Annual Review of Pteridological Research - 2009

Literature Citations All Citations

1. Aagaard, S. M. D., J. Greilhuber, X. C. Zhang & N. Wikstrom. 2009. Occurrence and evolutionary origins of polyploids in the clubmoss genus Diphasiastrum (Lycopodiaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 746-754.

2. Aagaard, S. M. D., J. C. Vogel & N. Wikstrom. 2009. Resolving maternal relationships in the clubmoss genus Diphasiastrum (Lycopodiaceae). Taxon 58: 835-848.

3. Abbasi, A. M., M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar, H. Khan, N. Muhammad & S. Sultana. 2009. Medicinal plants used for the treatment of jaundice and hepatitis based on socio-economic documentation. African Journal of Biotechnology 8: 1643-1650. [Adiantum capillus, Equisetum debile]

4. Ackers, G. 2009. Ferns from the Galapagos Islands. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 118-121.

5. Addo-Fordjour, P., A. K. Anning, M. G. Addo & M. F. Osei. 2009. Composition and distribution of vascular epiphytes in a tropical semideciduous forest, Ghana. African Journal of Ecology 47: 767-773. [Nephrolepis biserrata, N. undulata]

6. Adie, H. & M. J. Lawes. 2009. Role reversal in the stand dynamics of an angiosperm-conifer forest: colonising angiosperms precede a shade-tolerant conifer in Afrotemperate forest. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 159-168. [Pteridium aquilinum]

7. Ainsworth, A. & J. B. Kauffman. 2009. Response of native Hawaiian woody species to lava-ignited wildfires in tropical forests and shrublands, In A.G. VanderValk, (Ed.). Forest Ecology: Recent Advances in Plant Ecology. Springer, New York (Previously published in Plant Ecology 2009 Volume 201(1)). pp. 197-209.

8. Ainuddin, N. A. & D. A. N. Najwa. 2009. Growth and physiological responses of Asplenium nidus to water stress. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 8: 447-450. [Malaysia]

9. Al-Hamdani, S. H. & J. J. Ghazal. 2009. Selected physiological responses of Salvinia minima to various temperatures and light intensities. American Fern Journal 99: 155-161.

10. Alm, T. & A. Often. 2009. Elatine in Troms - solving the problem. Blyttia 67: 244-248. [Norwegian; Isoetes lacustris]

11. Alongi, D. A., J. P. Hill & M. J. Germino. 2009. Opportunistic heterotrophy in gametophytes of the homosporous fern Ceratopteris richardii. Botany-Botanique 87: 799-806.

12. Al-Qura'n, S. 2009. Ethnopharmacological survey of wild medicinal plants in Showbak, Jordan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 123: 45-50. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

13. Amatangelo, K. L. & P. M. Vitousek. 2009. Contrasting predictors of fern versus angiosperm decomposition in a common garden. Biotropica 41: 154-161.

14. Amoroso, V. B., L. D. Obsioma, J. B. Arlalejo, R. A. Aspiras, D. P. Capili, J. J. A. Polizon & E. B. Sumile. 2009. Inventory and conservation of endangered, endemic and economically important flora of Hamiguitan Range, southern Philippines. Blumea 54: 71-76.

15. Amoroso, V. B., P. M. Zamora, L. V. Rufila & K. Flores. 2009. Species richness and distribution of lycopods in the Philippines. The Philippine BIOTA XLII, No. 1: 22-32.

16. Anderson, C. L., A. Channing & A. B. Zamuner. 2009. Life, death and fossilization on Gran Canaria - implications for Macaronesian biogeography and molecular dating. Journal of Biogeography 36: 2189-2201.

17. Anderson, O. R. 2009. Eukaryotic microbial communities associated with the rhizosphere of the temperate fern Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. American Fern Journal 99: 176-181.

18. Anjos, B. L., L. F. Irigoyen, J. V. M. Piazer, J. S. Brum, R. A. Fighera & C. S. L. Barros. 2009. Experimental acute poisoning by bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) in cattle. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 29: 753-766. [Portuguese]

19. Antony, R. 2009. Pteris heteromorpha Fee (Pteridaceae: Pteridophyta) : a new record for Kerala. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 428-429.

20. Anwar, S. A., A. Zia, N. Javed & Q. Shakeel. 2009. Weeds as reservoir of nematodes. Pakistan Journal of Nematology 27: 145-153. [Marsilea minuta]

21. Apostolakos, P., P. Livanos & B. Galatis. 2009. Microtubule involvement in the deposition of radial fibrillar callose arrays in stomata of the fern Asplenium nidus L. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 66: 342-349.

22. Apostolakos, P., P. Livanos, T. L. Nikolakopoulou & B. Galatis. 2009. The role of callose in guard-cell wall differentiation and stomatal pore formation in the fern Asplenium nidus. Annals of Botany (London) 104: 1373-1387.

23. Archangelsky, S. 2009. Biogeographic implications of Albian Mohria-like spores (Family Anemiaceae) in SW Gondwana (Patagonia). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 157: 301-308.

24. Archer, R. 2009. How to build a fern bog. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 51, 54-56.

25. Archer, R. 2009. Rotary Botanical Gardens fern garden report. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 85-89.

26. Ares, A., S. D. Berryman & K. J. Puettmann. 2009. Understory vegetation response to thinning disturbance of varying complexity in coniferous stands. Applied Vegetation Science 12: 472-487. [Polystichum munitum]

27. Armstrong, J. & W. Armstrong. 2009. Record rates of pressurized gas-flow in the great horsetail, Equisetum telmateia. Were Carboniferous Calamites similarly aerated? New Phytologist 184: 202-215.

28. Arosa, M. L., L. G. Quintanilla, J. A. Ramos, R. Ceia & H. Sampaio. 2009. Spore maturation and release of two evergreen Macaronesian ferns, Culcita macrocarpa and Woodwardia radicans, along an altitudinal gradient. American Fern Journal 99: 260-272.

29. Arreguin-Sanchez, M. d. l. L., R. Fernandez-Nava, D. L. Quiroz-Garcia & S. Acosta-Castellanos. 2009. Analysis of the distribution of the fern species native to Valle de Mexico, ecological and floristic notes. Polibotanica 28: 15-36. [Spanish]

30. Ash, S. 2009. A Late Triassic flora and associated invertebrate fossils from the basal beds of the Chinle Formation in Dinnebito Wash, east-central Arizona, USA. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 282: 1-37.

31. Avery, D. 2009. Growing lime loving ferns in tufa in Vermont. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 73-76.

32. Awad, R., F. Ahmed, N. Bourbonnais-Spear, M. Mullally, C. A. Ta, A. Tang, Z. Merali, P. Maquin, F. Caal, V. Cal, L. Poveda, P. Sanchez Vindas, V. L. Trudeau & J. T. Arnason. 2009. Ethnopharmacology of Q'eqchi' Maya antiepileptic and anxiolytic plants: Effects on the GABAergic system. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125: 257-264. [Adiantum latifolium, A. princeps, A. tetraphyllum, A. wilsonii, Lygodium venustum]

33. Axsmith, B. A. & J. E. Skog. 2009. A Triassic mystery solved--fertile Pekinopteris auriculata. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

34. Axsmith, B. J. 2009. A new Cynepteris from the Upper Triassic of Arizona: potential implications for the early diversification of Schizaealean ferns. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 657-665.

35. Ayrapetov, A. & M. T. Ganger. 2009. Nutrient levels do not affect male gametophyte induction by antheridiogen in Ceratopteris richardii. American Fern Journal 99: 273-278.

36. Bagella, S., M. C. Caria, E. Farris & R. Filigheddu. 2009. Spatial-time variability and conservation relevance of plant communities in Mediterranean temporary wet habitats: A case study in Sardinia (Italy). Plant Biosystems 143: 435-442. [Isoetes histrix, I. tiguliana]

37. Balaji, K., A. Jalaludeen, R. R. Churchil, P. A. Peethambaran & S. Senthilkumar. 2009. Effect of dietary inclusion of Azolla (Azolla pinnata) on production performance of broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 44: 195-198.

38. Ballenthien, E., J. H. Dudenhoeffer & M. Kessler. 2009. A new species of Elaphoglossum sect. Lepidoglossa subsect. Muscosa (Dryopteridacae) with cristate spores. Brittonia 61: 46-49.

39. Balseiro, D., J. J. Rustan, M. Ezpeleta & N. E. Vaccari. 2009. A new Serpukhovian (Mississippian) fossil flora from western Argentina: Paleoclimatic, paleobiogeographic and stratigraphic implications. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 280: 517-531.

40. Banciu, C., M. E. Carasan & A. Brezeanu. 2009. In vitro propagation of the endangered species Marsilea quadrifolia L. - morphological and biochemical analysis of the regenerates. Romanian Biotechnological Letters 14: 4139-4145.

41. Banerjee, M., S. Mitra & S. Dutta. 2009. On the occurrence of three species of Annularia Sternberg in the Early Permian Glossopteris flora of peninsular India. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 394-407.

42. Banks, J. A. 2009. Selaginella and 400 Million Years of Separation. Annual Review of Plant Biology 60: 223-238. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

43. Baonza Diaz, J. 2009. The vegetation of weathering pits from Sierra de Guadarrama and La Serena (Spain). Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 66: 109-129. [Spanish; Isoetes velatum]

44. Baral, S. S., N. Das, T. S. Ramulu, S. K. Sahoo, S. N. Das & G. R. Chaudhury. 2009. Removal of Cr(VI) by thermally activated weed Salvinia cucullata in a fixed-bed column. Journal of Hazardous Materials 161: 1427-1435.

45. Barale, G., G. Guignard & M. K. Bamford. 2009. Structure of corystospermaceous ovules from the Upper Triassic of Zimbabwe. Botany-Botanique 87: 854-863.

46. Barbacka, M. 2009. Sphenophyta from the Early Jurassic of the Mecsek Mts., Hungary. Acta Palaeobotanica 49: 221-231.

47. Barker, M. S. 2009. Evolutionary genomic analyses of ferns reveal that high chromosome numbers are a product of high retention and fewer rounds of polyploidy relative to angiosperms. American Fern Journal 99: 136-141.

48. Barker, M. S. 2009. Paleopolyploidy and the evolution of plants. Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA. [Dissertation]

49. Barker, M. S. & G. Yatskievych. 2009. A brief history of Gerald J. Gasony's botanical career. American Fern Journal 99: 117-124.

50. Barriada, J. L., S. Caridad, P. Lodeiro, R. Herrero & M. E. Sastre de Vicente. 2009. Physicochemical characterisation of the ubiquitous bracken fern as useful biomaterial for preconcentration of heavy metals. Bioresource Technology 100: 1561-1567. [Pteridium aquilinum]

51. Barrington, D. S. 2009. Tracing hybrid ancestry with data from a set of single-copy nuclear genes retrieved by direct sequencing. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract; Polystichum]

52. Barthlott, W., S. Wiersch, Z. Colic & K. Koch. 2009. Classification of trichome types within species of the water fern Salvinia, and ontogeny of the egg-beater trichomes. Botany-Botanique 87: 830-836.

53. Baruah, A. M. & S. Borah. 2009. An investigation on sources of potential minerals found in traditional vegetables of north-east India. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 60: 111-115. [Pteridium aquilinum]

54. Basu, S. K., P. P. Ghoshal, S. Bandyopadhyay & M. N. Aziz. 2009. Comments on the type specimens of Lindsaea andamanica (Lindsaeaceae) at central national herbarium (CAL), India. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 16: 175-176.

55. Batten, D. J. 2009. An unusual megaspore of uncertain systematic affinity from Lower Cretaceous deposits in south-east England and its biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental significance. Grana 48: 270-280.

56. Beck, J., M. Windham & K. M. Pryer. 2009. Tempo and mode of evolution in the star-scaled cloak ferns (Astrolepis). Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

57. Bee, J. N., A. J. Tanentzap, W. G. Lee, R. B. Lavers, A. F. Mark, J. A. Mills & D. A. Coomes. 2009. The benefits of being in a bad neighbourhood: plant community composition influences red deer foraging decisions. Oikos 118: 18-24. [Blechnum discolor, Polystichum vestitum]

58. Beerling, D. J. & P. J. Franks. 2009. Evolution of stomatal function in 'lower' land plants. New Phytologist 183: 921-925. [Huperzia prolifera]

59. Begu, D. & A. Araya. 2009. The horsetail Equisetum arvense mitochondria share two group I introns with the liverwort Marchantia, acquired a novel group II intron but lost intron-encoded ORFs. Current Genetics 55: 69-79.

60. Bek, J., S. Chitaley & L. Grauvogel-Stamm. 2009. Occurrence of spores from an isoetalean lycopsid of the Polysporia-type in the Late Devonian of Ohio, USA. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 34-50.

61. Bek, J. & H. Kerp. 2009. Late Palaeozoic palaeobotany and palynology in Central Europe: New contributions from the Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 99-100.

62. Bek, J., M. Libertin & J. Drabkova. 2009. Selaginella labutae sp nov., a new compression herbaceous lycopsid and its spores from the Kladno-Rakovnik Basin, Bolsovian of the Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 101-115.

63. Bek, J., M. Libertin & J. Drabkova. 2009. Spencerites leismanii sp nov., a new sub-arborescent compression lycopsid and its spores from the Pennsylvanian of the Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 116-132.

64. Bellis, V. 2009. John Lawson's Plant Collections from North Carolina 1710-1711. Castanea 74: 376-389. [Asplenium platyneuron, Polypodium polypodioides, Thelypteris hexagonoptera, Woodwardia virginica]

65. Benniamin, A. & C. R. Fraser-Jenkins. 2009. Trichomanes parvifolium, the world's smallest fern, new to India and the rarities of Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Fern Journal 26: 179-184.

66. Benson, D. & D. Picone. 2009. Monitoring vegetation change over 30 years: lessons from an urban bushland reserve in Sydney. Cunninghamia 11: 195-202. [Adiantum aethiopicum]

67. Berendse, F. & M. Scheffer. 2009. The angiosperm radiation revisited, an ecological explanation for Darwin's 'abominable mystery'. Ecology Letters 12: 865-872.

68. Bernard, S., K. Benzerara, O. Beyssac, G. E. Brown, Jr., L. G. Stamm & P. Duringer. 2009. Ultrastructural and chemical study of modern and fossil sporoderms by Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy (STXM). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 248-261.

69. Berry, C. 2009. The middle Devonian plant collections of Francois Stockmans reconsidered. Geologica Belgica 12: 25-30.

70. Bhat, P. I., S. S. Cristopher & B. B. Hosetti. 2009. Avifaunal diversity of Anekere wetland, Karkala, Udupi district, Karnataka, India. Journal of Environmental Biology 30: 1059-1062. [Salvinia molesta]

71. Bhattacharya, M. K. 2009. Some threatened ferns of Barak Valley, Assam, N. E. India. Indian Fern Journal 26: 46-54. [Angiopteris helferiana, Asplenium nidus, Cyathea brunoniana, C. gigantea, Dipteris wallichii, Helminthostachys zeylanica]

72. Bhattacharya, N. & S. Halder. 2009. Phytochemical study on some ferns of semi-arid habitats of District Burdwan, West Bengal. Indian Fern Journal 26: 37-45. [Lygodium flexuosum, Pteris vittata ssp. vittata, Thelypteris (=Christella) dentata]

73. Biber, P. D. 2009. Determining salinity-tolerance of giant Salvinia using chlorophyll fluorescence. Gulf and Caribbean Research 21: 31-36. [Salvinia molesta]

74. Black, L. 2009. How you might get started with ferns. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 31-35.

75. Bois, C. H., D. T. Janzen, P. T. Sanborn & A. L. Fredeen. 2009. Contrasting total carbon stocks between ecological site series in a subboreal spruce research forest in central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 897-907. [Equisetum sylvaticum, Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

76. Booi, M., I. M. van Waveren & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2009. Comia and Rhachiphyllum from the early Permian of Sumatra, Indonesia. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 418-435.

77. Booi, M., I. M. van Waveren & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2009. The Jambi gigantopterids and their place in gigantopterid classification. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 302-328.

78. Boonkerd, T. 2009. Asplenium inaequilaterale: A new record for Thailand. ScienceAsia 35: 386-387.

79. Borsic, I., N. Jasprica & K. Dolina. 2009. New records of vascular plants for the island of Mljet (Southern Dalmatia, Croatia). Natura Croatica 18: 295-307.

80. Borzacchiello, G., A. R. Resendes, S. Roperto & F. Roperto. 2009. Co-expression of bovine papillomavirus E5 and E7 oncoproteins in naturally occurring carcinomas of the urinary bladder in cattle. Journal of Comparative Pathology 141: 84-88. [Pteridium]

81. Boughton, A. J., C. A. Bennett, J. A. Goolsby & R. W. Pemberton. 2009. Laboratory host range testing of Neomusotima conspurcatalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) - a potential biological control agent of the invasive weed, Old World climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 19: 369-390.

82. Boughton, A. J. & R. W. Pemberton. 2009. Establishment of an imported natural enemy, Neomusotima conspurcatalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) against an invasive weed, Old World climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum, in Florida. Biocontrol Science and Technology 19: 769-772.

83. Bouimetarhan, I., L. Dupont, E. Schefuss, G. Mollenhauer, S. Mulitza & K. Zonneveld. 2009. Palynological evidence for climatic and oceanic variability off NW Africa during the late Holocene. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 72: 188-197.

84. Brantner, A. H. 2009. Medicinal plants and natural compounds for the prevention and therapy of age related diseases. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 121: S54-S55. [Huperzia serrata]

85. Breili, A. 2009. Discovery of Dwarf grape fern Botrychium simplex in Sjodalen, Vaga. Blyttia 67: 73-74. [Norwegian]

86. Britto, S. J., S. Soosairaj, B. Balaguru & N. Nagamurugan. 2009. Stenochlaena palustris (Burmf) Beddome (Blechnaceae): a new record for the Eastern Ghats in Tamil Nadu. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 318-320.

87. Brock, T. 2009. A national collection of Asplenium scolopendrium. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 130-131. [United Kingdom]

88. Brodribb, T. J., S. A. M. McAdam, G. J. Jordan & T. S. Feild. 2009. Evolution of stomatal responsiveness to CO2 and optimization of water-use efficiency among land plants. New Phytologist 183: 839-847. [Cyathea australis, Nephrolepis exaltata, Onoclea sensibilis, Pteris tremula]

89. Brooks, J. R. & R. Coulombe. 2009. Physiological responses to fertilization recorded in tree rings: isotopic lessons from a long-term fertilization trial. Ecological Applications 19: 1044-1060. [Pteridium aquilinum]

90. Brunel, S. 2009. Pathway analysis: aquatic plants imported in 10 EPPO countries. Bulletin OEPP 39: 201-213. [Azolla filiculoides, Adiantum raddianum]

91. Bryant, V. M. & R. G. Holloway. 2009. Reducing charcoal abundance in archaeological pollen samples. Palynology 33: 63-72.

92. Bugdaeva, E. V. & V. S. Markevich. 2009. The coal-forming plants of Rhabdopissites in the Lipovtsy coal field (Lower Cretaceous of Southern Primorye). Paleontological Journal 43: 1217-1229.

93. Bujnoch, W. 2009. Farfunde im ehemaligen Regierungsbezirk Trier - 24. Nachtrag. Dendrocopos (Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland) 36: 143-146. [German]

94. Bump, J. K., C. R. Webster, J. A. Vucetich, R. O. Peterson, J. M. Shields & M. D. Powers. 2009. Ungulate carcasses perforate ecological filters and create biogeochemical hotspots in forest herbaceous layers allowing trees a competitive advantage. Ecosystems 12: 996-1007. [Dryopteris spinulosa]

95. Burki, K. 2009. Lakewold Gardens. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 109-110.

96. Burnett, N. 2009. Dallas Arboretum. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 92-93.

97. Burnham, R. J. 2009. An overview of the fossil record of climbers: bejucos, sogas, trepadoras, lianas, cipos, and vines. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 12: 149-160.

98. Burton, R. A. & G. B. Fincher. 2009. (1,3;1,4)-beta-D-glucans in cell walls of the Poaceae, lower plants, and fungi: A tale of two linkages. Molecular Plant 2: 873-882. [Equisetum arvense]

99. Busby, A. R. M. 2009. Collecting and cleaning spores. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 36-37.

100. Cairns, M. A., K. Lajtha & P. A. Beedlow. 2009. Dissolved carbon and nitrogen losses from forests of the Oregon Cascades over a successional gradient. Plant and Soil 318: 185-196. [Polystichum munitum]

102. Caluff, M. G. & G. Shelton. 2009. Review of hairy species of Selaginella (Sellaginellaceae) of the West Indies, with description of two new species from Cuba [Novitiae florae cubense No. 30]. Willdenowia 39: 107-119.

103. Campos, V. 2009. Influence of redox environments on the solubility of arsenic in soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 40: 1590-1603. [Phlebodium aureum, Pteris vittata]

104. Canadanovic-Brunet, J. M., G. S. Cetkovic, S. M. Djilas, V. T. Tumbas, S. S. Savatovic, A. I. Mandic, S. L. Markov & D. D. Cvetkovic. 2009. Radical scavenging and antimicrobial activity of horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) extracts. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 44: 269-278.

105. Cao, J. G., N. Y. Yang & Q. X. Wang. 2009. Ultrastructure of the mature egg and fertilization in the fern Ceratopteris thalictroides. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 51: 243-250.

106. Carro, L., R. Herrero, J. L. Barriada & M. E. Sastre de Vicente. 2009. Mercury removal: a physicochemical study of metal interaction with natural materials. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 841: 1688-1696. [Pteridium aquilinum]

107. Cassileth, B. R., N. Rizvi, G. Deng, K. S. Yeung, A. Vickers, S. Guillen, D. Woo, M. Coleton & M. G. Kris. 2009. Safety and pharmacokinetic trial of docetaxel plus an Astragalus-based herbal formula for non-small cell lung cancer patients. Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 65: 67-71. [Selaginella doederleinii]

108. Catala, M., M. Esteban, J.-L. Rodriguez-Gil & L. G. Quintanilla. 2009. Development of a naturally miniaturised testing method based on the mitochondrial activity of fern spores: A new higher plant bioassay. Chemosphere 77: 983-988. [Dryopteris guanchica]

109. Cattani, I., E. Capri, R. Boccelli & A. A. M. Del Re. 2009. Assessment of arsenic availability to roots in contaminated Tuscany soils by a diffusion gradient in thin films (DGT) method and uptake by Pteris vittata and Agrostis capillaris. European Journal of Soil Science 60: 539-548.

110. Cavalli, R. M., G. Laneve, L. Fusilli, S. Pignatti & F. Santini. 2009. Remote sensing water observation for supporting Lake Victoria weed management. Journal of Environmental Management 90: 2199-2211. [Azolla]

111. Cerman, Z., B. F. Striffler & W. Barthlott. 2009. Dry in the water: the superhydrophobic water fern Salvinia - a model for biomimetic surfaces, In S.N. Gorb, (Ed.). Functional Surfaces in Biology, Vol 1: Little structures with big effects. Springer, Berlin. pp. 97-111.

112. Cesar, I. I., S. M. Martin, B. S. Gullo & R. Liberto. 2009. Biodiversity and ecology of Hirudinea (Annelida) from the Natural Reserve of Isla Martin Garcia, Rio de la Plata, Argentina. Brazilian Journal of Biology 69: 1107-1113. [Salvinia biloba]

113. Chaadaeva, A. V., I. I. Tepkeeva, E. V. Moiseeva, E. V. Svirshchevskaya & V. P. Demushkin. 2009. Antitumor activity of the plant remedy peptide extract pe-pm in a new mouse t-lymphoma/leukemia model. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya 55: 81-88. [Russian; Equisetum arvense]

114. Chandra, A., J. A. Pigza, J. S. Han, D. Mutnick & J. N. Johnston. 2009. Total synthesis of the Lycopodium alkaloid (+)-Serratezomine A. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131: 3470-3471.

115. Chandra, S., A. Srivastava & C. R. Fraser-Jenkins. 2009. Vascular system of the rhizome of the fern genus Drymotaenium (Polypodiaceae). Indian Fern Journal 26: 142-148.

116. Chang, H. M., J. F. Chen, P. F. Lu, S. J. Moore, J. C. Wang & W. L. Chiou. 2009. Supplements to the lycophytes in Taiwan (I): A newly recorded species Selaginella lutchuensis Koidz. (Selaginellaceae). Taiwania 54: 88-92.

117. Chang, H. M., W. L. Chiou & J. C. Wang. 2009. Molecular evidence for genetic heterogeneity and the hybrid origin of Acrorumohra subreflexipinna from Taiwan. American Fern Journal 99: 61-77.

118. Chapman, D. S., M. Termansen, C. H. Quinn, N. Jin, A. Bonn, S. J. Cornell, E. D. G. Fraser, K. Hubacek, W. E. Kunin & M. S. Reed. 2009. Modelling the coupled dynamics of moorland management and upland vegetation. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 278-288. [Pteridium aquilinum]

119. Chatan, W., T. Boonkerd & B. R. Baum. 2009. Phenetic relationship between Lepisorus (J. Sm.) Ching (Pteridophyta: Polypodiaceae) and its related genera. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 16: 99-113.

120. Chen, G. X., T. Deng, D. G. Zhang, X. T. Li & B. Y. Yao. 2009. Preliminary study on floristic characteristics and ecological adaptability of vascular plants in the special eco-environment of canyon in Dehang, Hu'nan. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 1470-1478. [Chinese]

121. Chen, J., S. Shiyab, F. X. Han, D. L. Monts, C. A. Waggoner, Z. Yang & Y. Su. 2009. Bioaccumulation and physiological effects of mercury in Pteris vittata and Nephrolepis exaltata. Ecotoxicology 18: 110-121.

122. Chen, J., L. J. Zhang & T. Wang. 2009. Diversifying and purifying selection sites in rbcL gene of fern species. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 2391-2400. [Chinese]

123. Chen, S. H., J. T. Wu, T. N. Yang, P. P. Chuang, S. Y. Huang & Y. S. Wang. 2009. Late Holocene paleoenvironmental changes in subtropical Taiwan inferred from pollen and diatoms in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology 41: 315-327.

124. Chen, Y. R., C. C. Wu & S. L. Tu. 2009. A novel plant-type ferredoxin-dependent bilin reductase from Physcomitrella patens. Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 345-346. [Abstract; Selaginella mollendorffii]

125. Chen, Y. Y., W. Yang, W. Li, Z. Z. Li & H. W. Huang. 2009. High allozyme diversity and unidirectional linear migration patterns within a population of tetraploid Isoetes sinensis, a rare and endangered pteridophyte. Aquatic Botany 90: 52-58.

126. Chen, Z., M. Setagawa, Y. Kang, K. Sakurai, Y. Aikawa & K. Iwasaki. 2009. Zinc and cadmium uptake from a metalliferous soil by a mixed culture of Athyrium yokoscense and Arabis flagellosa. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 55: 315-324.

127. Chiu, C. C., H. W. Chang, D. W. Chuang, F. R. Chang, Y. C. Chang, Y. S. Cheng, M. T. Tsai, W. Y. Chen, S. S. Lee, C. K. Wang, J. Y. F. Chen, H. M. Wang, C. C. Chen, Y. C. Liu & Y. C. Wu. 2009. Fern plant-derived protoapigenone leads to DNA damage, apoptosis, and G(2)/m arrest in lung cancer cell line H1299. DNA and Cell Biology 280: 501-506. [Thelypteris torresiana]

128. Chivers, M. R., M. R. Turetsky, J. M. Waddington, J. W. Harden & A. D. McGuire. 2009. Effects of experimental water table and temperature manipulations on ecosystem CO2 fluxes in an Alaskan rich fen. Ecosystems 12: 1329-1342. [Equisetum fluviatile]

129. Cho, Y., J. A. Bolick & D. J. Butcher. 2009. Phytoremediation of lead with green onions (Allium fistulosum) and uptake of arsenic compounds by moonlight ferns (Pteris cretica cv Mayii). Microchemical Journal 91: 6-8.

130. Choo, C. Y., H. Hazrina, S. NorShahida, M. Latiff & J. Razali. 2009. Distribution of Huperzine A in Malaysia Lycopodiaceae. Planta Medica 75: 1075. [Abstract]

131. Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2009. Index Pteridophytorum Guadalupensium or a revised checklist to the ferns and club mosses of Guadeloupe (French West Indies). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 213-277.

132. Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2009. Marattiidae, Marattiales. Tree of Life, http://tolweb.org/Marattiales/21664.

133. Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2009. New combinations and an overview of Cyathea subg. Hymenophyllopsis (Cyatheaceae). Phytotaxa 1: 37-42.

134. Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2009. Type specimens of Dracoglossum sinuatum uncoverd in the Rio de Janeiro herbarium. American Fern Journal 99: 58.

135. Christenhusz, M. J. M., M. W. Chase, M. F. Fay, T. Lumbsch, A. Monro, M. Vorontsova & Z. Q. Zhang. 2009. A new international journal for rapid publication of botanical taxonomy. Phytotaxa 1: 1-2.

136. Christenhusz, M. J. M., P. B. Schwartsburd & P. H. Labiak. 2009. Hymenophyllum filmenofilicum (Hymenophyllaceae, Pteridophyta): a new epipetric filmy fern from Parana, southern Brazil. Kew Bulletin 64: 175-178.

137. Chu, Q., K. Hashimoto, K. Satoh, Q. Wang & H. Sakagami. 2009. Effect of three herbal extracts on no and pge(2) production by activated mouse macrophage-like cells. In Vivo (Attiki) 23: 537-544. [Drynaria baronii]

138. Chu, Q., K. Satoh, T. Kanamoto, S. Terakubo, H. Nakashima, Q. Wang & H. Sakagami. 2009. Antitumor potential of three herbal extracts against human oral squamous cell lines. Anticancer Research 29: 3211-3219. [Drynaria baronii]

139. Chu, Q., Q. T. Wang, K. Hashimoto, K. Satoh & H. Sakagami. 2009. Tumor-specificity, cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activity of Chinese herb extracts. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 109: 141P. [Abstract; Drynaria baronii]

140. Cleal, C. J., C. H. Shute, J. Hilton & J. Carter. 2009. A revision of the Pennsylvanian-aged Eremopteris-bearing seed plant. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 666-698.

141. Collinson, M. E., J. Barke, J. van der Burgh & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2009. A new species of the freshwater fern Azolla (Azollaceae) from the Eocene Arctic Ocean. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 1-14.

142. Collinson, M. E., D. C. Steart, G. J. Harrington, J. J. Hooker, A. C. Scott, L. O. Allen, I. J. Glasspool & S. J. Gibbons. 2009. Palynological evidence of vegetation dynamics in response to palaeoenvironmental change across the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum at Cobham, Southern England. Grana 48: 38-66.

143. Cop, J., M. Vidrih & J. Hacin. 2009. Influence of cutting regime and fertilizer application on the botanical composition, yield and nutritive value of herbage of wet grasslands in Central Europe. Grass and Forage Science 64: 454-465. [Equisetum palustre]

144. Corio, K., A. Wolf, M. Draney & G. Fewless. 2009. Exotic earthworms of Great Lakes forests: A search for indicator plant species in maple forests. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1059-1066. [Dryopteris intermedia]

145. Correa Pinto, S., G. G. Leitao, H. R. Bizzo, N. Martinez, E. Dellacassa, F. M. dos Santos, Jr., F. L. Paranhos Costa, M. B. de Amorim & S. G. Leitao. 2009. (-)-epi-Presilphiperfolan-1-ol, a new triquinane sesquiterpene from the essential oil of Anemia tomentosa var. anthriscifolia (Pteridophyta). Tetrahedron Letters 503: 4785-4787.

146. Corteggio, A., S. Roperto, F. Roperto & G. Borzacchiello. 2009. Molecular pathways underlying bovine papillomavirus-induced urothelial carcinogenesis. Journal of Comparative Pathology 141: 282. [Abstract; Pteridium]

147. Costa, M. L., M. C. R. Santos, F. Carrapico & A. L. Pereira. 2009. Azolla-Anabaena's behaviour in urban wastewater and artificial media - influence of combined nitrogen. Water Research 435: 3743-3750.

148. Coturel, E. P., P. R. Gutierrez & V. D. Barreda. 2009. Fossil flora from the Pennsylvanian of Sierra De Los Llanos, La Rioja, Argentina. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 12: 17-26. [Portuguese]

149. Cranwell, L. M. & S. K. Srivastava. 2009. An early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) spore-pollen assemblage from southern Chile. Palynology 33: 241-280.

150. Ctvrtlikova, M., J. Vrba, P. Znachor & P. Hekera. 2009. Effects of aluminium toxicity and low pH on the early development of Isoetes echinospora. Preslia (Prague) 81: 135-149.

151. Currie, H. A. & C. C. Perry. 2009. Chemical evidence for intrinsic 'Si' within Equisetum cell walls. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 70: 2089-2095.

152. da Silva, F. H., S. Favero, J. Sabino & S. J. dos Anjos Garnes. 2009. Distribution of entomofauna associated with aquatic macrophytes in the reflux of the Correntoso River, Pantanal do Negro, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 31: 127-134. [Portuguese; Salvinia auriculata]

153. da Silva, M. A., C. M. Scardua, M. D. Dorea, L. d. C. Nunes, I. V. Freire Martins & D. M. Donatele. 2009. Prevalence of bovine enzootic haematuria in dairy cattle in the Caparao microregion, southern Espirito Santo, between 2007 and 2008. Ciencia Rural 39: 1847-1850. [Portuguese; Pteridium aquilinum]

154. Dade, M. M., D. E. Fioravanti, C. R. Schinella & H. A. Tournier. 2009. Total antioxidant capacity and polyphenol content of 21 aqueous extracts obtained from native plants of Traslasierra valley (Argentina). Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas 8: 529-539. [Anemia tomentosa, Lycopodium saururus]

155. Dai, X. L., J. G. Cao, R. L. Zhu & Q. X. Wang. 2009. Structure and development of sporoderm of Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. (Lygodiaceae). Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 1328-1334. [Chinese]

156. Dai, X. L., Q. X. Wang, X. G. Li & W. Lu. 2009. The leaf epidermis characteristics of six species of Coniogramme. Bulletin of Botanical Research 29: 33-38. [Chinese]

157. Dall'Acqua, S., F. Tome, S. Vitalini, E. Agradi & G. Innocenti. 2009. In vitro estrogenic activity of Asplenium trichomanes L. extracts and isolated compounds. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122: 424-429.

158. Damasceno, G., A. A. Aurelio Costa, J. Z. De Oliveira Passavante & L. D. H. Cavalcanti. 2009. Stemonaria fuscoides (Stemonitaceae, Myxomycetes): a new record for Brazil. Mycotaxon 108: 205-211. [Acrostichum aureum]

159. D'Amato, A. W., D. A. Orwig & D. R. Foster. 2009. Understory vegetation in old-growth and second-growth Tsuga canadensis forests in western Massachusetts. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1043-1052. [Dryopteris intermedia]

160. Daoud-Bouattour, A., S. D. Muller, H. Ferchichi-Ben Jamaa, Z. Ghrabi-Gammar, L. Rhazi, A. M. Gammar, M. R. Karray, I. Soulie-Maersche, H. Zouaidia, G. de Belair, P. Grillas & S. Ben Saad-Limam. 2009. Recent discovery of the small pillwort (Pilularia minuta Durieu, Marsileaceae) in Tunisia: hope for an endangered emblematic species of Mediterranean temporary pools? Comptes Rendus Biologies 332: 886-897.

161. Darvishzadeh, R., C. Atzberger, A. K. Skidmore & A. A. Abkar. 2009. Leaf Area Index derivation from hyperspectral vegetation indices and the red edge position. International Journal of Remote Sensing 303: 6199-6218. [Asplenium nidus]

162. Das, P. & H. Kayang. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal association with Blechnum orientale Linn. in pine forest and anthropogenically disturbed areas of northeast India. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 55: 623-632.

163. Das, S. 2009. Palaeoecology of the Lower Bengal Basin, Calcutta, India, during the Late Quaternary. Feddes Repertorium 120: 333-342.

164. Davey, M. L., L. Nybakken, H. Kauserud & M. Ohlson. 2009. Fungal biomass associated with the phyllosphere of bryophytes and vascular plants. Mycological Research 113: 1254-1260. [Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

165. de Faria, R. S., F. Ricardi-Branco, P. C. F. Giannini, A. O. Sawakuchi & L. E. Vieira Del Bem. 2009. Lycopodiopsis derbyi Renault from the Corumbatai Formation in the state of Sao Paulo (Guadalupian of Parana Basin, Southern Brazil): new data from compressed silicified stems. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 158: 180-192.

166. De la Sota, E. R., M. Lujan Luna, G. E. Giudice & J. P. Ramos Giacosa. 2009. Pteridophytic flora of San Luis Province (Argentina). Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botanica 44: 367-385. [Spanish]

167. De Marchi, S. R., D. Martins, N. V. Da Costa & V. D. Domingues. 2009. Effect of spray tips and mix deposition on common water hyacinth growing with varied population arrangements of Salvinia and water lettuce. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 47: 110-115. [Salvinia auriculata]

168. de Marins, J. F., R. Carrenho & S. M. Thomaz. 2009. Occurrence and coexistence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and dark septate fungi in aquatic macrophytes in a tropical river-floodplain system. Aquatic Botany 91: 13-19. [Salvinia biloba, S. minima]

169. de Oliveira, J. A., J. Cambraia, M. V. de Sousa & M. A. Oliva. 2009. Sulphate uptake and metabolism in water hyacinth and Salvinia during cadmium stress. Aquatic Botany 91: 257-261. [Salvinia auriculata]

170. DeCarme, A. R., E. M. Engstrom & C. S. Givens. 2009. Ethylene Production in Plants: Is the ACC oxidase enzyme at work in Selaginella moellendorffii? Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 225. [Abstract]

171. Decombeix, A. L., E. L. Taylor & T. N. Taylor. 2009. Secondary growth in Vertebraria roots from the late Permian of Antarctica: a change in developmental timing. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 644-656.

172. Deeb, F. 2009. The role of sperimidine in the regulation of development and differentiation in spermatids of Marsilea vestita. University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA. [Dissertation]

173. Deeb, F. & S. M. Wolniak. 2009. Spermidine regulates male gamete development in Marsilea. Developmental Biology 331: 418. [Abstract]

174. del Carmen Lavalle, M. & M. Rodriguez. 2009. Taxonomy of Argentinean species of Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae, Pteridophyta). Darwiniana (San Isidro) 47: 125-139. [Spanish]

175. Delmail, D. 2009. Selaginella bifida sp nov (Selaginellaceae: Pteridophyta) from Rodrigues Island, Mauritius. Nordic Journal of Botany 27: 178-181.

176. Deng, T. Z., Y. Ai, Y. Chen & Z. Yang Guang. 2009. Triterpenoid from Lycopodium obscurum L. Yaoxue Xuebao 44: 891-894.

177. Deng, Y., X. Cheng, Y. Jiao & G. Chen. 2009. Bioecological characteristics and endangerment mechanisms of Neocheiropteris palmatopedata, an endangered plant endemic to China. Shengwu Duoyangxing 17: 62-68. [Chinese]

178. Deng, Y. N., X. Cheng, Y. Jiao & G. J. Chen. 2009. The gametophyte development and endangerment mechanism of Neocheiropteris palmatopedate (Polypodiaceae, fern). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 138-144. [Chinese]

179. Der, J. P., J. K. Stratford & P. Wolf. 2009. Global chloroplast phylogeny and biogeography of bracken (Pteridium: Dennstaedtiaceae). Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

180. Der, J. P., J. A. Thomson, J. K. Stratford & P. G. Wolf. 2009. Global chloroplast phylogeny and biogeography of bracken (Pteridium; Dennstaedtiaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1041-1049.

181. Desenberg, A. 2009. Fernwood Botanical Garden and Nature Reserve. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 119-120.

182. Desilets, A. R., J. J. Gickas & K. C. Dunican. 2009. Role of huperzine A in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 43: 514-518. [Huperzia serrata]

183. Dhargalkar, S. & D. J. Bhat. 2009. Echinosphaeria pteridis sp nov and its Vermiculariopsiella anamorph. Mycotaxon 108: 115-122. [Pteris vittata]

184. Dhir, B., P. Sharmila & P. P. Saradhi. 2009. Potential of aquatic macrophytes for removing contaminants from the environment. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 39: 754-781. [Azolla, Salvinia]

185. Dhir, B., P. Sharmila, P. P. Saradhi & S. A. Nasim. 2009. Physiological and antioxidant responses of Salvinia natans exposed to chromium-rich wastewater. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 72: 1790-1797.

186. Dhote, S. & S. Dixit. 2009. Water quality improvement through macrophytes-a review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 152: 149-153. [Salvinia]

187. Dhumal, M. V., M. F. Siddiqui, M. B. A. Siddiqui & P. E. Avari. 2009. Performance of broilers fed on different levels of Azolla meal. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 44: 65-68.

188. Diaz P, W. A. & S. Elcoro. 2009. Pioneer plant species in disturbed mining areas in Bolivar State, Venezuela. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 32: 453-466. [Spanish; Pityrogramma calomelanos]

189. Dickinson, N. M., A. J. M. Baker, A. Doronila, S. Laidlaw & R. D. Reeves. 2009. Phytoremediation of inorganics: realism and synergies. International Journal of Phytoremediation 11: 97-114. [Pteris vittata]

190. Diego Gomez, L. & A. L. Arelaez. 2009. Volume 4: Ferns. In W.D. Stevens, O.M. Montiel & A. Pool, (Eds.). Flora of Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany 116: 1-348 + i-xvii. [Spanish]

191. Dimichele, W. A., I. P. Montanez, C. J. Poulsen & N. J. Tabor. 2009. Climate and vegetational regime shifts in the late Paleozoic ice age earth. Geobiology 7: 200-226.

192. Dimichele, W. A., W. J. Nelson, S. Elrjck & P. R. Ames. 2009. Catastrophically buried middle Pennsylvanian Sigillaria and Calamitean Sphenopsids from Indiana, USA: what kind of vegetation was this? Palaios 24: 159-166.

193. Diop, O. & M. P. Hill. 2009. Quantitative post-release evaluation of biological control of floating fern, Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell (Salviniaceae), with Cyrtobagous salviniae Calder and Sands (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on the Senegal River and Senegal River Delta. African Entomology 17: 64-70.

194. Diorio, L., B. Galati, M. Amela Garcia & L. Papinutti. 2009. Degradation of pruning wastes by Phanerochaete sordida growing in SSF: Ultrastructural, chemical, and enzymatic studies. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63: 19-23. [Nephrolepis cordifolia]

195. Dong, L., W. Xu & L. Yu. 2009. Investigation and evaluation of ornamental fern in Beijing area. Acta horticulturae 813: 351-357.

196. Dong, S. Y. 2009. Hainan tree ferns (Cyatheaceae): morphological, ecological and phytogeographical observations. Annales Botanici Fennici 46: 381-388. [China; Alsophila denticulata, A. gigantea var. polynervata, A. podophylla, Cyathea hainanensis]

197. Dorahy, C. G., A. D. Pirie, I. McMaster, L. Muirhead, P. Pengelly, K. Y. Chan, M. Jackson & I. M. Barchia. 2009. Environmental risk assessment of compost prepared from Salvinia, Egeria densa, and Alligator Weed. Journal of Environmental Quality 38: 1483-1492. [Salvinia molesta]

198. Duan, J. A., S. L. Su, D. W. Qian, Y. P. Tang & R. H. Zhou. 2009. Approaches and advances in the resources chemistry of Chinese medicinal material. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 7: 333-340. [Chinese; Huperzia carinata, H. lockyeri, H. phlegmarioides, H. phyllantha, H. prolifera, H. serrata, H. squarrosa]

199. Dubuisson, J. Y., H. Schneider & S. Hennequin. 2009. Epiphytism in ferns: diversity and history. Comptes Rendus Biologies 332: 120-128.

200. Duffy, A. M. 2009. Simulating fern lifecycles and population genetics in a 3-dimensional virtual world. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

201. Duffy, A. M., S. A. Kelchner & P. G. Wolf. 2009. Conservation of selection on matK following an ancient loss of its flanking intron. Gene (Amsterdam) 438: 17-25. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

202. Ebihara, A. 2009. Notes on the distribution of the Vandenboschia radicans complex (Hymnophyllaceae) in Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, ser. B (Botany) 35: 71-89.

203. Ebihara, A., S. Matsumoto & M. Ito. 2009. Hybridization involving independent gametophytes in the Vandenboschia radicans complex (Hymenophyllaceae): a new perspective on the distribution of fern hybrids. Molecular Ecology 183: 4904-4911.

204. Ebihara, A., S. Matsumoto & M. Ito. 2009. Taxonomy of the reticulate Vandenboschia radicans complex (Hymenophyllaceae) in Japan. APG Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 60: 26-40.

205. Ebihara, A., J. H. Nitta, D. Lorence & J.-Y. Dubuisson. 2009. New records of Polyphlebium borbonicum, an African filmy fern, in the New World and Polynesia. American Fern Journal 99: 200-206.

206. Edington. 2009. A fern by any other name. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 85-87.

207. Eggleton, P., K. Inward, J. Smith, D. T. Jones & E. Sherlock. 2009. A six year study of earthworm (Lumbricidae) populations in pasture woodland in southern England shows their responses to soil temperature and soil moisture. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41: 1857-1865. [Pteridium aquilinum]

208. Ekrt, L., P. Travnicek, V. Jarolimova, P. Vit & T. Urfus. 2009. Genome size and morphology of the Dryopteris affinis group in Central Europe. Preslia (Prague) 81: 261-280.

209. Elena Tanco, M., O. G. Martinez & M. L. C. Bonomo. 2009. Germination and gametophytic morphogenesis of Pteris inermis (Rosenst.) De La Sota. Gayana Botanica 66: 10-17. [Spanish]

210. Eleuterio, A. A. & D. Perez-Salicrup. 2009. Transplanting tree ferns to promote their conservation in Mexico. American Fern Journal 99: 279-291. [Cyathea, Alsophila]

211. Elias, R. B. & E. Dias. 2009. Cyclic patch dynamics in a Macaronesian island forest. Community Ecology 10: 25-34. [Dryopteris azorica, Elaphoglossum semicylindricum, Hymenophyllum tunbrigense]

212. Elias, R. B. & E. Dias. 2009. Effects of landslides on the mountain vegetation of Flores Island, Azores. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 706-717. [Blechnum spicant, Elaphoglossum semicylindricum, Hymenophyllum tunbrigense]

213. Ellwood, M. D. F., A. Manica & W. A. Foster. 2009. Stochastic and deterministic processes jointly structure tropical arthropod communities. Ecology Letters 12: 277-284. [Asplenium nidus]

214. El-On, J., L. Ozer, J. Gopas, R. Sneir, H. Enav, N. Luft, G. Davidov & A. Golan-Goldhirsh. 2009. Antileishmanial activity in Israeli plants. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 103: 297-306. [Pteris vittata]

215. Ena, A., C. Pintucci, C. Faraloni & G. Torzillo. 2009. An eco-compatible process for the depuration of wastewater from olive mill industry. Water Science and Technology 60: 1055-1063. [Azolla caroliniana]

216. Encina Dominguez, J. A., A. Zarate Lupercio, E. Estrada Castillon, J. Valdes Reyna & J. A. Villarreal Quintanilla. 2009. Composition and structural aspects of the forests of the Sierra de Zapaliname basin, Coahuila, Mexico. Acta Botanica Mexicana 86: 71-108. [Spanish; Cheilanthes tomentosa, Pleopeltis guttata]

217. Engstrom, E., J. Hu, E. Orlova & J. Bowman. 2009. Arabidopsis orthologs of the Petunia HAM mutant regulate meristem indeterminacy, organ generation and growth in both the shoot and the root. Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 100, 401. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

218. Erlendsson, E., K. J. Edwards & P. C. Buckland. 2009. Vegetational response to human colonisation of the coastal and volcanic environments of Ketilsstadir, southern Iceland. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 72: 174-187.

219. Espinoza-Quinones, F. R., N. Martin, G. Stutz, G. Tirao, S. M. Palacio, M. A. Rizzutto, A. N. Modenes, F. G. Silva, Jr., N. Szymanski & A. D. Kroumov. 2009. Root uptake and reduction of hexavalent chromium by aquatic macrophytes as assessed by high-resolution X-ray emission. Water Research 437: 4159-4166. [Salvinia auriculata]

220. Espinoza-Quinones, F. R., A. N. Modenes, L. P. Thome, S. M. Palacio, D. E. G. Trigueros, A. P. Oliveira & N. Szymanski. 2009. Study of the bioaccumulation kinetic of lead by living aquatic macrophyte Salvinia auriculata. Chemical Engineering Journal 150: 316-322.

221. Estrella-Gomez, N., D. Mendoza-Cozatl, R. Moreno-Sanchez, D. Gonzalez-Mendoza, O. Zapata-Perez, A. Martinez-Hernandez & J. M. Santamaria. 2009. The Pb-hyperaccumulator aquatic fern Salvinia minima Baker, responds to Pb2+ by increasing phytochelatins via changes in SmPCS expression and in phytochelatin synthase activity. Aquatic Toxicology (Amsterdam) 91: 320-328.

222. Falaschi, P., A. B. Zamuner & N. Foix. 2009. A new fertile Equisetaceae from La Matilde formation, middle Jurassic, Argentina. Ameghiniana 46: 263-272. [Spanish]

223. Fang, H. J., G. R. Yu, S. L. Cheng, J. M. Mo, J. H. Yan & S. Li. 2009. C-13 abundance, water-soluble and microbial biomass carbon as potential indicators of soil organic carbon dynamics in subtropical forests at different successional stages and subject to different nitrogen loads. Plant and Soil 320: 243-254. [Cyathea podophylla, Dicranopteris linearis]

224. Farrant, J. M. 2009. Errata: Desiccation tolerance in the vegetative tissues of the fern Mohria caffrorum is seasonally regulated (vol 57, pg 65, 2009). Plant Journal 58: 538.

225. Farrant, J. M., A. Lehner, K. Cooper & S. Wiswedel. 2009. Desiccation tolerance in the vegetative tissues of the fern Mohria caffrorum is seasonally regulated. Plant Journal 57: 65-79.

226. Fayle, T. M., A. J. Dumbrell, P. Eggleton & W. A. Foster. 2009. The effect of rain forest canopy architecture on the distribution of epiphytic ferns (Asplenium spp.) in Sabah, Malaysia. Biotropica 41: 676-681.

227. Feng, R., C. Wei, S. Tu & X. Sun. 2009. Interactive effects of selenium and arsenic on their uptake by Pteris vittata L. under hydroponic conditions. Environmental and Experimental Botany 65: 363-368.

228. Feng, R., C. Wei, S. Tu & F. Wu. 2009. Effects of Se on the uptake of essential elements in Pteris vittata L. Plant and Soil 325: 123-132.

229. Feng, R., C. Wei, S. Tu, F. Wu & L. Yang. 2009. Antimony accumulation and antioxidative responses in four fern plants. Plant and Soil 317: 93-101. [Cyclosorus dentatus, Cyrtomium fortunei, Microlepia hancei, Pteris cretica]

230. Fernandes, T. V., G. J. K. Bos, G. Zeeman, J. P. M. Sanders & J. B. van Lier. 2009. Effects of thermo-chemical pre-treatment on anaerobic biodegradability and hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresource Technology 100: 2575-2579.

231. Fernandez-Marin, B., L. Balaguer, R. Esteban, J. Maria Becerril & J. Ignacio Garcia-Plazaola. 2009. Dark induction of the photoprotective xanthophyll cycle in response to dehydration. Journal of Plant Physiology 1666: 1734-1744. [Ceterach officinarum]

232. Fes'ko, A. A. 2009. The dynamics of accumulation of above-ground phytomass by technogenic communities in the course of their natural progressive successional replacement in the Norilsk Industrial District. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 2: 401-404. [Russia; Equisetum]

233. Figueiredo, E., A. Gascoigne & J. P. Roux. 2009. New records of pteridophytes from Annobon Island. Bothalia 39: 213-216.

234. Filgueiras, T. S. & J. Prado. 2009. Proposal to maintain the terminations of plant names cited in a validating Latin description or diagnosis in a new protologue. Taxon 58: 663-664.

235. Filip, A., S. Clichici, D. Daicoviciu, M. Adriana, I. D. Postescu, M. Perde-Schrepler & D. Olteanu. 2009. Photochemoprevention of cutaneous neoplasm through natural products. Experimental Oncology 31: 9-15. [Polypodium leucotomos]

236. Fiori, C. C. L., M. Santos & A. M. Randi. 2009. Aspects of gametophyte development of Dicksonia sellowiana Hook (Dicksoniaceae): an endangered tree fern indigenous to South and Central America. American Fern Journal 99: 207-216.

237. Fischer, L. K., M. von der Lippe & I. Kowarik. 2009. Tree invasion in managed tropical forests facilitates endemic species. Journal of Biogeography 36: 2251-2263. [tree ferns]

238. Flores-Palacios, A., J. E. Martinez-Gomez & R. L. Curry. 2009. The vegetation of Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Archipelago, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 84: 13-23. [Spanish; Pteridium]

239. Flores-Sanchez, I. J. & R. Verpoorte. 2009. Plant polyketide synthases: A fascinating group of enzymes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (Paris) 47: 167-174. [Huperzia serrata]

240. Flores-Trujillo, J. G., J. Helenes, J. Carlos Herguera & E. Orellana-Cepeda. 2009. Palynological record (1483-1994) of Gymnodinium catenatum in Pescadero Basin, southern Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Micropaleontology 73: 80-89.

241. Foggi, B., T. Guidi, M. Capecchi, R. M. Baldini & A. Grigioni. 2009. Biological flora of the Tuscan Archipelago islets (Tyrrhenian Sea). Webbia 64: 23-45. [Adiantum capillus-veneris, Asplenium onopteris]

242. Foley, M. J. Y. 2009. The Svalbard plant collection in the Arctic Herbarium at the University of Lancaster (LANC). Watsonia 27: 365-368.

243. Fonseca, C. R., G. Ganade, R. Baldissera, C. G. Becker, C. R. Boelter, A. D. Brescovit, L. M. Campos, T. Fleck, V. S. Fonseca, S. M. Hartz, F. Joner, M. I. Kaeffer, A. M. Leal-Zanchet, M. P. Marcelli, A. S. Mesquita, C. A. Mondin, C. P. Paz, M. V. Petry, F. N. Piovensan, J. Putzke, A. Stranz, M. Vergara & E. M. Vieira. 2009. Towards an ecologically-sustainable forestry in the Atlantic Forest. Biological Conservation 142, Sp. Iss. SI: 1209-1219.

244. Francisco Rojas-Alvarado, A. 2009. Novelties in Trichomanes L. from Colombia. Caldasia 31: 9-11.

245. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. 2009. A brief comparison of modern pteridophyte classification (families and genera) in India. Indian Fern Journal 26: 107-126.

246. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. 2009. Lectotypification of Dryopteris pseudomas based on Wollaston's specimen of D. affinis. Fern Gazette 18: 284-285.

247. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. 2009. Pteridophytes of Bhutan--A list of families, genera and species. National Biodiversity Centre, Ministry of Agriculture, Serbithang, Thimphu, Bhutan. 125 pp.

248. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. 2009 Taxonomy, diversity and biogeography of Indian pteridophytes. In Capacity Building Training in Plant Taxonomy, January 19-31, 2009, Course Material. Botanical Survey of India, Southern Circle, Coimbatore, India. pp. 55-61.

249. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. & C. S. Dulawat. 2009. A summary of Indian Cheilanthoid ferns and the discovery of Negripteris (Pteridaceae), an Afro-Arabian fern genus new to India. Fern Gazette 18: 216-229.

250. Free, G., J. Bowman, M. McGarrigle, R. Caroni, K. Donnelly, D. Tierney, W. Trodd & R. Little. 2009. The identification, characterization and conservation value of isoetid lakes in Ireland. Aquatic Conservation 19: 264-273. [Isoetes lacustris]

251. Frost, K. A. & K. B. Searcy. 2009. Geum vernum, Spring Avens (Rosaceae): a new, potentially weedy species in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. Rhodora 111: 120-122. [Thelypteris noveboracensis]

252. Fujita, T., K. Takayama & H. Kato. 2009. The distribution and the population dynamics of threatened plants in Minami-Iwo-To Island. Bunrui 9: 131-142. [Japanese; Adiantum diaphanum, Asplenium micantifrons, A. nidus, A. polyodon, Deparia bonincola, Grammitis tuyamae, Hymenasplenium excisum, Lepisorus boninensis, Loxogramme boninensis, Psilotum nudum]

253. Fukasawa, K., F. Ishihama, H. Oguma, T. Takeda, A. Takenaka & N. Tanaka. 2009. Analyses for distributions of organisms considering spatial autocorrelation using the conditional autoregressive models. Japanese Journal of Ecology (Otsu) 59: 171-186. [Japanese; Ophioglossum namegatae]

254. Gabriel, A. L., G. D. Kommers, E. K. Masuda, R. A. Fighera, J. V. M. Piazer, C. S. L. Barros, T. B. Martins & F. B. Rosa. 2009. Clinical and hematological aspects and urinary bladder lesions in chronic spontaneous poisoning by Pteridium aquilinum in cattle. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 29: 515-525. [Portuguese]

255. Gabriel, J. J., E. G. Reinhardt, M. C. Peros, D. E. Davidson, P. J. van Hengstum & P. A. Beddows. 2009. Palaeoenvironmental evolution of Cenote Aktun Ha (Carwash) on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and its response to Holocene sea-level rise. Journal of Paleolimnology 42: 199-213.

256. Gabriel y Galan, J. M. & C. Prada. 2009. Gametophytes of Pleurosorus papaverifolius (Kunze) Fee (Aspleniaceae) and Cheilanthes glauca (Cav.) Mett. (Pteridaceae), two South American ferns. Acta Botanica Brasilica 23: 805-811. [Spanish]

257. Gabriel y Galan, J. M., C. H. Rolleri & C. Prada. 2009. Sporophyte morphology and gametophyte development of Blechnum serrulatum Rich. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

258. Gacia, E., E. Chappuis, A. Lumbreras, J. L. Riera & E. Ballesteros. 2009. Functional diversity of macrophyte communities within and between Pyrenean lakes. Journal of Limnology 68: 25-36. [Isoetes echinospora, I. lacustris]

259. Galuff, M. G. 2009. A new species of Adiantum from Cuba. American Fern Journal 99: 93-100.

260. Gandiaga, S., J. C. Volin, E. L. Kruger & K. Kitajima. 2009. Effects of hydrology on the growth and physiology of an invasive exotic, Lygodium microphyllum (Old World climbing fern). Weed Research (Oxford) 49: 283-290.

261. Ganeshaiah, K. N., R. Vasudeva & R. U. Shaanker. 2009. In search of Sanjeevani. Current Science (Bangalore) 97: 484-489. [Selaginella bryopteris]

262. Ganguly, G., K. Sarkar & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2009. In vitro study on gametophyte development of an epiphytic fern, Arthromeris himalayensis (Hook.) Ching, of South Sikkim, India. American Fern Journal 99: 217-225.

263. Gao, L., X. Yi, Y. X. Yang, Y. J. Su & T. Wang. 2009. Complete chloroplast genome sequence of a tree fern Alsophila spinulosa: insights into evolutionary changes in fern chloroplast genomes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: Article No.: 130.

264. Gary, A. C., M. I. Wakefield, G. W. Johnson & D. D. Ekart. 2009. Application of fuzzy c-means clustering to paleoenvironmental analysis: example from the Jurassic, central North Sea, UK, In T.D. Demchuk & A.C. Gary, (Eds.). Geologic Problem Solving with Microfossils: A Volume in Honor of Garry D. Jones. Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication: 93, Houston, Texas, USA. pp. 9-20.

265. Gasiorowski, M. & M. Kupryjanowicz. 2009. Lake-peat bog transformation recorded in the sediments of the Stare Biele mire (Northeastern Poland). Hydrobiologia 631: 143-154.

266. Gehu, J. M. 2009. Phytosociological significance of the Brassica oleracea ssp oleracea on the European Atlantic cliffs. Fitosociologia (Pavia) 46: 3-10. [French; Asplenium marinum]

267. Geurts, J. J. M., J. M. Sarneel, B. J. C. Willers, J. G. M. Roelofs, J. T. A. Verhoeven & L. P. M. Lamers. 2009. Interacting effects of sulphate pollution, sulphide toxicity and eutrophication on vegetation development in fens: A mesocosm experiment. Environmental Pollution 157: 2072-2081. [Equisetum fluviatile]

268. Ghazoul, J. 2009. Bailing out creatures great and small. Science (Washington D C) 323: 460. [Lygodium circinnatum]

269. Ghosh, C. & P. Das. 2009. On the occurrence of some endemic and rare ferns growing as tea garden weeds in Darjiling, India. Indian Fern Journal 26: 65-70.

270. Gill, A. T., J. M. Farrant & M. S. Rafudeen. 2009. Characterisation of the heat stable proteome of the desiccation tolerant form of the resurrection fern Mohria caffrorum. South African Journal of Botany 75: 433. [Abstract]

271. Goetz, A. E., K. Ruckwied, J. Palfy & J. Haas. 2009. Palynological evidence of synchronous changes within the terrestrial and marine realm at the Triassic/Jurassic boundary (Csovar section, Hungary). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 401-409.

272. Gogoi, M. & M. Islam. 2009. Certain endangered and threatened ethnobotanically important plants of Sivasagar District, Assam. Advances in Plant Sciences 22: 205-207. [Angiopteris, Cyathea, Helminthostachys, Lycopodium, Psilotum]

273. Gogoi, S. N. & S. K. Sarma. 2009. Weed flora of tea, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Ktze. plantation of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam. Indian Forester 135: 1099-1116.

274. Golding, Y. 2009. Carrying out trials in your garden. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 128-129.

275. Golding, Y. 2009. Ferns which live with ants. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 108-109.

276. Golding, Y. 2009. Marauding caterpillars. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 104. [Polystichum lonchitis]

277. Golubev, W. I. & J. R. Sampaio. 2009. New filobasidiaceous yeasts found in the phylloplane of a fern. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 55: 441-446.

278. Goncharova, I. A. & R. S. Sobachkin. 2009. Productivity of the grass-shrub layer in Scots Pine plantations. Lesovedenie 63-68. [Russian; Equisetum sylvaticum]

279. Gorb, S. N. (Ed.). 2009. Functional Surfaces in Biology, Vol 1: Little structures with big effects. 2009, Springer: Berlin. 111-115. [Salvinia]

280. Gosling, W. D., F. E. Mayle, N. J. Tate & T. J. Killeen. 2009. Differentiation between Neotropical rainforest, dry forest, and savannah ecosystems by their modern pollen spectra and implications for the fossil pollen record. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 70-85.

281. Goswami, H. K. 2009. Dispersal of genes in evolution II. Conserved DNA sequences are evolutionary signals in the human genome. Bionature 29: 38-46. [Isoetes]

282. Goswami, H. K. 2009. Non Angiospermic plants are also ancient medicinal plants: conserve and explore them!! Bionature 29: 95-107.

283. Goswami, H. K. & S. Guru. 2009. Dispersal of genes in evolution I. Ceaseless replication and random distribution hypothesis. Bionature 29: 33-38. [Isoetes]

284. Gottlieb, J. 2009. How to build a limestone cobble. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 48-50.

285. Gou, Z. Y. & X. C. Zhang. 2009. Asplenium ritoense Hayata (Aspleniaceae) new to Guizhou Province, China. Indian Fern Journal 26: 77-78.

286. Grangaud, E. 2009. The pteridophytes of Reunion. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 79-83.

287. Grauvogel, S. & B. Lugardon. 2009. Phylogeny and evolution of the horsetails: Evidence from spore wall ultrastructure. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 116-129.

288. Grauvogel-Stamm, L., G. Guignard & C. H. Wellman. 2009. Studies of spore/pollen wall ultrastructure in fossil and living plants: A homage to Bernard Lugardon, a talented palynologist. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 1.

289. Greening, A. 2009. Fern fads, fashings and other factors. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 68-70.

290. Greer, G. K., M. A. Dietrich, S. Stewart, J. Devol & A. Rebert. 2009. Morphological functions of gibberellins in leptosporangiate fern gametophytes: insights into the evolution of form and gender expression. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 599-615.

291. Gregoire, C., W. Remus-Borel, G. Arsenault-Labrecque & R. R. Belanger. 2009. Characterization of silicon absorption by Equisetum arvense. Phytopathology 99: S192. [Abstract]

292. Gregoire, C., W. Remus-Borel, F. Lefebvre & R. R. Belanger. 2009. Identification and activity of silicon transporters from horsetail (Equisetum arvense). Phytopathology 99: S46. [Abstract]

293. Grewe, F., P. Viehoever, B. Weisshaar & V. Knoop. 2009. A trans-splicing group I intron and tRNA-hyperediting in the mitochondrial genome of the lycophyte Isoetes engelmannii. Nucleic Acids Research 37: 5093-5104.

294. Gridling, M., N. Stark, S. Madlener, A. Lackner, R. Popescu, B. Benedek, R. Diaz, F. M. Tut, T. P. N. Vo, D. Huber, M. Gollinger, P. Saiko, A. Oezmen, W. Mosgoeller, R. De Martin, R. Eytner, K. H. Wagner, M. Grusch, M. Fritzer-Szekeres, T. Szekeres, B. Kopp, R. Frisch & G. Krupitza. 2009. In vitro anti-cancer activity of two ethno-pharmacological healing plants from Guatemala Pluchea odorata and Phlebodium decumanum. International Journal of Oncology 34: 1117-1128.

295. Gronenborn, A. M. 2009. Structures of CVNH family lectins, In J.D. Puglisi, (Ed.). Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats; NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B - Physics and Biophysics. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats, Erice, Italy. pp. 43-50. [Ceratopteris richardii]

296. Grusz, A. L., M. Windham & K. M. Pryer. 2009. A Cheilanthes by any other name: evolutionary complexity in the New World myriopterid clade. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

297. Grusz, A. L., M. D. Windham & K. M. Pryer. 2009. Deciphering the origins of apomictic polyploids in the Cheilanthes yavapensis complex (Pteridaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1636-1645.

298. Gu, S. P., L. Y. Yin, J. L. Li & W. Li. 2009. Diurnal CO2 exchange rates of the aquatic crassulacean acid metabolism in plant Isoetes sinensis Palmer at different alkalinities. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 33: 1184-1190. [Chinese]

299. Guenter, S., P. Gonzalez, G. Alvarez, N. Aguirre, X. Palomeque, F. Haubrich & M. Weber. 2009. Determinants for successful reforestation of abandoned pastures in the Andes: Soil conditions and vegetation cover. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 81-91. [Pteridium arachnoideum]

300. Guignard, G., Y. Wang, Q. Ni, N. Tian & Z. Jiang. 2009. A dipteridaceous fern with in situ spores from the Lower Jurassic in Hubei, China. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 104-115.

301. Guiles, C. 2009. History of the fern garden at the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 80-84.

302. Guil-Guerrero, J. L. & P. Campra. 2009. Cytotoxicity screening of endemic plants from Guayana highlands. Tropical Biomedicine 26: 149-154. [Cyathea]

303. Guillerme, N. & J. Galtier. 2009. The protected flora species in the ponds of the Forez (France). Bulletin Mensuel de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon 78: 187-200. [French; Marsilea quadrifolia, Pilularia globulifera]

304. Guo, X. S. & B. Li. 2009. On Neolepisorus emeiensis and N. dengii (Polypodiaceae) from China. American Fern Journal 99: 244-248.

305. Guo, Z. Y. & X. Y. Yu. 2009. Development of gametophyte of Cyrtomium nephrolepioides (Christ) Cop. in limestone area. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 1144-1148. [Chinese]

306. Guo, Z. Y. & X. C. Zhang. 2009. A study on gametophyte development of Arthromeris lungtuaensis. Bulletin of Botanical Research (Harbin) 29: 513-516.

307. Gurbuz, I., E. Yesilada & S. Ito. 2009. An anti-ulcerogenic flavonol diglucoside from Equisetum palustre L. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 121: 360-365.

308. Gureyeva, I. 2009. Notes on Altaian ferns. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 116-117. [Siberia]

309. Gureyeva, I. I., V. F. Balashova & A. A. Kuznetsov. 2009. Type specimens of pteridophytes and gymnosperms in the Krylov Herbarium (TK). Systematicheskie zametki po materialam Gerbaria imeni P. N. Krylova Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta (Animadversiones systematicae ex herbario Kryloviano Universitatis Tomskensis) 101: 32-37. [Russian, English summary]

310. Gureyeva, I. I., A. I. Shmakov, A. A. Kuznetsov & A. V. Vaganov. 2009. Spore morphology of Siberian species Cryptogramma R. Br. ex Richards. Vestnic Tomsk State University. General Scientific Periodical 322: 235-238. [Russian, English summary]

311. Hamer, U., K. Potthast & F. Makeschin. 2009. Urea fertilisation affected soil organic matter dynamics and microbial community structure in pasture soils of Southern Ecuador. Applied Soil Ecology 43: 226-233. [Pteridium arachnoideum]

312. Han, B. X., N. F. Chen, J. P. Dai, Y. Yao, D. Y. Zhu & J. Chen. 2009. Effects of illumination on some physiological-biochemical indexes of Huperzia serrata. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment 18: 88-90. [Chinese]

313. Harbilas, D., L. C. Martineau, C. S. Harris, D. C. A. Adeyiwola-Spoor, A. Saleem, J. Lambert, D. Caves, T. Johns, M. Prentki, A. Cuerrier, J. T. Arnason, S. A. L. Bennett & P. S. Haddad. 2009. Evaluation of the antidiabetic potential of selected medicinal plant extracts from the Canadian boreal forest used to treat symptoms of diabetes: part II. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 87: 479-492. [Lycopodium clavatum]

314. Harinantenaina, L., K. Matsunami & H. Otsuka. 2009. Chemical constituents of Pteris cretica Linn. (Pteridaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 37: 133-137.

315. Harmer, R. & G. Morgan. 2009. Storm damage and the conversion of conifer plantations to native broadleaved woodland. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 879-886. [Dryopteris dilatata, Pteridium aquilinum]

316. Harms, N. E. & M. J. Grodowitz. 2009. Insect herbivores of aquatic and wetland plants in the United States: a checklist from literature. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 47: 73-96. [Azolla caroliniana]

317. Harris, T. & N. Rajakaruna. 2009. Adiantum viridimontanum, Aspidotis densa, Minuartia marcescens, and Symphyotrichum rhiannon: additional serpentine endemics from eastern North America. Northeastern Naturalist 16: 111-120.

318. Hashemloian, B. D. & A. A. Azimi. 2009. Alien and exotic Azolla in northern Iran. African Journal of Biotechnology 8: 187-190.

319. Haufler, C. H. 2009. Gels and genetics: the historical impact of isozymes on paradigm shifts in hypotheses about fern evolutionary biology. American Fern Journal 99: 125-128.

320. Hawkes, P. 2009. Nature's infinite books of secrecy. Ultramicroscopy 1091: 1393-1410. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

321. Hayes, V. 2009. Lotuslands' Fern Garden. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 118-119.

322. He, J., X. Q. Chen, M. M. Li, Y. Zhao, G. Xu, X. Cheng, L. Y. Peng, M. J. Xie, Y. T. Zheng, Y. P. Wang & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. Lycojapodine A, a novel alkaloid from Lycopodium japonicum. Organic Letters 11: 1397-1400.

323. Hedman, H., T. Kallman & U. Lagercrantz. 2009. Early evolution of the MFT-like gene family in plants. Plant Molecular Biology 70: 359-369. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

324. Heli, T., K. Thakuria, D. N. Sharma, D. C. Milli & K. K. Baruah. 2009. Natural fodders commonly relished by mithuns in Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 79: 87-88. [Phegopteris auritica]

325. Hernandez-Hernandez, V., T. Terrazas & C. Delgadillo Moya. 2009. The Dryopteris patula complex (Dryopteridaceae) in Mexico: morphometric analyses. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 85: 103-112.

326. Hernandez-Hernandez, V., T. Terrazas & D. W. Stevenson. 2009. Ontogeny of Ctenitis melanosticta (Kunze) Copel. and Diplazium expansum Willd. (Dryopteridaceae) fronds with emphasis on the circumendodermal sheath. Feddes Repertorium 120: 426-442.

327. Hickey, J. R., C. Macluf & M. Link-Perez. 2009. Isoetes maxima, a new species from Brazil. American Fern Journal 99: 194-199.

328. Hill, R. & C. Pickering. 2009. Differences in resistance of three subtropical vegetation types to experimental trampling. Journal of Environmental Management 90: 1305-1312.

329. Hirasawa, Y., T. Tanaka, K. Koyama & H. Morita. 2009. Lycochinines A-C, novel C27N3 alkaloids from Lycopodium chinense. Tetrahedron Letters 504: 4816-4819.

330. Hirata, A., T. Kamijo & S. Saito. 2009. Host trait preferences and distribution of vascular epiphytes in a warm-temperate forest, In A.G. VanderValk, (Ed.). Forest Ecology: Recent Advances in Plant Ecology. Springer, New York (Previously published in Plant Ecology 2009 Volume 201(1)). pp. 247-254.

331. Hoa, N. K., D. V. Phan, N. D. Thuan & C. G. Ostenson. 2009. Screening of the hypoglycemic effect of eight Vietnamese herbal drugs. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology 31: 165-169. [Angiopteris evecta]

332. Hodel, D. 2009. Blechnum cordatum. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 98-102.

333. Hodel, D. 2009. Dicksonia antarctica. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 46-50.

334. Hodel, D. 2009. Dicksonia squarrosa. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 20-24.

335. Hodel, D. 2009. Pteris tremula. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 8-12.

336. Hodel, D. 2009. Sphaeropteris cooperi. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 66-72.

337. Hodel, D. 2009. Sphaeropteris medullaris. Journal of the Los Angeles International Fern Society 36: 84-89.

338. Hodson, E., F. Shahid, J. Basinger & S. Kaminskyj. 2009. Fungal endorhizal associates of Equisetum species from Western and Arctic Canada. Mycological Progress 8: 19-27.

339. Hoffmann, C. C., C. Kjaergaard, J. Uusi-Kamppa, H. C. B. Hansen & B. Kronvang. 2009. Phosphorus retention in riparian buffers: review of their efficiency. Journal of Environmental Quality 38: 1942-1955. [Equisetum]

340. Holloway, P. 2009. Georgeson Botanical Garden. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 114-117.

341. Hooper, E. & G. Yatskievych. 2009. What is "Aleuritopteris farinosa"? Insights from spore morphology and sporangial capacity. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

342. Hope, G. D. 2009. Clearcut harvesting effects on soil and creek inorganic nitrogen in high elevation forests of southern interior British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 89, Sp. Iss. SI: 35-44. [Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

343. Horn, K. 2009. Herbarbelege seltener, gefaehrdeter und bestimmungskritischer Farnpflanzen (Pteridophyta) aus Bayern im Herbarium der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nuernberg. 3. Teil: Aspleniaceae (Streifenfarn-Gewaechse). Natur u. Mensch, Jahresmitt. Naturhist. Ges. Nuernberg 2008: 115-123. [German with English abstract]

344. Horrocks, J. 2009. Dryopteris formosana. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 4.

345. Horrocks, M., A. O'Loan & R. Wallace. 2009. Discontinuous late Pleistocene-Holocene pollen records from Auckland Domain, northern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 47: 239-247.

346. Hou, G. & H. S. Neufeld. 2009. A new look into old histological techniques for studying root biology using modern microscopy. Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 374. [Abstract; Ceratopteris richardii]

347. Hovenkamp, P. H., R. W. J. M. Van Der Ham, G. A. Van Uffelen, M. Van Hecke, J. A. Dijksman & W. Star. 2009. Spore movement driven by the spore wall in an eusporangiate fern. Grana 48: 122-127. [Angiopteris evecta]

348. Howarth, J., S. Coulson & A. Newton. 2009. Simulating transfer and persistence of a chemical marker powder for Lycopodium clavatum spores. Forensic Science International 192: 72-77.

349. Hsu, R. & J. H. D. Wolf. 2009. Diversity and phytogeography of vascular epiphytes in a tropical-subtropical transition island, Taiwan. Flora (Jena) 204: 612-627.

350. Huang, Y. M., S. Y. Hsu, M. H. Huang & W. L. Chiou. 2009. Reproductive biology of three cheilanthoid ferns in Taiwan. The Journal of Plant Reproductive Biology 1: 1-8.

351. Huebener, T., S. Adler, P. Werner, M. Schult, H. Erlenkeuser, H. Meyer & M. Bahnwart. 2009. A multi-proxy paleolimnological reconstruction of trophic state reference conditions for stratified carbonate-rich lakes in northern Germany. Hydrobiologia 631: 303-327. [Lycopodium clavatum]

352. Hunt, H. V., S. W. Ansell, S. J. Russell, H. Schneider & J. C. Vogel. 2009. Genetic diversity and phylogeography in two diploid ferns, Asplenium fontanum subsp fontanum and A. petrarchae subsp bivalens, in the western Mediterranean. Molecular Ecology 183: 4940-4954.

353. Hwang, J. K., S. L. Shin, D. Kim & C. H. Lee. 2009. Several factors affecting in vitro mass propagation and morphogenesis in prothalli of Pteris cretica Wilsonii. Hortscience 44: 1117. [Abstract]

354. Ignacio Vera, E. 2009. Alienopteris livingstonensis gen. et sp nov., enigmatic petrified tree fern stem (Cyatheales) from the Aptian Cerro Negro Formation, Antarctica. Cretaceous Research 30: 401-410.

355. Inui, Y., H. O. Tanaka, F. Hyodo & T. Itioka. 2009. Within-nest abundance of a tropical cockroach Pseudoanaplectinia yumotoi associated with Crematogaster ants inhabiting epiphytic fern domatia in a Bornean dipterocarp forest. Journal of Natural History 439: 1139-1145.

356. Ishiuchi, K., S. Kodama, T. Kubota, S. Hayashi, T. Shibata & J. Kobayashi. 2009. Lannotinidines H-J, new Lycopodium alkaloids from Lycopodium annotinum. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 57: 877-881.

357. Ishiuchi, K., T. Kubota, S. Hayashi, T. Shibata & J. Kobayashi. 2009. Lycopladine H, a novel alkaloid with fused-tetracyclic skeleton from Lycopodium complanatum. Tetrahedron Letters 507: 6534-6536.

358. Ishiuchi, K., T. Kubota, S. Hayashi, T. Shibata & J. Kobayashi. 2009. Lycopladines F and G, new C16N2-type alkaloids with an additional C4N unit from Lycopodium complanatum. Tetrahedron Letters 509: 4221-4224.

359. Jahren, A. H., M. C. Byrne, H. V. Graham, L. S. L. Sternberg & R. E. Summons. 2009. The environmental water of the middle Eocene Arctic: Evidence from delta D, delta O-18 and delta C-13 within specific compounds. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 271: 96-103.

360. Jampeetong, A. & H. Brix. 2009. Effects of NaCl salinity on growth, morphology, photosynthesis and proline accumulation of Salvinia natans. Aquatic Botany 91: 181-186.

361. Jampeetong, A. & H. Brix. 2009. Nitrogen nutrition of Salvinia natans: Effects of inorganic nitrogen form on growth, morphology, nitrate reductase activity and uptake kinetics of ammonium and nitrate. Aquatic Botany 90: 67-73.

362. Jampeetong, A. & H. Brix. 2009. Oxygen stress in Salvinia natans: Interactive effects of oxygen availability and nitrogen source. Environmental and Experimental Botany 66: 153-159.

363. Jarzen, D. M. & D. L. Dilcher. 2009. Palynological assessment of Holocene mangrove vegetation at the American Memorial Park, Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. Grana 48: 136-146. [Acrostichum]

364. Jedynak, L., J. Kowalska, J. Harasimowicz & J. Golimowski. 2009. Speciation analysis of arsenic in terrestrial plants from arsenic contaminated area. Science of the Total Environment 407: 945-952. [Athyrium filix-femina]

365. Ji, F. T., N. Li & X. Deng. 2009. Calcium contents and high calcium adaptation of plants in karst areas of China. Journal of Plant Ecology 33: 926-935. [Chinese]

366. Jiang, X., S. Zhu, Y. Wu & H. Huai. 2009. The effects of cooking oil fume condensates (COFCs) on the vegetative growth of Salvinia natans (L.) All. Journal of Hazardous Materials 172: 240-246.

367. Jimenez, A., L. G. Quintanilla, S. Pajaron & E. Pangua. 2009. Genetic variation in the allotetraploid Dryopteris corleyi (Dryopteridaceae) and its diploid parental species in the Iberian Peninsula. American Journal of Botany 96: 1880-1886.

368. Johnson, G. P. & K. S. Renzaglia. 2009. Evaluating the diversity of pteridophyte embryology in the light of recent phylogenetic analyses leads to new inferences on character evolution. Plant Systematics and Evolution 283: 149-164.

369. Johri, P. K., D. Tiwari & R. Johri. 2009. Effect of some medicinal plant extracts with antifertility properties in relation to haematology and biochemistry in control and experimental female albino rats. Biochemical and Cellular Archives 9: 25-32. [Actiniopteris dichotoma]

370. Jolley, D. W., B. R. Bell, I. T. Williamson & I. Prince. 2009. Syn-eruption vegetation dynamics, paleosurfaces and structural controls on lava field vegetation: An example from the Palaeogene Staffa Formation, Mull Lava Field, Scotland. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 19-33.

371. Jones, C. S. & A. N. Drinnan. 2009. The developmental pattern of shoot apices in Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 1009-1018.

372. Jones, D. 2009. Fern glade at the Birmingham Botanical Gardens. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 95-96, 101-102.

373. Jones, M. C., D. M. Peteet, D. Kurdyla & T. Guilderson. 2009. Climate and vegetation history from a 14,000-year peatland record, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 72: 207-217.

374. Ju, Z., J. Wang & S. L. Pan. 2009. Isolation and preliminary identification of the endophytic fungi which produce Huperzine A from four species in Huperziaceae and determination of Huperzine A by HPLC. Fudan Xuebao (Yixueban) 36: 445-449. [Chinese]

375. Jurina, A. L. 2009. Middle Devonian Lycophyte Protolepidodendron scharianum: History of study and description of the holotype. Paleontological Journal 43: 1253-1261.

376. Kagawa, A., L. Sack, K. Duarte & S. James. 2009. Hawaiian native forest conserves water relative to timber plantation: Species and stand traits influence water use. Ecological Applications 19: 1429-1443. [Cibotium]

377. Kainz, K. P., J. Virtbauer, B. Marian, H. Kaehlig, O. Donath, G. Reznicek & L. Krenn. 2009. New compounds from Metaxya rostrata (Kunth C. Presl). Planta Medica 75: 966. [Abstract]

378. Kamble, S. Y., T. N. More, S. R. Patil, E. A. Singh & S. G. Pawar. 2009. Ethnobotany of Thakar tribe of Maharashtra. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 95-122.

379. Kamble, S. Y., S. R. Patil, P. S. Sawant, S. P. Sawant & E. A. Singh. 2009. Traditional medicines used by the tribes of Pune and Thane districts for the treatment of upper respiratory tract disorders. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 682-687. [India; Tectaria macrodonta]

380. Karjalainen, A.-M., J. Kilpi-Koski, A. O. Vaisanen, S. Penttinen, C. A. M. van Gestel & O. P. Penttinen. 2009. Ecological risks of an old wood impregnation mill: Application of the triad approach. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 5: 379-389. [Equisetum]

381. Karstrom, M. 2009. Kalkul - effects of resumption of mowing and logging. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 103: 5-12. [Swedish; Botrychium boreale, B. lanceolatum, B. lunaria, B. matricariifolium, B. multifidum]

382. Kartes, N. 2009. Bellevue Botanical Garden. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 104.

383. Kato, M. 2009. Hybrids in the fern genus Osmunda (Osmundaceae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science, ser. B (Botany) 35: 63-69.

384. Kawaji, N. & J. Yokoyama. 2009. Food habits of the copper pheasant Syrmaticus soemmerringii in winter season. Bulletin of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute 8: 127-132. [Cyrtomium fortunei, Polystichum tripteron]

385. Kazmierczak, A. & J. M. Kazmierczak. 2009. Contrasting effects of ethylene perception and synthesis inhibitors on GA(3)-induced antheridiogenesis and the level of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid in Anemia phyllitidis gametophytes. Environmental and Experimental Botany 66: 172-177.

386. Keil, P., R. Fuchs, J. Hesse & A. Sarazin. 2009. Areal expansion of Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. (Black Spleenwort, Aspleniaceae/Pteridophyta) at the edge of northwestern Germany's low mountain range - caused by climatic change? Tuexenia 29: 199-213. [German]

387. Kennar, P. 2009. Hardy Fern Foundation Garden in the Rhododendron Glen (Bellevue Botanical Garden). Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 105-108.

388. Kersten, R. d. A., Y. S. Kuniyoshi & C. V. Roderjan. 2009. Vascular epiphytes of two nearby riverside forests, Iguacu River Basin, Parana. Iheringia Serie Botanica 64: 33-43. [Portuguese; Campyloneurum austrobrasilianum, Microgramma squamulosa, Pleopeltis hirsutissima]

389. Kertulis-Tartar, G. M., B. Rathinasabapathi & L. Q. Ma. 2009. Characterization of glutathione reductase and catalase in the fronds of two Pteris ferns upon arsenic exposure. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (Paris) 47: 960-965.

390. Kessler, M., R. Jonas, D. Cicuzza, J. Kluge, K. Piatek, P. Naks & M. Lehnert. 2009. A survey of the mycorrhization of Southeast Asian ferns and lycophytes. Plant Biology (Rockville) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2009.00270.x:

391. Kessler, M., T. Kromer, J. Kluge, D. N. Karger, A. Acebey, A. Hemp, S. K. Herzog & M. Lehnert. 2009. Elevational gradients of species richness derived from local field surveys versus 'mining' of archive data, In E.M. Spehn & C. Korner, (Eds.). Data mining for global trends in mountain biodiversity. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 57-63.

392. Kessler, M. & M. Lehnert. 2009. Are ridge habitats special sites for endemic plants in tropical montane rain forests? A case study of pteridophytes in Ecuador. Folio Geobotanica 44: 387-398, www.springerlink.com/content/98r63mq3550j181r/.

393. Kessler, M. & M. Lehnert. 2009. Do ridge habitats contribute to pteridophyte diversity in tropical montane forests? A case study from southeastern Ecuador. Journal of Plant Research 122: 421-428. [Cyathea peladensis]

394. Kessler, M. & M. Lehnert. 2009. Polystichum faucicola M. Kessler & Lehnert (Dryopteridaceae), a new fern species from Ecuador. Candollea 64: 123-126.

395. Khoshravesh, R., H. Akhani, M. Eskandari & W. Greuter. 2009. Ferns and fern allies of Iran. Rostaniha 10: 1-101, 103.

396. Khuhawar, M. Y., M. A. Mirza, S. M. Leghari & R. Arain. 2009. Limnological study of Baghsar Lake District Bhimber Azad Kashmir. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41: 1903-1915. [Salvinia molesta]

397. Khullar, S. P., J. Chadha, A. Baghla & S. Verma. 2009. Annotated inventory of the pteridophytes of District Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh), West Himalaya. Indian Fern Journal 26: 79-106.

398. Kidd, P., J. Barcelo, M. Pilar Bernal, F. Navari-Izzo, C. Poschenrieder, S. Shilev, R. Clemente & C. Monterroso. 2009. Trace element behaviour at the root-soil interface: Implications in phytoremediation. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67: 243-259. [Pteris vittata]

399. Kiefer, J. C. 2009. Primer and interviews: Gene regulation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Developmental Dynamics 238: 2449-2458. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

400. Kim, B. C., M. N. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Kwon, K. S. Bae & K. S. Shin. 2009. Paenibacillus filicis sp nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of the fern. Journal of Microbiology 47: 524-529.

401. Kim, C., H. R. Na, H. Shin & H. K. Choi. 2009. Systematic evaluation of Isoetes asiatica Makino (Isoetaceae) based on AFLP, nrITS, and chloroplast DNA sequences. Journal of Plant Biology 52: 501-510.

402. Kim, C., H. Shin & H. K. Choi. 2009. Genetic diversity and population structure of diploid and polyploid species of Isoetes in east Asia based on amplified fragment length polymorphism markers. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 496-504.

403. Kirillova, N. V., A. Spasenkov, O. Spasenkov & M. Strelkova. 2009. The synthesis of nucleic acids in cultivated Polyscias filicifolia cells exposed to oxidative stress. Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology 45: 262-265.

404. Knickerbocker, C. M., S. Leitholf, E. L. Stephens, D. J. Keellings, H. Laird, C. J. R. Anderson, J. E. Fauth & P. F. Quintana-Ascencio. 2009. Tree encroachment of a sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) marsh within an increasingly urbanized ecosystem. Natural Areas Journal 29: 15-26. [Florida; Osmunda cinnamomea]

405. Knoll, F. 2009. On the name Stormbergia dangershoeki Butler. Annales de Paleontologie 95: 177-180.

406. Kolomiyets, N. E. & G. I. Kalinkina. 2009. Determination of silicon in horsetails (Equisetum). Farmatsiya (Moscow) 3: 13-15. [Russian]

407. Kolosov, P. N., G. V. Ivensen, T. E. Mikhailova, S. M. Kurzanov, M. B. Efimov & Y. M. Gubin. 2009. Taphonomy of the Upper Mesozoic tetrapod Teete locality (Yakutia). Paleontological Journal 43: 201-207.

408. Kono, Y. & T. Tomiyasu. 2009. Biomonitoring of atmospheric mercury levels with the epiphytic fern Lepisorus thunbergianus (Polypodiaceae). Chemosphere 770: 1387-1392.

409. Konopleva, I., E. Klemt, A. Konoplev & G. Zibold. 2009. Migration and bioavailability of Cs-137 in forest soil of southern Germany. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100: 315-321. [Dryopteris carthusiana]

410. Koshiba, T., S. Yokoshima & T. Fukuyama. 2009. Total synthesis of (-)-Huperzine A. Organic Letters 11: 5354-5356. [Huperzia serrata]

411. Koyama, T., T. Iwata, A. Yamamoto, Y. Sato, D. Matsuoka, S. Tokutomi & H. Kandori. 2009. Different role of the J alpha helix in the light-induced activation of the LOV2 domains in various phototropins. Biochemistry 482: 7621-7628. [Adiantum]

412. Kramer, E. M. 2009. New model systems for the study of developmental evolution in plants, In W.R. Jeffery, (Ed.). Current Topics in Developmental Biology 86: Evolution and Development. Elsevier Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, California, USA. pp. 67-105. [Equisetum fluviatile]

413. Krassilov, V. & E. Karasev. 2009. Paleofloristic evidence of climate change near and beyond the Permian-Triassic boundary. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 284: 326-336.

414. Krings, M., N. Dotzler, J. Galtier & T. N. Taylor. 2009. Microfungi from the upper Visean (Mississippian) of central France: Chytridiomycota and chytrid-like remains of uncertain affinity. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 319-328.

415. Krings, M., N. Dotzler, T. N. Taylor & J. Galtier. 2009. A late Pennsylvanian fungal leaf endophyte from Grand-Croix, France. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 449-453.

416. Krings, M., H. Hass, H. Kerp, T. N. Taylor, R. Agerer & N. Dotzler. 2009. Endophytic cyanobacteria in a 400-million-yr-old land plant: A scenario for the origin of a symbiosis? Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 62-69. [Azolla]

417. Krippel, Y. 2009. Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Hymenophyllaceae) in Luxembourg, in Belgium and adjacent regions. Adoxa 61: 9-13. [French]

418. Krippel, Y., W. Bujnoch & G. Zenner. 2009. Records of diploid and triploid specimens of the Dryopteris affinis group and a hybrid with D. filix-mas (Dryopteridaceae, Pteridophyta) in the Upper-Sure region (Luxembourg). Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb. 110: 43-52. [German]

419. Krueger, L. M. & C. J. Peterson. 2009. Effects of woody debris and ferns on herb-layer vegetation and deer herbivory in a Pennsylvania forest blowdown. Ecoscience 16: 461-469. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula, Dryopteris intermedia, Thelypteris noveboracensis]

420. Krueger, M., H. Stockinger, C. Krueger & A. Schuessler. 2009. DNA-based species level detection of Glomeromycota: one PCR primer set for all arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 183: 212-223. [Selaginella]

421. Kryukova, M. V. 2009. Coniogramme intermedia Hieron. (Hemionitidaceae Pichi Sermolli) in the Northern Sikhote-Alin. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 2: 462-466. [Russia]

422. Kuang, H., C. Sun, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, D. Chen, B. Yang & Y. Xia. 2009. Three drimane sesquiterpene glucoside from the aerial parts of Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schot. Fitoterapia 80: 134-137.

423. Kubota, T., H. Yahata, S. Yamamoto, S. Hayashi, T. Shibata & J. Kobayashi. 2009. Serratezomines D and E, new Lycopodium alkaloids from L. serratum var. serratum. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 193: 3577-3580.

424. Kuijper, D. P. J., R. Ubels & M. J. J. E. Loonen. 2009. Density-dependent switches in diet: a likely mechanism for negative feedbacks on goose population increase? Polar Biology 322: 1789-1803. [Equisetum arvense]

425. Kumar, A. & P. Kaushik. 2009. Antibacterial effect of two aquatic pteridophytes. Indian Fern Journal 26: 161-165. [Azolla pinnata, Marsilea minuta]

426. Kumar, B., M. Sharma, J. Chadha & S. Maini. 2009. Hypodematium crenatum (Forssk.) Kuhn subsp. loyalii Fras.-Jenk. & Khullar: a new record for Punjab. Indian Fern Journal 26: 192-195. [India]

427. Kumari, A. & K. P. Tripathi. 2009. Management of metal contaminated wastelands by fern species. Indian Forester 135: 117-125. [Ampelopteris prolifera, Cyclosorus dentatus, Diplazium esculentum, Pteris vittata]

428. Kunes, P., V. Abraham, O. Kovarik & M. Kopecky. 2009. Czech Quaternary Palynological Database - PALYCZ: review and basic statistics of the data. Preslia (Prague) 81: 209-238.

429. Kunzer, J. M., R. R. Wunderlin, L. C. Anderson & J. R. Burkhalter. 2009. New and noteworthy plants from Florida. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 331-337. [Azolla pinnata, Sphaeropteris cooperi]

430. Kusabs, I. A. & J. M. Quinn. 2009. Use of a traditional Maori harvesting method, the tau koura, for monitoring koura (freshwater crayfish, Paranephrops planifrons) in Lake Rotoiti, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 713-722. [Pteridium esculentum]

431. Kustatscher, E., A. Hemsley & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert. 2009. Lugardonia paradoxa gen. et sp nov., a new strobilus from the Anisian flora of Kuhwiesenkopf, the Dolomites, Italy and its affinities with emphasis on spore ultrastructure. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 90-97.

432. Kuznetsov, A. A., I. I. Gureyeva, A. V. Vaganov & A. I. Shmakov. 2009. Morphological analysis of spores of species of the genus Actiniopteris Link (Cryptogrammaceae). Turczaninowia 12: 5-16. [Russian, English summary]

433. Labiak, P. H. & F. B. Matos. 2009. Cyathea atrocastanea, a new tree fern from the Atlantic Rain Forest of Southeastern Brazil. Systematic Botany 34: 476-480.

434. Lai, H. Y., Y. Y. Lim & S. P. Tan. 2009. Antioxidative, tyrosinase inhibiting and antibacterial activities of leaf extracts from medicinal ferns. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 73: 1362-1366. [Acrostichum aureum, Asplenium nidus, Blechnum orientale, Cibotium barometz, Dicranopteris linearis var. linearis]

435. Landi, M., F. Frignani, I. Bonini, F. Casini, C. Saveri, V. De Dominicis & C. Angiolini. 2009. Flora and vegetation in the catchment area of the stream "La Bolza" in the Merse valley (Siena, southern Tuscany). Webbia 64: 187-212. [Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris dilatata, Osmunda regalis]

436. Lang, K. D., L. A. Schulte & G. R. Guntenspergen. 2009. Windthrow and salvage logging in an old-growth hemlock-northern hardwoods forest. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 56-64. [Athyrium filix-femina]

437. Langa, S. F. & M. P. Hill. 2009. Alien aquatic plants and their associated natural enemies in the Umbeluzi and Incomati basin rivers in Mozambique, In J. Terblanche & R. Venter, (Eds.). Proceedings. 16th Entomological Congress of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Stellenbosch, South Africa. p. 45. [Abstract; Azolla, Salvinia molesta]

438. Lanikova, D. & Z. Lososova. 2009. Rocks and walls: Natural versus secondary habitats. Folia Geobotanica 44: 263-280. [Czech Republic]

439. Lapenna, S. & L. Dinan. 2009. HPLC and TLC characterisation of ecdysteroid alkyl ethers. Journal of Chromatography B 877: 2996-3002. [Polypodium aureum]

440. Latorre, A. O., M. S. Furlan, M. Sakai, H. Fukumasu, I. M. Hueza, M. Haraguchi & S. L. Gorniak. 2009. Immunomodulatory effects of Pteridium aquilinum on natural killer cell activity and select aspects of the cellular immune response of mice. Journal of Immunotoxicology 6: 104-114.

441. Laveine, J.-P. & T. Oudoire. 2009. Symmetrical bifurcation of the Alethopteris urophylla frond. Revista Espanola de Paleontologia 24: 121-131.

442. Laveine, J.-P., B. Ratanasthien, S. Sitirach & D. Demarque. 2009. The Carboniferous flora of northeastern Thailand: additional documentation from the Na Duang-Na Klang basin. Revue de Paleobiologie 28: 315-331.

443. Leao Barros, I. C. & S. R. da Silva Xavier. 2009. Pteridophytes of the Pernambuco state, Brazil: Gleicheniaceac. Bradea 14: 11-20. [Portuguese]

444. Lee, C. F., C. H. Yao, Y. R. Liu, C. W. Hsieh & S. S. Young. 2009. Lachancea dasiensis sp nov., an ascosporogenous yeast isolated from soil and leaves in Taiwan. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 59: 1818-1822. [Angiopteris lygodiifolia]

445. Lee, H. B., J. C. Kim & S. M. Lee. 2009. Antibacterial activity of two phloroglucinols, flavaspidic acids AB and PB, from Dryopteris crassirhizoma. Archives of Pharmacal Research (Seoul) 32: 655-659.

446. Lee, J., Y. Choi, E. R. Woo & D. G. Lee. 2009. Isocryptomerin, a novel membrane-active antifungal compound from Selaginella tamariscina. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 379: 676-680.

447. Lee, J. S., M. S. Lee, W. K. Oh & J. Y. Sul. 2009. Fatty acid synthase inhibition by amentoflavone induces apoptosis and antiproliferation in human breast cancer cells. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 32: 1427-1430. [Selaginella tamariscina]

448. Lee, J. Y., Y. J. Choi, E. R. Woo & D. G. Lee. 2009. Antibacterial and synergistic activity of isocryptomerin isolated from Selaginella tamariscina. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 19: 204-207.

449. Lee, P. H., T. T. Lin & W. L. Chiou. 2009. Phenology of 16 species of ferns in a subtropical forest of northeastern Taiwan. Journal of Plant Research 122: 61-67.

450. Lee, P. S., W. L. Chiou & Y. M. Huang. 2009. Phenology of three Cyathea (Cyatheaceae) ferns in northern Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science 24: 233-242.

451. Lehn, C. R., C. Leuchtenberger & M. A. da Fontoura Hansen. 2009. Pteridophytes from two fragments of a seasonal deciduous forest in the Taquari River Valley, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botanica 64: 23-31. [Portuguese]

452. Lehnert, M. 2009. Eleven new species in the grammitid fern genus Melpomene (Polypodiaceae) (vol 98, pg 214, 2008). American Fern Journal 99: 335. [Errata]

453. Lehnert, M. 2009. On the identification of Cyathea pallescens (Sodiro) Domin (Cyatheaceae): typifications, reinstatements and new descriptions of common neotropical tree ferns. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 621-649.

454. Lehnert, M. 2009. Resolving the Cyathea caracasana complex (Polypodiopsida: Cyatheaceae). Stuttgarter Beitraege zur Naturkunde A Neue Serie 2 (Biologie) 409-445.

455. Lehnert, M. 2009. Three new species of scaly tree ferns (Cyathea-Cyatheaceae) from the northern Andes. Phytotaxa 1: 43-56.

456. Lehnert, M., M. Kessler, A. N. Schmidt-Lebuhn, S. A. Klimas, S. D. Fehlberg & T. A. Ranker. 2009. Phylogeny of the fern genus Melpomene (Polypodiaceae) inferred from morphology and chloroplast DNA analysis. Systematic Botany 34: 17-27.

457. Lehnert, M., I. Kottke, S. Setaro, L. F. Pazmino, J. Pablo Suarez & M. Kessler. 2009. Mycorrhizal associations in ferns from southern Ecuador. American Fern Journal 99: 292-306.

458. Lengyel, A. 2009. New occurrence of Botrychium matricariifolium (Retz.) A. Braun ex W. D. J. Koch in Hungary. Acta Botanica Hungarica 51: 99-104.

459. Leniere, A. & G. Houle. 2009. Short-term responses of the understory to the removal of plant functional groups in the cold-temperate deciduous forest, In A.G. VanderValk, (Ed.). Forest Ecology: Recent Advances in Plant Ecology. Springer, New York (Previously published in Plant Ecology 2009 Volume 201(1)). pp. 235-245.

460. Leterme, P., A. M. Londono, J. E. Munoz, J. Suarez, C. A. Bedoya, W. B. Souffrant & A. Buldgen. 2009. Nutritional value of aquatic ferns (Azolla filiculoides Lam. and Salvinia molesta Mitchell) in pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 149: 135-148.

461. Leung, J., G. G. Chen & P. B. S. Lai. 2009. In vivo study on anti-tumor effect of Ent-11 Alpha-hydroxy-15-oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid in a mouse model of liver cancer. Journal of Hepatology 50: S98. [Abstract; Pteris semipinnata]

462. Lewu, F. B. & A. J. Afolayan. 2009. Ethnomedicine in South Africa: The role of weedy species. African Journal of Biotechnology 8: 929-934. [Pteridium aquilinum]

463. Li, E. H., X. L. Wang, W. Li, J. Q. Wu & Y. Cheng. 2009. Study on the flora of vascular plants of wetland in Hubei Province. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu 27: 373-380. [Chinese]

464. Li, F. W., B. C. Tan, V. Buchbender, R. C. Moran, G. Rouhan, C. N. Wang & D. Quandt. 2009. Identifying a mysterious aquatic fern gametophyte. Plant Systematics and Evolution 281: 77-86. [Lomariopsis lineata]

465. Li, G., J. Li, Y. Y. Li, Y. J. Tang & H. Wei. 2009. Sterilization of explants and elimination of endophytes in Huperzia serrata. Jishou Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 30: 100-103. [Chinese]

466. Li, J. F., D. K. Ferguson, J. Yang, G. P. Feng, A. G. Ablaev, Y. F. Wang & C. S. Li. 2009. Early Miocene vegetation and climate in Weichang District, North China. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 280: 47-55, 58-63.

467. Li, J. X., W. X. Mang, C. H. Liao, Y. P. Yang & S. L. Fu. 2009. Responses of earthworms to organic matter at different stages of decomposition. Pedosphere (Beijing) 19: 382-388. [Dicranopteris linearis]

468. Li, M. M., K. Wang, X. Q. Chen, L. Y. Peng, X. Cheng & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. Two new glycosides from Diplopterygium laevissimum (Gleicheniaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 559-562.

469. Li, M. M., K. Wang, Z. H. Pan, X. Q. Chen, L. Y. Peng, Y. Li, X. Cheng & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. Two new sesquiterpene glucosides from Dennstaedtia scabra (Wall.) Moore. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 57: 1123-1125.

470. Li, W., B. Liu, L. Yu, D. Feng, H. Wang & J. Wang. 2009. Phylogenetic analysis, structural evolution and functional divergence of the 12-oxo-phytodienoate acid reductase gene family in plants. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: Article No.: 90. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

471. Li, Z. Y., Z. R. He & B. Y. Ding. 2009. Six new synonyms of Cyclosorus (Thelypteridaceae) from China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 24-28. [Chinese]

472. Libertin, M., J. Daskova, S. Oplustil, J. Bek & N. Edress. 2009. A palaeoecological model for a vegetated early Westphalian intramontane valley (Intra-Sudetic Basin, Czech Republic). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 175-203.

473. Libertin, M., S. Oplustil, J. Psenicka, J. Bek, I. Sykorova & J. Daskova. 2009. Middle Pennsylvanian pioneer plant assemblage buried in situ by volcanic ash-fall, central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 204-233.

474. Likar, M., M. Regvar, I. Mandic-Mulec, B. Stres & H. Bothe. 2009. Diversity and seasonal variations of mycorrhiza and rhizosphere bacteria in three common plant species at the Slovenian Ljubljana Marsh. Biology and Fertility of Soils 45: 573-583. [Equisetum arvense]

475. Lim, C. L., M. Y. Siti-Munirah & R. Kiew. 2009. Botany of the Berembun Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 61: 143-189. [Asplenium, Diplazium]

476. Lim, W. H., J. Q. D. Goodger, A. R. Field, J. A. M. Holtum & I. E. Woodrow. 2009. Australasian Huperzia as potential sources of huperzine A and B. Planta Medica 75: 1081. [Abstract]

477. Lima, R. A. F. & S. Gandolfi. 2009. Structure of the herb stratum under different light regimes in the submontane Atlantic Rain Forest. Brazilian Journal of Biology 69: 289-296.

478. Limm, E. B., K. A. Simonin, A. G. Bothman & T. E. Dawson. 2009. Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest. Oecologia (Berlin) 161: 449-459. [Polypodium californicum, Polystichum munitum]

479. Linares-Palomino, R., V. Cardona, E. I. Hennig, I. Hensen, D. Hoffmann, J. Lendzion, D. Soto, S. K. Herzog & M. Kessler. 2009. Non-woody life-form contribution to vascular plant species richness in a tropical American forest, In A.G. VanderValk, (Ed.). Forest Ecology: Recent Advances in Plant Ecology. Springer, New York (Previously published in Plant Ecology 2009 Volume 201(1)). pp. 87-99. [Bolivia]

480. Linares-Palomino, R. & M. Kessler. 2009. The role of dispersal ability, climate and spatial separation in shaping biogeographical patterns of phylogenetically distant plant groups in seasonally dry Andean forests of Bolivia. Journal of Biogeography 36: 280-290. [Pteridophyta]

481. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2009. Development of a multi-access key to the ferns of Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) Special Issue: 134-137.

482. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2009. Ferns of Thailand website. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns)

483. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2009. Leconopteris pumila Blume (Polypodiaceae), a new record for Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 59-63.

484. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2009. New combinations in the ferns of Thailand. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 66: 355-361. [Colysis, Cyclosorus, Haplopteris, Selliguea]

485. Lindsay, S., D. J. Middleton & T. Boonkerd. 2009. Towards a stable nomenclature for Thai ferns. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 64-106.

486. Link-Perez, M. A., L. E. Watson & R. J. Hickey. 2009. Putting down routes: biogeographic patterns in Adiantopsis Fee (Pteridaceae). Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

487. Liu, B. D. & L. Y. Tan. 2009. Studies on the gametophyte development and spore propagation of Nephrolepis auriculata and N. falcata. Acta Horticulturae Sinica 36: 545-552. [Chinese]

488. Liu, B. F., G. J. Liu & Z. C. Wang. 2009. Structure changes and succession dynamic of the natural secondary forest after severe fire interference. Journal of Forestry Research (Harbin) 20: 123-130. [China; Athyrium multidentatum]

489. Liu, H. M., X. C. Zhang & H. Zeng. 2009. Application of DNA sequences in pteridophyte phylogenetic study. Chinese Bulletin of Botany 44: 143-158.

490. Liu, Y., P. Christie, J. Zhang & X. Li. 2009. Growth and arsenic uptake by Chinese brake fern inoculated with an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Environmental and Experimental Botany 66: 435-441. [Pteris vittata]

491. Liu, Y., H. B. Wang, M. H. Wong & Z. H. Ye. 2009. The role of arsenate reductase and superoxide dismutase in As accumulation in four Pteris species. Environment International 35: 491-495.

492. Liu, Y. C., Y. M. Huang & W. L. Chiou. 2009. Validation of the name Adiantum meishanianum (Pteridaceae), a species endemic to Taiwan. Novon 19: 59-61.

493. Lojka, R., J. Drabkova, J. Zajic, I. Sykorova, J. Francu, A. Blahova & T. Grygar. 2009. Climate variability in the Stephanian B based on environmental record of the Msec Lake deposits (Kladno-Rakovnik Basin, Czech Republic). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 280: 78-93.

494. Lorscheitter, M. L., A. R. Ashraf, P. G. Windisch & V. Mosbrugger. 2009. Pteridophyte spores of Rio Grande do Sul flora, Brazil Part VI. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 281: 1-96.

495. Lou, L. Q., Z. H. Ye & M. H. Wong. 2009. A comparison of arsenic tolerance, uptake and accumulation between arsenic hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata L. and non-accumulator, P. semipinnata L.-A hydroponic study. Journal of Hazardous Materials 171: 436-442.

496. Lou, X. & B. Han. 2009. Evolutionary conservation of neighbouring gene pairs in plants. Gene (Amsterdam) 437: 71-79. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

497. Lubienski, M. 2009. New records of Equisetum x mildeanum (E. pratense x E. sylvaticum) in Norway. Blyttia 67: 270-275. [Norwegian]

498. Luo, S. Y. 2009. Gametophyte development of Adiantum malesianum Chatak. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 17: 164-168.

499. Lynch, R. L., H. Chen, L. A. Brandt & F. J. Mazzotti. 2009. Old world climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum) invasion in hurricane caused treefalls. Natural Areas Journal 29: 210-215. [Florida]

500. Ma, Y., H. Jiang, B. Wang, G. Zhou, S. Yu, S. Peng, Y. Hao, X. Wei, J. Liu & Z. Yu. 2009. Carbon storage of cycad and other gymnosperm ecosystems in China: Implications to evolutionary trends. Polish Journal of Ecology 57: 635-646. [Alsophila spinulosa]

501. Macedo, R. B., P. A. de Souza & S. G. Bauermann. 2009. Catalogue of pollen, spores and other palynomorphs from Holocene sediments of the Santo Antonio da Patrulha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botanica 64: 43-78. [Portuguese]

502. MacKenzie, S. J., N. A. Peres, M. P. Barquero, L. F. Arauz & L. W. Timmer. 2009. Host range and genetic relatedness of Colletotrichum acutatum isolates from fruit crops and leatherleaf fern in Florida. Phytopathology 99: 620-631. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

503. Madeja, J., K. Harmata, P. Kolaczek, M. Karpinski-Kolaczek, K. Piatek & P. Naks. 2009. Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn), mistletoe (Viscum album (L.)) and bladder-nut (Staphlea pinnata (L.))--mysterious plants with unusual applications. Cultural and ethnobotanical studies, In J.P. Morel & A.M. Mercuri, (Eds). Plants and Culture: Seeds of the Cultural Heritage of Europe. pp. 207-215.

504. Maguire, D. A., D. B. Mainwaring, R. Rose, S. M. Garber & E. J. Dinger. 2009. Response of coastal Douglas-fir and competing vegetation to repeated and delayed weed control treatments during early plantation development. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 1208-1219. [Equisetum arvense, Pteridium aquilinum]

505. Mahajan, A. & R. D. Gupta. 2009. Integrated nutrient management (INM) in a sustainable rice-wheat cropping system. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands [Blechnum orientale]

506. Mahamuni, R. & M. Dongare. 2009. Diversity and distribution of the ferns from Belgaum District, Karnataka. Indian Fern Journal 26: 137-141. [India]

507. Maideen, H., R. I. Milne & M. Gibby. 2009. Davalliaceae in Peninsular Malaysia, a preliminary study based on trnL-F region. Blumea 54: 203-206.

508. Maity, D. & G. G. Maiti. 2009. Diversity of vascular plants of Kanchenjunga biosphere reserve, Sikkim and its conservation. Indian Forester 135: 1416-1436.

509. Majumdar, J. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2009. Opal phytoliths in three thelypteriod ferns. Bionature 29: 11-15.

510. Makowski, D., A. Mikula & J. J. Rybczynski. 2009. Cryobank of gametophytes of tropical woody fern species. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 51: 51. [Abstract]

511. Maliya, S. D. 2009. Traditional uses of some folk medicines among Tharus of Katarniyaghat Wildlife sanctuary region of district Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 220-223. [Lygodium flexuosum]

512. Man, R., J. A. Rice & B. Macdonald. 2009. Long-term response of planted conifers, natural regeneration, and vegetation to harvesting, scalping, and weeding on a boreal mixedwood site. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1225-1234.

513. Mandl, N. A., M. Kessler & S. R. Gradstein. 2009. Effects of enviornmental heterogeneity on species diversity and composition of terrestrial bryophyte assemblages in tropical montane forests of southern Ecuador. Plant Ecology and Diversity 2: 313-321.

514. Maness, T. 2009. Athyrium plant named 'Ocean's Fury' (US PP020126). Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents June 23, 2009: PLT379.

515. Marinoff, M. A., J. L. Martinez & M. A. Urbina. 2009. Precautions in the use of medicinal plants. Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas 8: 184-187. [Spanish; Huperzia saurus]

516. Marques-Silva, G. G. & S. M. Thomaz. 2009. Biological interactions in the co-occurrence of Eichhornia azurea and free-floating macrophytes. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 31: 355-361. [Salvinia auriculata, S. minima]

517. Marquez, G. J., M. A. Morbelli & G. E. Giudice. 2009. Comparative analysis of spores of Alsophila (Cyatheaceae) species from southern South America. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 165-176.

518. Marris, E. 2009. Ecology: Ragamuffin Earth. Nature (London) 460: 450-453.

519. Marson, D., B. Cudmore, D. A. R. Drake & N. E. Mandrak. 2009. Summary of a survey of aquarium owners in Canada. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2905: 1-20. [Salvinia minima]

520. Martin, A., D. Lang, J. Heckmann, A. D. Zimmer, M. Vervliet-Scheebaum & R. Reski. 2009. A uniquely high number of ftsZ genes in the moss Physcomitrella patens. Plant Biology (Stuttgart) 11: 744-750. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

521. Martin, B. A., M. K. Saiki & D. Fong. 2009. Habitat requirements of the endangered California Freshwater Shrimp (Syncaris Pacifica) in Lagunitas and Olema Creeks, Marin County, California, USA. Journal of Crustacean Biology 29: 595-604.

522. Martin, C. E., R. Hsu & T. C. Lin. 2009. Comparative photosynthetic capacity of abaxial and adaxial leaf sides as related to exposure in two epiphytic ferns in a subtropical rainforest in northeastern Taiwan. American Fern Journal 99: 145-154. [Asplenium nidus, Ophioderma pendula]

523. Martinez, O. G. & M. A. Morbelli. 2009. The spores of Pteris cretica complex (Pteridaceae-Pteridophyta) in America. Grana 48: 193-204.

524. Martinez-Melendez, N., M. Angel Perez-Farrera & R. Martinez-Camilo. 2009. The vascular epiphyte flora of El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas, Mexico. Rhodora 111: 503-535.

525. Mashkani, S. G. & P. T. M. Ghazvini. 2009. Biotechnological potential of Azolla filiculoides for biosorption of Cs and Sr: Application of micro-PIXE for measurement of biosorption. Bioresource Technology 100: 1915-1921.

526. Masselter, T., N. Rowe, J. Galtier & T. Speck. 2009. Secondary growth and deformation of stem tissues in the lower Carboniferous seed fern Calamopitys. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 1228-1239.

527. Masuda, F. & Y. Ezaki. 2009. A great revolution of the earth-surface environment: Linking the bio-invasion onto the land and the Ordovician radiation of marine organisms. Paleontological Research 13: 3-8.

528. Mathews, S., L. Q. Ma, B. Rathinasabapathi & R. H. Stamps. 2009. Arsenic reduced scale-insect infestation on arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. Environmental and Experimental Botany 65: 282-286.

529. Matos, F. B., P. H. Labiak & L. S. Sylvestre. 2009. A new Brazilian species of the genus Asplenium L. (Aspleniaceae). American Fern Journal 99: 101-105.

530. Mauz, K. & J. R. Reeder. 2009. Marsilea mollis (Marsileaceae) sporocarps and associated insect parasitism in southern Arizona. Western North American Naturalist 69: 382-387.

531. Mazumdar, J. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2009. Phytoliths of some lycopods. Indian Fern Journal 26: 132-136. [Isoetes coromondelina, Lycopodium, Selaginella]

532. McCulloh, K. A., J. S. Sperry, F. C. Meinzer, B. Lachenbruch & C. Atala. 2009. Murray's law, the 'Yarrum' optimum, and the hydraulic architecture of compound leaves. New Phytologist 184: 234-244. [Adiantum pedatum, Pteridium aquilinum]

533. McGavigan, F. 2009. Fern recording: A personal Scottish experience. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 133-136.

534. McGlone, M. S. 2009. Postglacial history of New Zealand wetlands and implications for their conservation. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 33: 1-23.

535. McWethy, D. B., C. Whitlock, J. M. Wilmshurst, M. S. McGlone & X. Li. 2009. Rapid deforestation of South Islands, New Zealand, by early Polynesian fires. Holocene 19: 883-897.

536. Meeks, L. R., B. Addepalli & A. G. Hunt. 2009. Characterization of genes encoding poly(a) polymerases in plants: evidence for duplication and functional specialization. PLoS One 41: e8082. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

537. Mellado, F., J. Alban & B. Leon. 2009. Three new records of species of genus Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae) to Peru. Revista Peruana de Biologia 15: 93-95. [Spanish]

538. Mellado, L. F. 2007. Libro rojo de las plantas endemicas del Peru. Revista Peruana de Biologia 13: 1-971. [Spanish]

539. Mendoza-Ruiz, A. & B. Perez-Garcia. 2009. Ferns and Lycopods of Mexico, Volume I. 1st Edition. Comision Nacional de lad Biodiversidad, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico, D. F. [Spanish]

540. Mendoza-Ruiz, A. & B. Perez-Garcia. 2009. Morphogenesis of the gametophytes of eight Mexican species of Blechnum (Blechnaceae). Acta Botanica Mexicana 88: 59-72.

541. Menendez, V., M. A. Revilla, M. A. Fal & H. Fernandez. 2009. The effect of cytokinins on growth and sexual organ development in the gametophyte of Blechnum spicant L. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 96: 245-250.

542. Mertens, K. N., K. Verhoeven, T. Verleye, S. Louwye, A. Amorim, S. Ribeiro, A. S. Deaf, I. C. Harding, S. De Schepper, C. Gonzalez, M. Kodrans-Nsiah, A. De Vernal, M. Henry, T. Radi, K. Dybkjaer, N. E. Poulsen, S. Feist-Burkhardt, J. Chitolie, C. Heilmann-Clausen, L. Londeix, J. L. Turon, F. Marret, J. Matthiessen, F. M. G. McCarthy, V. Prasad, V. Pospelova, J. E. K. Hughes, J. B. Riding, A. Rochon, F. Sangiorgi, N. Welters, N. Sinclair, C. Thun, A. Soliman, N. Van Nieuwenhove, A. Vink & M. Young. 2009. Determining the absolute abundance of dinoflagellate cysts in recent marine sediments: The Lycopodium marker-grain method put to the test. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 157: 238-252.

543. Mesipuu, M., R. P. Shefferson & T. Kull. 2009. Weather and herbivores influence fertility in the endangered fern Botrychium multifidum (SG Gmel.) Rupr. Plant Ecology 203: 23-31.

544. Metzger, J. P. 2009. Conservation issues in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biological Conservation 142, Sp. Iss. SI: 1138-1140.

545. Mikula, A., K. Jata & J. J. Rybczynski. 2009. Cryopreservation strategies for Cyathea australis (R. Br.) Domin. CryoLetters 30: 429-439.

546. Miller, M. F., E. A. Cowan & S. H. H. Nielsen. 2009. Significance of the trace fossil Zoophycos in Pliocene deposits, Antarctic continental margin (Andrill 1B drill core). Antarctic Science 21: 609-618.

547. Milovic, M. & B. Mitic. 2009. A contribution to the knowledge of vascular flora of Krka National Park. Natura Croatica 18: 335-352. [Croatia]

548. Mishra, V., V. Pathak & B. Tripathi. 2009. Accumulation of cadmium and copper from aqueous solutions using Indian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). Ambio 38: 110-112. [Azolla]

549. Mishra, V. K., B. D. Tripathi & K. H. Kim. 2009. Removal and accumulation of mercury by aquatic macrophytes from an open cast coal mine effluent. Journal of Hazardous Materials 172: 749-754. [Azolla pinnata]

550. Misra, R. C. & D. Sahu. 2009. A contribution to the flora of Niyamgiri Hills, Orissa, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 259-276.

551. Miyata, S. 2009. Effects of forest floor coverage on overland flow and soil erosion on hillslopes in Japanese cypress plantation forests. Water Resources Research 45: W06402, 17 pp.

552. Moguel Velazquez, A. L. & M. Kessler. 2009. Taxonomic notes on the ferns species group around Terpsichore lanigera (Polypodiaceae), including the descriptions of three new species and one new variety. Phytotaxa 2: 35-45.

553. Molares, S. & A. Ladio. 2009. Chemosensory perception and medicinal plants for digestive ailments in a Mapuche community in NW Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 123: 397-406. [Equisetum bogotense]

554. Molares, S. & A. Ladio. 2009. Ethnobotanical review of the Mapuche medicinal flora: Use patterns on a regional scale. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122: 251-260. [Equisetum bogotense]

555. Molina, M., V. Reyes-Garcia & M. Pardo-de-Santayana. 2009. Local knowledge and management of the Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis L.) in Northern Spain: implications for biodiversity conservation. American Fern Journal 99: 45-55.

556. Mollik, A. H., N. Hasan, S. Hossan, R. Jahan & M. Rahmatullah. 2009. Medicinal plants used against malaria in several regions of Bogra district, Bangladesh. Planta Medica 75: 954. [Abstract]

557. Molnar, Z., M. Biro, J. Boloni & F. Horvath. 2009. Distribution of the (semi-) natural habitats in Hungary I. marshes and grasslands. Acta Botanica Hungarica 50: 59-105. [Salvinia]

558. Monteiro de Assis, E. L. & P. H. Labiak. 2009. Lycophyta from the western Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 23: 703-712. [Portuguese]

559. Moore, S. E. M., N. Gabarayeva & A. R. Hemsley. 2009. Morphological, developmental and ultrastructural comparison of Osmunda regalis L. spores with spore mimics. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 177-184.

560. Moran, R. C., J. Prado & P. H. Labiak. 2009. Megalastrum (Dryopteridaceae) in Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. American Fern Journal 99: 1-44.

561. Moran, R. C., J. Prado & P. H. Labiak. 2009. Megalastrum (Dryopteridaceae) in the West Indies. Brittonia 61: 273-292.

562. Mora-Olivo, A. & G. Yatskievych. 2009. Salvinia molesta in Mexico. American Fern Journal 99: 56-58.

563. Moreno-Jimenez, E., J. M. Penalosa, R. Manzano, R. O. Carpena-Ruiz, R. Gamarra & E. Esteban. 2009. Heavy metals distribution in soils surrounding an abandoned mine in NW Madrid (Spain) and their transference to wild flora. Journal of Hazardous Materials 162: 854-859.

564. Morgan-Richards, M., R. D. Smissen, L. D. Shepherd, G. P. Wallis, J. J. Hayward, C. H. Chan, G. K. Chambers & H. M. Chapman. 2009. A review of genetic analyses of hybridisation in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 39: 15-34.

565. Morley, T. R. & A. J. K. Calhoun. 2009. Vegetation characteristics of forested hillside seeps in eastern Maine, USA. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136: 520-531. [Osmunda cinnamomea]

566. Morse, D. H. 2009. Four-level interactions: herbivore use of ferns and subsequent parasitoid-hyperparasitoid performance. Ecological Entomology 34: 246-253. [Onoclea sensibilis, Thelypteris palustris]

567. Mroz, L. & A. L. Rudecki. 2009. Comparison of chemical composition of two co-occurring chasmophytes, Asplenium ruta-muraria L. (Pteridophyta) and Cymbalaria muralis Gaer., Mey. & Scher. (Spermatophyta) from habitats differing in air pollution. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 18: 853-863.

568. Mueller, K., B. Daus, J. Mattusch, H. J. Staerk & R. Wennrich. 2009. Simultaneous determination of inorganic and organic antimony species by using anion exchange phases for HPLC-ICP-MS and their application to plant extracts of Pteris vittata. Talanta 78: 820-826.

569. Mukherjee, K., L. Brocchieri & T. R. Burglin. 2009. A comprehensive classification and evolutionary analysis of plant homeobox genes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26: 2775-2794. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

570. Mukhopadhyay, R. 2009. Genetics and reproductive biology of lycophytes and ferns, In S. Mondal & S. Bhattacharya, (Eds.). Advances in Biology. Binipani Educational and Educational Welfare Trust, India. pp. 161-170.

571. Munoz, A. R., M. Trevisan & E. Capri. 2009. Sorption and photodegradation of chlorpyrifos on riparian and aquatic macrophytes. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B Pesticides Food Contaminants and Agricultural Wastes 44: 7-12. [Equisetum pratense]

572. Muthukumar, V., U. Melcher, M. Pierce, G. B. Wiley, B. A. Roe, M. W. Palmer, V. Thapa, A. Ali & T. Ding. 2009. Non-cultivated plants of the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve of northeastern Oklahoma frequently contain virus-like sequences in particulate fractions. Virus Research 141: 169-173. [Asplenium rhizophyllum]

573. Mynssen, C. M. & L. S. Sylvestre. 2009. Diplazium mickelii - a new species of Woodsiaceae from Brazil. Kew Bulletin 64: 549-552.

574. Mysliwy, M. & B. Bosiacka. 2009. Disappearance of Molinio-Arrhenatheretea meadows diagnostic species in the Upper Plonia River Valley (NW Poland). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 18: 513-519. [Ophioglossum vulgatum]

575. Nakayama, A., N. Kogure, M. Kitajima & H. Takayama. 2009. First asymmetric total syntheses of fawcettimine-type Lycopodium alkaloids, Lycoposerramine-C and Phlegmariurine-A. Organic Letters 113: 5554-5557.

576. Nakazato, T. 2009. Fern genome structure and evolution. American Fern Journal 99: 134-136.

577. Namsa, N. D., H. Tag, M. Mandal, P. Kalita & A. K. Das. 2009. An ethnobotanical study of traditional anti-inflammatory plants used by the Lohit community of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125: 234-245. [Lycopodium clavatum]

578. Nardmann, J., P. Reisewitz & W. Werr. 2009. Discrete shoot and root stem cell-promoting WUS/WOX5 functions are an evolutionary innovation of angiosperms. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26: 1745-1755. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

579. Natarajan, S., R. H. Stamps, U. K. Saha & L. Q. Ma. 2009. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus levels, and frond-harvesting on absorption, translocation and accumulation of arsenic by Chinese Brake Fern (Pteris vittata L.). International Journal of Phytoremediation 11: 313-328.

580. Nath, S., A. Rai, N. Chhetri & P. Lepcha. 2009. Food preferences of a pest grasshopper, Atractomorpha crenulata (Fabr.) (Orthoptera: Acridoidae) from Darjeeling Hill. Entomon 34: 111-113. [Adiantum caudatum]

581. Naugolnykh, S. V. 2009. A new fertile Neocalamites from the Upper Permian of Russia and equisetophyte evolution. Geobios (Paris) 42: 513-523.

582. Nault, J. R., C. M. Preston & J. A. Trofymow. 2009. Prediction of nuclear magnetic resonance carbon fractions in decomposing forest litter using diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy and partial least squares regression. Soil Science 174: 249-257. [Pteridium aquilinum]

583. Nault, J. R., C. M. Preston, J. A. T. Trofymow, J. Fyles, L. Kozak, M. Siltanen & B. Titus. 2009. Applicability of diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to the chemical analysis of decomposing foliar litter in Canadian forests. Soil Science 174: 130-142. [Pteridium aquilinum]

584. Neethirajan, S., R. Gordon & L. Wang. 2009. Potential of silica bodies (phytoliths) for nanotechnology. Trends in Biotechnology 27: 461-467. [Equisetum arvense]

585. Ng, C., K. Ip, N. Poon & D. Gohel. 2009. A randomized placebo control trial to study the in vivo effect of a Chinese herb, Shi Wai, in male urinary stone former. Journal of Endourology 23: A154. [Pyrrosia sheareri]

586. Niemann, H. & H. Behling. 2009. Late Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change inferred from the Cocha Caranga sediment and soil records in the southeastern Ecuadorian Andes. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 276: 1-14.

587. Niemann, H., T. Haberzettl & H. Behling. 2009. Holocene climate variability and vegetation dynamics inferred from the (11700 cal. yr BP) Laguna Rabadilla de Vaca sediment record, southeastern Ecuadorian Andes. Holocene 19: 307-316.

588. Niklas, K. J. 2009. Functional adaptation and phenotypic plasticity at the cellular and whole plant level. Journal of Biosciences (Bangalore) 34, Sp. Iss. SI: 613-620. [Selaginella]

589. Nishikawa, Y., M. Kitajima, N. Kogure & H. Takayama. 2009. A divergent approach for the total syntheses of cernuane-type and quinolizidine-type Lycopodium alkaloids. Tetrahedron 65: 1608-1617.

590. Nissling, A. & J. Edelsjo. 2009. Botrychium boreale in the Stockholm archipelago, eastern Sweden. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 103: 105-112. [Swedish]

591. Nitta, J. H. & M. J. Epps. 2009. Hemi-epiphytism in Vandenboschia collariata (Hymenophyllaceae). Brittonia 61: 392-397.

592. Nonato, F. R., T. A. Almeida Barros, A. M. Lucchese, C. E. Cordeiro Oliveira, R. R. dos Santos, M. B. Pereira Soares & C. F. Villarreal. 2009. Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive activities of Blechnum occidentale L. extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125: 102-107.

593. Nugari, M. P., A. M. Pietrini, G. Caneva, F. Imperi & P. Visca. 2009. Biodeterioration of mural paintings in a rocky habitat: The Crypt of the Original Sin (Matera, Italy). International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63: 705-711. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

594. O'Brien, C. W. 2009. New Notiodes semiaquatic weevil (Curculionidae) from sporocarps of Marsilea mollis (Marsileaceae) in southern Arizona, USA. Western North American Naturalist 69: 421-425.

595. Oelmueller, R., I. Sherameti, S. Tripathi & A. Varma. 2009. Piriformospora indica, a cultivable root endophyte with multiple biotechnological applications. Symbiosis 49: 1-17. [Pteris ensiformis]

596. Oertli, B., R. Cereghino, A. Hull & R. Miracle. 2009. Pond conservation: from science to practice. Hydrobiologia 634: 1-9.

597. Ogden, A. 2009. The pteridologist who never was. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 7-8. [Gymnocarpium robertianum]

598. Olivares, E., E. Pena, E. Marcano, J. Mostacero, G. Aguiar, M. Benitez & E. Rengifo. 2009. Aluminum accumulation and its relationship with mineral plant nutrients in 12 pteridophytes from Venezuela. Environmental and Experimental Botany 65: 132-141.

599. Oloyede, F. A., F. M. Oloyede, T. L. Saliu & A. A. Ogunwole. 2009. Chemical composition of a tropical fern Ceratopteris cornuta (Parkeriaceae, Pteridophyta) in Nigeria. Acta Botanica Hungarica 52: 145-150.

600. Olsen, S. 2009. How to propagate ferns. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 38-42.

601. Oplustil, S., J. Psenicka, M. Libertin, A. R. Bashforth, Z. Simunek, J. Drabkova & J. Daskova. 2009. A Middle Pennsylvanian (Bolsovian) peat-forming forest preserved in situ in volcanic ash of the Whetstone Horizon in the Radnice Basin, Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 234-274.

602. Oplustil, S., J. Psenicka, M. Libertin, J. Bek, J. Daskova, Z. Simunek & J. Drabkova. 2009. Composition and structure of an in situ middle Pennsylvanian peat-forming plant assemblage buried in volcanic ash, Radnice Basin (Czech Republic). Palaios 241: 726-746.

603. Orhan, I. & B. Sener. 2009. Recent progress on bioactivity studies on Turkish Lycopodium clavatum L, In B. Sener, (Ed.). Innovations in Chemical Biology. IUPAC, Antalya, Turkey. pp. 91-102.

604. Orlova, O. A. 2009. A new fossil wood (Lyginopteridophyta?) from the Lower Carboniferous of the Arkhangelsk region. Paleontological Journal 43: 584-588. [Russia]

605. Ortiz-Catedral, L., J. C. Kearvell, M. E. Hauber & D. H. Brunton. 2009. Breeding biology of the critically endangered Malherbe's parakeet on Maud Island, New Zealand, following the release of captive-bred individuals. Australian Journal of Botany 33: 433-439. [Cyathea medullaris]

606. Ostertag, R., S. Cordell, J. Michaud, T. C. Cole, J. R. Schulten, K. M. Publico & J. H. Enoka. 2009. Ecosystem and restoration consequences of invasive woody species removal in Hawaiian lowland wet forest. Ecosystems 12: 503-515. [Cibotium]

607. Otto, E. M., T. Janssen, H. P. Kreier & H. Schneider. 2009. New insights into the phylogeny of Pleopeltis and related Neotropical genera (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiopsida). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 190-201.

608. Overman, L. E. 2009. Molecular rearrangements in the construction of complex molecules. Tetrahedron 653: 6432-6446. [Lycopodium]

609. Paal, J. 2009. The forests of the North-Estonian Klint; the north-easternmost representatives of the EU Habitat Directive Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines. Annales Botanici Fennici 46: 525-540. [Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris expansa, Matteuccia struthiopteris]

610. Page, C. N. 2009. The First Russian Pteridological Conference. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 122-123.

611. Page, C. N. 2009. A Siberian summer. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 111-115.

612. Page, C. N. & I. I. Gureyeva. 2009. A new horsetail hybrid from Western Siberia. Systematicheskie zametki po materialam Gerbaria imeni P. N. Krylova Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta (Animadversiones systematicae ex herbario Kryloviano Universitatis Tomskensis) 101: 15-21. [Russian, English summary; Equisetum]

613. Page, C. N., I. I. Gureyeva & A. S. Mochalov. 2009. A horsetail hybrid Equisetum x trachyodon A. Braun (Equisetaceae), new for the flora of Siberia. Systematicheskie zametki po materialam Gerbaria imeni P. N. Krylova Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta (Animadversiones systematicae ex herbario Kryloviano Universitatis Tomskensis) 101: 21-23. [Russian, English summary]

614. Pande, H. C., P. Joshi & P. C. Pande. 2009. Some new reports regarding the insect-fern relationships. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 331-334.

615. Pandey, R. P. 2009. Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in south Andaman. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 747-768. [India]

616. Pangtey, Y. P. S., L. M. Tewari & K. Upreti. 2009. Osmunda claytoniana L. subsp vestita (Wall. Ex Milde) A. Love & D. Love (Osmundaceae: Pteridophyta) - hitherto unknown name in the fern flora of the West Himalayas. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl S: 44-46.

617. Pangtey, Y. P. S., L. M. Tewari & K. Upreti. 2009. Taxonomic notes on some West Himalayan ferns. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 47-50.

618. Pangtey, Y. P. S., L. M. Tewari, K. Upreti & A. Martolia. 2009. A list of excluded species of ferns and fern allies in Dixit & Kumar's Pteridophytes of Uttaranchal. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 249-258.

619. Pangua, E., R. Belmonte & S. Pajaron. 2009. Germination and reproductive biology in salty conditions of Asplenium marinum (Aspleniaceae), a European coastal fern. Flora (Jena) 204: 673-684.

620. Paponov, I. A., W. Teale, D. Lang, M. Paponov, R. Reski, S. A. Rensing & K. Palme. 2009. The evolution of nuclear auxin signalling. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: Article No.: 126. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

621. Pardini, R., D. Faria, G. M. Accacio, R. R. Laps, E. Mariano-Neto, M. L. B. Paciencia, M. Dixo & J. Baumgarten. 2009. The challenge of maintaining Atlantic forest biodiversity: a multi-taxa conservation assessment of specialist and generalist species in an agro-forestry mosaic in southern Bahia. Biological Conservation 142, Sp. Iss. SI: 1178-1190.

622. Pareek, P. & B. L. Yadav. 2009. Cytology of some ferns from Rajasthan. Indian Fern Journal 26: 196-199. [India; Pteris vittata, Thelypteris dentata, T. prolifera]

623. Park, S. G., H. J. Cho & C. B. Lee. 2009. Vegetation types & floristic composition of native conifer forests in the ridge of the Baekdudaegan, South Korea. Journal of Korean Forestry Society 98: 464-471. [Korean; Dryopteris crassirhizoma]

624. Park, S. Y., H. S. Kim, S. S. Hong, D. Sul, K. W. Hwang & D. Lee. 2009. The neuroprotective effects of traditional oriental herbal medicines against beta-amyloid-induced toxicity. Pharmaceutical Biology 47: 976-981. [Drynaria fortunei]

625. Parker, W. C., D. G. Pitt & A. E. Morneault. 2009. Influence of woody and herbaceous competition on microclimate and growth of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedlings planted in a central Ontario clearcut. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 2013-2025. [Pteridium aquilinum]

626. Parra, M. J., K. Acuna, L. J. Corcuera & A. Saldana. 2009. Vertical distribution of Hymenophyllaceae species among host tree microhabitats in a temperate rain forest in southern Chile. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 588-595.

627. Parris, B. S. 2009. New genera of Malesian Grammitidacae (Monilophyta). Blumea 54: 217-219.

628. Partanen, S., M. Luoto & S. Hellsten. 2009. Habitat level determinants of emergent macrophyte occurrence, extension and change in two large boreal lakes in Finland. Aquatic Botany 90: 261-268. [Equisetum fluviatile]

629. Parviainen, M., M. Marmion, M. Luoto, W. Thuiller & R. K. Heikkinen. 2009. Using summed individual species models and state-of-the-art modelling techniques to identify threatened plant species hotspots. Biological Conservation 142: 2501-2509. [Asplenium ruta-muraria, Botrychium]

630. Pathak, S., A. Banerjee, S. Paul & A. R. Khuda-Bukhsh. 2009. Protective potentials of a plant extract (Lycopodium clavatum) on mice chronically fed hepato-carcinogens. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 47: 602-607.

631. Patil, P. 2009. Status, utilization and diversity of medicinal plants of Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, India. Planta Medica 75: 931-932. [Abstract]

632. Patino, J., J. M. Gonzalez-Mancebo & J. M. Fernandez-Palacios. 2009. Epiphytic bryophytes in Canarian subtropical montane cloud forests: the importance of the time since disturbance and host identity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 48-63.

633. Paulo Hernandez, M., M. Noemi Colares & S. Magali Civitella. 2009. Plants used in popular medicine in a sector of Berisso, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas 8: 435-444. [Spanish; Equisetum giganteum]

634. Pemberton, R. W. & J. M. Bodle. 2009. Native North American Azolla weevil, Stenopelmus rufinasus (Coleoptera: curculionidae), uses the invasive old world Azolla pinnata as a host plant. Florida Entomologist 92: 153-155.

635. Pence, V. C. 2009. In vitro propagation and cryopreservation of south Florida endangered ferns: Asplenium verecundum, Lomariopsis kunzeana, Thelypteris patens, and Trichomanes punctatum var. floridanum. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 45, Suppl. S: S66. [Abstract]

636. Peng, Y. L., X. F. Gao, N. Wu, W. K. Bao, F. Q. Guo & L. J. Jiang. 2009. Growth dynamics of Equisetum fluviatile at Lakeshore Swamps in the Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 24: 45-51.

637. Pereira, A. L. & F. Carrapico. 2009. Culture of Azolla filiculoides in artificial conditions. Plant Biosystems 143: 431-434.

638. Pereira, A. L., A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, L. G. Pedro & F. Carrapico. 2009. Volatile compounds from the symbiotic system Azolla filiculoides-Anabaena azollae bacteria. Plant Biosystems 143: 268-274.

639. Pereira, L. O., L. S. Bicalho, M. Campos-da-Paz Lopes, T. M. Mello de Sousa, S. N. Bao, M. d. F. Menezes Almeida Santos & M. J. Pocas Fonseca. 2009. DNA damage and apoptosis induced by Pteridium aquilinum aqueous extract in the oral cell lines HSG and OSCC-3. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine 38: 441-447.

640. Perez, V. 2009. Charles Darwin: immortalized in eponyms of Gea and recent flora and fauna of Chile. Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia 37: 41-45. [Spanish]

641. Perez-Garcia, B. & A. Mendoza-Ruiz. 2009. La pteridoflora, In C. Herrero-Bervera, (Ed.). COSMOS, Enciclopedia de last Ciencias y la Tecnologia en Mexico, Tomo II. . Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico, D. F. pp. 71-79. [Spanish]

642. Perry, E., E. Okello, M. J. R. Howes & P. Chazot. 2009. Phytopharmaceuticals for dementia therapy. Planta Medica 75: 880-881. [Huperzia serrata]

643. Petersen, M., Y. Abdullah, J. Benner, D. Eberle, K. Gehlen, S. Huecherig, V. Janiak, K. H. Kim, M. Sander, C. Weitzel & S. Wolters. 2009. Evolution of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 70: 1663-1679. [Blechnaceae]

644. Pfefferkorn, H. W. & J. Wang. 2009. Stigmariopsis, Stigmaria asiatica, and the survival of the Sigillaria brardii-ichthyolepis group in the tropics of the late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian. Palaeoworld 18-3, Sp. Iss. SI: 130-135.

645. Philips, N., J. Conte, Y. J. Chen, P. Natrajan, M. Taw, T. Keller, J. Givant, M. Tuason, L. Dulaj, D. Leonardi & S. Gonzalez. 2009. Beneficial regulation of matrixmetalloproteinases and their inhibitors, fibrillar collagens and transforming growth factor-beta by Polypodium leucotomos, directly or in dermal fibroblasts, ultraviolet radiated fibroblasts, and melanoma cells. Archives of Dermatological Research 301: 487-495.

646. Philips, N., L. Dulaj & T. Upadhya. 2009. Cancer cell growth and extracellular matrix remodeling mechanism of ascorbate; beneficial modulation by Polypodium leucotomos. Anticancer Research 29: 3233-3238.

647. Pils, B. & A. Heyl. 2009. Unraveling the evolution of cytokinin signaling. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 151: 782-791. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

648. Pinto-Cruz, C., J. A. Molina, M. Barbour, V. Silva & M. D. Espirito-Santo. 2009. Plant communities as a tool in temporary ponds conservation in SW Portugal. Hydrobiologia 634: 11-24. [Isoetes setaceum, I. velatum]

649. Pitt, D., A. Morneault, W. C. Parker, A. Stinson & L. Lanteigne. 2009. The effects of herbaceous and woody competition on planted white pine in a clearcut site. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1281-1291.

650. Plue, J., S. Meuris, K. Verheyen & M. Hermy. 2009. The importance of artefacts of ancient land use on plant communities in Meerdaal Forest, Belgium. Belgian Journal of Botany 142: 3-18. [Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. filix-mas]

651. Poorter, H., U. Niinemets, L. Poorter, I. J. Wright & R. Villar. 2009. Causes and consequences of variation in leaf mass per area (LMA): a meta-analysis. New Phytologist 182: 565-588. [Pyrrosia]

652. Popa, M. E. & J. C. McElwain. 2009. Bipinnate Ptilozamites nilssonii from Jameson Land and new considerations on the genera Ptilozamites Nathorst 1878 and Ctenozamites Nathorst 1886. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 386-393.

653. Porte, A. J., J. C. Samalens, R. Dulhoste, R. T. Du Cros, A. Bosc & C. Meredieu. 2009. Using cover measurements to estimate aboveground understorey biomass in Maritime pine stands. Annals of Forest Science 66: Article No.: 307. [Pteridium]

654. Porter, D. M., G. Murrell & J. Parker. 2009. Some new Darwin vascular plant specimens from the Beagle voyage. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 12-18. [Polypodium paleaceum]

655. Prado, J. & P. H. Labiak. 2009. Pteridofitas, In M.I.M.S. Lopes, M. Kirizawa & M.M.d.R.F. de Melo, (Eds.). Patrimonio da Reserva Biologica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba: a antiga Estacao Biologica do Alto da Serra. 1st edition. Instituto de Botanica, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

656. Prado, J. & R. C. Moran. 2009. Checklist of the Ferns and Lycophytes of Acre State, Brazil. Fern Gazette 18: 230-259.

657. Prasanna, R., L. Nain, R. Ancha, J. Srikrishna, M. Joshi & B. D. Kaushik. 2009. Rhizosphere dynamics of inoculated cyanobacteria and their growth-promoting role in rice crop. Egyptian Journal of Biology 11: 26-36. [Azolla]

658. Preston, C. M., J. R. Nault & J. A. Trofymow. 2009. Chemical changes during 6 years of decomposition of 11 litters in some Canadian forest sites. Part 2. C-13 abundance, solid-state c-13 nmr spectroscopy and the meaning of "lignin". Ecosystems 12: 1078-1102. [Pteridium]

659. Prevec, R., C. C. Labandeira, J. Neveling, R. A. Castaldo, C. V. Looy & M. Bamford. 2009. Portrait of a Gondwanan ecosystem: A new late Permian fossil locality from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 454-493.

660. Proctor, M. C. F. 2009. Desiccation tolerance in some British ferns. Fern Gazette 18: 260-282. [Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, A. ceterach, A. ruta-muraria, A. septentrionale, A. trichomanes, Polypodium cambricum, P. interjectum, Polystichum aculeatum]

661. Prokopenko, S. V. & E. P. Kudryavtseva. 2009. Floristic records in Primorsky Kray. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 114: 70-72. [Russian; Lycopodium juniperoideum]

662. Pryer, K. M. & D. J. Hearn. 2009. Evolution of leaf form in Marsileaceous ferns: evidence for heterochrony. Evolution 63: 498-513. [Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium]

663. Pryer, K. M. & E. Schuettpelz. 2009. Ferns. Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. pp. 153-156.

664. Psenicka, J., J. Bek, C. J. Cleal, J. Wittry & E. L. Zodrow. 2009. Description of synangia and spores of the holotype of the Carboniferous fern Lobatopteris miltoni, with taxonomic comments. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 133-144.

665. Puzey, J. R. & E. M. Kramer. 2009. Identification of conserved Aquilegia caerulea microRNAs and their targets. Gene (Amsterdam) 448: 46-56. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

666. Pyner, T. 2009. Growing ferns in a challenging climate. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 95-104.

667. Qi, X., Y. Yang, Y. Su & T. Wang. 2009. Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of cyanovirin-n homology gene in Ceratopteris thalictroides. American Fern Journal 99: 78-92.

668. Qi, X. P. & X. C. Zhang. 2009. Additions to the pteridophyte flora of Xizang (Tibet) - III. Indian Fern Journal 26: 71-76. [Pentarhizidium intermedium, Psilotum nudum]

669. Qi, X. P. & X. C. Zhang. 2009. Taxonomic revision of Lepisorus (J. Sm.) Ching sect. Lepisorus (Polypodiaceae) from China. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 47: 581-598.

670. Qian, H. 2009. Beta diversity in relation to dispersal ability for vascular plants in North America. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18: 327-332.

671. Quan, L., C. Yoo & E. Blancaflor. 2009. Evolution of cellulose synthase-like d genes in plants: gene duplication and its relationship with functional redundancy and divergence. Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 226. [Abstract; Selaginella]

672. Quitete Portela, R. C., D. M. Silva Matos, L. P. de Siqueira, M. I. Guedes Braz, L. Silva-Lima & R. H. Marrs. 2009. Variation in aboveground biomass and necromass of two invasive species in the Atlantic rainforest, southeast Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 23: 571-577. [Pteridium arachnoideum]

673. Rai, P. K. 2009. Heavy metals in water, sediments and wetland plants in an aquatic ecosystem of tropical industrial region, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 158: 433-457. [Azolla pinnata, Marsilea quadrifolia]

674. Rai, P. K. & B. D. Tripathi. 2009. Comparative assessment of Azolla pinnata and Vallisneria spiralis in Hg removal from GB Pant Sagar of Singrauli Industrial region, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 148: 75-84.

675. Rajakaruna, N., T. B. Harris & E. B. Alexander. 2009. Serpentine geoecology of eastern North America: A review. Rhodora 111: 21-108. [Adiantum aleuticum, A. viridimontanum]

676. Rakotondrainibe, F. 2009. The genus Triplophyllum Holttum (Pteridophyta, Tectariaceae) in Madagascar. Adansonia (Paris) 31: 235-248. [French]

677. Rakotondrainibe, F. & F. Tronchet. 2009. Synoptic revision of the genus Lastreopsis Ching (Dryopteridaceae) in Madagascar. Adansonia (Paris) 31: 7-24. [French]

678. Ramirez-Barahona, S., A. Torres-Miranda, M. Palacios-Rios & I. Luna-Vega. 2009. Historical biogeography of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico: a perspective from ferns (Monilophyta) and lycopods (Lycophyta). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98: 775-786.

679. Ramirez-Cruz, S., A. Sanchez-Gonzalez & D. Tejero-Diez. 2009. Pteridophyte flora from the National Park Los Marmoles, Hidalgo, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 84: 35-44. [Spanish]

680. Ramos Giacosa, J. P., M. A. Morbelli & G. E. Giudice. 2009. Spore morphology and wall ultrastructure of Blechnum L. species from North West Argentina. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 185-197.

681. Ranil, R. H. G. 2009. Reproductive biology and variation of endemic Cyathea sinuata Hook. & Grev.: world's only simple leaved tree fern. Annual meeting. Society for Conservation Biology 11-16 July, Beijing, China. p. 199. [Abstract]

682. Ranil, R. H. G. 2009. Taxon diversity of pteridophyte flora of Udawattekele tropical rainforest in Sri Lanka: conservation implications. Annual meeting. Society for Conservation Biology 11-16 July, Beijing, China. p. 233. [Abstract]

683. Ranil, R. H. G., D. K. N. G. Pushpakumara, T. Jannsen & D. S. A. Wijesundara. 2009. Diversity and priorities of scaly tree ferns of Sri Lanka. Proceedings. World Biodiversity Congress, 11-14 March, Chiang Mai, Thailand. p. 84. [Abstract]

684. Ranker, T. A. 2009. Restoration genetics of the endangered fern Marsilea villosa: variation among populations on two Hawaiian islands. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

685. Rathod, V. N., R. R. Deshmukh & V. N. Pardeshi. 2009. The occurrence of Bolbitis subcrenatoides Fras.-Jenk. In the Sahyadri Hills of the Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Indian Fern Journal 26: 60-64. [India]

686. Raven, J. A. 2009. Horsetails get the wind up. New Phytologist 184: 6-9. [Equisetum palustre, E. telmateia]

687. Rawat, V. K. 2009. Elaphoglossum marginatum (Wallich ex Fee) T. Moore (Elaphoglossaceae): a new distributional record for Arunachal Pradesh, eastern Himalaya. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 661-662. [India]

688. Rawat, V. K. 2009. Idiogramma microphylla (Hook.) Ghosh : a new record for Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 453-454.

689. Rawat, V. K. & T. R. Sahu. 2009. Diversity, distribution pattern and conservation of pteridophytes in Mehao wildlife sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Forester 135: 1330-1346.

690. Rawat, V. K. & T. R. Sahu. 2009. Fern allies of Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 359-369.

691. Reihl, P. 2009. A stumpery on Vashon Island near Seattle. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 71-73.

692. Reiskind, M. H., K. L. Greene & L. P. Lounibos. 2009. Leaf species identity and combination affect performance and oviposition choice of two container mosquito species. Ecological Entomology 34: 447-456. [Nephrolepis exaltata]

693. Ren, D., C. C. Labandeira, J. A. Santiago-Blay, A. Rasnitsyn, C. Shih, A. Bashkuev, M. A. V. Logan, C. L. Hotton & D. Dilcher. 2009. A probable pollination mode before angiosperms: Eurasian Long-Proboscid Scorpionflies. Science (Washington D C) 326: 840-847.

694. Resendes, A. R., S. Roperto, U. Chiara, F. Trapani, F. Roperto, A. Rodrigues & G. Borzacchiello. 2009. Association of bovine papillomavirus type 2 (bpv-2) and urinary bladder tumours in cattle from the Azores archipelago. Journal of Comparative Pathology 141: 305. [Abstract; Pteridium]

695. Reynolds, T. 2009. SA Alert Weed project. Plant Protection Quarterly 24: 168. [Equisetum, Salvinia]

696. Rhazi, M., P. Grillas, L. Rhazi, A. Charpentier & F. Medail. 2009. Competition in microcosm between a clonal plant species (Bolboschoenus maritimus) and a rare quillwort (Isoetes setacea) from Mediterranean temporary pools of southern France. Hydrobiologia 634: 115-124.

697. Rickard, M. 2009. Bulbils on tree ferns: II. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 90-91. [Alsophila firma]

698. Rickard, M. 2009. A fern table, pro and con. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 67-68.

699. Riefner Jr., R. E. & A. R. Smith. 2009. Salvinia minima and Salvinia oblongifolia (Salviniaceae) new to California, with notes on the Salvinia auriculata complex. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 855-866.

700. Reihl, P. 2009. Stumped. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 57-60.

701. Rincon Baron, E. J., L. V. Gelvez Landazabal, H. G. Forero Ballesteros, D. Arrieta Prieto & J. Sergio Hleap. 2009. Sporangia ontogeny and sporogenesis of the lycopodium Huperzia brevifolia (Lycopodiaceae) from the high mountains of Colombia. Revista de Biologia Tropical 57: 1141-1152. [Spanish]

702. Rius, D., B. Vanniere & D. Galop. 2009. Fire frequency and landscape management in the northwestern Pyrenean Piedmont, France, since the early Neolithic (8000 cal. BP). Holocene 19: 847-859.

703. Rodriguez de la Cruz, D., E. Sanchez Reyes & J. Sanchez Sanchez. 2009. Effects of meteorological factors on airborne bracken (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn.) spores in Salamanca (middle-west Spain). International Journal of Biometeorology 53: 231-237.

704. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 2009. Two new species and a new combination in Elaphoglossum sect. Polytrichia subsect. Apoda (Dryopteridaceae) from Costa Rica and Panama. Brittonia 61: 293-300.

705. Rothfels, C., M. Windham & K. M. Pryer. 2009. New insights into the relationships of Cystopteris, Acystopteris, and Gymnocarpium. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

706. Rothwell, G. W., W. L. Crepet & R. A. Stockey. 2009. Is the Anthophyte hypothesis alive and well? New evidence from the reproductive structures of Bennettitales. American Journal of Botany 96: 296-322.

707. Rouhan, G. & G. Cremers. 2009. Validation of a lectotypification in Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae). Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 255.

708. Roux, J. P. 2009. Athyrium crassicaule (Woodsiaceae), a new fern species from the Drakensberg, southern Africa. Kew Bulletin 63: 433-440.

709. Roux, J. P. 2009. Pteridophyta: Otto Kuntze's lycopod and fern collections from South Africa. Bothalia 39: 227-229.

710. Roux, J. P. 2009. Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, Strelitzia 23: 1-255, VII-XIV.

711. Roux, J. P., S. D. Hopper & R. J. Smith. 2009. Isoetes eludens (Isoetaceae), a new endemic species from the Kamiesberg, Northern Cape, South Africa. Kew Bulletin 64: 123-128.

712. Rowley, J. R. & M. A. Morbelli. 2009. Connective structures between tapetal cells and spores in Lycophyta and pollen grains in angiosperms - A review. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 157-164.

713. Rozema, J., P. Blokker, M. A. M. Fuertes & R. Broekman. 2009. UV-B absorbing compounds in present-day and fossil pollen, spores, cuticles, seed coats and wood: evaluation of a proxy for solar UV radiation. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences 8: 1233-1243. [Lycopodium]

714. Ruch, D. G., B. G. Torke, B. R. Hess, K. S. Badger & P. E. Rothrock. 2009. The vascular flora and plant communities of the Bennett Wetland complex in Henry county, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118: 39-54. [Selaginella apoda]

715. Ruiz-Bustos, E., C. Velazquez, A. Garibay-Escobar, Z. Garcia, M. Plascencia-Jatomea, M. O. Cortez-Rocha, J. Hernandez-Martinez & R. E. Robles-Zepeda. 2009. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of some Mexican medicinal plants. Journal of Medicinal Food 12: 1398-1402. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

716. Runk, K. & M. Zobel. 2009. Differences in post-emergence growth of three fern species could help explain their varying local abundance. American Fern Journal 99: 307-322. [Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata, D. expansa]

717. Rusch, G. M., C. Skarpe & D. J. Halley. 2009. Plant traits link hypothesis about resource-use and response to herbivory. Basic and Applied Ecology 10: 466-474. [Huperzia selago]

718. Rusea, G., K. Claysius, S. Runi, U. Joanes, K. M. H. Maideen & A. Latiff. 2009. Ecology and distribution of Lycopodiaceae Mirbel in Malaysia. Blumea 54: 269-271.

719. Russell, D. A., F. J. Rich, V. Schneider & J. Lynch-Stieglitz. 2009. A warm thermal enclave in the Late Pleistocene of the South-eastern United States. Biological Reviews (Cambridge) 84: 173-202.

720. Russell, W. 2009. The influence of timber harvest on the structure and composition of riparian forests in the Coastal Redwood region. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1427-1433. [Athyrium filix-femina]

721. Ruszala, E. M., S. J. Hiscock & A. M. Hetherington. 2009. Stomatal function in the microphyllous plant family Selaginellaceae. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology 153A, Suppl. S: S179. [Abstract]

722. Rutkowski, B. & J. Ostrowski. 2009. Tadeusz Reichstein: from description of coffee aroma to discoveries of cortisone and aldosterone. Journal of Nephrology 22: S80-S85.

723. Ryberg, P. E. 2009. Reproductive diversity of Antarctic glossopterid seed-ferns. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 158: 167-179.

724. Saffari, M., H. Fathi, M. Emadi, M. Moazallahi & V. R. Saffari. 2009. Uptake, translocation, and transformation of arsenic by four fern species in arsenic-spiked soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 40: 3420-3434. [Asplenium nidus, Polypodium vulgare, Pteris cretica, P. umbrosia]

725. Sage, B. 2009. Blue and Great Tits foraging on Bracken. British Birds 102: 145. [Pteridium]

726. Sager, L. & J.-B. Lachavanne. 2009. The M-NIP: a Macrophyte-based Nutrient Index for Ponds. Hydrobiologia 634: 43-63. [Equisetum palustre]

727. Sahayaraj, K., J. A. F. Borgio & G. Raju. 2009. Antifungal activity of three fern extracts on causative agents of groundnut early leaf spot and rust diseases. Journal of Plant Protection Research 49: 141-144. [Christella parasitica, Hemionitis arifolia, Pteridium aquilinum]

728. Saksonov, S. V., T. B. Silaeva, N. S. Rakov, V. M. Vasyukov, A. V. Ivanova & S. A. Senator. 2009. New floristic records in Samara and Ulyanovsk Provinces. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 114: 57-58. [Russian; Diphasiastrum x zeilleri]

729. Salino, A. 2009. New combinations in Pleopeltis (Polypodiaceae) from southeastern Brazil. American Fern Journal 99: 106-108.

730. Samant, B. & D. M. Mohabey. 2009. Palynoflora from Deccan volcano-sedimentary sequence (Cretaceous-Palaeogene transition) of central India: implications for spatio-temporal correlation. Journal of Biosciences (Bangalore) 34: 811-823.

731. Samecka-Cymerman, A., K. Garbiec, K. Kolon & A. J. Kempers. 2009. Factor analysis of the elemental composition of Pteridium aquilinum from serpentine and granite soils as a tool in the classification of relations between this composition and the type of parent rock in the AelA (TM) A1/4a Massif in Lower Silesia, Poland. Environmental Geology (Berlin) 58: 509-514.

732. Samokhvalov, V. L. 2009. The count of number of organisms by the areal method. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 2: 185-187. [Equisetum heliocharis]

733. Sanders, H., G. W. Rothwell & S. E. Wyatt. 2009. Key morphological alterations in the evolution of leaves. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 860-868.

734. Sand-Jensen, K. 2009. Fascinating adaptations of plants in Lobelia lake. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 103: 174-182. [Swedish; Isoetes lacustris]

735. Santner, A. & M. Estelle. 2009. Recent advances and emerging trends in plant hormone signalling. Nature (London) 459: 1071-1078. [Selaginella]

736. Sardar, A. A. & Z. U. D. Khan. 2009. Ethnomedicinal studies on plant resources of Tehsil Shakargarh, District Narowal, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41: 11-18. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

737. Sarkar, S., S. K. Ghosh & C. Chakraborty. 2009. Ichnology of a Late Palaeozoic ice-marginal shallow marine succession: Talchir Formation, Satpura Gondwana basin, central India. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 283: 28-45.

738. Sarker, S. K. & A. B. M. E. Hossain. 2009. Pteridophytes of greater Mymensingh district of Bangladesh used as vegetables and medicines. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 16: 47-56.

739. Sarzetti, L. C., C. C. Labandeira, J. Muzon, P. Wilf, N. R. Cuneo, K. R. Johnson & J. F. Genise. 2009. Odonatan endophytic oviposition from the Eocene of Patagonia: the Ichnogenus paleoovoidus and implications for behavioral stasis. Journal of Paleontology 83: 431-447.

740. Sawamura, M., A. Kawakita & M. Kato. 2009. Fern-spore-feeder interaction in temperate forests in Japan: sporing phenology and spore-feeding insect community. American Journal of Botany 96: 594-604.

741. Scafati, L., D. L. Melendi & W. Volkheimer. 2009. A Danian subtropical lacustrine palynobiota from South America (Bororo Formation, San Jorge Basin, Patagonia - Argentina). Geologica Acta 7: 35-61.

742. Schatz, G. E. 2009. Plants on the IUCN Red List: setting priorities to inform conservation. Trends in Plant Science 141: 638-642.

743. Schenk, G. 2009. A fern table, pro and con. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 64-66.

744. Scheuttpelz, E., K. M. Pryer & M. Windham. 2009. A phylogenetic approach to species delimitation in the fern genus Pentagramma (Pteridaceae). Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

745. Schmitt, J. L., P. H. Schneider & P. G. Windisch. 2009. Caudex growth and phenology of Dicksonia sellowiana Hook. (Dicksoniaceae) in Southern Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 23: 282-291. [Portuguese]

746. Schneider, H., A. R. Smith & K. M. Pryer. 2009. Is morphology really at odds with molecules in estimating fern phylogeny? Systematic Botany 34: 455-475.

747. Schuettpelz, E. & K. M. Pryer. 2009. Evidence for a Cenozoic radiation of ferns in an angiosperm-dominated canopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 11200-11205.

748. Schwartsburd, P. B. & J. Prado. 2009. Proposal to conserve the name Hypolepis nigrescens Hook. (Dennstaedtiaceae) against Hypolepis nigrescens (Shrad.) Nees (Cyperaceae). Taxon 58: 1369.

749. Schwartz, D. 2009. How to grow xeric ferns. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 61-64.

750. Schwechheimer, C. & B. C. Willige. 2009. Shedding light on gibberellic acid signalling. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 12: 57-62. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

751. Schweitzer, H. J. 2009. The Middle Devonian flora of Lindlar (Rhineland) 5. Overview. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 281: 111-141. [German]

752. Schweitzer, H. J. 2009. On the origin of the Lycopsids. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 281: 97-110.

753. Schweitzer, H. J., A. Schweitzer, M. Kirchner, J. H. A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J. van der Burgh & R. A. Ashraf. 2009. The Rhaeto-Jurassic flora of Iran and Afghanistan. 14. Pterophyta - Leptosporangiatae. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 279: 1-108.

754. Schweitzer, H. J. & U. Schweitzer. 2009. On Dictyophyllum nilssonii and D. muensteri from the Franconian Lias. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 279: 109-122. [German]

755. Sciama, D., L. Augusto, J. L. Dupouey, M. Gonzalez & C. M. Dominguez. 2009. Floristic and ecological differences between recent and ancient forests growing on non-acidic soils. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 600-608. [Phyllitis scolopendrium]

756. Scott, A. C., N. J. Gostling, S. Y. Smith, M. E. Collinson, M. Stampanoni, F. Marone, P. C. J. Donoghue & S. Bengtson. 2009. Scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron radiation x-ray tomographic microscopy of 330 million year old charcoalified seed fern fertile organs. Microscopy and Microanalysis 15: 166-173.

757. Seidl, T., A. Barth & T. Speck. 2009. Passive oscillation damping in plant stems. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology 153A, Suppl. S: S116-S117. [Abstract; Equisetum hyemale]

758. Sendker, J. & A. Nahrstedt. 2009. Generation of primary amide glucosides from cyanogenic glucosides. Phytochemistry (Amsterdam) 70: 388-393. [Pteridium aquilinum]

759. Senterre, B., J. Gerlach, J. Mougal & D. Matatiken. 2009. Old growth mature forest types and their floristic composition along the altitudinal gradient on Silhouette Island (Seychelles) - the telescoping effect on a continental mid-oceanic island. Phytocoenologia 39: 157-174.

760. Sessa, E. B., T. J. Givnish & E. Zimmer. 2009. Relationships of North American Dryopteris based on plastid and nuclear sequences. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

761. Seyfullah, L. J. & J. Hilton. 2009. Re-evaluation of Halle's fertile pteridosperms from the Permian floras of Shanxi Province, China. Plant Systematics and Evolution 279: 191-218.

762. Seyfullah, L. J., J. Hilton, S. J. Wang & J. Galtier. 2009. Anatomically preserved Pteridosperm stems and rachises from Permian Floras of China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 814-828.

763. Shah, N. H., S. Mahmud & S. A. Azad. 2009. Plants used against rheumatism by the Gujjar, Bakerwal and Pahari tribes of district Poonch (J&K). Advances in Plant Sciences 22: 587-588. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

764. Shaikh, S. D. & M. Dongare. 2009. The influence of microclimatic conditions on the diversity and richness of some ferns from the north-western Ghats of Maharashtra (India). Indian Fern Journal 26: 128-131.

765. Shakirov, E. V., X. Song, J. A. Joseph & D. E. Shippen. 2009. POT1 proteins in green algae and land plants: DNA-binding properties and evidence of co-evolution with telomeric DNA. Nucleic Acids Research 37: 7455-7467. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

766. Shanker, A. & V. Sharma. 2009. Annotation jargon - it's not too late to correct it. Current Science (Bangalore) 97: 983-984. [Adiantum capillus-veneris, Psilotum nudum]

767. Shao, W. & S. G. Lu. 2009. First recognition of the genus Crypsinus (Polypodiaceae) in China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 29-31.

768. Sharma, B. D., D. R. Bohra, O. P. Suthar & R. Harsh. 2009. History and progress of research on the Sphenopsid taxon Equisetum L. Indian Fern Journal 26: 1-36.

769. Sharma, G. P. & A. S. Raghubanshi. 2009. Plant invasions along roads: a case study from central highlands, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 157: 191-198. [Adiantum]

770. Sharma, M., N. Jerath & J. Chadha. 2009. Material for the flora of Punjab state - XVI: a supplement. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 585-588. [India]

771. Sharp, R. G. & W. J. Davies. 2009. Variability among species in the apoplastic pH signalling response to drying soils. Journal of Experimental Botany 60: 4361-4370. [Dicksonia antarctica]

772. Shelmerdine, P. A., C. R. Black, S. P. McGrath & S. D. Young. 2009. Modelling phytoremediation by the hyperaccumulating fern, Pteris vittata, of soils historically contaminated with arsenic. Environmental Pollution 157: 1589-1705.

773. Shenoy, H. S. & G. Krishnakumar. 2009. A note on the occurrence of Schizaea digitata (L.) Sw. in a lowland evergreen forest of Dakshina Kannada in Karnataka. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 54-56.

774. Shepherd, L. D., P. J. de Lange & L. R. Perrie. 2009. Multiple colonizations of a remote oceanic archipelago by one species: how common is long-distance dispersal? Journal of Biogeography 36: 1972-1977. [Asplenium hookerianum]

775. Sheridan, H., J. A. Finn & G. O'Donovan. 2009. Botanical rejuvenation of field margins and benefits for invertebrate fauna on a drystock farm in County Longford. Biology and Environment 109B: 95-106. [Ireland; Pteridium aquilinum]

776. Shida, Y. & K. Oita. 2009. New locality of Davallia mariesii in Hokkaido (the northernmost distribution). Bunrui 9: 69-70. [Japanese]

777. Shimoda, S. & Y. Takahashi. 2009. Differences in soil carbon storage due to mowing, burning and uncontrolled management practices of a grassland at the foot of Mount Sanbe, Japan. Grassland Science 55: 175-180. [Pteridium aquilinum]

778. Shokeen, P., M. Bala & V. Tandon. 2009. Evaluation of the activity of 16 medicinal plants against Neisseria gonorrhoeae. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 33: 86-91. [Drynaria peregrina]

779. Shukla, A. N. & K. P. Singh. 2009. Pteridophytic flora of Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve, Central India. Indian Forester 135: 270-280.

780. Sieberer, B. J. & A. C. J. Timmers. 2009. Microtubules in plant root hairs and their role in cell polarity and tip growth, In A.M.C. Emons & T. Ketelaar, (Eds.). Plant Cell Monographs, 12. Springer, Berlin. pp. 233-248. [Equisetum hyemale]

781. Sigel, E. M., M. D. Windham & K. M. Pryer. 2009. To have or have not: using farina to delineate major clades within the false cloak ferns (Argyrochosma). Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

782. Silva Gonzaga, M. I., L. Q. Ma, J. A. Gonzaga Santos & M. I. Silva Matias. 2009. Rhizosphere characteristics of two arsenic hyperaccumulating Pteris ferns. Science of the Total Environment 407: 4711-4716. [Pteris biaurita, P. vittata]

783. Silva-Pineda, A., M. P. Velasco-de Leon, F. J. Aguilar & E. Chacon. 2009. An Upper Pliocene Equisetum (Equisetales) from the Atotonilco El Grande Formation in Central Mexico. Paleontological Journal 43: 216-225.

784. Simunek, Z. & K. Martinek. 2009. A study of Late Carboniferous and Early Permian plant assemblages from the Boskovice Basin, Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 155: 275-307.

785. Singh, A. P., S. Mishra, S. Gupta, S. K. Behera & P. B. Khare. 2009. Studies on the genus Ophioglossum L. in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Madhya Pradesh-India. Taiwania 54: 353-364.

786. Singh, H. B. & M. K. Singh. 2009. Huperzia serrata: an unexploited potential medicinal pteridophyte from India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 315-323.

787. Singh, N., L. Q. Ma, J. C. Vu & A. Raj. 2009. Effects of arsenic on nitrate metabolism in arsenic hyperaccumulating and non-hyperaccumulating ferns. Environmental Pollution 157: 2300-2305. [Pteris ensiformis, P. vittata]

788. Sinkovic, T. 2009. Plant diversity and species richness of Ljubljana Marsh grasslands under the influence of different cutting and fertilizing regimes. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 57: 197-203. [Equisetum palustre]

789. Smith, D. R. 2009. Unparalleled GC content in the plastid DNA of Selaginella. Plant Molecular Biology 71: 627-639. [Selaginella moellendorffii, S. uncinata]

790. Socolsky, C., S. A. Borkosky, Y. Asakawa & A. Bardon. 2009. Molluscicidal phloroglucinols from the fern Elaphoglossum piloselloides. Journal of Natural Products 72: 787-790.

791. Song, P., W. Hong, C. Z. Wu, L. Feng, H. L. Fan & Y. X. Liu. 2009. Study on the individual ecological field gradient of the endangered plant Alsophila spinulosa. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 17: 62-67.

792. Sood, A. & A. S. Ahluwalia. 2009. Cyanobacterial-plant symbioses with emphasis on Azolla-Anabaena symbiotic system. Indian Fern Journal 26: 166-178.

793. Soongsombat, P., M. Kruatruchue, R. Chaiyarat, P. Pokethitiyook & C. Ngernsansaruay. 2009. Lead tolerance and accumulation in Pteris vittata and Pityrogramma calomelanos, and their potential for phytoremediation of lead-contaminated soil. International Journal of Phytoremediation 11: 396-412.

794. Sornsuwan, P., T. Boonkerd & T. Seelanan. 2009. Phenetic study of the genus Thelypteris in Thailand. ScienceAsia 35: 346-352.

795. Sosorova, S. B. 2009. Cobalt in soils and plants of the Selenga River delta. Eurasian Soil Science 42: 750-756. [Equisetum arvense]

796. Sparkes, I. A., L. Frigerio, N. Tolley & C. Hawes. 2009. The plant endoplasmic reticulum: a cell-wide web. Biochemical Journal 423: 145-155. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

797. Speelman, E. N., M. M. L. van Kempen, J. Barke, H. Brinkhuis, G. J. Reichart, A. J. P. Smolders, J. G. M. Roelofs, F. Sangiorgi, J. W. de Leeuw, A. F. Lotter & J. S. S. Damste. 2009. The Eocene Arctic Azolla bloom: environmental conditions, productivity and carbon drawdown. Geobiology 7: 155-170.

798. Srivastava, A. & S. Chandra. 2009. Structure and organization of the rhizome vascular system of four Polypodium species. American Fern Journal 99: 182-193.

799. Srivastava, M., L. Q. Ma, B. Rathinasabapathi & P. Srivastava. 2009. Effects of selenium on arsenic uptake in arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. Bioresource Technology 100: 1115-1121.

800. Stafford, P. J. & A. M. Paul. 2009. The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 69 Ophioglossaceae. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 157: 2-21.

801. Stamm, C. 2009. Inniswood Metro Gardens. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 112-114.

802. Stanich, N. A., G. W. Rothwell & R. A. Stockey. 2009. Phylogenetic diversification of Equisetum (Equisetales) as inferred from lower Cretaceous species of British Columbia, Canada. American Journal of Botany 96: 1289-1299.

803. Stankiewicz, A. & P. Kosiba. 2009. Advances in ecological modelling of soil properties by self-organizing feature maps of natural environment of lower Silesia (Poland). Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 78: 167-174. [Asplenium septentrionale, A. trichomanes, Dryopteris filix-mas, Polypodium vulgare, Woodsia alpina]

804. Starratt, S. W. 2009. Holocene climate on the Modoc Plateau, northern California, USA: the view from Medicine Lake. Hydrobiologia 631: 197-211.

805. Steffen, R. 2009. Container gardening with ferns. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 69-72.

806. Steffen, R. 2009. The Hardy Fern Foundation Main Display Garden. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 102-103.

807. Stephenson, M. H. 2009. The age of the Carboniferous-Permian Converrucosisporites confluens Oppel biozone: new data from the Ganigobis shale member (Dwyka group) of Namibia. Palynology 33: 167-177.

808. Stepien, E. 2009. The conditions of occurrence of Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. in a lowland locality in western Pomerania. Ekologia (Bratislava) 28: 399-411. [Poland]

809. Stevens, L. G. & J. Hilton. 2009. Ontogeny and ecology of the filicalean fern Oligocarpia gothanii (Gleicheniaceae) from the Middle Permian of China. American Journal of Botany 96: 475-486.

810. Stinca, A. & R. Motti. 2009. The vascular flora of the Royal Park of Portici (Naples, Italy). Webbia 64: 235-266.

811. Stockey, R. A. & G. W. Rothwell. 2009. Distinguishing angiophytes from the earliest angiosperms: a lower Cretaceous (Valanginian-Hauterivian) fruit-like reproductive structure. American Journal of Botany 96: 323-335.

812. Strzalka, K., R. Szymanska, E. Swiezewska, K. Skorupinska-Tudek & M. Suwalsky. 2009. Tocochromanols, plastoquinone and polyprenols in selected plant species from Chilean Patagonia. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 51: 39-44. [Blechnum chilense]

813. Stuart, T. 2009. Polypods exposed. Fiddlehead Forum 36: 9-25.

814. Sujanapal, P. & N. Sasidharan. 2009. Diversity and ethnobotanical uses of pteridophytes in Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, South India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33 Suppl. S: 109-119.

815. Sultan, J. I., U. R. Inam, M. Yaqoob, M. I. Mustafa, H. Nawaz & P. Akhtar. 2009. Nutritional evaluation of herbs as fodder source for ruminants. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41: 2765-2776. [Athyrium acrostichoides]

816. Sun, L. F., L. W. Teng, Q. Zhang, Z. G. Zeng, D. Pan & Y. L. Song. 2009. Selection of Hainan Eld's deer on foraging sites and food items. Chinese Journal of Zoology 44: 36-42. [Chinese]

817. Sun, Z. Y. & X. C. Zhang. 2009. Leaf epidermis of medicinal plants of Lepisorus from China. Chinese Bulletin of Botany 44: 331-337.

818. Sundaram, S., S. Wu, L. Q. Ma & B. Rathinasabapathi. 2009. Expression of a Pteris vittata glutaredoxin PvGRX5 in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana increases plant arsenic tolerance and decreases arsenic accumulation in the leaves. Plant Cell and Environment 32: 851-858.

819. Sundue, M. 2009. Silica bodies and their systematic implications in Pteridaceae (Pteridophyta). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 422-435.

820. Sundue, M. 2009. Silica bodies and their systematic implications in the Pteridaceae. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

821. Sundue, M. 2009. Systematics of grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae): Using a combined approach to resolve the circumscription of Melpomene, and portions of the polyphyletic genera Lellingeria and Terpsichore. City University of New York, New York, New York [Dissertation]

822. Svensson, A. & C. Wigermo. 2009. Botrychium matricariifolium in Skane 2009. Botaniska Notiser 142: 9-10. [Swedish]

823. Szakova, J., P. Tlustos, W. Goessler, S. Findenig, E. Richtrova & J. Balik. 2009. A comparison of arsenic mobility in Phaseolus vulgaris, Mentha aquatica, and Pteris cretica rhizosphere. Central European Journal of Biology 4: 107-116.

824. Szczesniak, E., J. Blachuta, M. Krukowski & J. Picinska-Faltynowicz. 2009. Distribution of Azolla filiculoides Lam. (Azollaceae) in Poland. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 78: 241-246.

825. Szypula, W., J. Budziszewska & D. Delbani. 2009. Identification of culturable and non-culturable endophytic fungi isolated from shoots of Huperzia selago (L.) Bernh. ex Schrank & Mart. (Lycopodium selago L.). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 51: 66. [Abstract]

826. Szypula, W., J. Budziszewska & D. Delbani. 2009. In vitro culture of endophytic fungi as a potential source of novel biologically active secondary metabolites. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 51: 24.

827. Taber, S. W. 2009. Two autumnal crane flies (Diptera: Tipulidae) from Michigan: Comments on the difficulties of tipulid identification and a review of the Tipula subgenus Platytipula Matsumura in the United States and Canada. Southwestern Entomologist 34: 85-94. [Pteridium aquilinum]

828. Tagaya, M., M. Oka, M. Ueda, K. Takagaki, M. Tanaka, T. Ohgi & J. Yano. 2009. Eviprostat suppresses proinflammatory gene expression in the prostate of rats with partial bladder-outlet obstruction: A genome-wide DNA microarray analysis. Cytokine 47: 185-193. [Equisetum arvense]

829. Taggart, J. 2009. Gough-Island tree fern comes to Scotland. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 92-94. [Blechnum palmiforme]

830. Takafumi, H. & T. Hiura. 2009. Effects of disturbance history and environmental factors on the diversity and productivity of understory vegetation in a cool-temperate forest in Japan. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 843-857.

831. Takagi, S., H. Takamatsu & N. Sakurai-Ozato. 2009. Chloroplast anchoring: its implications for the regulation of intracellular chloroplast distribution. Journal of Experimental Botany 60: 3301-3310. [Adiantum capillus-veneris, Dryopteris sparsa]

832. Takahashi, N., M. Hashino, C. Kami & R. Imaichi. 2009. Developmental morphology of strap-shaped gametophytes of Colysis decurrens: a new look at meristem development and function in fern gametophytes. Annals of Botany (London) 104: 1353-1361. [Colysis decurrens, C. pothifolia]

833. Takanashi, H., T. Ohnishi, M. Mogi, T. Okamoto, S. I. Arimura & N. Tsutsumi. 2009. Studies on mitochondrial DNA amount and mitochondrial morphology in rice egg cell. Plant Biology (Rockville) 2009: 287. [Abstract; Pteridium]

834. Takatsuki, S. 2009. Effects of Sika "Deer on vegetation in Japan: A review. Biological Conservation 142, Sp. Iss. SI: 1922-1929. [Pteridium aquilinum]

835. Takatsuki, S. & T. Y. Ito. 2009. Plants and plant communities on Kinkazan Island, Northern Japan, in relation to Sika Deer herbivory, In D.R. McCullough, S. Takatsuki & K. Kaji, (Eds.). Sika Deer: biology and management of native and introduced populations. Springer, New York. pp. 125-143. [Pteridium aquilinum]

836. Tamches, E. & D. G. Kerhuel. 2009. Mimopezil, a huperzine A derivative undergoing clinical development for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Planta Medica 75: 881. [Abstract; Huperzia serrata]

837. Tan, L. Y., L. B. Guo & B. D. Liu. 2009. Morphological development of juvenile sporophyte fronds of four species in Cyatheaceae and their systematic significance. Acta Bot. Boreal. Occident. Sin. 29: 867-873. [Chinese; Alsophila austroyunnanensis, A. latebrosa, Alsophila spinulosa,, Sphaeropteris hainanensis]

838. Tan, L. Y., L. B. Guo & B. D. Liu. 2009. Morphological development of juvenile sporophyte fronds of four species in Cyatheaceae and their systematic significance. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 957-960. [Chinese; Alsophila austroyunnanensis, A. latebrosa, A. spinulosa, Sphaeropteris hainanensis]

839. Tan, L. Y. & B. D. Liu. 2009. Gametophyte development of Taenitis blechnoides. Guihaia 29: 446-449. [Chinese]

840. Tanaka, H. O., Y. Inui & T. Itioka. 2009. Anti-herbivore effects of an ant species, Crematogaster difformis, inhabiting myrmecophytic epiphytes in the canopy of a tropical lowland rainforest in Borneo. Ecological Research 24: 1393-1397. [Lecanopteris, Platycerium]

841. Tanaka, T., N. Kogure, M. Kitajima & H. Takayama. 2009. Asymmetric total syntheses of cyclic nitrone-containing phlegmarine-type Lycopodium alkaloids, lycoposerramines-X and -Z. Journal of Organic Chemistry 742: 8675-8680.

842. Tandy, A. 2009. New fern introductions from Fribex Nurseries. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 105-107.

843. Tanneberger, F., C. Tegetmeyer, M. Dylawerski, M. Flade & H. Joosten. 2009. Commercially cut reed as a new and sustainable habitat for the globally threatened Aquatic Warbler. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 1475-1489. [Thelypteris palustris]

844. Tao, W. Q., X. Y. Lei, X. F. Mai, L. Y. Huang & S. Y. Miao. 2009. In vitro antibacterial activities extracts from four plants used as traditional Chinese medicine Guanzhong. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu 27: 412-416. [Chinese; Blechnum orientale, Brainea insignis, Osmunda vachellii, Woodwardia japonica]

845. Tassin, J., J. M. Medoc, C. A. Kull, J. N. Riviere & G. Balent. 2009. Can invasion patches of Acacia mearnsii serve as colonizing sites for native plant species on Reunion (Mascarene archipelago)? African Journal of Ecology 47: 422-432. [Cyathea borbonica, C. excelsa]

846. Taylor, E. L. & T. N. Taylor. 2009. Seed ferns from the late Paleozoic and Mesozoic: any angiosperm ancestors lurking there? American Journal of Botany 96: 237-251.

847. Tejero-Diez, J. D., J. T. Mickel & A. R. Smith. 2009. A hybrid Phlebodium (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiophyta) and its influence on the circumscription of the genus. American Fern Journal 99: 109-116.

848. Thiemann, R. & H. W. Bennert. 2009. First record of Asplenium x clermontae Syme (= Asplenium ruta-muraria x Asplenium trichomanes, Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta) in Bavaria. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 79: 89-96.

849. Thomas, E., I. Vandebroek & P. Van Damme. 2009. Valuation of forests and plant species in indigenous territory and National Park Isiboro-Secure, Bolivia. Economic Botany 63: 229-241. [Cyathea pungens]

850. Thulin, M., S. M. D. Aagaard, N. Wickstrom & C. Jarvis. 2009. Revised lectotypification of Lycopodium complanatum L. (Lycopodiaceae). Taxon 8: 974-976.

851. Ting, T. M. & A. D. Poulsen. 2009. Understorey vegetation at two mud volcanoes in north-east Borneo. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 21: 198-209.

852. Tipping, P. W., L. Bauer, M. R. Martin & T. D. Center. 2009. Competition between Salvinia minima and Spirodela polyrhiza mediated by nutrient levels and herbivory. Aquatic Botany 90: 231-234.

853. Tomescu, A. M. F., L. M. Pratt, G. W. Rothwell, P. K. Strother & G. C. Nadon. 2009. Carbon isotopes support the presence of extensive land floras pre-dating the origin of vascular plants. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 283: 46-59.

854. Toth, L. A. 2009. Hydrologic restoration of wetlands on the Kissimmee River floodplain: Complementarity of an herbicide treatment of the exotic vine Lygodium microphyllum. Florida Scientist 72: 103-120.

855. Toyota, M., I. Omatsu, J. Braggins & Y. Asakawa. 2009. Pungent aromatic compound from New Zealand Liverwort Hymenophyton flabellatum. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 57: 1015-1018. [Arachniodes standishii]

856. Tran, T. 2009. Landscapes of mangrove forests and littoral dynamics in the South Viet-Nam. Journal of Coastal Conservation 13: 65-75. [Acrostichum aureum]

857. Tripathi, A. 2009. Palynology of the Brahmani river section, Talcher coalfield, Orissa, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 54: 179-187.

858. Tripathi, M. K. & B. L. Yadav. 2009. Cytology of four species of Ophioglossum L. from Rajasthan. Indian Fern Journal 26: 185-191. [India]

859. Trivedi, G. K. 2009. Palynofloral diversity in the Kopili formation (late Eocene) from North-east India. Sbornik Narodniho Muzea v Praze Rada B Prirodni Vedy 65: 9-24.

860. Troia, A. & F. M. Raimondo. 2009. Isoetes todaroana (Isoetaceae, Lycopodiophyta), a new species from Sicily (Italy). American Fern Journal 99: 238-243.

861. Tsuboi, H., H. Yamashita & M. Wada. 2009. Chloroplasts do not have a polarity for light-induced accumulation movement. Journal of Plant Research 122: 131-140. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

862. Tsukaya, H. 2009. Awards for excellence. Journal of Plant Research 122: 483-484. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

863. Tsutsumi, C. & M. Kato. 2009. Morphological study of pseudopeltate scales in Davallodes hymenophylloides and Wibellia divaricata (Davalliaceae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science, ser. B (Botany) 35: 17-21.

864. Turner, E. C. & W. A. Foster. 2009. The impact of forest conversion to oil palm on arthropod abundance and biomass in Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 23-30. [Asplenium nidus]

865. Tutar, H., E. Yilmaz, E. Pehlivan & M. Yilmaz. 2009. Immobilization of Candida rugosa lipase on sporopollenin from Lycopodium clavatum. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 45: 315-320.

866. Uheda, E. & K. Maejima. 2009. Inhibition of nitrogen-fixing activity of the cyanobiont affects the localization of glutamine synthetase in hair cells of Azolla. Journal of Plant Physiology 1665: 1705-1709.

867. Ullah, A., A. Rashid & D. Siraj Ud. 2009. Ethnobotanical studies of vascular biodiversity in Jandool Valley District dir (l). International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 6: 117-127. [Adiantum venustum, Equisetum debile]

868. Upreti, D. K., V. Nath, P. B. Khare, M. R. Suseela, A. K. Asthana & S. Nayaka. 2009. Present status of Linnaean names of Indian cryptogams. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 79: 26-33.

869. Urrego, L. E., G. Bernal & J. Polania. 2009. Comparison of pollen distribution patterns in surface sediments of a Colombian Caribbean mangrove with geomorphology and vegetation. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 358-375.

870. Utescher, T., D. Ivanov, M. Harzhauser, V. Bozukov, A. R. Ashraf, C. Rolf, M. Urbat & V. Mosbrugger. 2009. Cyclic climate and vegetation change in the late Miocene of Western Bulgaria. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 272: 99-114.

871. Utteridge, T. M. A. & P. J. Edwards. 2009. The subalpine and alpine flora of Mount Jaya (New Guinea): status and threats. Blumea 54: 280-283.

872. Valdez-Avila, R., A. Mendoza-Ruiz & B. Perez-Garcia. 2009. Isoetes, a rare plant? ContactoS 73: 57-62. [Spanish]

873. Valery, L., H. Fritz, J.-C. Lefeuvre & D. Simberloff. 2009. Ecosystem-level consequences of invasions by native species as a way to investigate relationships between evenness and ecosystem function. Biological Invasions 11: 609-617. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

874. Valverde, R. A. & S. Sabanadzovic. 2009. A novel plant virus with unique properties infecting Japanese holly fern. Journal of General Virology 90: 2542-2549. [Cyrtomium falcatum]

875. van der Ham, R. 2009. Noordse streepvaren (Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm.) in Muiden: een nieuwe poging tot vestiging in Nederland. Gorteria 34: 57-59. [Dutch]

876. Van der Weele, C. M. & S. M. Wolniak. 2009. A novel RRM domain protein is involved in the assembly of the tubulin cytoskeleton in Marsilea sperm cells. Developmental Biology 331: 418. [Abstract]

877. van Jaarsveld, E. J., A. E. van Wyk & V. Thomas. 2009. Dewinteria petrophila. Flowering Plants of Africa 61: 124-125, 127-130. [Selaginella imbricata]

878. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J. H. A. 2009. Fossiele planten sinds het Carboon. Gea 42: 65-71.

879. Vangronsveld, J., R. Herzig, N. Weyens, J. Boulet, K. Adriaensen, A. Ruttens, T. Thewys, A. Vassilev, E. Meers, E. Nehnevajova, D. van der Lelie & M. Mench. 2009. Phytoremediation of contaminated soils and groundwater: lessons from the field. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 16: 765-794. [Pteris vittata]

880. Vasco, A. & R. Moran. 2009. Systematics and phylogeny of Elaphoglossum section Lepidoglossa H. Christ (Dryopteridaceae): search for natural groups. Abstracts of Botany and Mycology 2009. Botanical Society of America (www.botany.org), Snowbird, Utah. [Abstract]

881. Vasco, A., R. C. Moran & G. Rouhan. 2009. Circumscription and phylogeny of the Elaphoglossum ciliatum group (Elaphoglossum sect. Lepidoglossa, Dryopteridaceae) based on cpDNA sequences. Taxon 58: 825-834.

882. Vasco, A., R. C. Moran & G. Rouhan. 2009. Monograph of the Elaphoglossum ciliatum group (Dryopteridaceae). Brittonia 61: 241-272.

883. Vasheka, O. 2009. Collection of Aspleniaceae Newm. ferns outdoors of the O. V. Fomin Botanical Garden. Proceedings. Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Kyiv, Ukraine. pp. 8-10. [Abstract; Ukrainian]

884. Vasheka, O. 2009. Collection of ferns of the genus Polystichum Roth outdoors of the O. V. Fomin Botanical Garden. Proceedings. Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Kyiv, Ukraine. pp. 56-58. [Abstract; Ukrainian]

885. Vasheka, O. 2009. The peculiarities of the anatomical structure of frond epidermis of the endemic fern of Altai Polypodium x vianei Schmakov. Proceedings. Conference of Young Botanists, August 11-15, Kremenets, Ukraine. pp. 167-168. [Abstract; Ukrainian]

886. Verhertbruggen, Y., S. E. Marcus, A. Haeger, R. Verhoef, H. A. Schols, B. V. McCleary, L. McKee, H. J. Gilbert & J. P. Knox. 2009. Developmental complexity of arabinan polysaccharides and their processing in plant cell walls. Plant Journal 59: 413-425. [Equisetum ramosissimum]

887. Vetter, J. 2009. A biological hazard of our age: bracken fern [Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn] - a review. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 57: 183-196.

888. Vetterlein, D., D. Wesenberg, P. Nathan, A. Braeutigam, A. Schierhorn, J. Mattusch & R. Jahn. 2009. Pteris vittata - Revisited: uptake of As and its speciation, impact of P, role of phytochelatins and S. Environmental Pollution 157: 3016-3024.

889. Villalba-Breva, S. & C. Martin-Closas. 2009. Plant taphonomy from the Mississippian Flysch Facies of the El Priorat Massif (Catalonia, Spain). Journal of Taphonomy 7: 249-262.

890. Villarreal-Q, J. A. & C. Flores-L. 2009. First report of Cystopteris reevesiana (Aspleniaceae) for Mexico. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 307. [Spanish]

891. Visser, J. M. & C. E. Sasser. 2009. The effect of environmental factors on floating fresh marsh end-of-season biomass. Aquatic Botany 91: 205-212. [Thelypteris palustris]

892. Vitousek, P., G. P. Asner, O. A. Chadwick & S. Hotchkiss. 2009. Landscape-level variation in forest structure and biogeochemistry across a substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Ecology (Washington D C) 90: 3074-3086. [Dicranopteris linearis]

893. Viviani, D., M. Santos & A. M. Randi. 2009. Desenvolvimento inicial del Pleopeltis lepidopteris (Langsd. & Fisch.) de la Sota (Polypodiaceae-Polypodiopsida). Rodriguesia 60: 735-746. [Spanish]

894. Vladimirov, V., F. Dane & K. Tan. 2009. New floristic records in the Balkans: 11. Phytologia Balcanica 15: 273-289. [Polypodium cambricum]

895. Volkheimer, W., O. F. Gallego, N. G. Cabaleri, C. Armella, P. L. Narvaez, D. G. Silva Nieto & M. A. Paez. 2009. Stratigraphy, palynology, and conchostracans of a Lower Cretaceous sequence at the Canadon Calcareo locality, Extra-Andean central Patagonia: age and palaeoenvironmental significance. Cretaceous Research 30: 270-282.

896. Volkova, L., L. T. Bennett & M. Tausz. 2009. Effects of sudden exposure to high light levels on two tree fern species Dicksonia antarctica (Dicksoniaceae) and Cyathea australis (Cyatheaceae) acclimated to different light intensities. Australian Journal of Botany 57: 562-571.

897. Volkova, L., M. Tausz, L. T. Bennett & E. Dreyer. 2009. Interactive effects of high irradiance and moderate heat on photosynthesis, pigments, and tocopherol in the tree-fern Dicksonia antarctica. Functional Plant Biology 36: 1046-1056.

898. Wang, C. H. & X. L. Guo. 2009. Effects of tillage on the Azolla pinnata growth and elements absorption in high zinc content soil. Journal of the Agricultural Association of China 10: 132-144. [Chinese]

899. Wang, D. X., Y. Y. Lin, R. D. Lei, T. Yang, Q. Wang & X. H. Yong. 2009. Community composition and classification of natural forest of Chinese Pine (Pinus tabulae formis Carr.) in Qinling Mountains. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 1016-1025. [Chinese]

900. Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1060: 3853-3858.

901. Wang, H. S. & D. L. Dilcher. 2009. Late Cretaceous angiosperm leaves from the Courtland clay pit, Minnesota, USA. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 281: 143-177.

902. Wang, J., Q. Peng & G. Li. 2009. New compounds of natural resources in 2008. African Journal of Biotechnology 88: 4299-4307. [Lycopodium casuarinoides]

903. Wang, J., H. W. Pfefferkorn & J. Bek. 2009. Paratingia wudensis sp nov., a whole Noeggerathialean plant preserved in an earliest Permian air fall tuff in Inner Mongolia, China. American Journal of Botany 96: 1676-1689.

904. Wang, J., R. S. Xu & S. L. Yang. 2009. Estimation of plant water content by spectral absorption features centered at 1,450 nm and 1,940 nm regions. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 157: 459-469. [Dicranopteris dichotoma]

905. Wang, K., M. M. Li, X. Cheng, G. Xu, L. Y. Peng & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. A new ent-kaurane diterpenoid from the aerial of Dipteris chinensis (Dipteridaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 279-283.

906. Wang, Q. 2009. The correct author citation of Gigantopteris (Fossil Plant). APG Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 60: 127-129.

907. Wang, W. X., Y. Yang, J. Cheng, W. P. Tang, Q. X. Sun, X. Y. Hu, M. Y. Wu, W. S. Ke & A. N. Ma. 2009. A study on the effect of the shelter-forest community on the of sands of the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River on the distribution of Onucomelania hupensis. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 33: 310-315. [Chinese; Equisetum hyemale]

908. Wang, X. D., S. Z. Shen & I. D. Somerville. 2009. Carboniferous and Permian biota, integrative stratigraphy, sedimentology, palaeogeography, and palaeoclimatology-An introduction. Palaeoworld 18: 77-79.

909. Wang, X. M., X. J. Sun, P. X. Wang & K. Stattegger. 2009. Vegetation on the Sunda Shelf, South China Sea, during the last glacial maximum. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 278: 88-97.

910. Wang, X. X., M. M. Lin, C. F. Qiu & Z. Z. Guo. 2009. Additions to the Pteridophyte Flora of Fujian Province. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 829-831. [Chinese; Coniogramme jinggangshanensis f. zebrina, Dennstaedtia scabra, Dryopteris hondoensis, Polypodiastrum argutum, Trichomanes naseana]

911. Wang, Y., X. Yang, G. Guignard, S. Deng, N. Tian & Z. Jiang. 2009. The fossil Gleicheniaceous ferns of China: Biodiversity, systematics, spore ultrastructure and evolution. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 139-156.

912. Wang, Y. H., B. Avula, Z. P. Goo, Z. Ali, T. J. Smillie & I. A. Khan. 2009. Quantitative determination of galactolipids from Lycium barbarum L. by SPE assisted HPLC-ELSD method and structural characterization by ESI-MS/MS. Planta Medica 75: 445-446. [Marsilea quadrifolia]

913. Wardlaw, A. 2009. 1859 and all that (fern trials). Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 19: 43-47. [Cyathea dregei]

914. Wardlaw, A. 2009. Tree-Fern Newsletter No. 15. Pteridologist 5, Part 2: 88-89.

915. Wardle, D. A., R. D. Bardgett, L. R. Walker & K. I. Bonner. 2009. Among- and within-species variation in plant litter decomposition in contrasting long-term chronosequences. Functional Ecology 23: 442-453. [Hawaii; Cibotium glaucum]

916. Watanabe, T., Y. Murata & M. Osaki. 2009. Amaranthus tricolor has the potential for phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 40: 3158-3169. [Pteris cretica]

917. Watkins Jr., J. E. & C. Cardelus. 2009. Habitat differentiation of ferns in a lowland tropical rain forest. American Fern Journal 99: 162-175.

918. Weinl, S. & J. Kudla. 2009. The CBL-CIPK Ca2+-decoding signaling network: function and perspectives. New Phytologist 184: 517-528. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

919. Wellman, C. H., C. Arioli, E. G. Spinner & M. Vecoli. 2009. Morphology and wall ultrastructure of the megaspore Lagenicula (Triletes) mixta (Winslow 1962) comb. nov from the Carboniferous (Early Mississippian: mid Tournaisian) of Ohio, USA. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 156: 51-61.

920. Wellman, C. H., P. G. Gensel & W. A. Taylor. 2009. Spore wall ultrastructure in the early lycopsid Leclercqia (Protolepidodendrales) from the lower Devonian of North America: Evidence for a fundamental division in the lycopsids. American Journal of Botany 96: 1849-1860.

921. West, B., J. Brandt, K. Holstien, A. Hill & M. Hill. 2009. Fern-associated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are represented by multiple Glomus spp.: do environmental factors influence partner identity? Mycorrhiza 19: 295-304. [Asplenium platyneuron, Athyrium filix-femina var. asplenioides, Botrychium virginianum, Osmunda regalis, Polystichum acrostichoides]

922. West, S. P., A. Bisai, A. D. Lim, R. R. Narayan & R. Sarpong. 2009. Total synthesis of (+)-Lyconadin A and related compounds via oxidative C-N bond formation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131: 11187-11194. [Lycopodium]

923. Westerstrom, G. 2009. Rabergets nature and flora. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 103: 41-48. [Swedish; Pteridium aquilinum, Woodsia alpina]

924. Wharton, S., M. Schroeder, K. Bible, M. Falk & K. T. Paw U. 2009. Stand-level gas-exchange responses to seasonal drought in very young versus old Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA. Tree Physiology 29: 959-974. [Blechnum spicant, Polystichum munitum, Pteridium aquilinum]

925. Williams, D. M. & M. C. Ebach. 2009. What, exactly, is cladistics? Re-writing the history of systematics and biogeography. Acta Biotheoretica 57-2: 249-268.

926. Willis, K. J., K. D. Bennett & H. J. B. Birks. 2009. Variability in thermal and UV-B energy fluxes through time and their influence on plant diversity and speciation. Journal of Biogeography 36: 1630-1644.

927. Wills, P. J. & V. V. Asha. 2009. Chemopreventive action of Lygodium flexuosum extract in human hepatoma PLC/PRF/5 and Hep 3B cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122: 294-303.

928. Windham, M. D., L. Huiet, E. Schuettpelz, A. L. Grusz, C. Rothfels, J. Beck, G. Yatskievych & K. M. Pryer. 2009. Using plastid and nuclear DNA sequences to redraw generic boundaries and demystify species complexes in cheilanthoid ferns. American Fern Journal 99: 128-132. [Cheilanthes brandegeei, C. micropteris, C. skinneri, Doryopteris ludens, D. palmata, Pellaea]

929. Winther, J. L. & W. E. Friedman. 2009. Phylogenetic affinity of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbionts in Psilotum nudum. Journal of Plant Research 122: 485-496.

930. Wiser, S. K. & R. P. Buxton. 2009. Montane outcrop vegetation of Banks Peninsula, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 33: 164-176. [Polystichum vestitum]

931. Witcher, A. L., G. B. Fain & J. M. Spiers. 2009. Boston Fern production in whole pine tree substrates. Hortscience 44: 578. [Abstract; Nephrolepis exaltata]

932. Wolf, P. G., A. M. Duffy & J. M. Roper. 2009. Phylogenetic use of inversions in fern chloroplast genomes. American Fern Journal 99: 132-134.

933. Wood, T. E., N. Takebayashi, M. S. Barker, I. Mayrose, P. B. Greenspoon & L. H. Rieseberg. 2009. The frequency of polyploid speciation in vascular plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1063: 13875-13879. [Dryopteris]

934. Wooller, M. J., H. Behling, J. L. Guerrero, N. Jantz & M. E. Zweigert. 2009. Late Holocene hydrologic and vegetation changes at Turneffe Atoll, Belize, compared with records from mainland Central America and Mexico. Palaios 24: 650-656.

935. Worobiec, G. & J. Kasinski. 2009. Dispersed cuticles from the Neogene Ruja lignite deposit near Legnica, Lower Silesia, Poland. Acta Palaeobotanica 49: 135-191.

936. Wright, S. H. A., S. M. Berch & M. L. Berbee. 2009. The effect of fertilization on the below-ground diversity and community composition of ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla). Mycorrhiza 19: 267-276. [Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris expansa]

937. Wu, F. Y., H. M. Leung, S. C. Wu, Z. H. Ye & M. H. Wong. 2009. Variation in arsenic, lead and zinc tolerance and accumulation in six populations of Pteris vittata L. from China. Environmental Pollution 157: 2394-2404.

938. Wu, F. Y., Z. H. Ye & M. H. Wong. 2009. Intraspecific differences of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in their impacts on arsenic accumulation by Pteris vittata L. Chemosphere 76: 1258-1264.

939. Wu, H., P. T. Chen, L. P. Yuan & L. Q. Chen. 2009. An efficient method for surface sterilization and sowing fern spores in vitro. American Fern Journal 99: 226-230. [Adiantum reniforme var. sinense]

940. Wu, Q. & X. W. Yang. 2009. The constituents of Cibotium barometz and their permeability in the human Caco-2 monolayer cell model. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125: 417-422.

941. Wu, T. C. & W. Y. Kao. 2009. The function of trichomes of an amphibious fern, Marsilea quadrifolia. American Fern Journal 99: 323-332.

942. Wu, X. D., J. He, G. Xu, L. Y. Peng, L. D. Song & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. Diphaladine A, a new Lycopodium alkaloid from Diphasiastrum complanatum (Lycopodiaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 93-96.

943. Xie, Q. E., X. L. Yan, X. Y. Liao & X. Li. 2009. The arsenic hyperaccumulator fern Pteris vittata L. Environmental Science & Technology 432: 8488-8495.

944. Xiong, A. S., R. H. Peng, J. Zhuang, F. Gao, B. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, Y. Xue, X. F. Jin, Y. S. Tian, W. Zhao & Q. H. Yao. 2009. Gene duplication, transfer, and evolution in the chloroplast genome. Biotechnology Advances 27: 340-347. [Adiantum]

945. Xu, H. H. & Q. Wang. 2009. Reconsideration of a specimen attributed to Leclercqia complexa (Lycopsida) from the Lower Devonian of Sichuan, South China. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153: 331-335.

946. Xu, H. L., F. Qin, F. Wang, Q. Xu, S. K. Shah & F. Li. 2009. Integrated dryland weed control in nature farming systems. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment 7: 744-749. [Equisetum arvense]

947. Xu, Q. Y., Y. Z. Ouyang, S. Y. Tang & S. L. Che. 2009. Study on GC fingerprint of volatile components from Lygodium japonicum. Jishou Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 30: 78-81. [Chinese]

948. Xu, W., F. Zhang, Y. Luo, L. Ma, X. Kou & K. Huang. 2009. Antioxidant activity of a water-soluble polysaccharide purified from Pteridium aquilinum. Carbohydrate Research 344: 217-222.

949. Xu, Y., Y. Li, D. Li, Y. Liu, L. Y. Tan, B. D. Liu & L. Shi. 2009. Observation on the gametophye development of Drynaria roosii Nakaike. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 17: 12-16.

950. Yadav, B. L. & D. K. Meena. 2009. The ferns and fern allies of Bundi and Kota Districts of Rajasthan, India. Indian Fern Journal 26: 149-160.

951. Yamada, T. 2009. Structurally preserved Zamires bayeri Kvacek from the Coniacian Kashima Formation (Yezo Group) of Hokkaido, Japan. Cretaceous Research 30: 1301-1306.

952. Yan, J., L. Sun, X. Zhang, Z. Li, L. Zhou & M. Qiu. 2009. Serratene triterpenoids from Palhinhaea cernua var. sikkimensis. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 57: 1381-1384.

953. Yan, X. L., X. Y. Liao & T. B. Chen. 2009. Leaching potential of arsenic from Pteris vittata L. under field conditions. Science of the Total Environment 408: 425-430.

954. Yang, N., C. S. Li & D. Edwards. 2009. Hueberia zhichangensis gen. et sp nov, an early Devonian (Pragian) plant from Yunnan, China. Palynology 33: 113-124.

955. Yang, N. Y., J. G. Cao & Q. X. Wang. 2009. Formation and development of archegonium in the fern Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu 27: 569-573. [Chinese]

956. Yang, X. X., H. Chen, X. J. Dai, W. Z. Xu, Z. Y. He & M. Ma. 2009. Evidence of vacuolar compartmentalization of arsenic in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. Chinese Science Bulletin 542, Sp. Iss. SI: 4229-4233.

957. Yao, S. & M. Wood. 2009. Tiny moth tackles old world climbing fern. Agricultural Research 57: 6-7. [Lygodium microphyllum]

958. Yatabe, Y., W. Shinohara, S. Matsumoto & N. Murakami. 2009. Patterns of hybrid formation among cryptic species of bird-nest fern, Asplenium nidus complex (Aspleniaceae), in West Malesia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 42-63.

959. Yatabe, Y., C. Tsutsumi, Y. Hirayama, K. Mori, N. Murakami & M. Kato. 2009. Genetic population structure of Osmunda japonica, rheophilous Osmunda lancea and their hybrids. Journal of Plant Research 122: 585-595.

960. Yatskievych, G. & M. Windham. 2009. Vascular plants of Arizona: Isoetaceae, Marsileaceae, Polypodiaceae, Selaginellaceae, Thelypteridaceae. Canotia 5: 27-52.

961. Yin, C., U. Richter, T. Boerner & A. Weihe. 2009. Evolution of phage-type RNA polymerases in higher plants: characterization of the single phage-type RNA polymerase gene from Selaginella moellendorffii. Journal of Molecular Evolution 68: 528-538.

962. Yoo, S. H., C. Perera, L. Shen, L. Ye, D. S. Suh & J. Jane. 2009. Molecular structure of selected tuber and root starches and effect of amylopectin structure on their physical properties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57: 1556-1564.

963. Young, M. & B. S. Parris. 2009. Grammitis rawlingsii Parris--and association with hard beech? Auckland Botanical Society Journal 64: 69-71.

964. Yu, Y. M., J. S. Yang, C. Z. Peng, V. Caer, P. Z. Cong, Z. M. Zou, Y. Lu, S. Y. Yang & Y. C. Gu. 2009. Lactones from Angiopteris caudatiformis. Journal of Natural Products 72: 921-924.

965. Yua, H., W. M. Li, M. C. Cheung, Z. Zuo, P. R. Carlier, Z. M. Gu, K. Chan, M. Huang, Y. T. Wang & Y. F. Han. 2009. Development and validation of an HPLC-DAD method for bis(12)-hupyridone and its application to a pharmacokinetic study. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 49: 410-414. [Huperzia serrata]

966. Yule, C. M. & L. N. Gomez. 2009. Leaf litter decomposition in a tropical peat swamp forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Wetlands Ecology and Management 17: 231-241. [Asplenium longissimum, Nephrolepis biserrata, Stenochlaena palustris, S. palustris]

967. Zacheis, A. & K. Doran. 2009. Resistance and resilience of floating mat fens in interior Alaska following airboat disturbance. Wetlands 29: 236-247. [Equisetum fluviatile]

968. Zahran, M. A. 2009. Hydrophytes of the Nile in Egypt, In H.J. Dumont, (Ed.). Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use ( Monographiae Biologicae 89). Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 463-478. [Azolla filiculoides, Marsilea aegyptiaca, M. capensis]

969. Zald, H. S. J. 2009. Extent and spatial patterns of grass bald land cover change (1948-2000), Oregon Coast Range, USA. Plant Ecology 20: 517-529. [Pteridium aquilinum]

970. Zattra, E., C. Coleman, S. Arad, E. Helms, D. Levine, E. Bord, A. Guillaume, M. El-Hajahmad, E. Zwart, H. van Steeg, S. Gonzalez, R. Kishore & D. A. Goukassian. 2009. Polypodium leucotomos extract decreases UV-induced cox-2 expression and inflammation, enhances DNA repair, and decreases mutagenesis in hairless mice. American Journal of Pathology 175: 1952-1961.

971. Zhang, G., C. Q. Liu, H. Liu, J. Hu, G. Han & L. Li. 2009. Mobilisation and transport of arsenic and antimony in the adjacent environment of Yata gold mine, Guizhou province, China. JEM Journal of Environmental Monitoring 11: 1570-1578. [Equisetum arvense]

972. Zhang, G. M., H. M. Liu, W. L. Yang & X. C. Zhang. 2009. Systematic position of Hemionitis arifolia based on the analysis of rbcL sequences. Journal of Beijing Forestry Univeristy 31: 15-18.

973. Zhang, L. B. & H. He. 2009. Polystichum peishanii (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae): A new fern species from a limestone area in Guizhou, China. Botanical Studies 50: 101-106.

974. Zhang, L. B. & H. He. 2009. Polystichum weimingii sp nov (sect. Metapolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from Southern Yunnan, China. Systematic Botany 34: 13-16.

975. Zhang, L. B. & H. He. 2009. Polystichum minutissimum sp nov (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae): The smallest Polystichum found in a karst cave in China. Botanical Studies 50: 353-358.

976. Zhang, P. T., J. He, G. Xu, L. Tu, N. Guo, Y. Zhao, L. Y. Peng & Q. S. Zhao. 2009. A new ent-Kauranoid diterpenoid from Hicriopteris glauca (Gleicheniaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 31: 183-186.

977. Zhang, Q., J. W. Chen, B. G. Li & K. F. Cao. 2009. The effect of drought on photosynthesis in two epiphytic and two terrestrial tropical fern species. Photosynthetica (Prague) 47: 128-132.

978. Zhang, Q., J. W. Chen, B. G. Li & K. F. Cao. 2009. Epiphytes and hemiepiphytes have slower photosynthetic response to lightflecks than terrestrial plants: evidence from ferns and figs. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 465-472. [Asplenium finlaysonianum, Microsorum punctatum, Neottopteris nidus, Paraleptochilus decurrens, Pseudodrynaria coronans, Tectaria fauriei]

979. Zhang, X., F. J. Zhao, Q. Huang, P. N. Williams, G. X. Sun & Y. G. Zhu. 2009. Arsenic uptake and speciation in the rootless duckweed Wolffia globosa. New Phytologist 182: 421-428. [Azolla caroliniana, A. filiculoides]

980. Zhang, X. C., S. B. Cannon & G. Stacey. 2009. Evolutionary genomics of LysM genes in land plants. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: Article No.: 183. [Selaginella moellendorffii]

981. Zhang, Y., B. M. Loertscher & S. L. Castle. 2009. An annulation method for the synthesis of alkyl-substituted 6-carbomethoxy-2-pyridones. Tetrahedron 653: 6584-6590. [Lycopodium complanatum]

982. Zhang, Y., J. Xie, W. Q. Chen, T. Y. Zhou & W. Lu. 2009. Development of a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method with simple extraction for simultaneous determination of huperzine a and huperzine b in the species containing Lycopodium alkaloids. Journal of AOAC International 92: 1060-1063.

983. Zhang, Y. L. 2009. Palonological records of deep-sea sediments at Core 69 in the South China Sea and indications for climate changes. Journal of Tropical Oceanography 28: 54-58. [Chinese; Cyathea, Diplopterygium, Microlepia, Pteris]

984. Zhao, F. J., J. F. Ma, A. A. Meharg & S. P. McGrath. 2009. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytologist 181: 777-794. [Pteridaceae]

985. Zhao, L. P. & D. X. Duan. 2009. Preliminary study on vascular plant flora in Seashell Islands Nature Reserve of the Yellow River Delta. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu 27: 552-556. [Chinese]

986. Zheng, W., B. Bergman, B. Chen, S. Zheng, X. Guan & U. Rasmussen. 2009. Cellular responses in the cyanobacterial symbiont during its vertical transfer between plant generations in the Azolla microphylla symbiosis (Errata: vol 181, pg 53, 2009). New Phytologist 181: 504.

987. Zheng, W., B. Bergman, B. Chen, S. Zheng, G. Xiang & U. Rasmussen. 2009. Cellular responses in the cyanobacterial symbiont during its vertical transfer between plant generations in the Azolla microphylla symbiosis. New Phytologist 181: 53-61.

988. Zhou, X. R., X. J. He, S. D. Zhou, J. Shang & B. Jiang. 2009. Studies on the pteridophyte flora of Damushan Natural Reserve. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 1040-1045. [Chinese]

989. Zhou, Y., L. Gao, Z. W. Wang & T. Wang. 2009. Application of molecular marker techniques in genetic diversity of pteridophytes. Wuhan Zhiwuxue Yanjiu 27: 667-673. [Chinese; Isoetes hypsophila, I. orientalis, I. sinensis, I. yunguiensis]

990. Zhou, Y., X. Liu, K. G. Li, Z. G. Wang, X. Geng & S. P. Hu. 2009. Tissue culture of Huperzia serrata. Jishou Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 30: 90-93. [Chinese]

991. Zhu, S. C., W. J. Zhu, X. Chen & J. J. Tang. 2009. Preliminary study on community characteristics of Isoetes orientalis at different succession stages. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment 18: 22-27. [Chinese]

992. Zhu, X. D., X. H. Fan & Y. C. Li. 2009. Responses of kaempferol content in Hippochaete hiemale from Changbai Mountains to spectral reflectance parameters. Shengtaixue Zazhi 28: 607-612. [Chinese]

993. Zhu, Y. G. & B. P. Rosen. 2009. Perspectives for genetic engineering for the phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated environments: from imagination to reality? Current Opinion in Biotechnology 20: 220-224. [Pteris vittata]

994. Zibold, G., E. Klemt, I. Konopleva & A. Konoplev. 2009. Influence of fertilizing on the Cs-137 soil-plant transfer in a spruce forest of Southern Germany. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100: 489-496. [Dryopteris carthusiana]

995. Ziemann, M., M. Bhave & S. Zachgo. 2009. Origin and diversification of land plant CC-type glutaredoxins. Genome Biology and Evolution 2009: 265-277.

996. Zika, P. F. & D. R. Farrar. 2009. Botrychium ascendens W. H. Wagner (Ophioglossaceae) in Newfoundland and notes on its origin. American Fern Journal 99: 249-259.

997. Zlatkovic, B., G. Tomovic, V. Randelovic, S. Vukojicic & M. Niketic. 2009. Distribution and conservation status of several new and neglected vascular plants in Serbia. Phytologia Balcanica 15: 95-105. [Botrychium matricariifolium]

998. Zong, Q., L. Y. Tan & B. D. Liu. 2009. Cultivation and observation of gametophyte development of Cyrtomium caryotideum and C. fortunei. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 29: 30-35. [Chinese]

999. Zuquim, G., F. R. C. Costa, J. Prado & R. Braga-Neto. 2009. Distribution of pteridophyte communities along environmental gradients in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 151-166.

1000. Zuquim, G., J. Prado & F. R. C. Costa. 2009. An annotated checklist of ferns and lycophytes from the biological reserve of Uatuma, an area with patches of rich-soils in central Amazonia, Brazil. Fern Gazette 18: 286-306.

1001. Zyuganova, I. S. 2009. Upper Pleistocene carpological assemblages from the south of the Valdai Upland. Paleontological Journal 43: 1351-1362. [Russia]