentrionale). Ann. Mus. Civ. Rovereto, Sez. Arch., St., Sc. Nat. 18: 89-144. [Italian]

585. Prosser, F. & A. Sarzo. 2003. Il Monte Brione: aspetti vegetazionali, indicizzazione del pregio botanico ed esigenze conservazionistiche (Riva del Garda, Trentino, Italia settentrionale). Atti Acc. Rov. Agiati a. 253, ser. VIII III, B: 149-195.

586. Pryer, K., E. Schuettpelz, R. Cranfill, P. Wolf & A. Smith. 2003. Phylogeny of early-diverging leptosporangiate ferns based on morphology and multiple genes: rbcL, atpB, rsp4 and 18S. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

587. Psenicka, J. & J. Bek. 2003. Cuticles and spores of Senftenbergia plumosa (Artis) Bek and Psenicka from the Carboniferous of Pilsen Basin, Bohemian Massif. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 125: 299-312.

588. Psenicka, J., J. Bek, E. L. Zodrow, C. J. Cleal & A. R. Hemsley. 2003. A new late Westphalian fossil marattialean fern from Nova Scotia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 142: 199-212.

589. Punetha, N., A. K. Pant & B. S. Kholia. 2003. A report on pteridophyte diversity of Milam (Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve). Pp. 143-146. In R. R. Das & R. P. Sing (Eds.). Proceedings of the National Seminar on Biodiversity: Conservation and Management. Environmental Planning and Coordination Organization, Bhopal (India). [Polystichum acrostichoides]

590. Punzon, C., A. Alcaide & M. Fresno. 2003. In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Phlebodium decumanum. Modulation of tumor necrosis factor and soluble TNF receptors. International Immunopharmacology 3: 1293-1299.

591. Qin, Y. S. & Z. Y. Min. 2003. A novel phlegmariurine type alkaloid from Huperzia serrata (Thunb.) Trev. Yaoxue Xuebao 38: 596-598. [Chinese]

592. Radomskaya, V. I., S. M. Radomskii, D. V. Yusupov & V. G. Moiseenko. 2003. Bioaccumulation of noble metals in plants. Doklady Akademii Nauk 388: 93-96. [Equisetum arvense]

593. Rafeek, K., G. X. Shi, X. Wang, Q. S. Xu & G. Y. Ma. 2003. The effects of boron on the physiological properties of Salvinia natans (L.) all. Leaves under the stress of the Cd. Nanjing Shida Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 26: 72-75. [Chinese]

594. Rai, A. K. & V. Rai. 2003. Effect of NaCl on growth, nitrate uptake and reduction and nitrogenase activity of Azolla pinnata-Anabaena azollae. Plant Science (Oxford) 164: 61-69.

595. Raitviir, A. & J. Schneller. 2003. A new unusual species of Phialina. Sydowia 55: 306-312. [Equisetum hyemale]

596. Rajesh, K. P., M. C. Nair & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 2003. Bolbitis crispatula (Wall. Ex C. B. Clarke) Ching (Lomariopsidaceae: Pteridophyta) a new record for Peninsular India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 27: 1040-1042.

597. Rajkumar, S. D. 2002. Lectotypification of Polystichum squarrosum (D. Don) Fee var. beddomei Manickam & Rajkumar, family Dryopteridaceae. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99: 583.

598. Rakotomanana, H., T. Hino, M. Kanzaki & H. Morioka. 2003. The role of the Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea in regeneration of understory shrubs in Madagascan rainforest. Ornithological Science 2: 49-58. [Asplenium nidus]

599. Ranal, M. A. 2003. Soil spore bank of ferns in a gallery forest of the ecological station of Panga, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil. American Fern Journal 93: 97-115.

600. Ranker, T. A. & J. M. O. Geiger. 2003. Molecular evidence for the phylogenetic placement of Asiatic Hemionitis arifolia (Pteridaceae). In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

601. Ranker, T. A. & J. M. O. Geiger. 2003. Phylofloristics of the Hawaiian fern flora: preliminary studies on the origins of Hawaiian ferns and testing climate-based models of dispersal. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract; Dryopteris]

602. Ranker, T. A., J. M. O. Geiger, S. C. Kennedy, A. R. Smith, C. H. Haufler & B. S. Parris. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of the endemic Hawaiian genus Adenophorus (Grammitidaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26: 337-347.

603. Rasmussen, K. K. & J. E. Lawesson. 2003. Lycopodiella inundata in British plant communities and reasons for its decline. Watsonia 24: 45-55.

604. Rasmussen, L. H., L. S. Jensen & H. C. B. Hansen. 2003. Distribution of the carcinogenic terpene ptaquiloside in bracken fronds, rhizomes (Pteridium aquilinum), and litter in Denmark. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29: 771-778.

605. Rasmussen, L. H., S. Kroghsbo, J. C. Frisvad & H. C. B. Hansen. 2003. Occurrence of the carcinogenic Bracken constituent ptaquiloside in fronds, topsoils and organic soil layers in Denmark. Chemosphere 51: 117-127. [Pteridium aquilinum]

606. Regalado Gabancho, L. & C. Sanchez Villaverde. 2003. On the floristic relationships between Cuba and other tropical regions based on the distribution of Cuban Asplenium L. species (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta). An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 60: 395-403. [Spanish]

607. Remesh, M., M. Kumar & K. S. Manilal. 2003. Medicinal pteridophytes in Rheed's Hortus Malabaricus. Indian Fern Journal 20: 51-59.

608. Reshetnikova, N. M. 2003. Records of rare vascular plant species from the National Park Smolenskoye Poozerye. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 83-85. [Russian; Botrychium matricariifolium, B. multifidum, Diphasiastrum complanatum ? D. tristachyum, D. ? zeilerii]

609. Reshetnikova, N. M. & S. P. Urbanaviciute. 2003. New and rare species to Nizhny Novgorod province flora found in Kerzhensky Zapovednik. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 90-91. [Russian; Ophioglossum vulgatum]

610. Reyes, O. S. & A. C. Fermin. 2003. Terrestrial leaf meals or freshwater aquatic fern as potential feed ingredients for farmed abalone Haliotis asinina (Linnaeus 1758). Aquaculture Research 34: 593-599. [Azolla pinnata]

611. Reyes Jaramillo, I., B. Perez-Garcia & A. Mendoza Ruiz. 2003. Gametophyte Morphogenesis of Mexican species of Pleopeltis (Polypodiaceae, subfamily Pleopeltoideae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 321-332. [Spanish]

612. Rezanka, T., V. M. Dembitsky & L. O. Hanus. 2003. Two cyclohexenone glycosides from the North American fern Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 63: 931-937.

613. Richin, D. 2003. Note on the expedition with the l'Astragale et la Fourmi association to the old mushroom beds of Cadillac (France) on Sunday, March 9, 2003. Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux 31: 111-112. [French; Asplenium scolopendrium, Polystichum aculeatum]

614. Rickard, M. 2003. Ferns. Cassell Illustrated, London. 96 pp.

615. Ripley, B. S., L. N. Kiguli & N. P. Barker. 2003. Azolla filiculoides as a biofertiliser of wheat under dry-land soil conditions. South African Journal of Botany 69: 295-300.

616. Roberts, N. R., P. J. Dalton & G. J. Jordan. 2003. A species list for the bryophytes and ferns occurring as epiphytes on Tasmanian tree ferns. Hikobia 14: 25-31.

617. Rogalski, J. M. & E. M. Zanin. 2003. Floristic composition of the vascular epiphytes of "estreito de Augusto Cesar", Brazilian Semi-Evergreen Forest of Uruguai River, RS, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 26: 551-556. [Portuguese]

618. Rohner, M. S. 2003. Brook valleys in the northern part of the Hoher Flaeming region, Germany. A contribution to the recent flora. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg 136: 73-100. [Athyrium filix-femina]

619. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 2003. New taxa, new records and redefined concepts in the Elaphoglossum sect. Elaphoglossum subsec. Pachyglossa (Lomariopsidaceae) from Mexico and Central America. Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 1-32.

620. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 2003. Notes on Elaphoglossum (Lomariopsidaceae) section Polytrichia subsection Hybrida in Mexico and Central America. Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 33-48.

621. Romanova, M. & G. M. Borisovskaya. 2003. Fern vegetative body is entirely developed from shoot apical meristem. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract; Pteridium aquilinum, Phegopteris connectilis, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana, Matteuccia struthiopteris]

622. Rooney, T. P. & D. M. Waller. 2003. Direct and indirect effects of white-tailed deer in forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 181: 165-176.

623. Roshchina, V. V., E. V. Mel'nikova, V. A. Yashin & V. N. Karnaukhov. 2002. Autofluorescence of the Equisetum arvense spores during their development. Biofizika 47: 318-324.

624. Roshchina, V. V., A. V. Miller, V. G. Safronova & V. N. Karnaukhov. 2003. Reactive oxygen species and luminescence of intact cells of microspores. Biofizika 48: 259-264. [Equisetum arvense]

625. Roth-Nebelsick, A. & W. Konrad. 2003. Assimilation and transpiration capabilities of rhyniophytic plants from the Lower Devonian and their implications for paleoatmospheric CO2 concentration. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 202: 153-178.
626. Rothwell, G. 2003. Anatomically preserved vascular and nonvascular cryptogams from the Lower Cretaceeous of western North America. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

627. Rouhan, G. & D. H. Lorence. 2003. On the typification of two Mascarene Elaphoglossum (Lomariopsidaceae): E. heterolepis (Fee) T. Moore and E. tomentosum (Bory ex Willd.) H. Christ. Taxon 52: 837-840.

628. Roux, J. P. 2003. Swaziland ferns and fern allies. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network (SABONET), Pretoria. 241 pp.

629. Roux, J. P. 2003. A new Dryopteris (Pteropsida: Dryopteridaceae) species from south-central Africa. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 142: 237-242.

630. Roux, J. P. 2003. An annotated checklist of the pteridophyte flora of Swaziland. Bothalia 33: 53-57.

631. Roux, J. P. 2003. Pteridophyta. Pp. 33-43. In T. H. Trinder-Smith (Ed.). The Levyns guide to the plant genera of the southwestern Cape. Contributions from the Bolus Herbarium 21. University of Capetown Botany Department, Capetown.

632. Roux, S. J., A. Chatterjee, S. Hillier & T. Cannon. 2003. Early development of fern gametophytes in microgravity. Space Life Sciences: Missions to Mars, Radiation Biology, and Plants as a Foundation for Long-term Life Support Systems in Space, Advances in Space Research 31: 215-220. [Ceratopteris richardii]

633. Rowntree, J. K., K. F. Lawton, F. J. Rumsey & E. Sheffield. 2003. Exposure to Asulox inhibits the growth of mosses. Annals of Botany (London) 92: 547-556. [Pteridium aquilinum]

634. Royo, A. A. & W. P. Carson. 2003. Establishing the tree regeneration template: The role of the understory layer and herbivory on seedling dynamics. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 290. [Abstract; Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

635. Rozentsvet, O. A., V. R. Filin, S. V. Saksonov & V. V. Meshcheryakov. 2002. Seasonal changes in polar lipids in fronds of the ferns Dryopteris filix-mas and Matteuccia struthiopteris. Biochemistry (Moscow) 67: 1006-1011.

636. Rumsey, F. 2003. Bladder-ferns Cystopteris of the British Isles. Brit. Wildl. 15: 93-96.

637. Rusea, G. 2003. Asplenium. Pp. 60-64. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

638. Rusea, G. 2003. Cephalomanes javanicum. Pp. 74-75. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

639. Rusea, G. & N. O. Aguilar. 2003. Tectaria. Pp. 190-196. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

640. Rut, G., J. Krupa & A. Rzepka. 2003. The chlorophyll content in the gametophytes of the epiphytic fern Platycerium bifurcatum in the conditions of the simulated osmotic drought. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 25: 117. [Abstract]

641. Sakaushi, S., T. Mizutani, S. Miyamura & T. Hori. 2003. Isolation of the MLS-type flagellar apparatus from the an-1 mutant of fern Lygodium japonicum and its preliminary immunological analysis. Cytologia (Tokyo) 68: 271-281.

642. Sakaushi, S., M. Okoshi, S. Miyamura & T. Hori. 2003. Swimming behavior and ultrastructure of sperm of Lygodium japonicum (Pteridophyta). Sexual Plant Reproduction 16: 113-122.

643. Sakurai, N., T. Iizuka, S. Nakayama, H. Funayama, M. Noguchi & M. Nagai. 2003. Vasorelaxant activity of caffeic acid derivatives from Cichorium intybus and Equisetum arvense. Yakugaku Zasshi 123: 593-598. [Japanese]

644. Salgado, A. E. 2003. Asplenium ofeliae (Aspleniaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. American Fern Journal 93: 191-195.

645. Salido, A. L., K. L. Hasty, J. M. Lim & D. J. Butcher. 2003. Phytoremediation of arsenic and lead in contaminated soil using Chinese brake ferns (Pteris vittata) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). International Journal of Phytoremediation 5: 89-103.

646. Salino, A. 2003. Diversidade de pteridofitas da flora brasileira. Florulas locais: o que existe, o que falta, seu papel para o enriquecimento de colecoes e formacao de recursos humanos. Pp. 281-283. In M. A. G. Jarim et al. (Eds.). Desafios da botanica brasileira no novo milenio inventario, sistematizacao e conservacao da diversidade vegetal. 54 Congr. Nacion. Bot. & 3a Reuniao Bot. Univ. Amazonia, Unama. Recife: Sociedade Botanica do Brazil, Amazonia. [Portuguese]

647. Salino, A. & P. O. Morais. 2003. New combinations in the tropical American Ctenitis (Tectariaceae). American Fern Journal 93: 32-35.

648. Salino, A. & J. Semir. 2003. Notes on two species of Thelypteris Schmidel (Thelypteridaceae - Pterophyta) from Brazil. Acta Bot. Brasil. 17: 515-521. [Portuguese]

649. Sanchez, C. & L. Regaldo Gabancho. 2003. 1. Aspleniaceae. P. 65. In W. Greuter & R. Rankin Rodriguez (Eds.). Flora de la Republica de Cuba. Serie A. Fasciculo 8. Gantner Verlag, Ruggell. [Spanish]

650. Sanchez Velazquez, T. 2003. Hymenophyllum wilsonii Hook. (Pteridophyta, Hymenophyllaceae). Confirmacion de su presencia en las Islas Canarias. Bot. Macaronesica 24: 207-211. [Spanish]

651. Sant, S. & P. D'Onofrio. 2003. Contribution to the knowledge of Alpes-Maritimes and Var departments Pteridophyta (France). Biocosme Mesogeen 19: 139-160.

652. Santiago, A. C. P. & I. C. L. Barros. 2003. Pteridoflora of the "Refugio Ecologico Charles Darwin" (Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brazil). Acta Bot. Brasil. 17: 597-604.

653. Sarbu, A. 2003. Inventory of aquatic plants in the Danube Delta: A pilot study in Romania. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Supplement 147: 205-216. [Salvinia natans]

654. Sato, K., T. Kohzuma & C. Dennison. 2003. Active-site structure and electron-transfer reactivity of plastocyanins. Journal of the American Chemical Society 125: 2101-2112. [Dryopteris crassirhizoma]

655. Sato, Y., A. Kadota & M. Wada. 2003. Chloroplast movement: Dissection of events downstream of photo- and mechano-perception. Journal of Plant Research 116: 1-5. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

656. Schaefer, H. 2003. Chorology and Diversity of the Azorean Flora. Dissertationes Botanicae : Band 374, Stuttgart, Germany. 130 pp.

657. Scheffer, M., S. Szabo, A. Gragnani, E. H. Van Nes, S. Rinaldi, N. Kautsky, J. Norberg, R. M. M. Roijackers & R. J. M. Franken. 2003. Floating plant dominance as a stable state. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100: 4040-4045. [Salvinia molesta]

658. Schmitt, J. L. & P. G. Windisch. 2003. Relation between stipe compression, frond production and caudex size in Alsophila setosa Kaulf. (Pteridophyta, Cyatheaceae). Pesquisas Botanica 53: 55-63. [Portuguese]

659. Schneckenburger, S. 2003. Systematics of the pteridophytes. Pp. 323-346. In K. Esser, U. Luttge, W. Beyschlag & F. Hellwig (Eds.). Genetics: Physiology: Systematics: Ecology; Progress in Botany : Volume 64. Springer-Verlag, New York.

660. Schneider, H. 2003. Convergent evolution in vegetative and reproductive characters of aquatic vascular plants. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

661. Schneider, H., R. Cranfill, E. Schuettpelz, S. Magallon & K. Pryer. 2003. Derived ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms: evidence from the fossil record, phylogenetic patterns, and divergence time estimates. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

662. Schneider, H. & G. Rusea. 2003. Pteris. Pp. 166-170. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

663. Schneider, H. & C. S. Tawan. 2003. Taenitis blechnoides. Pp. 188-190. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

664. Schoelch, A. 2003. Relations between submarginal and marginal sori in ferns III. Superficial sori with emphasis on Pteridaceae and morphological relations to marginal sori. Plant Systematics and Evolution 240: 211-233.

665. Schreffler, A. M. & W. E. Sharpe. 2003. Effects of lime, fertilizer, and herbicide on forest soil and soil solution chemistry, hardwood regeneration, and hardwood growth following shelterwood harvest. Forest Ecology and Management 177: 471-484. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

666. Scott, J. 2003. Forms of the American Christmas Fern. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 25-33, 54-60, 86-96. [Polystichum acrostichoides]

667. Serbet, R. & G. W. Rothwell. 2003. Anatomically preserved ferns from the late Cretaceous of western north America: Dennstaedtiaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 1041-1051.

668. Serrano, G. S. & M. G. Caluff. 2003. Three new species of Selaginella (Selaginellaceae) from Cuba. Willdenowia 33: 159-166.

669. Shan, X., H. Wang, S. Zhang, H. Zhou, Y. Zheng, H. Yu & B. Wen. 2003. Accumulation and uptake of light rare earth elements in a hyperaccumulator Dicranopteris dichotoma. Plant Science (Oxford) 165: 1343-1353.

670. Sharma, B. D. & D. R. Bohra. 2003. Mycorrhizic symbiosis in pteridophytes. Indian Fern Journal 20: 78-89. [Salvinia cucullata, Isoetes tuberculata]

671. Sharma, R. K., G. Chopra, G. Bhushan & K. Munjal. 2003. Use of Indian plants in fertility regulation in mammals. Journal of Experimental Zoology India 6: 57-74. [Marsilea minuta]

672. Shaw, S. & R. J. Hickey. 2003. Comparative morphology: three dimensional rendering of the Glossopodiums of North American Isoetes ligules. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

673. Shcherbakov, A. V., S. V. Polevova & E. A. Zakharova. 2003. Floristic records from northwest of Orel province. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 108: 89-90. [Dryopteris expansa]

674. Sheffield, E., M. Johns, F. J. Rumsey & J. K. Rowntree. 2003. An investigation of the effects of low doses of Axulox on non-target species. English Nature Contracts EIT20-19-001 & 30-08-007.

675. Shi, G. X., Q. S. Xu, K. B. Xie, N. Xu, X. L. Zhang, X. M. Zeng, H. W. Zhou & L. Zhu. 2003. Physiology and ultrastructure of Azolla imbricata as affected by Hg2+ and Cd2+ toxicity. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 437-444.

676. Shiels, A. B. & L. R. Walker. 2003. Bird perches increase forest seeds on Puerto Rican landslides. Restoration Ecology 11: 457-465.

677. Shinohara, W., M. Takamiya & N. Murakami. 2003. Taxonomic study of Japanese Deparia petersenii (Woodsiaceae) based on cytological and molecular information. APG Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 54: 137-148.

678. Shiraiwa, T. 2003. Survival strategies of Isoetes. Fiddlehead Forum 30: 19.

679. Shmakov, A. 2003. Review of the family Woodsiaceae (Diels) Herter of Eurasia. Pp. 49-64. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht. [Cheilanthopsis kangdingensis]

680. Short, P., D. Dixon & M. Osterkamp Madsen. 2003. A review of the ferns and fern allies of the Northern Territory. Beagle 19: 7-80.

681. Sillett, S. C. & M. G. Bailey. 2003. Effects of tree crown structure on biomass of the epiphytic fern Polypodium scouleri (Polypodiaceae) in redwood forests. American Journal of Botany 90: 255-261.

682. Silva, J. S. & F. C. Rego. 2003. Root distribution of a Mediterranean shrubland in Portugal. Plant and Soil 255: 529-540. [Pteridium aquilinum]

683. Simunek, Z. & J. Bek. 2003. Noeggerathiaceae from the Carboniferous basins of the Bohemian Massif. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 125: 249-284.

684. Sing, H. B. 2003. Economically viable pteridophytes of India. Pp. 419-444. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

685. Singh, P., K. Singh & R. Kumar. 2003. Study on refrigerated storage of Nephrolepis fronds. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 11: 121-126.

686. Singh, R. P. & R. Agarwal. 2003. Tumor angiogenesis: A potential target in cancer control by phytochemicals. Current Cancer Drug Targets 3: 205-217. [Polypodium leucotomos]
687. Singh, R. P. & P. K. Jaiwal. 2003. Arsenic phytoremediation: New hopes for old problem. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 9: 1-3. [Pteris cretica, P. longifolia, P. umbrosa, Pityrogramma calomelanos]

688. Singh, S., S. Singh, D. K. Singh, B. P. Uniyal & T. P. Singh. 2003. Some little known ferns from Lahaul-Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Forest. 26: 406-408.

689. Siqueiros-Delgado, M. E. & G. Gonzalez-Adame. 2002. Checklist of the pteridophytes of Aguascalientes, Mexico. Aliso 21: 45-53.

690. Skog, J. E. 2003. Report of the Committee for Fossil Plants: 4. Taxon 52: 341.

691. Smith, A. R. 2003. Pteridofitas. Pp. 136-150. In M. Aguilera, A. Azocar & J. Gonzalez (Eds.). Biodiversidad de Venezuela. Fundacion Polar/Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Fondo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnologia e Innovacion (FONACIT), Caracas, Venezuela.

692. Smith, S. Y., G. W. Rothwell & R. A. Stockey. 2003. Cyathea cranhamii sp. nov. (Cyatheaceae), anatomically preserved tree fern sori from the Lower Cretaceous of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. American Journal of Botany 90: 755-760.

693. Smith, S. Y., G. W. Rothwell & R. A. Stockey. 2003. Anatomically preserved tree fern sori from the lower Cretaceous of Vancouver Island. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

694. Soetjipto Partohardjono & P. Swatdee. 2003. Azolla pinnata. Pp. 64-69. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

695. Sood, S., R. K. Dawra, O. P. Sharma & N. P. Kurade. 2003. Exposure to the fern Onychium contiguum causes increase in lipid peroxidation and alters antioxidant status in urinary bladder. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 302: 476-479.

696. Soria, A. & B. Meyer-Berthaud. 2003. Occurrence of whorled organotaxis in the cladoxylopsid Pietzschia polyupsilon Read and Campbell (Lower Carboniferous, USA). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 124: 29-49.

697. Souza, M. C. de, J. L. Guillaumet & I. de J. A. Aguiar. 2003. Occurrence and distribution of the pteridophytes in the Walter Egler Forest reserve, Central Amazonian, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 33: 555-562. [Portuguese]

698. Spalek, K. 2003. Materials to the distribution of rare and interesting species of Pteridophyta in the Opole Plain (SW Poland)). Fragm. Flor. Geobot. Polon. 10: 209-220. [Polish]

699. Speck, T. & N. P. Rowe. 2003. Modelling primary and secondary growth processes in plants: A summary of the methodology and new data from an early lignophyte. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 358: 1473-1485. [Equisetum hyemale]

700. Srivastava, G. K., M. Rai & M. Srivastava. 2003. Cytomorphological studies on some Indian population of Isoetes coromandelina L. f. Pp. 191-202. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

701. Srivastava, M. 2003. About Pteridology Laboratory, NBRI, Lucknow (India). Pp. 11-13. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

702. Stafford, P. J. 2003. The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 57: Osmundaceae. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 1-7.

703. Stafford, P. J. 2003. The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 58: Azollaceae. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 9-17.

704. Stafford, P. J. 2003. The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 59: Salviniaceae. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 123: 19-25.

705. Stamps, R. & D. Rock. 2003. Effects of harvesting height on yield of Pteris vittata fronds. Hortscience 38: 722. [Abstract]

706. Standley, L. A. 2003. Flora of Needham, Massachusetts: 100 Years of floristic change. Rhodora 105: 354-378.

707. Stensvold, M. 2003. Ferns and Fern Allies of Southeast Alaska a checklist. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 13: 119-124.

708. Stirk, W. A. & J. van Staden. 2003. Occurrence of cytokinin-like compounds in two aquatic ferns and their exudates. Environmental and Experimental Botany 49: 77-85. [Azolla filiculoides, Salvinia molesta]

709. Stockey, R. & G. Rothwell. 2003. Cretaceous tree fern radiations: new permineralized Dicksoniacaea. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

710. Stout, S. C., G. B. Clark, S. Archer-Evans & S. J. Roux. 2003. Rapid and efficient suppression of gene expression in a single-cell model system, Ceratopteris richardii. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 131: 1165-1168.

711. Strandberg, J. O. 2003. Seasonal variations in production and development of leatherleaf fern leaves. Annals of Applied Biology 143: 235-243. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

712. Su, J., W. Zhang & Y. Cai. 2003. Determination of thiols in plant tissue: Comparison of precolumn derivatization with SBD-F and postcolumn derivatization with Ellman reagent. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 225: ANYL 53. [Abstract; Pteris vittata]

713. Subhashini, R., K. Kumar & S. Kannaiyan. 2003. Intrinsic antibiotic resistance and biochemical characteristics of Anabaena azollae isolated from Azolla cultures. Indian Journal of Microbiology 43: 165-169.

714. Suetsugu, N. & M. Wada. 2003. Cryptogam blue-light photoreceptors. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 6: 91-96. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

715. Sun, J. S., G. C. Dong, C. Y. Lin, S. Y. Sheu, F. H. Lin, L. T. Chen, W. H. S. Chang & Y. J. Wang. 2003. The effect of Gu-Sui-Bu (Drynaria fortunei J. Sm) immobilized modified calcium hydrogenphosphate on bone cell activities. Biomaterials 24: 873-882.

716. Sweet, H. R., L. Sullivan, T. D. Sherman & M. Ngu-Schwemlein. 2003. Morphological responses and retention of paclobutrazol in treated Salvinia minima and Hydrilla verticillata. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: CHED 132. [Abstract]

717. Sylvestre, L. S. 2003. Pros e contras das diferentes abordagens no estudo da diversidade de pteridofitas no Brasil. P. 279. In M. A. G. Jarim et al.(Eds.). Desafios da botanica brasileira no novo milenio: inventario, sistematizacao e conservacao da diversidade vegetal. 54 Congr. Nacion. Bot. & 3a Reuniao Bot. Univ. Amazonia, Unama. Recife: Sociedade Botanica do Brazil, Amazonia. [Portuguese]

718. Sylvestre, L. S. & P. G. Windisch. 2003. Diversity and distribution patterns of Aspleniaceae in Brazil. Pp. 107-120. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

719. Tahuilan Martinez, J. U., M. L. Arreguin Sanchez & R. Fernandez Nava. 2003. Revision de los generos Onocleopsis, Plecosorus y Polystichum (Aspleniaceae-Pteridophyta) para la cuenca del Rio Balsas, Mexico. Polibotanica 15: 113-146. [Spanish]

720. Tajadod, G., A. Majd, F. Fallaian & S. Mehrabian. 2003. The effects of beta-carotene on the germination of spores, development of prothalli and sexual organs in Adiantum capillus-veneris. South African Journal of Botany 69: 244. [Abstract]

721. Takayama, H., K. Katakawa, M. Kitajima, K. Yamaguchi & N. Aimi. 2003. Ten new Lycopodium alkaloids having the lycopodane skeleton isolated from Lycopodium serratum Thunb. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 51: 1163-1169.

722. Tanabe, Y., M. Uchida, M. Hasebe & M. Ito. 2003. Characterization of the Selaginella remotifolia MADS-box gene. Journal of Plant Research 116: 71-75.

723. Tani, T. & G. Kudo. 2003. Storage ability of overwintering leaves and rhizomes in a semi-evergreen fern, Dryopteris crassirhizoma (Dryopteridaceae). Ecological Research 18: 15-24.

724. Tatarnikov, D. V. 2003. Species distribution in herb-dwarf shrub cover of birch forests (southern taiga subzone). Lesovedenie 3: 62-64. [Russian; Dryopteris austriaca, Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

725. Tateno, H., H. C. Winter, J. Petryniak & I. J. Goldstein. 2003. Purification, characterization, molecular cloning, and expression of novel members of jacalin-related lectins from rhizomes of the true fern Phlebodium aureum (L) J. Smith (Polypodiaceae). Journal of Biological Chemistry 278: 10891-10899.

726. Taylor, W. C., A. R. Lekschas, N. T. Luebke, Q. F. Wang, X. Liu, S. B. Hoot & N. Napier. 2003. Phylogeny of Chinese Isoetes species as indicated by chromosome numbers and nucleotide sequences of the nuclear ribosomal ITS region and second intron of a LEAFY homolog. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

727. Teshima, K., S. Fujita, S. Hirose, D. Nishiyama, G. Kurisu, M. Kusunoki, Y. Kimata-Ariga & T. Hase. 2003. A ferredoxin Arg-Glu pair important for efficient electron transfer between ferredoxin and ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase. FEBS Letters 546: 189-194. [Equisetum arvense]

728. Tessier, J. T. & D. J. Raynal. 2003. Use of nitrogen to phosphorus ratios in plant tissue as an indicator of nutrient limitation and nitrogen saturation. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 523-534. [Dryopteris intermedia, Lycopodium lucidulum]

729. Tewari, R. & R. C. Mehrotra. 2003. Cuticular fragments from the Makum Coalfield, Tinsukia District, Assam and their palaeoclimatic significance. Phytomorphology 53-4: 269-284.

730. Tidwell, W. D. & S. R. Ash. 2003. Revision and description of two new species of Charliea Mamay from Pennsylvanian strata in New Mexico and Utah, USA. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 124: 297-306.

731. Tipping, P. W. & T. D. Center. 2003. Cyrtobagous salviniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) successfully overwinters in Texas and Louisiana. Florida Entomologist 86: 92-93. [Salvinia molesta]

732. Tomescu, A. M. F. & G. W. Rothwell. 2003. The Early Siluran Massanutten Sandstone of Virginia: an updated perspective on early terrestrial biotas. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

733. Tong, X. T., C. H. Tan, X. Q. Ma, B. D. Wang, S. H. Jiang & D. Y. Zhu. 2003. Miyoshianines A and B, two new Lycopodium alkaloids from Huperzia miyoshiana. Planta Medica 69: 576-579.

734. Toweill, L. 2003. Effect of fungi on rhizoid and root growth of the fern Ceratopteris richardii. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

735. Tracey, M. R. & R. Hsung. 2003. Towards the total synthesis of lyconadin A. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 226: ORGN 721. [Lycopodium complanatum]

736. Tripathi, B. D. & A. R. Upadhyay. 2003. Dairy effluent polishing by aquatic macrophytes. Water Air and Soil Pollution 143: 377-385. [Azolla pinnata]

737. Troia, A., E. Oddo & E. Bellini. 2003. Morphological observations on the co-occurring geophytes Isoetes duriei Bory (Lycophyta, Isoetaceae) and Romulea columnae Sebast. et Mauri (Anthophyta, Iridaceae). Pp. 185-189. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

738. True, D. H. 2003. The ferns and seed plants of Nevada County, California. Four Seasons 12: 12-69.

739. Tsirimonakis, E., B. W. O'Neil, R. Williams & M. S. Campo. 2003. Extensive papillomatosis of the bovine upper gastrointestinal tract. Journal of Comparative Pathology 129: 93-99. [Pteridium]

740. Tu, C. & L. Q. Ma. 2002. Effects of arsenic concentrations and forms on arsenic uptake by the hyperaccumulator ladder brake. Journal of Environmental Quality 31: 641-647. [Pteris vittata]

741. Tu, C. & L. Q. Ma. 2003. Effects of arsenate and phosphate on their accumulation by an arsenic-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. Plant and Soil 249: 373-382.

742. Tu, C., L. Q. Ma, W. Zhang, Y. Cai & W. G. Harris. 2003. Arsenic species and leachability in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.). Environmental Pollution 124: 223-230.

743. Tu, S. & L. Q. Ma. 2003. Interactive effects of pH, arsenic and phosphorus on uptake of As and P and growth of the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. under hydroponic conditions. Environmental and Experimental Botany 50: 243-251.

744. Tuomisto, H., A. D. Poulsen, K. Ruokolainen, R. C. Moran, C. Quintana, J. Celi & G. Canas. 2003. Linking floristic patterns with soil heterogeneity and satellite imagery in Ecuadorian Amazonia. Ecological Applications 13: 352-371.

745. Tuomisto, H., K. Ruokolainen, M. Aguilar & A. Sarmiento. 2003. Floristic patterns along a 43-km long transect in an Amazonian rain forest. Journal of Ecology 91: 743-756.

746. Tuomisto, H., K. Ruokolainen & M. Yli-Halla. 2003. Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science (Washington D C) 299: 241-244.
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750. van't Klooster, C. I. E. A., J. C. Lindeman & M. J. Jansen-Jacobs. 2003. Index of vernacular plant names of Suriname. Blumea Supplement: 1-322.

751. Vasheka, O. V. 2003. Spore reproduction of Polystichum woronowii Fomin. Pp. 303-304. In Biological Diversity. Plant Introduction. Materials of the Third International Scientific Conference 23-25 September, St. Petersburg, Russia. [Russian]

752. Vasheka, O. V. 2003. Frond anatomical structure in Dryopteridaceae Ching ferns with different rhythms of seasonal development. Pp. 3231-233. In Plants in monsoon climate. Proceedings of III International Conference 22-25 October, Vladivostok, Russia. [Russian]

753. Vasheka, O. V. 2003. Epidermis structure of juvenile fronds of Polypodium vulgare L. Pp. 22-23. In State and perspective study of Eurasian natural and cultural floras plant ontogenesis. Materials of XV International Scientific Conference 2-5 June, Kharkov, Ukraine. [Ukrainian]

754. Vasheka, O. V. 2003. Spore breeding of the rare species of Ukrainian flora Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. Pp. 118-120. In Urgent Problems of Botany and Ecology. Proceedings of Conference of Young Ukrainian Botanists 26-29 September, Odess, Ukraine. [Ukrainian]

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756. Verdcourt, B. 2003. Flora of Tropical East Africa: Woodsiaceae. A.A.Balkema, Lisse. 25 pp.

757. Verma, S. C. 2003. Some aspects of reproductive biology of the gametophyte generation of homosporous ferns. Pp. 453-482. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

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760. Vieira, M. d. F. & A. C. dos Santos. 2003. Life cycle of Cornops aquaticum (BRUNER, 1906) (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Leptysminae) and aspects of its food behavior at Central Amazonia. Acta Amazonica 33: 711-714. [Portuguese; Azolla]

761. Vijay, S. K. & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99: 573-581. [Marsilea]
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765. Volin, J. C., M. J. Lott, J. D. Muss, D. Owen & J. E. Stewart. 2003. The life history of the invasive fern Lygodium microphyllum: From reproductive strategy to landscape dispersal. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 345. [Abstract]

766. Vugrek, O., B. Moepps & H. Schraudolf. 2003. Molecular identification of cDNAs encoding for the poly(A)-binding protein in the fern Anemia phyllitidis (L.) Sw. Periodicum Biologorum 105: 251-256.

767. Wada, M., T. Kagawa & Y. Sato. 2003. Chloroplast movement. Pp. 455-468. In D. P. Delmer, H. J. Bohnert & S. Merchant (Eds.). Annual Review of Plant Biology. Volume 54. Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA. [Adiantum]

768. Wada, M., H. Kawai & T. Kanegae. 2003. What the chimera photoreceptor phy3 has brought in fern evolution? Plant and Cell Physiology 44: S9. [Abstract]

769. Waegel, A. S. 2003. Stepwise disinfestation reduces contamination of Huperzia lucidula shoot-tips and gemmae. Hortscience 38: 565-567.

770. Wagner, F. S. 2003. Notes on Hawaiian pteridophytes. Biological Electronic News 305: March 11, 2003.

771. Wang, C. Z., L. B. Davin, G. L. Helms & N. G. Lewis. 2003. (13C)-specific labeling of 8-2' linked (-)-cis-blechnic, (-)-trans-blechnic and (-)-brainic acids in the fern Blechnum spicant. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 62: 501-511.

772. Wang, H., X. Q. Shan, S. Z. Zhang & B. Wen. 2003. Preliminary characterization of a light-rare-earth-element-binding peptide of a natural perennial fern Dicranopteris dichotoma. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 376: 49-52.

773. Wang, M. L., Z. D. Chen, X. C. Zhang, S. G. Lu & G. F. Zhao. 2003. Phylogeny of the Athyriaceae: evidence from chloroplast trnL-F region sequences. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41: 416-426.

774. Wang, Q., C. S. Li, B. Y. Geng & S. Chitaley. 2003. A new species of Lepidostrobus from the Upper Devonian of Xinjiang, China and its bearing on the phylogenetic significance of the order Isoetales. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 143: 55-67.

775. Wang, Q. X. & J. Yu. 2003. Classification of spore ornamentation in Filicales under SEM. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 25: 313-320.

776. Wang, T., Y. J. Su, B. Zheng, X. Y. Li, G. P. Chen & Q. L. Zeng. 2003. Phylogenetic analysis of the chloroplast trnL intron and trnL-trnF intergenic spacer sequences of the Cyatheaceae plants from China. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 11: 137-142.

777. Wang, X. P., X. Q. Shan, S. Z. Zhang & B. Wen. 2003. Distribution of rare earth elements among chloroplast components of hyperaccumulator Dicranopteris dichotoma. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 376: 913-917.

778. Wang, Y. & C. M. Berry. 2003. A novel lycopsid from the Upper Devonian of Jiangsu, China. Palaeontology (Oxford) 46: 1297-1311.

779. Wang, Y. B., D. G. Liu, L. Zhang, Y. Li & L. Chu. 2003. Vegetation state and soil enzyme activities of copper tailing yard on Tongguan mountain. Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao 14: 757-760. [Hippochaete ramosissimum]

780. Wang, Z. R., K. Q. Wang, F. Zhang & X. Hou. 2003. A biosystematic study on Asplenium sarelii complex. Act. Bot. Sin. 45: 1-14.

781. Watkins, J. E., C. Cardelus & R. Moran. 2003. Diversity and abundance of epiphytic (canopy and understory) and terrestrial ferns along an elevational gradient: Implications for dispersal and migration. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 350. [Abstract]

782. Watrud, L. S., S. Maggard, T. Shiroyama, C. G. Coleman, M. G. Johnson, K. K. Donegan, G. Di Giovanni, L. A. Porteous & E. H. Lee. 2003. Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum L.) frond biomass and rhizosphere microbial community characteristics are correlated to edaphic factors. Plant and Soil 249: 359-371.

783. Webb, S. M., J. F. Gaillard, L. Q. Ma & C. Tu. 2003. XAS speciation of arsenic in a hyper-accumulating fern. Environmental Science & Technology 37: 754-760. [Pteris vittata]

784. Wegner, C., M. Wunderlich, M. Kessler & M. Schawe. 2003. Foliar C:N ratio of ferns along an Andean elevational gradient. Biotropica 35: 486-490.

785. Welch, N. T., J. M. Belmont & J. C. Randolph. 2003. Carbon and macronutrient content of herb layer vegetation in an Indiana temperate deciduous forest. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 353. [Abstract; Polystichum acrostichoides]

786. Wen, M. Z., X. A. Pang, Q. F. Wang & W. C. Taylor. 2003. Relationship between water chemistry and the distribution of the endangered aquatic quillwort Isoetes sinensis Palmer in China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18: 361-367.

787. Whittier, D. P. 2003. The gametophyte of Diphasiastrum sitchense. American Fern Journal 93: 20-24.

788. Whittier, D. P. 2003. Rapid gametophyte maturation in Ophioglossum crotalophoroides. American Fern Journal 93: 137-145.

789. Whittier, D. P. 2003. Induced apogamy in the Psilotaceae. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

790. Willemse, M. T. M. 2003. Plant sexual reproduction: Aspects of interaction, history and regulation. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 45: 19-26.

791. Wilson, J. G. 2003. Kilwinnet wood, south Ayrshire: A picnic woodland in the making. Scottish Forestry 57: 169-171. [Pteridium aquilinum]

792. Wilson, K. A. 2003. New records of alien pteridophytes for Hawai'i. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 74: 5-7.

793. Windham, M. D. & G. Yatskievych. 2003. Chromosome studies of cheilanthoid ferns (Pteridaceae: Cheilanthoideae) from the western United States and Mexico. American Journal of Botany 90: 1788-1800.

794. Windham, M. D. & G. Yatskievych. 2003. Revised nomenclature and a new North American record for the villose cliff brake (Pellaea, Pteridophyta). Novon 13: 358-362.

795. Wittig, R. 2003. Ferns in railway stations in Hesse, Germany. Floristische Rundbriefe 36: 45-50. [German]

796. Wolf, J. H. D. & F. Alejandro. 2003. Patterns in species richness and distribution of vascular epiphytes in Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of Biogeography 30: 1689-1707.

797. Wolf, P. G., C. A. Rowe, R. B. Sinclair & M. Hasebe. 2003. Complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome from a leptosporangiate fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris L. In Botany 2003: Aquatic and Wetland Plants: Wet and Wild, 26-31 July 2003. Botanical Society of America, Mobile, Alabama (www.2003.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

798. Wong, D. M., H. M. Greenblatt, H. Dvir, P. R. Carlier, Y. F. Han, Y. P. Pang, I. Silman & J. L. Sussman. 2003. Acetylcholinesterase complexed with bivalent ligands related to Huperzine A: Experimental evidence for species-dependent protein-ligand complementarity. Journal of the American Chemical Society 125: 363-373. [Huperzia serrata]

799. Wongkongkatep, J., K. Fukushi, P. Parkpian, R. D. DeLaune & A. Jugsujinda. 2003. Arsenic uptake by native fern species in Thailand: Effect of chelating agents on hyperaccumulation of arsenic by Pityrogramma calomelanos. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic-Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering A38: 2773-2784.

800. Woodcock, B. A., A. D. Watt & S. R. Leather. 2003. Influence of management type on Diptera communities of coniferous plantations and deciduous woodlands. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 95: 443-452. [Pteridium aquilinum]

801. Woodhead, M., J. Russell, J. Squirrell, P. M. Hollingsworth, L. Cardle, L. Ramsay, M. Gibby & W. Powell. 2003. Development of EST-SSRs from the Alpine Lady-fern, Athyrium distentifolium. Molecular Ecology Notes 3: 287-290.

802. Wrobel, D. 2003. Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. morphotypes related to anthropogenic habitats. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 72: 161-165.

803. Wu, S. G. & B. C. Tan. 2003. Valuable and noteworthy Chinese fern specimens preserved at the herbarium of Singapore Botanic Gardens (SING). Pp. 153-164. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

804. Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N. & W. P. De Winter. 2003. Lycopodiella cernua. Pp. 121-123. In W. P. De Winter & V. B. Amoroso (Eds.). Plant resources of south-east Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

805. Wuston, P. & B. Wuston. 2003. Ferns of the Vumba. Ingens Bull. 28: 14-24. [Zimbabwe]

806. Xiang, Q. P., X. C. Zhang & D. H. Nicolson. 2003. Correctability of the epithet minchegense to mingcheense in Lycopodium (Lycopodiaceae) and lectotypification of Lycopodium mingcheense. Taxon 52: 857-858.

807. Yamauchi, M., T. Asamizu, K. Nakayama, H. Kamachi & H. Inoue. 2003. Properties of the novel 17-kDa protein from sterile frond of the fern Ceratopteris richardii grown in high-humid condition. Plant and Cell Physiology 44: S47. [Abstract]


808. Yan, Y. H., X. S. Qin & F. W. Xing. 2003. The characteristics of fern community in Gudoushan Nature Reserve, Guangdong. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 11: 109-116. [Chinese]

809. Yan, Y. H., F. W. Xing, H. F. Chen, Q. Wei & B. H. Chen. 2003. Newly recorded pteridophytes from Guangzhou, China. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 11: 59-63.

810. Yanagisawa, S., K. Sato, M. Kikuchi, T. Kohzuma & C. Dennison. 2003. Introduction of a pi-pi interaction at the active site of a cupredoxin: Characterization of the Met16Phe pseudoazurin mutant. Biochemistry 42: 6853-6862. [Dryopteris crassirhizoma]

811. Yang, C. C., S. O. Prasher, J. A. Landry & H. S. Ramaswamy. 2003. Development of an image processing system and a fuzzy algorithm for site-specific herbicide applications. Precision Agriculture 4: 5-18. [Equisetum arvense]

812. Yang, P. & X. C. Zhang. 2003. Studies on Chinese Selaginellaceae: 5. Observations on the foliar epidermis of Selaginella Beauv. from Hainan Island in China. Pp. 177-183. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

813. Yang, Q. P., X. L. Kou, K. B. Fugal & J. L. McLaughlin. 2003. Determination of huperzine A in formulated products by reversed-phase-liquid chromatography using diode array and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection. Phytomedicine (Jena) 10: 200-205. [Huperzia serrata]

814. Yang, Y. S., J. F. Guo, G. G. Chen, Z. M. He & J. S. Xie. 2003. Effect of slash burning on nutrient removal and soil fertility in Chinese fir and evergreen broadleaved forests of mid-subtropical China. Pedosphere (Beijing) 13: 87-96. [Woodwardia japonica]

815. Yao, X. L., Y. C. Jiang, D. P. Wang, D. D. Huang & Y. L. Song. 2003. Pilot study of ecological adaptability and biological function of Azolla filiculoides introduced in Xinjiang. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment 12: 43-46. [Chinese]

816. Yasmeen & S. Ajaz. 2003. Influence of soil amendments on the rhizosphere mycoflora of Dalbergia sissoo. Indian Forest 129: 1412-1414. [Azolla pinnata]

817. Yasuda, T., M. Shiyomi, R. Ishikawa & S. Takahashi. 2003. Randomly or aggregately distributed species. Grassland Science 49: 271-274. [Japanese, Pteridium aquilinum]

818. Yatabe, Y. & N. Murakami. 2003. Recognition of cryptic species in the Asplenium nidus complex using molecular data: A progress report. Telopea 10: 487-496.

819. Yatskievych, G. 2003. Conservation and endangerment of North American pteridophytes. Fiddlehead Forum 30: 25-26.

820. Yatskievych, G. & A. R. Smith. 2003. Typification of Notholaena R. Br. (Pteridaceae). Taxon 52: 331-336.

821. Yi, W. & H. H. Xu. 2003. Studies on a new earliest Carboniferous plant: Coenosophyton tristichus gen. et sp. nov. from China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 77-87.

822. Yorks, T. E., D. J. Leopold & D. J. Raynal. 2003. Effects of Tsuga canadensis mortality on soil water chemistry and understory vegetation: Possible consequences of an invasive insect herbivore. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 1525-1537. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula, Dryopteris intermedia, Thelypteris noveboracensis]

823. Yoshihara, T., Y. Arashima, T. Masuda, F. Goto & H. Shimada. 2003. Callus formation and the cadmium tolerance and accumulation capacity of a Japanese indigenous fern (Athyrium yokoscense). Plant and Cell Physiology 44: S174. [Abstract]

824. Yu, P., Y. R. Liu & Y. Zheng. 2003. Purification, characterization and properties of Dryopteris championi lectin. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment 12: 6-9. [Chinese]

825. Yusuf, F. B., B. C. Tan & I. M. Turner. 2003. What is the minimum area needed to estimate the biodiversity of pteridophytes in natural and man-made lowland forests in Malaysia and Singapore? Fern Gazette 17: 1-9.

826. Yusuf, F. B., B. C. Tan & I. M. Turner. 2003. Species richness of pteridophytes in natural versus man-made lowland forests in Malaysia and Singapore. Pp. 281-296. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

827. Yusuf, U., K. Itam, F. Abdullah, I. Zainal & M. A. Sukari. 2003. Leaf flavonoids in the genus Gleichenia (Gleicheniaceae). American Fern Journal 93: 44-46.

828. Zachariadis, M., H. Quader, B. Galatis & P. Apostolakos. 2003. Organization of the endoplasmic reticulum in dividing cells of the gymnosperms Pinus brutia and P. nigra, and of the pteridophyte Asplenium nidus. Cell Biology International 27: 31-40.

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